With a little looking on the 'net, I found a little information on the Kansas 6th Calv. I found this information in "The Kansas Collection," --"Bourbon County in the Civil War,"--William G. Cutler's History of the State of Kansas." It is on the Bourbon County link, part 4, ppgs. 6-7.
In 1861, a battle was fought at Carthage, Mo., which really alarmed the residents of Bourbon County. There were 3 military companies formed to become the Bourbon County Home Guards. They went into camp at Fort Scott. These 3 companies were infantry, later a cavalry company was raised. These 4 groups became the orgin of the Kansas Sixth. Because of the proximity if the war in Missouri, General Lane ordered a considerable number of troops to Fort Scott in the later part of August. Other companies arrived at the fort to bring the total number of soldiers to about 2,000. A large number of Osage Indians also arrived, and offered their services to the government.
The Rebel army led by General Rains, with 14,000 men, was operating in Missouri, and planning an attack on southern Kansas. On Sep. 1, he approached within ten miles of Fort Scott, drove in some pickets, and stole some mules. Colonel Johnson pursued, but he only killed 2 or 3 of the Rebels. Everyone went back to defend the fort. They met the Rebels five miles west of the camp, and they drove them back over the creek. "Quite a severe battle was fought," until the Union troops ran out of ammunition. They retreated to the fort. General Lane of the Union realized that his troop was outnumbered, so he led his troop thirty miles to the north, to Fort Lincoln on the Little Osage. He had instructed those left at the fort (including four women) to burn the Fort rather than let it fall into the Rebel's hands.
A few days later, the Rebel troops retreated towards Independence. On March 1, 1862, many of the troops returned, including the Sixth Kansas. They were assured that the Rebels had retreated. There was money, and "times were very much improved." Lt. Col. Jewell, of the Sixth Kansas, was appointed Post Commander of Fort Scott on June 1st. The above battle is referred to as the "Battle of Drywood."
That was all that I could find in a brief time. It is still amazing to me, that after only after 100 years of becoming a country, Americans could fight against themselves. It musy have been heartwrenching. Thanks again for the info on John J. Buckman!!!--CS Olson
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