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Re: Calab Lowan Byus
Posted by: Joel Hager (ID *****5459) Date: June 22, 2002 at 20:28:44
In Reply to: Calab Lowan Byus by michael steele of 463

Ancestors of Caleb L. Bias

Generation No. 1

       1. Caleb L. Bias, born December 08, 1873 in Putnam County, West Virginia. He was the son of 2. Bennett Bias, Jr. and 3. Penelope Susan Doss. He married (1) Angela Stuns March 05, 1898 in Putnam County, West Virginia. She was born Abt. 1877 in Gallia County, Ohio.

More About Caleb L. Bias:
Burial: Barton Chapel, Mason County, West Virginia

More About Angela Stuns:
Burial: Barton Chapel, Mason County, West Virginia

Generation No. 2

       2. Bennett Bias, Jr., born Abt. 1840 in Virginia. He was the son of 4. Bennett Bias, Sr. and 5. Mary Margaret Erwin. He married 3. Penelope Susan Doss May 27, 1862 in Mason County, (West) Virginia.
       3. Penelope Susan Doss, born Abt. 1839 in (West) Virginia. She was the daughter of 6. Alfred O. Doss and 7. Jane Harriet Wilson.
Children of Bennett Bias and Penelope Doss are:
              i.       Serena J. 'Rena' Bias, born Abt. 1863 in Putnam County, (West) Virginia.
              ii.       Verna J. Bias, born Abt. 1864 in Putnam County, (West) Virginia.
              iii.       Emily M. 'Emma' Bias, born Abt. 1866 in Putnam County, (West) Virginia; married Frank Cagg December 31, 1884 in Putnam County, West Virginia; born Abt. 1863 in Athens, Ohio.
              iv.       Alfaretta 'Etta' Bias, born Abt. 1868 in Putnam County, West Virginia.
              v.       Sallie A. Bias, born Abt. 1870 in Putnam County, West Virginia.
              vi.       Aaron M. Bias, born Abt. 1872 in Putnam County, West Virginia; married (1) Bettie A. Landers July 02, 1891 in Putnam County, West Virginia; born Abt. 1868 in Putnam County, West Virginia; married (2) Susan Sutters December 03, 1896 in Putnam County, West Virginia; born Abt. 1873; married (3) Harriet Jackson January 15, 1915 in Putnam County, West Virginia; born Abt. 1883 in Fayette County, West Virginia.
       1       vii.       Caleb L. Bias, born December 08, 1873 in Putnam County, West Virginia; married Angela Stuns March 05, 1898 in Putnam County, West Virginia.
              viii.       Martha Isabell Bias, born Abt. 1877 in Putnam County, West Virginia.
              ix.       Isaiah Elsworth Bias, born Abt. 1879 in Putnam County, West Virginia; married Sarah E. Hill May 21, 1898 in Putnam County, West Virginia; born Abt. 1883 in Putnam County, West Virginia.

Generation No. 3

       4. Bennett Bias, Sr., born March 02, 1811 in Amherst County, Virginia; died December 27, 1896 in Putnam County, West Virginia. He was the son of 8. Roland Bias, Sr. and 9. Nancy Jenkins. He married 5. Mary Margaret Erwin Abt. 1830 in Cabell County, (West) Virginia.
       5. Mary Margaret Erwin, born Abt. 1810; died Abt. 1852.
Children of Bennett Bias and Mary Erwin are:
              i.       Virginia Elizabeth Bias, born Abt. 1832 in Virginia; died Abt. 1893 in Hardin County, Illinois; married (1) Unknown; married (2) Samuel William Bayless January 15, 1857 in Putnam County, (West) Virginia; born June 08, 1832 in Campbell County, Virginia; died July 13, 1922 in Portsmouth, Scioto County, Ohio.
              ii.       Thomas Bias, born Abt. 1834; married Frances Ann 'Fanny' Oringderff November 23, 1858 in Gallia County, Ohio; born Abt. 1838 in Virginia.
              iii.       Nancy Bias, born Abt. 1836 in (West) Virginia; married (1) Septimus J. Williams; born Abt. 1827 in (West) Virginia; married (2) Alexander Porter; born Bef. 1836.
              iv.       Anderson Bias, born Abt. 1838; married Nancy Ratcliff; born Abt. 1843 in Logan County, (West) Virginia.
       2       v.       Bennett Bias, Jr., born Abt. 1840 in Virginia; married Penelope Susan Doss May 27, 1862 in Mason County, (West) Virginia.
              vi.       Ennis Bias, born Abt. 1840 in Mason County, (West) Virginia; married Elizabeth Fulkison Fulguanson April 14, 1863 in Putnam County, (West) Virginia; born Abt. 1838 in Putnam County, (West) Virginia.
              vii.       William Joshua 'Buck' Byus Bias, born October 07, 1843 in Cabell (Putnam) County, (West) Virginia; married (1) Theresa Hern; born Aft. 1843; married (2) Catherine Alexandra Morris Bef. 1870; born December 26, 1842 in Virginia.

More About William Joshua 'Buck' Byus Bias:
Military: Served in the Army during the Civil War not sure which side.
Occupation: Merchant

              viii.       Susannah Bias, born Abt. 1846 in Mason (Putnam) County, (West) Virginia; married Martin Van Buren Deal March 26, 1863 in Putnam County, (West) Virginia; born Abt. 1840 in Mason (Putnam) County, (West) Virginia.
              ix.       John Bias, born Abt. 1848; died Abt. 1849.
              x.       Mary Margaret Bias, born August 02, 1849 in Putnam County, (West) Virginia; married James Harvey Nicely March 11, 1869 in Putnam County, West Virginia; born Abt. 1848 in Cabell County, (West) Virginia.

       6. Alfred O. Doss, born Abt. 1805 in Virginia; died Aft. 1880 in Mason County, West Virginia. He married 7. Jane Harriet Wilson.
       7. Jane Harriet Wilson, born Abt. 1809 in Virginia; died Abt. 1888 in Mason County, West Virginia.
Children of Alfred Doss and Jane Wilson are:
              i.       Emily Doss, born Abt. 1834.
       3       ii.       Penelope Susan Doss, born Abt. 1839 in (West) Virginia; married Bennett Bias, Jr. May 27, 1862 in Mason County, (West) Virginia.
              iii.       James Monroe Doss, born Abt. 1841 in Mason County, (West) Virginia; married Mary J. Abt. 1867; born Abt. 1850 in (West) Virginia.
              iv.       Lucinda Doss, born December 04, 1843 in Mason County, (West) Virginia.
              v.       Thomas J. Doss, born Abt. 1844 in Mason County, (West) Virginia.
              vi.       William F. Doss, born Abt. 1849 in Mason County, (West) Virginia; died Abt. 1880; married Harriett V.; born Abt. 1852 in (West) Virginia; died Abt. 1896.

Generation No. 4

       8. Roland Bias, Sr., born Abt. 1767 in Amherst County, Virginia; died Abt. 1838 in Cabell County, (West) Virginia. He was the son of 16. James Byas Bias and 17. Elizabeth Larkin. He married 9. Nancy Jenkins September 14, 1804 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia.
       9. Nancy Jenkins, born Bef. 1786; died Bef. 1850. She was the daughter of 18. Thomas Jenkins and 19. Unknown.

Notes for Roland Bias, Sr.:
Like the Obediah Byases, there were several Roland Biases. The oldest of these died about 1838 (s/o James & Elizabeth), leaving as his heirs - Richard S. Ellis of Amherst County. Elisha Ormandorff of Cabell County, a James Bias, and Samuel Nicely, who lived near the mouth of Merritt's Creek below Salt Rock, WV.
Children of Roland Bias and Nancy Jenkins are:
              i.       Daniel Bias, born Abt. 1807 in Amherst County, Virginia; died Abt. 1896 in Putnam County, West Virginia; married Jennetta Childers; born Abt. 1807 in Virginia; died Aft. 1880 in Cabell County, West Virginia.

More About Daniel Bias:
Occupation: Farmer, 500 acres

              ii.       Elizabeth Bias, born September 12, 1809 in Augusta County, Virginia; died Aft. 1880 in Neosha, Kansas; married James Ray Abt. 1827; born Bef. 1809.
       4       iii.       Bennett Bias, Sr., born March 02, 1811 in Amherst County, Virginia; died December 27, 1896 in Putnam County, West Virginia; Stepchild; married (1) Mary Margaret Erwin Abt. 1830 in Cabell County, (West) Virginia; married (2) Susan Chapman August 14, 1853 in Putnam County, West Virginia.
              iv.       Anderson Linville Bias, born December 14, 1812 in Cabell County, (West) Virginia; died September 02, 1889; married Unknown.
              v.       James Bias, born Abt. 1816 in Amherst County, Virginia; married M. A. Pridemore; born Aft. 1816.
              vi.       Andrew Bias, born Abt. 1819; married Polly.

Generation No. 5

       16. James Byas Bias, born Abt. 1722 in County Craven, Ireland; died Bef. 1787 in Amherst County, Virginia. He married 17. Elizabeth Larkin Abt. 1748 in Pennsylvania.
       17. Elizabeth Larkin, born Abt. 1725; died Abt. 1832 in Amherst County, Virginia.

Notes for James Byas Bias:
Complied and edited by Joanne Bias Samuels


In The New Century Classical Handbook we find that the name Bias has been around for centuries.

In Greek Mythology

Bias - According to Greek legend - was a son of Amythaon and Idomene, and the brother of the seer Melampus. He was promised his cousin Pero for wife if he could deliver the oxen of Phylacus (or Iphiclus) of Thessaly to her father Neleus, King of Pylus. With the help of Melampus he secured the cattle and married Pero. After the death of Pero he married Iphianassa, daughter of Proetus, king of Argos. On the death of Neleus, Bias became the king of Argos.

In Greek History

In The Life of Greece by Will Durant (Simon and Schuster, NY), we find the following information.

In the Mediterranean - the arena of Greek history, Greek colonists established prosperous towns at Cyrene in northern Africa, and at Naucratis in the delta of the Nile. Many centuries before Christ, they built cities on the islands of the Aegean and the coasts of Asia Minor; along the Dardanelles and the Sea of Marmora and the Black Sea. Mainland Greece was but a small part of the ancient Greek World.

History records that Bias of Priene, one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece, lived in this arena in the sixth century. Although Priene doesn't exist today, if it did, it would be in what is now Turkey. Ancient maps show that it was located north of and across the bay from Miletus, near the outlets of the Maeander River. West of Priene lay Samos, second largest of Ionia's isles. Across the Caystrian Gulf from Samos, and north of Fri-ene, stood Ionia's most famous city - Ephesus. (See map next page)

The Ionians (of which Bias was one) claimed descent from a common ancestor, Ion. In contrast to the stolid Dorians, the Ionians had the reputation for being intellectual, artistic, unsoldierly, elaborate in dress, and luxury-loving. Ionian societies - other than Athens - were thought to be the least conducive to homosexuality (which was prolific in the Greek world of that day).

Various Greeks made different lists of the Seven Wise Men (sages), but all such lists have included Bias, a judge and diplomat of Priene (In Ionia).

Greece respected wisdom, as India respected holiness, and as Renaissance Italy respected artistic genius. The heroes of Greece were not saints, or artists, but sages; and her most honored sages were not theorists but men who had made their wisdom function actively in the world.

The sayings of these men became proverbial among the Greeks, and were in some cases inscribed in the temple of Apollo at Delphi. People liked to quote, for example, the remarks of Bias - that "the most unfortunate of men is he who has not learned how to bear misfortune; that men ought to order their lives as if they were fated to live both a long and a short time"; and that "wisdom should be cherished as a means of traveling from youth to old age, for it is more lasting than any other possession."

In the ancient Greek courts, there was no public prosecutor. The government relied upon private citizens to accuse before the courts anyone guilty of serious offenses against morals, religion, or the state. Each party in a trial usually acted as his own lawyer, and made the first presentation of his case. But as the procedure became more complex, the practice of engaging a rhetor or orator, versed in the law became popular. From these special rhetorpleaders came the lawyer. Diogenes Laertius stated that Bias, Wise Man of Priene, was an eloquent pleader of causes, who always reserved his talents for the just side.

In The New Century Classical Handbook, it is related that when Harpagus, general of Cyrus the Great, was subduing the Ionian cities of Asia Minor (c540 B.C.), Bias addressed the Ionian Greeks gathered at the festival of the Panionium. He advised them to join in one body and set sail for Sardinia, where they should found a single Pan-Ionian city and make themselves master of what the Greeks at that time thought was the largest island in the world. His fellow countrymen did not heed his advice.

In Harper's Dictionary of Classical Literature of Antiquities, we find further that Bias was the son of Tentamus. And, that the inhabitants of Priene, when besieged by Mazares, resolved to abandon the city with their property. And, on this occasion Bias replied to one of his fellow-citizens, who expressed astonishment that he made no preparations for his departure, "I carry everything with me." He remained in his native country, where he died at a very advanced age. His countrymen buried him with splendour, and honoured his memory. And it was added - that some of his famous apophtegims (witty, instructive sayings) are still preserved.

The above map shows the old Ionian community and the 5th century Delian league.

Bias of Priene was an Ionian who lived in the 6th century B.C. Priene can be located
on this map between Ephesus (to the north of Priene) and Miletos (to the south of Priene)
These cities are to the right on the map.


The Origin of The Second Name

Until about 1100 A.D. most people in Europe had only one name. As the population increased it became awkward to live in a village wherein perhaps one-third of the males were named John, another sizable percentage named William, and so forth. To distinguish one John from another a second name was needed. There were four primary sources for these second names. They were: a man's occupation, his location, his father's name (son of), or some peculiar characteristic of his.

The spelling of the Surname

In English Local Surnames (p. 44), Some common placename elements are weakened when final and unstressed and were re-spelled in a way which often disguises their origin; these weakened forms were then often confused and incorrect forms substituted. For instance, house is frequently weakened to: as, -es, is, us, ars, ers, urs, etc. For instance:
       Barkhouse (tannery)       -       Barkas, Barkis
       Broadhouse              -       Broadis
       Brookhouse              -       Brokus
       Byhouse                     -       Byus, Byars, Byers

The corruption of the spelling of the surname in records has created stumbling blocks to most researchers. If a person could not spell their given name, those who were taking census, tax lists, etc., spelled the name as they heard it. Thus, in searching for our ancestors with the name BIAS, we must broaden our search to include the variant spellings - Bias, Byas, Byus, Byous, Bious, Byhus, Bius, Bice, Byls, Beous, Byars, Byers, and others.

Surnames of Scotland - BYRES, BYERS, BUYERS - these names are derived from the old barony of Byres in East Lothian. For centuries the barony was the property of the family of Lindsay and gave title to LINDSAY of BYRES.
JOHN de BYERS (b. 1309) A monk of Neubotle.(Wilkin, Concilia, p. 382);
THOMAS de BYRUS owned a tenement in Edinburgh in 1392 (Egidii, p. 27) ;
JOHN BYERS (d. 1639) a merchant in Edenburg and Treasurer and Dean of Guild, and provost, died in 1639.
MOIR-BYRES of Tonley, Co. Aberdeen is mentioned in the gentry of Great Britain. He was a lieut.-Col. 1st Dragoon Guards. Lineage began with John Byres of Coates, b. 1569. SIR GEOFFREY ROBERT SIDNEY BYASS, 2nd Bart. of Port Talbot and of Llandough Castle, in the co. of Glamorgan (Wales).

On a document with the Byers' coat of arms: The surname Byers appears to be locational in origin, and is believed to be associated with the English meaning, "one who lives in a house near a spur, point, corner, nook, pocket, curve or bend in a river." . (Documentation for the Byers Coat of Arms can be found in Burk's General Armory.)

In More Irish Families by Edward Mac Lysaught, p. 36 ... (0) Bogue, Bowe are anglicized forms of the Gaelic 0 Buadhaigh, which is presumably derived from the adjective buadhach, meaning victorious. These names were both numerous and scattered in the seventeenth century. There were many variant spellings of the name. 0 Buadhaigh has also been anglicized to Boyce (de Boys/Boys) and is a surname fairly common in north-west Ulster (Donegal and Derry). This is the English name for the Norman (French) Bayeux.

Surname Book and Racial History, (LDS Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, 1918)
The name BYAS - from BIARS; location- Normandy; France, comes the name BIAS. [The given names such as James, John, etc. were also of Norman origin, and these names appear frequently in our lineage.]

Given the fact that the Normans occupied both England and Ireland, it is well to consider the probability that the name Bias in our lineage . . . derived from the Norman region of France, which is called Bayeaux. Ranuiph de Bayeaux was one of the proceres of Normandy (1050) in rebellion against Duke William. His descendants were great barons in Lincoln - Hugh de Bayeux (1165) held two knights' fees. In that country, the name continued long as Bayouse, Beyouse & Bews.

David I (1124-53) began the practice of establishing Anglo-Norman families in Scotland. Charters and grants of land were given and before the end of David I's reign, knight-service was well known in the south of Scotland and was being introduced in the north.

In William the Lion's day, there were sixty-four knights in service to him (as evidenced by charters) and five to six sergeants. William was also the Duke of Normandy. He enrolled the names of those who had followed him to England from Normandy, and later - Leland's List would supply us with the names of those men. The French (Norman) name Bayeux (pronounced Bayuh) was on that list and from it has come such names as: Beyouse, Bayouse (in Somerset), Bayes, Bews, etc.

There is a large tapestry, named the 'Bayeux Tapestry" that depicts scenes from the Norman Conquest. It is now preserved in the cathedral at Bayeux in Normandy, France.

William promised that all who should follow him would be richly rewarded. Earldoms would be given to nobles, bishoprics and abbacies to the churchmen, and the blessings of church to all. The lands of Harold and of all others who resisted William would be at his disposal with which to enrich those that helped him. Within a few months, many leaders with large groups of followers gathered from all parts of Normandy (France.)

Our Bias lineage may or may not have been of the "elite" or leaders of Normandy. They may well have been the "servants of...", but the origin of our name undoubtedly goes back to the "Norsemen" (Northmen) of France.

The Norman People

What was the origin of this mighty race? Their forefathers had, in the ninth century, issued forth from Scandinavia to conquer new homes for themselves in the south; to obtain an asylum for that deeply cherished freedom which northern revolutions had endangered. The internal wars of its kindred Gothic nations, the severity of its inhospitable climate, and the sterility of its frozen soil, had gradually created in Scandinavia a maritime population of unrivaled enterprise, vigor, and courage. These heathens, whose stern heroism recalls that of the Spartans of the early Romans, were the progenitors of the Normans. And, where did the forefathers of the Normans derive their origin?

The evidence afforded by language and institutions shows that they had formed part of a great family of nations - the Goths or Getae. Rawlinson, in his edition of Horodotus (iii.84), says: 'The identity of the Getae with the Goths of later times is more than a plausible conjecture. These Gothi of the Romans, are the old German Guthai or Guthones. It seems that the natural course of the Gothic migration into Scandinavia was from the southern shores of the Baltic and the Danish waters. As the Goths spread along the Baltic they came to Jutland, thence passed into the Danish Island, thence across the Sound into Sweden, and thence throughout the whole of Sweden and Norway. From these tribes sprang the Daci or Danes of England, and the Northmen or Normans, who were of the same race."

Lord Macaulay, himself of Celtic origin, describes the Norman character . . . 'The Normans were then the foremost race of Christendom. Their valour and ferocity had made them conspicuous amongst the rovers whom Scandinavia had sent forth to ravage Western Europe . . . At length one of the feeble heirs of Charlemagne ceded to the strangers a fertile province.


By Joanne Bias Samuels

Bias reasearchers have given the name(s) of parents for John, Larkin, Obediah, Lucy, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Rolling/Rolen as being James Byas and Elizabeth. This has, as yet, to be proven. The tie-in to these parents was made after careful searching of deeds, census records, etc., collected from Amherst and Montgomery Counties in Virginia. We do not know the date/place of James's birth, but estimate his birth date to be around 1720-1730

The Lambert Papers located in the special collection division of the library at Marshall University in Huntington, WV suggests that our particular branch of the Bias family has as the country of origin - Scotland by way of Ireland (Ulster Irish), and that the parents of James was John Byus and Ann. The papers also suggest that, since Obediah sold land in NC, the family may have lived in North Carolina prior to settling in Amherst County, VA.

Byers researcher, Thorlo Byers, proposed that the parents of James might have been Robert Byas and Louisa Patterson, and that they probably migrated to Virginia from Pennsylvania. He also gave the maiden name of Elizabeth (wife of James) as Larkin.

The Lambert Papers nor Mr. Thorlo Byers presented source(s) for their opinions as regards the parentage of James Byas, and the maiden name for Elizabeth. However, because of the above       possibilities, the writer of this family history has collected       information and sources for the Larkin(s) family and the Patterson family. These records appear in the "Records" at the end of the Family History in the hope that they will prove/disprove one of these suppositions of parentage of James Byas.

According to one Bias family historian, Alan Bias, the Byars of Orange, Louisa & Hanover counties are well documented and our James Byas does not fit with this group. The Byars/Byers in these counties are of Tidewater English descent, and family history states that the Bias clan were of Scotch-Irish descent, and the Byers information agrees with this.

According to records of deeds, James located in Amherst County, VA in 1761. (The year the county was formed). From History of Amherst County, the following historical information is given.

The exact year the first squatter or settler came to live in the Amherst County area has not been discovered, but the estimate could be as early as 1710, because many men explored the mountains by way of the James River or by overland routes, with or without official recognition. Besides the Buffalo and Indian roads, an Indian path led from the hunting ground and the James River across the Piedmont to the Rappahannock River.

Robert Davis explored up the James River and found the trading station on the Amherst side about a half mile west of the Otter Creek mouth. Later, he carved a plantation of his own out of the wilderness a few miles down the James near the mouth of the Pedlar. This is the same area in Amherst County where James's sons lived In the latter part of the 1700's and the early 1800's.

It is often difficult to obtain factual dates of the seating of a plantation, the building of the home and the actual occupancy. Often, the date of the land grant will be given as the date of the building of the house. This may well have taken place several years later. People did not consider record keeping of paramount importance in the mid-eighteenth century.

The following land & census records have been located in Amherst Co., VA (formed in 1761 from Albemarle County) for James and Elizabeth.

June 20, 1761 -        Survey was taken for 230A (no location)

March 10, 1762 -       Bk E, Pg. 192, Deed recorded 230A (no location)

April 4, 1771 -       Bk E, Pg. 204, 53 A (no location)

Nov. 18, 1772 -       James sold to Jas. Manees - 5 cows, pigs.

May 20, 1778 -       Bk G, Pg. 41, 100A near Huff Cr. Top of Mt. Purchase of land by Mr. Slading on line of
              James Byas.

Aug 2, 1784 -       Bk E, Pg. 526, property owned by James & Elizabeth - 170A on Huff Cr., which was
              part of a patent to grantor at Williamsburg. 3 Aug 1771 - sold to Lemaster Cooksey. (Mr. Cooksey, in turn, sold this land 1785). [It is to be noted that James and Elizabeth signed for the sale, so they were still alive at this time.

1783       - There was a James Bias living in the vicinity of Wolf Cr. [May have been our James, as son, Obediah, lived on Wolfe Cr. at a later date.]

Children of James & Elizabeth: (Their birth dates would have been prior to 1755):

Lucy, Elizabeth, Sarah, Jonathan, Larkin, and Obediah

The following records are of the above children of James & Elizabeth Bias.

In Virginia's Colonial Soldiers the following information is given on pp. 44 & 51.
In October, 1776, the services of the minute-men were dispensed with, and they were encouraged to enter the regular Continental army. To this memoranda, we are enabled through the valued investigation of Alexander Brown, Esq., a careful and devoted student of Virginia history, to add the following roll (still incomplete) of Revolutionary soldiers. (among those listed were) John Byas, Obadiah Byas, Larkin Byas, & Jeremiah Whitten from Amherst county (comprising the then territory also of the present county of Nelson.) The Revolutionary War started in 1760 and ended in 1783.

There were ordered into service from Amherst county, June 21, 1781, by Daniel Gaines, colonel of militia, two hundred and seventy-nine non-commissioned officers and privates, "to march to join the army commanded by the Hon. Maj. General Marquis de la Fayette."

In 1787, Tax list B of Amherst Co., Dist. Of Wm Ware listed: Obediah, Larkin, Roling, and John. James was not listed. (Tt is possible that he moved to Wolfe Creek where a Capt. James Bias was listed on the tithable rolls of 1783. The date of James' death is unknown).

June 28, 1798 - Jer Whitten purchased 100A on Pigg Cr., adj. Jno Bias.
NOTE:       This Jer. Whitten was father of Elizabeth who married James, s/o
Larkin Byas.

In 1810 Amherst County, VA ' census, there is listed a Lucy Bias 01000-001 (born before 1765). This Lucy may have been the daughter of James, or the wife of a deceased Bias male. More probably, she was the daughter of James, although this is an assumption and as yet unproven - some Bias researchers say that two other daughters, Elizabeth and Sarah belong to the list of children for James & Elizabeth. This record is the only one found for Lucy.

In the same census, there was an Elizabeth Bias listed. It could not have been Elizabeth, wife of James. The only female was 16-26 years old, & the one male was under ten, so it is likely that she was the daughter of James and Elizabeth.

Also in the 1810 census, Jonathan Bias was listed as head of household with ...
1 male born 1755 or earlier; 1 male under 10; 1 male 10 and under 16; 1 female 26 and under 45 and 1 female under 10.

The following records are related to Larkin's son, James: Nov. 20, 1802 - James Bias/Byass married Eliz. Whitten Jeremiah Whitten, father, deceased. Wm. Whitten, guardian.
Witnesses:       Larkin Byas, Berry Whitten, Jno C. Goode, Saml
Garland, David Bailey. (From SC 15906 service record where James servd Samuel B. Jeter's VA Mil., lived Amherst Co., VA)

1802 - Bk 4, pg. 361 - James Byas signed guardian book.

Sept. 6, 1805 - Bk E, pg 300 - Heirs of Jer Whitten, dec'd, as heirs - Jas. Bias & wife, Elizabeth & Ro. Knuckles wife.

Sept. 17, 1805 - Bk 1, pg. 384 - Jas Bias purchased 105 Acres branches of the James River. Surveyed by Cars (sic) Christian Jr., taken from larger tract of heirs of Jerry Whitten decld.

Mar 19, 1808 - -Bk L, P. 13 - James Byass - 140 A on Cashew Cr. Joining land of Roland Byas.

Oct. 17, 1809 - Robert Knuckles & wife, Fannie, Mercer Co., (moved to KY) gave power of attorney to James Byas to sell 136 A of his land.

1839 - Bk 10, pg. 171 - Jas Bias of Larkin Byas signed admin. Bond for Matilda Byas (d/o Joel Byas).

Aug 30, 1845 - Bk 12, pg 70 Amherst Co., VA 1845 - Witness to slave hire - James Byas
Aug 30, 1848 - Witness to will probated - Jas Bias of Larkin Byas

The following records pertain to Roland/Rolin/Rolina Byas 1810 census of Augusta Co., VA - Rolin/Roling Byas - 1 male 45+; 1 male 16-26; 1 male 10-16; 3 males under 10;

Oct. 19, 1804 - Roland Byas was witness at marriage of Nancy Bias & Samll B. Mitchell.

Feb. 16, 1808 - Thomas Jenkins to Rolling Byas - acreage on headwaters of Otter Creek & Cocke's Wit: Larkin Byas

Mar 19, 1808 - Bk L, pg. 13 James Byass purchased 140 A on Cashew Cr. Joining land of Roland Byas.

1813 - Roland Byas mentioned as being on line of land purchased on Chestenut Mt. And Cashaw Creek.

1825 - Roland Byas and wife, Nancy, sold land to Larkin Bias

1834 - purchase of property on Pea Vine Mt. Adjoining "where Roland Byas lives".
NOTE: The following quadrants and description of property in Amherst County - taken from map from the Dept. of Transportation of Virginia.

Otter Cr. -              Comes off Blue Ridge Pkw and flows south to James River. Quadrant 134A in Pedlar               District
Cashew Cr. -       On west side of Blue Ridge Pkw & flows to James River. Quadrant 134A in Pedlar               District
Pedlar Dist. -       Adjacent to Bedford & Rockbridge Counties. Quad 134A
Pedlar R. -       River starts at NW of Amherst Co., flows south to James R.
Huff Cr. -              Quadrant 133D - Flows from mt. into Buffalo River Rt. 60) Crosses over Huff Cr. As it               nears Buffalo River.)
Shackleford Mill Cr. - is not listed on current Albemarle Co. maps.
Fluvanna river -        is not listed on current Amherst Co. maps. (in Fluvanna co., VA)
Chestnut Mt./Pea Vine Mt. - not listed on current Amherst Co. maps.

James Bias/Byas

By Alan Bias

James Byas first appears in Amherst County when he settles on a 1761 land grant issued to him on the headwaters of Otter Creek. Just when he actually arrives is not known. Amherst County was formed from Albemarle County in 1761. Deed book entries for James Byas are found starting in 1761 in Amherst, however no prior entries are found in Albemarle or any of its parent counties. Prior to this he apparently lived in Chester &/or Lancaster Counties of PA with his family. Unconfirmed sources have him born ca 1722 in County Caven Ireland and arriving in America in 1734 with his parents and siblings. While in PA he is reported to have married Elizabeth Larkin before settling in Amherst County. One or more of his offspring may have been born in PA depending upon his arrival date in Virginia. Otherwise they were all born in Amherst on Otter Creek near the James River where it passes through the Blue Ridge Mountains. This area is located in a portion of Amherst County that lies west of the Blue Ridge in the Shenendoah Valley near Glascow, Rockbridge County. The majority of Amherst County lies on the eastern slopes of the Blue Ridge in the Piedmont region of Central Virginia.

Most of the land James Byas and his sons recieved in land grants of later purchased is very rocky and rough in nature. Not characteristic of the regions better farm land. In fact most of the land they settled is today part of the Blue Ridge Parkway or National Forest land. The character of this land gave little support to its inhabitants and may have lended a hand in the wandering nature of the Byas/Bias families sons in years to come.

James Byas appears to have died sometime between 1784 when he sold land and 1787 when he failed to be listed on the 1787 Tax and Census list for Virginia. No further trail of him has been found in Amherst County Court House records after this date. His wife Elizabeth is listed on her own in later census info.

Children of James Bias and Elizabeth Larkin are:
              i.       Obediah Bias, Sr., born Abt. 1750 in Pennsylvania; died Abt. 1835 in Logan County, (West) Virginia; married Shelia Bef. 1785 in Montgomery County, Virginia; born Bet. 1750 - 1760; died Aft. 1830 in Logan County, (West) Virginia.

Notes for Obediah Bias, Sr.:
Compiled and edited by Joanne Bias Samuels

Obediah was born between 1750-60, most probably the son of James Byas and Elizabeth Larkin, although this has yet to be proven. However, given the information of land, tax, and census records, this seems a good assumption. There was no marriage record found for Obediah in Virginia; however in Cabell County, deeds on record in Cabell County, WV give S. As the first letter of his wife's name. It has been said that his wife's name was Sheila/Sheilda, but no verification has been found. It is assumed that obediah's children were born at Wolfe Creek, Montgomery (Giles) Co. VA.

Tax list of 1783 in Amherst County, VA. The name of Obediah Byas appears. Other Byas' in Amherst County at this time were: James, John and Larkin.

1787- Tax List B, Amherst Co. , VA (list of Wm Ware) Separate households listed: Obediah, Larkin, Rolling, John Byas. (These names were dated the same day - 4/7/1787- meaning that they were close enough geographically to have been listed the same day)

In the 1788 Montgomery County Tax List, we find Obediah Buyers living in the vicinity of Wolf Creek, living to east several miles of John Byers Sr., John Byers Jr., and William Byers (son of John Sr.). According to Chalkley, these Byers came from Botetourt County. In Giles County History, Wolf Creek is in the NW section of the county, and flows into the New River at Narrows, VA. The name (Wolf Cr) came from the fact that many wolves were found at Big Spring, the source of Wolf Creek. (See following page of pictures). The Quadrant for Wolfe Creek in Giles County is 113C & 113D.

The Wolfe Creek area opened to white settlement after the French and Indian War, and it is likely that the Wolf Creek Valley was cleared and put to the plow around 1770. No resident Indians were found in the area, and those Indians who came to harass the settlers during Lord Dunmore's War, the War for American Independence, and the troubled years after, were from the Ohio area. Their purpose was to slow the westward movement of the English, not to defend or retake their homelands. Those Indians were Shawnees, Miamis, Delawares, Wyandots, and Mingoes.

In 1754, the Indians committed frightful massacres in all the settlements, in some cases destroying all the inhabitants of an area. The Holston River community was almost annihuilated. In 1763, the country had been freed of the fear of the Indians, and settlers began to return; however, the end of the indian unrest and massacres were not at an end, and in 1771, there was not a family on the north (west) side of Clinch Mountain for a distance of ten miles. The Indians became troublesome in 1774, and continued so for several years. In the spring of 1781 all the settlers in Turkey Cove, in Powell's Valley, moved out because of Indians.

The valley afforded protection from the cold winds from the north and west which prevailed in winter, and it offered the inhabitants most of the things they needed. Wolf Creek, with its many branches and numerous springs provided never failing sources of pure water, and in addition supported considerable and varied foods. Further, the stream attracted game of all types to the area, thereby facilitating procurement of meat by conventional hunting and by use of traps and snares. The valley also supported a variety of trees and shrubs important to the settlers. Also, there was the much needed "salt lick" nearby, and maple trees that produced maple syrup.

Settlers to the region were influenced by the prospect of rich lands at a small price, but titles were but badly recorded and became a matter of dispute as the lands became more valuable. These troubles became frequent about 1800, when nearly every piece of land was subject to controversy in the courts in some form. This may well have been the reason that Obediah left this area and moved to Kanawha County around 1806.

In Montgomery County, A List of Taxable property within the District of James Hage, Comm - there was listed & dated 8/21/1792

William Byers horses, mares, colts & mules (2).
Obadiah Bius (3) horses, mares, colts & mules.

William's property was on Sinking Creek & Obediah's was on Wolfe Creek. In Giles County, Wolfe Creek empties into New River at Narrows, VA. Sinking Creek (where William lived) was very close by. Thus, if one were to look for the property of Obediah today, it would be located within the boundary of Giles Co., VA, along Wolfe Creek Road, with Wolfe Creek Mountain in the background. (See pictures - next page)

Tazewell County Order Bk #1, p. 129 15 Mar 1804
David McComas, asee of Obadiah Bias vs. Henry Farley
Debt dis. By plaintiff's order.

Quoting from the records, in a lawsuit:
"Henry Farley vs. Johnston," O.S. 116; N.S. 40 - Bill 1803:

"In 1799, Obediah Bias, owning land, in North Carolina, sold it to Reuben Roberts, owning land in Rich Valley, Tazewell County, VA, on East River. Reuben's title was defective, and he died - having previously brought suit on orator's title bond (orator having contracted with Obediah for the land). Reuben's administrators and children were given (but not copied).

Sworn to in Giles County, VA, 9th July, 1806. (See picture of Giles Co. Courthouse, & Wolf Creek following page. Giles Co. was not formed until 1806)

In the census of 1810 - Augusta Co., VA - the following were listed:
       John Bias       11001       1001000
       Larkin Bias       00101       3210100
       Rolin              31101       2211000

       Obediahin Western Virginia

In the obituary of Rowland I, the statement was made that he "came here to this area about 1802", so Obediah would have appeared in 1810 in the Kanawha Co., VA census. (Kanawha Co. formed in 1789, Lincoln Co. in 1867, Boone in 1847, and Cabell Co. in 1809.)
Kanawha Co. was formed in 1789 and originally extended westward to Big Sandy River and Tug Fork. On the Tax List of Kanawha Co., no one named Bias is listed. In 1809 Cabell County was formed from the westerly part of Kanawha Counmty and originally included (beside its present area) all of Wayne County, the major parts of Lincoln, Logan and Mingo Counties, all of present Boone County lying west of Spruce Fork and most of its present area that lies west of Little Coal River, and a small part of Putnam County.

On the 1810 State Tax List, there are listed: Obediah Bias Sr., Obediah Bias, James Bias and John Bias. All of these, with the exception of John, lived on Hewett Creek in present Boone County. John lived in (present) Lincoln County.

In the Tax List of Cabell Co. , VA - 1815 (Bias families listed)
       James              1 FWM over       16/ 0 slaves/ 2 horses/ 8 cattle
       Obediah Sr.       1 FWM over       16/ 0 slaves/ 3 horses/ 7 cattle
       Obed.iah Jr.       1 FWM over       16/ 0 slaves/ 2 horses/ 7 cattle
       Roland              1 FWM over       16/ 0 slaves/ 2 horses/ 4 cattle/1 silver watch

In 1817, Obediah Bias Sr. witnessed the will of Jacob Stollings, who lived on the big bottom opposite the mouth of Crawley Cr. Of Guyandot River. Obediah signed his name with an "X", suggesting that he was illiterate, as were most men of his time.

1820 Cabell County census lists James Bias and Obediah Bias as heads of household, but does not list Obediah Sr.

The Logan County 1824 Tax List, it appears that he and his wife lived with their sons, Obediah and James.

In the 1830 Logan Co. census, an elderly couple was staying with James Bias, and were most likely his parents, Obediah Sr. and his wife, both born between 1750-1760.

The children of Obediah are listed as:

James, b. 1788
Obediah, b. 1789
John, b. 1790
Roland, b. 1792
Larkin, b. 1800

More About Obediah Bias, Sr.:
Burial: Hewett Creek, Boone County, West Virginia
Military: Revolutionary War
Residence: Bet. 1805 - 1809, Cabell County, (West) Virginia

More About Shelia:
Burial: Hewett Creek, Boone County, West Virginia

              ii.       Jonathan 'John' Bias, born Aft. 1752 in Pennsylvania; died Abt. 1835 in Amherst County, Virginia; married (1) Sarah; met (2) Unknown.

More About Jonathan 'John' Bias:
Military: Revolutionary War

              iii.       Larkin Bias, born Abt. 1759 in Amherst County, Virginia; died Bef. November 1841 in Amherst County, Virginia; married Mary Ellen 'Polly' in Amherst County, Virginia; born Bef. 1762; died Aft. 1810.

Notes for Larkin Bias:
Administration for Larkin Byars
Amherst County Will Book 10 page 387

Know all men by these presents that we James Byers & John D. Davis are held and firmly bound unto Wm Penn, Jas. Pettyjohn, Zack Drummond & David Patterson Gentlemen Justices of the Court of Amherst County now sitting and to their successors in office in the sum of Four thousand dollars current money of Virginia to which payment well and truly to be made jointly and severally firmly by these presents sealed with our seals and dated this 20th day of September one thousand eight hundred and forty-one and in the 66 year of the commonwealth. The condition of this obligation is that if the said James Byers administrator of the goods, chattels and credits of Larkin Byers deceased do make a true and perfect inventory of all and singular the goods, chattels and credits of the said deceased which have or shall come to his hands possessions or knowledge of him the said James Byers & to exhibit into the County Court of Amherst where he shall be thereunto required by the said court and such goods, chattels and credits do well and truly administer according to Law and further do make a just and true account of his actings and doings therein when hereto ___?___ by the said court and his rest of the goods, chattels and credits which shall be found remaining upon the account of his said administrator the same being first examined and allowed by the Justices of the said court for the time being shall deliver and pay unto such persons respectively as are entitled to the same by law and if it shall hereafter appear that any last will and testament was made by the deceased and the same be proved in court and the executor obtain a certificate of the probate thereof and the said James Byars do in such case being __?___ and delivered up his letters of administration then this obligation to be void else to remain in full force.

James Byars (seal)
Jno D. Davis (seal)

At a Court held for Amherst County on the 20th day of September 1841 this bond was acknowledged in open court by the party's thereunto and ordered to be recorded
Sam M. Garland ck

Appraisal Larkin Byars Estate
Amherst County Will Book 10 page 399

An Inventory & appraisement of the personal estate of Larkin Byars deceased of the County of Amherst made by Archibald Reynolds, James Davis & Lindsey Davis Freeholders of said county and appointed by the County Court of Amherst to appraise the said estate

1 small sack of wheat        $ 3.00
1 yoke of ? oxen & yoke        40.00
1 pied Saw horn cow        12.00
1 heifer white & red        5.00
1 no horned heifer               4.00
1 Black & white cow        8.00
1 Bull calf        2.00
1 Ox cart       14.00
a parcel of flax        .75
a parcel of lone blade Fodder        1.00
4 ? do do        5.00
Woman Rose        75.00
''''''''''Eve        200.00
''''''''''Rachel & Child Eliza       500.00
''''''''''Patience & Child Byr?        400.00
Girl Sally not of sound mind        100.00
Boy Henry       150.00
Child Mary        125.00
1 Bay H??se 15 yrs old        25.00
1 scythe ?radle        1.00
2 ?loughs & single tree        1.50
4 Axes        1.00
6 Ho?        1.50
Leather collar ? chains               1.25
?        .75
?        1.00
?        .50
?        2.00
1 can & 2 Bi??        .75
1 old shotgun        2.00
?        .25
1 Large ? desk & 2 Basins        1.00
Queens ware dish, 4 Plates 2 ? cups & 3 saucers        ____.28

Amount brought forward        1684.63
6 tablespoons, common 3 old knives & forks        .75
1 tin bucket        .25
2 ? & 2 bottles        .80
1 small walnut table        2.00
3 Sp? Bo? ?        .10
1 pine cupboard        1.00
1 ? Candle stick & snuffers        1.13
2 ?        1.00
2 ?        15.00
?        .50
1 ?        1.06
2 ? & 2 shoats       _ 10.00
       James Davis
       Lindsey Davis
       Archibald Reynolds

Amherst County to with this day James Davis, Archibald Reynolds and Lindsey Davis made oath that they had appraised the Estate above named to the best ? and judgment and the aforesaid list of property is there return given under my hand this 15the day of November 1841.
       Elliot Wortham J?

At a Court held for Amherst County on the 15th day of November 1841 this Inventory and appraisement of the Estate of Larkin Byars dec'd. was produced in open court and ordered to be recorded
       Sam M. Garland ck

More About Larkin Bias:
Military: Revolutionary War

              iv.       Unknown Bias, born Bef. 1765 in Amherst County, Virginia; died Bef. 1834; married Lucy; born Bef. 1765.
              v.       Elizabeth Bias, born Aft. 1765 in Amherst County, Virginia.
              vi.       Sarah Bias, born Aft. 1766 in Amherst County, Virginia.
       8       vii.       Roland Bias, Sr., born Abt. 1767 in Amherst County, Virginia; died Abt. 1838 in Cabell County, (West) Virginia; married (1) Unknown Bef. 1790 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia; married (2) Nancy Jenkins September 14, 1804 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia; married (3) Sally Mayes December 24, 1833 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia.
              viii.       Toby Bias, born Abt. 1779; died April 1864 in Amherst County, Virginia; married Judy; born Abt. 1784; died May 1864 in Amherst County, Virginia.

       18. Thomas Jenkins, born Bef. 1766. He married 19. Unknown.
       19. Unknown
Child of Thomas Jenkins and Unknown is:
       9       i.       Nancy Jenkins, born Bef. 1786; died Bef. 1850; married Roland Bias, Sr. September 14, 1804 in Kanawha County, (West) Virginia.

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