Joseph Asbill, son of Pierce Asbille, was probaly born in Perquimans County, North Carolina about 1730. We are not sure how many brothers or sisters he had. However, we have records of Joseph and James, his younger brothers. From available material, we are led to believe that he was born in Perquimans County, Perhaps on the old Asbille homestead. Since he had land transactions in Chownan County, it is quite possible that one of these contries might have been his birthplace. His father, Pierce Azbille, was in Orange County for sometime, so there is a slight chance of his birth on the Carolina frontier.
A copy of the 1790 U.S. census of Perquimans County, Edenton District, North Carolina, found in the Public Library at Nashville. Tennessee lists John Asbell on page 30. Another copy of the U.S. census of 1790 found in the County Court House in Halifax, North Carolina lists John as head of his family in Perquimans County, North Carolina on Page 889.
A land transaction made between John Azbill and Issac Byrum dated 1795-1796 was found in the New York Public Library. The same record was found in Book U, Page 244, Chowan County, North Carolina records at Edenton, North Caroliina.
(Issac Byrum to John Asbill deed, State of North Carolina, Chowan County, Edenton, North Carolina).
"This indenture made the 2nd day of January, 1795 between Lssac Byrum, party of the first part and John Asbill, party of the second part, etc. For the sum of 100 pound current money to him in hand paid by the said John Asbill the receipt thereof the said Issac Byrum doth hereby acknowledge himself therewith fully satisfied and paid, doth hereby convey a certain tract of land containing 105 acres by estimation."
WILLS OF JOHN ASBILL
"Planter, being very weak, Chowan County, Province of North Carolina, July 29, 1796."
"The use of my land is to be divided equally between my two sons, James Asbill and Cornelius Asbill. The rest or the estate is to be equally divided amongst my children after my wife's decease, namely to Ann Asbill, Judah Asbill , James Asbill, Elizabeth Asbill, Rachel Asbill and Cornelius Asbill."
The above will was found in the North Carolina Historical Colmmission Book, Chowan County Wills, 1694-1808, Volum 1.
Johns's wife, Elizabeth Asbill, and son James Asbill were appointed Executors of the Will. John being too weak to write his name signed his mark. Elizabeth Asbill qualified as asministrator in 1796. John Evans and John Bivens signed as witnesses. Since John Evans married Elizabeth Asbill, daughter of John Asbill in 1797, it is probable that both Evens and Bivens were son-in-laws.
We believe that John Asbill died in 1796 making him about 66 years old. We are reasonally sure that John Asbill was a big planter who owned the original homestead in Perquimans County, North Carolina was for the use of his children.
Durning John's life, many interesting historical events occurred. In 1760 King George 111. came to the throne. He had the French and the Indian War debt on his hands and issued the Stamp Act to help pay the debt incurred. Many English soldiers as well as American Colonial soldiers fought in the war. John, along with many other layal subjects, believed that there should be "no taxaction without represontation" and that the British Parliament should not have the power to pass laws effecting the Carolina Colony since it was not represented in Parliamont. However, if the Colonial Assembly had passed the tax laws, there is no doubt but what the Asbills would have favored the Stamp Act.
Probably the Asbills joined the Edenton Tea Party and refused to drink tea until the tea tax was lifted. Probably John Asbill was a "Son of Liberty" and was a soldier under Hugh Wadell. Perhaps he fought in the French and Indian War. We are sure he was a peace loving planter content to let right have its way.
At the present time there are many Asbills living in the Edenton area. Most of them are descendents of this man who witnessed the birth of the United Stated as a free nation.
John Asbill and his wife Elizabeth had the following childred:
1. Ann Asbill married John Hobbs,
Chowan County, North Carolina,
January 11, 1797.
2. Judah Azbill married Thhomas
Forehand, Chowan County,
North Ccarolina, January 2, 1802.
3. James Asbill married Sally Byrum,
daughter of Jesse Byrum, Chowan
County, North Carolina, January
19,1802. James Asbill's will dated
1828 in Chownan County mentions
4. Elizabeth Asbill married John
Evans, son of James Evens, Chowan
County, North Carolina, Augusst 18,
5. Rrachel Asbill possibly married
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