This is for those of you interested in AUGUSTINE HERMAN.
Augustine Herman was a very influrential person during the Colonial period of American history. He was actively involved in the affairs of at least six of the original colonies - Virginia, Maryland, New York, Rhode Island, New Jersey and Delaware
Little is known about the early childhood of Augustine, even to his exact birth date. However, it appears from activities in which he was involved that he was born in 1605 in Prague, Bohemia. It is thought his father was Augustine Ephriam Herrman, a prominent citizen of Prague and his mother, Beatrix, was the daughter of a patrician,
Kasper Redel. It seems most likely this could be correct because Augustine named a son Ephriam. Due to religious beliefs, the parents of young Augustine were forced to flee Germany. Finally they made their way to Holland where it is possible that the Hermans had relatives living in Amersterdam. It was in 1633 that Augustine signed a Dutch form as "Herman". It is doubtful that he was born in 1621 (as some believe) because he could not have signed a legal document at age 12. The spelling of proper names in the 17th century was very erractic. Herman spelled his own name in several different ways, even signing formal papers -Herrman, Herman, Hermen. This seems to be the original and the others variations.
The exact date Augustine came to the New World is not known, nor the sections that he visited. It is thought he came to New Amsterdam (New York) in about 1638 in the service of the Dutch West Indies Co. By 1647 he had settled in New Amsterdam on the west side of Pearl St. near the corner of Pine. There he built a fine mansion that as surrounded with an orchard and gardens.It was to this home he brought his bride Jannetje or Jane Verlett, daughter of Casper and Judith Verlett (Varleth or Verleth), on Dec 10, 1651. In the Valentine's Manual )1861-page 644), the marriage record gives her name as Janneken. Their marriage registry is in the Collegiate church, New York City. To them were born two sons and three daughters. Their youngest daughter (our Bouldin line) was Francina, born March 12. 1662, in New Amsterdam. She lived for awhile in Holland and upon her return married Josph Wood, Esq. of Delaware. It was their daughter Jane who married Richard Clark of New Castle, delawre. Jane and Richard's daughter Ann (Nancy) married June 29, 1733, in Cecil Co., Maryland to Thomas Bouldin b. Jan. 15, 1706. Thomas Bouldin was the son of William and Thomasin (Nash) Boulden of Cecil Co. Maryland.
(note: I have list of births and dates of William and Thomasin's children, also list of seven of Thomas and Nancy's children.)
More on Augustine Herman.... He was a surveyor, skilled draftsman, a shrewd enterprising trader, bold and corageous in his temper and yet a diplomatist of no mean acilities, He experimented in raising indigo and was a pioneer in the Virginia tobacco trade. He received a grant of a thousand acres in Cecil Co., Maryland for the mapping of the domain of Maryland. He charted the amp for ten years.. The land he received were to be calles Bohemia Manor after his native land. Herman's map of Maryland was most accurate. Only three copies of the map's original edition are known to exist today. One at the North Library in the British Museum, and another is located in the Carter Brown Library, Providence, Rhode Island. The third is at the State Archives, Tichmond, Va. Found on the map is an engraving of Augustine Herman thought to drwan by himself.
It was in 1663 that he petirioned the General Assembly for naturalization for im and his children. It was granted in 1669 and he is sometimes referred to as the first "naturalized American'.
The exact date of his death is uncertain. His will, proved Nov. 11, 1686, consisted of fifteen hundred words on a single piece of parchment paper and was dated Sept. 27, 1684. The orignial will is preserved at the Pennsylvania Historical Society, and a copy can be located in Annapolis, maryland. In his will he requested the following be inscribed on his gravestone: "Augustine Herman Bohemian-Rhe First Founder-seatter (settler?) of Bohemea Manor-Anno 1661" The stone slab is about seven feet long and three feet wide.
Bohemia Manor, as known in the time of A. Herman and his heirs, has long ceased to exist. Other than a few tangible marks like bricks and stones from the first two manor houses, there is only one thing from his vast estate that recalls his memory today-the stone slab that marks his grave.
Cecil Co. Maryland...Philadelphia Rd. runs into I-40, continue to 213 (Augustine Herman Hwy) turn south, travel about 10 miles, Bohemia Manor is on right side (west). Concrete post and rail fence, sign: "Bohemia Manor Farms"
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