Here is my research about John Burkhalter. I would appreciate any corrections or comments.
JOHN BURKHALTER (MICHAEL2, MICHAEL1) was born c 1748 in Vernonburg, Colonial GA, and died Aft. 1815 in prob GA. He married ANNE c 1782 in prob Edgefield Co SC. She was born c 1765, and died Aft. Jan 1811 in prob GA.
John Burkhalter was born about 1748 into a German-speaking Swiss family near Savannah GA. In 1755, his father received land in the interior of South Carolina, and if the family didn't move there immediately, they did before 1769. John spent the remainder of his life there in South Carolina. In 1769, the area was Granville County which was discontinued in 1769 and then formed into 96 District and later Edgefield County. Some descendents have reported his name as John Francis Burkhalter, but no evidence of a middle name has been found.
Some time before Aug 1773, John's brother William gave him 100 acres on a branch of Stephens Creek, probably on Burkhalters branch. (Holcomb, 109) For some unknown reason, the land was taken by the sheriff and sold to Thomas Eveleigh in Nov 1774. (Deed Bk 2) In Jun 1802, this property's history was again recorded when John Lowe sold the tract. The land was originally granted to William Buckhalter, then "by him conveyed to John Buckhalter and sold by Robert Stark Sheriff to Thomas Eveleigh who sold to Leonard Marbury, lying on a branch of Stephens Creek." This deed indicates that John was given property by his older brother William, but that it had to be taken and sold. Perhaps he had abandoned it or had not paid the taxes. (Deed Bk 22) Burkhalters Branch, which flows into Cheves Creek, was probably named for John's father Michael who settled in the area by 1769.
At the beginning of the American Revolution in 1776, John was about age 28. His older brother Michael and his younger brother David both served in the patriot militia in 1780. But sympathies were divided in South Carolina, and John took the Loyalist side. He served in the 96 Brigade, Col. John Cotton's Regiment. He went to Orangeburg SC with Lt. Col John Cruger and was paid for 183 days of service from Jun 14 - Dec 13 1780. We can hardly imagine the feelings within the Burkhalter family with brothers serving on both sides.
John married about 1782 about age 34, a little late for most young men. His wife's name has been reported to be Anne Marcus (Marquis), but I have not yet found any reference to her last name. It appears that Anne was quite a few years his junior, probably about 17 years old at the time of their marriage. According to the census records, they had about 9 children.
In May 1785, John witnessed a deed between Christopher [Christian] Buckhalter and Robert Lang. (Holcomb, 93) Some time before 1788, John received a grant of unknown size on Cheves Creek into which Burkhalters branch flows. (Deed Bk 13) So, in Jul 1788, John had adjoining the land of Leonard Marbury on Buckhalters Creek. (Deed Bk 2)
On May 26 1789, John bought a slave named Rose, age 25, from Penix Howlett for L70. This deed was witnessed by John's brother David. (Deed Bk 14) Perhaps Penix Howlett was related to the Burkhalters because John's father Michael also sold 100 acres to Howlett the same month with John witnessing the deed. (Deed Bk 10)
John and his family were listed in the 1790 census: 1 male >16 [John c42], 2 males 0-16 [Daniel 7, Elias 3], 3 females [Anne c25, daughter c5, daughter c2].
In 1794, John witnessed a deed between Thomas Rogers and his brother Henry Buckhalter for land on Beaverdam Creek in Edgefield Co. (Deed Bk 11) In Dec 1796, his land was adjacent to David Glover. (Deed Bk 14) In Mar 1797, Robert Samuel sold 50 acres on Phillis [Phillips] Branch to John Buckhalter for L100 sterling. (Deed Bk 14) Phillips branch is not on a current map, but the Fudge family lived on Little Stephens Creek which is located northeast of the town of Edgefield.
In May 1797, both John and his land were mentioned in a deed between William Fudge and John Cooke. He witnessed the deed with his initials IB. In these times, the letter J was written like an I. (Deed Bk 14) In May 1797, John added to his property with the purchase of 15 acres for L25 from William Fudge. (Deed Bk 14) On May 31 1797, John sold "swamp land on both sides of Phillips branch where William Fudge erects a mill dam" to William Fudge for L25 SC money. No acreage size was included. Anne Buckhalter, "wife of within named John Buckhalter" signed her consent by marking an X. (Deed Bk 14) In Jun 1798 and in Jan 1802, he was a witness again. (Deed Bk 16 and 21)
The family was again included in the 1800 census: 1 male over 45 [John c52], 1 male 26-45 [who?], 2 males 10-16 [Daniel 17, Elias 13], 1 male 0-10 [John infant], 1 female 26-45 [Anne c35], 3 females 10-16 [daughter c15, daughter c12, daughter 10], 2 females 0-10 [daughter c6, Martha 2].
In July 1802, there is an interesting deed of 1000 acres from William Fudge to John Stokes Jr in which 27 acres are reserved to John Buckhalter for a mill pond. (Deed Bk 22) In Dec 1805, his land was adjoining others. (Deed Bk 26) John's mill was mentioned again in July 1807. (Deed Bk 29)
In Jan 1807, for $600 John bought 100 acres on Little Stephens Creek which was comprised of two tracts originally granted to Josiah Stevens and Hugh Rose.
In early 1807, John's father Michael Burkhalter died in Edgefield Co. John was named in the will along with his brothers, sisters, and some of Michaels' grandchildren. John probably received some inheritance from the estate.
In Apr 1807, John sold two tracts, one of 50 acres on Phillis [Phillips] Branch that he bought from Robert Samuel in Mar 1797, the other one of 15 acres bought from William Fudge in May 1797, for $125 total. In July 1807, John's land was mentioned in a deed between Elisha Stevens and William Eddins and filled with the names of relatives. (Deed Bk 29)
In May 1809, John Burckhalter made a mortgage to Thomas McDaniel for $242.93 3/4, using his 100 acres on Little Stephens Creek purchased in 1807 as collateral. The loan which was due on Dec 25 1809 would be void if the amount were properly repaid. (Deed Bk 29) John must have paid the loan, because in March 1810, he sold the land to Robert John for $450. The property had been resurveyed and found to contain 135 acres rather than 100. John signed with his initials IB. Not until Jan 1811 did Anne give her consent, signing with her initial A. (Deed Bk 32)
In 1810, John's household was smaller with only his last children at home: 1 male > 45 [John c62], 1 male 10-16 [John 10], 1 female > 45 [Anne c45], 1 female 10-16 [Martha 12], 2 females 0-10 [Harriet 9, daughter c5].
With the sale of their only Edgefield property in 1810-1811, John and Anne migrated to Putnam Co GA about 1812. Their son Daniel had preceeded them into GA where he is included in the 1810 Baldwin Co tax list. Perhaps his reports back home enticed the Burkhalter family to make the move to GA. Baldwin Co was adjacent to Putnam Co at this time. John Buckhalter appears in the 1813 Putnam Co GA tax list. The 1815 tax list of Putnam includes John Buckhalter, his son Elias, and Jeremiah Buckhalter (John's nephew). John and Elias were listed on the same page. Two of John's daughters married in Putnam Co during these years: Martha married Joseph Grant in 1818 and Harriet married Ebenezer Smith in 1821.
The year of 1815 is the last known record of John. At time time, he would have been about 67 years old, aged for the times. He was not the head of household for the 1820 GA census. He and Anne probably died in Putnam Co GA. His known children lived in GA, while some migrated into Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.
A note about Edgefield Co SC: By 1800, there were two adult John Burkhalters in Edgefield Co who were first cousins. Fortunately, they were quite different in age with John (son of Michael) born c1748 while the younger John (son of Christian) was born c1771. Careful study does make their records distinguishable. The older John died in the early 1800s while John the younger lived until after 1830.
Holcomb, Brent. SC Deed Abstracts 1773-1778. p 109.
Holcomb, Brent. SC Deed Abstracts 1783-1788. p 93.
Clark, Murtie June. Loyalists in the Southern Campaign, Vol 1. p 239, 243.
Hendrix, Ge Lee. Edgefield Co SC Abstracts of Deed Books 1-12. p 26, 158, 186.
Wells, Carol. Edgefield Co SC Deed Books 13, 14, 15. p 42, 50, 58, 59, 62.
Wells, Carol. Edgefield Co SC Deed Books 16, 17, 18. p 9.
Wells, Carol. Edgefield Co SC Deed Books 19, 20, 21, 22. p 93, 127, 131, 132.
Wells, Carol. Edgefield Co SC Deed Books 23, 24, 25, 26. p 109.
Wells, Carol. Edgefield Co SC Deed Books 27, 28, 29. p 93, 172, 185.
Wells, Carol. Edgefield Co SC Deed Books 30 & 31. p 32.
Wells, Carol. Edgefield Co SC Deed Books 32 & 33. p 28.
Edgefield Co SC Records.
Wynd, Frances. Putnam Co GA Records. p 4.
Index to GA Tax Digests: 1809-1811 p 13; 1814-1817 p 13, 14.
Researched and written by Ann Blomquist. 6/2002
1790, Edgefield Co SC
1800, Edgefield Co SC p139
1810, Edgefield Co SC p46
1815, Putnam Co GA tax list
Children of JOHN BURKHALTER and ANNE are:
i. DANIEL BURKHALTER, b. c 1783, Edgefield Co SC; d. Aft. 1860, Washington Parish LA; m. (1) MARY PALMORE, c 1811, prob GA; b. c 1790; d. Aft. 1855, Washington Parish LA; m. (2) SARAH, Bef. 1850; b. c 1796, SC.
ii. DAUGHTER BURKHALTER, b. c 1785, Edgefield Co SC.
iii. ELIAS BURKHALTER, b. c 1787, Edgefield Co SC; d. Aft. 1860; m. WINNIFORD WEBB, Apr 26, 1812, Jasper Co GA; b. c 1794, NC/SC; d. May 10, 1867, Lauderdale Co MS.
iv. DAUGHTER BURKHALTER, b. c 1790, Edgefield Co SC.
v. DAUGHTER BURKHALTER, b. c 1796, Edgefield Co SC.
vi. MARTHA BURKHALTER, b. Jul 05, 1798, Edgefield Co SC; d. Oct 09, 1889, Monroe Co GA; m. JOSEPH GRANT, Nov 05, 1818, Putnam Co GA; b. Aug 26, 1792; d. Jul 05, 1869, Monroe Co GA.
vii. JOHN O. BURKHALTER, b. c 1800, Edgefield Co SC; d. Apr 09, 1874, Elmore Co AL; m. (1) NANCY KNIGHT, c 1818, prob Putnam Co GA; b. c 1805; d. Bet. 1840 - 1844; m. (2) MARY DAVIS, Oct 07, 1844, Harris Co GA; b. 1807, GA; d. Bet. 1854 - 1856; m. (3) NANCY ANN HOLLIS, Dec 10, 1856, Harris Co GA; b. c 1819, GA.
viii. HARRIET BURKHALTER, b. c 1801, Edgefield Co SC; m. EBENEZER SMITH, Jan 18, 1821, Putnam Co GA.
ix. DAUGHTER BURKHALTER, b. c 1805, Edgefield Co SC.
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