If you are trying to research the ancestry of Henry Cassels and Margaret Mitchell, then this is an important piece of the mystery to figure out.
I am sorry if I have made a mess of trying to explain the question involved in this posting but although it is involved, I feel that it is an important piece of the puzzle, in establishing where our Cassels came from.
From the book “Grady County Georgia” by Yvonne Brunton
She says; that the fifth child of Henry Cassels and Margaret Mitchell, was a son named James.
She says that all of the men in the family fought on the American side under Gen. Francis Marion, (the Swamp Fox) the exception was James the fifth son who was a loyalist (a Tory) that fought on the British side.
I think that this son James is a key to understanding where our Cassels originated.
Here are some sources about Militia Col. James Cassels, the loyalist.
The following from: Article from: Court, Immigration & Emigration records.
Land, Probate Records American Migrations 1765-1799 at Ancestry.com, at the following website:
James Cassells, planter. Memorial London 1784, he resided for 25 years in SC. After the reduction of Charleston, British troops came to the place where he lived and he was commissioned as a Lieut. of the Militia. As the rebels approached Camden, he was seized by the men of his own Regt. and delivered to Gen. Gates with other Militia officers; his house was burned and his plantation ruined. He escaped by night and traveled through the woods to reach Camden and was commissioned as Col of the George Town Regt. of the Militia. At the evacuation of Charleston he went to St. Augustine. He lacks support for his son aged 14. Claim for estate estimated at 6,500 sterling including 1,000 acres on Pedee River; 1,115 acres on Waccamaw Creek; 500 acres on Black River eight miles from George Town; 500 acres on Briton's Neck; a house and lot in George Town; 50 slaves. Letter from the claimant to the commission dated Leith, Scotland, 5 September 1788.
James Cassels Year: 1762 Place: South Carolina Source Publication Code: 9760 Primary Immigrant: Cassels, James Annotation: Covers era prior to 1855. Compiled from correspondence and monument inscriptions, 17th and, mainly, 18th century. Prepared for the Scottish Genealogical Society. 6,470 emigrants. Source Bibliography:
WHYTE, DONALD. A Dictionary of Scottish Emigrants to the USA. Vol. 1. Baltimore: Magna Carta Book Co., 1972. 504p. 2nd pr., 1981. Page: 70
CASSELS, JAMES, of Georgetown, S. C.; a Tory officer after the surrender of Charleston in 1780, and lost his estate by confiscation. He moved to the Bahamas but later may have moved back to America. ( this statement of returning is probably not true)
CASSELLS, James - listed in the Royal Gazette Confiscations List of 20 March 1782 as a Class V. A planter in South Carolina, he received a militia commission from Lord Cornwallis. Went from Charleston to the St. John River in East Florida in Oct 1782.
The following is from a newsletter at this website - http://www.southerncampaign.org/newsletter/v1n3.pdf "Southern Campaigns of the American Revolution", is dedicated to the study of the War for American Independence in the Southern
Department from 1760 to 1789.
James Cassels Petition - ADS, CA. 1783. Petition to John Lloyd, President of the Senate and SC Senators, from "certain Inhabitants of the District of Georgetown," requesting relief from the penalties of the Confiscation Act for "James Cassels who held a Commission of Colonel in this District under the British General Lord Cornwallis," Justifying to his "moderation towards the Inhabitants, and in frequent instances afforded them protection from the violence and plundering of the British Officers and Soldiery", Signed by [ai; Frazier and Samuel Smith, Jr.
So…….. It is pretty well established that the James Cassels in the citations above was a loyalist in South Carolina.
It says he resided for 25 years in South Carolina.
If he were in born in South Carolina, they would not say “he resided for 25 years in SC”.
If he were born between 1740 and 1745 as stated in Yvonne Brunton’ book. He would have been abt. 30 to 35years old in 1775 when the American Revolution began.
In the book “Grady County Georgia” by Brunton, she states that his wife’s name was Ann Mann.
That matches the James Cassels recorded in the following book.
The “Records of the Cassels and Connections” originally prepared in 1870. By Robert Cassels. (born 1815 died 1882)
Here is an extraction from that book:
Colonel James Cassels of Flask, in the county of Linlithgow, born, 27th, January 1736. Married Miss Mann, and American lady, and had an only son named John. This John married Jane Handy, and American Lady from Rhode Island. He died about the year 1830, leaving three daughters: Anne, Susan, and Jane. Anne and Jane died unmarried. Susan married, but died without issue. This branch of the family is therefore extinct.
The following from the same book:
Walter Gibson Cassels (1777-1868) wrote as follows regarding Colonel Cassels: - “My fathers brother , Colonel James Cassels, went to America a young man, and was a very successful cultivator and planter at George Town, South Carolina, He took the side of his native country at the Revolution In America, and raised and commanded a cavalry regiment of Militia during the war. He had made a large fortune, and also married and American lady of a good estate. At the end of the American war his estates were confiscated, but as his only son, John Cassels, was a minor, his mother’s property was saved to him, and he went to Carolina, and lived for many years on his estate. He then sold it for about 25,000 pounds sterling, and came to his father’s property in Scotland, a place called Flask, near Linlithgow, which afterwards he sold, and went to London, where he died about 1830.
I don’t see how James Cassels (loyalist) could possibly be the fifth son of Henry Cassels and Margaret Mitchell.
OK, but then what is the connection, because I think there is one.
An Introduction to a new person:
Dr. Robert Gibb gives his land to Col. James Cassels.
Who was Dr. Robert Gibb?
A memorial by his sister Margaret:
Dr. Robert Gibb of George Town, physic (physician), deceased.
Memorial by his sister Margaret, wife of Patrick Robertson of Glasgow, Scotland, 1784-1787 Her brother was born in Edinbburgh, was bred to be a physician there and left in 1754 to go to George Town, SC. He purchased a plantation on Pedee River and resided there until his death in October 1777, latterly applying himself more to planting than to physic After refusing to take an oath of allegiance to the rebels, his spirit was broken: he died a bachelor intestate, having assigned his property to Mr. James Cassells. Claim for 4 lots in George Town; lots in Bay St. and Prince’s St., Charleston; 60 negroes ; the balance of his personal estate valued at 8,197 pounds sterling. Letter of attorney sworn Edinburgh 6 January 1779 by the memorialist appointing Charles Johnston of Charleston. Deposition sworn Edinburgh 8 January 1779 Robert Gibb, merchant, and William Gibb, book-seller, both of Edinburgh, that Francis Gibb of Edinburgh, writer, deceased, had children Francis, Robert, Mary, Margaret and Elizabeth Gibb and that Francis, Mary and Elizabeth died unmarried; Robert Gibb became a physician and left Scotland many years ago; Margaret Gibb, the only child now living of the said Francis, married Patrick Robertson of Glasgow by whom she had issue. Notes 1787: Patrick Robertson married Margaret Gibb in 1761 and had issue two sons and three daughters. Copy of marriage contract dated Edinburgh 3 October 1761 between Patrick Robertson and Margaret Gibb (12/5199, 109/256; 13/132/79-121)
So……… Dr. Robert Gibb gave his property to Col. James Cassels. WHY?
About the Gibb family in Scotland. From the same book mentioned above,
The “Records of the Cassels and Connections”
Descendents of James Cassillis and Euphemia Cassillis [notes --Euphemia was probably a relative of James. This book also states that it is suspected that James and Euphemia had other children prior to having the seven listed below which could be one of our line].
Their children were:
Andrew, Thomas, John, John, John, Patrick, Andrew ….yes, they had 3 Johns and 2 Andrews
The seventh son Andrew married Hannah Gib
Their children were:
James, John, Hannah ……….This James was the first to spell his name Cassels
James born-1696 married 1st --- Hannah Spiers
Their children were:
Margaret, Hannah, James, Robert [drown of the SC coast. Margaret, Andrew ..yes 2 Margaret’s
James born - 1696 married 2nd. --- Jean Stevenson
Their children were:
James Cassels born-1736, Euphemia [or Eupham], Jean, Helen
This first and only son Col. James Cassels is the loyalist in South Carolina in American Revolution.
So ……. The connection of Col. James Cassels [loyalist] to The Gib’s family is that Hannah Gib above was his grandmother.
Robert Gib gave his property to Col. James Cassels. Most likely because he was an Uncle to James.
So ….. Why is their a connection between Col. James Cassels and John Cassels the son of Henry Cassels and Margaret Mitchell.
The following from a record of a land transfer and as far as I can tell it was a gift.
THE STATE O F SOUTH CAROLINA
KNOW YE, That in pursuance of an Act of the Legislature entitled “An Act for establishing the mode of granting the lands now vacant in this State, and for allowing a commutation to be received for some lands that have been granted,” passed the 19th. Day of February, 1791; WE HAVE GRANTED,
And by these presents DO GRANT unto James Cassells his heirs and assigns, a plantation or tract of land containing Ten Thousand Acres (surveyed for him the 24 th. Of November 1792 Situated in the District of Camden on the S. Side of Lynches Creek. Bounded North East by Henry Durant’s land, south east by said John Cassels, south east,/north west and north east by George Birds, south east by Bradley’s, Hugh [?] and Reden Birds, north west and south west by Smiths?, Robert Fullwoods and Thompson’s, all other sides vacant.
Having such shape, form and marks as are represented by a plat hereunto annexed, together with all woods, trees, waters, water=courses, profits, commodities, appurtenances and hereditaments whatsoever there= unto belonging’
TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the said tract of TEN THOUSAND acres of land, and all and singular other the premises herby granted unto the said JOHN CASSELS his heirs and assigns forever, in free
and common socage.
GIVEN UNDER THE SEAL OF THE STATE
Witness his Excellency William Moultrie Esquire, Governor and Commander in Chief in and over the said Stat, at Columbia, this Seventh day of January, one thousand, seven hundred and Ninety three. And of the independence of the United States of America, the Seventeenth.
Signed William Moultrie
20th. Dec. 1792
Now …….. Some of the people mentioned in this document are very familiar:
Cassels had sold land to the Byrd family.
Hannah Cassels was married to a John Durant. Her father in law was a Henry Durant.
Bradley’s were the family that had the plantation next to the Cassels on Lynches Creek.
James Bradley an old gentleman had been duped by General Sir Banastre Tarleton, 1st
into believing that he was George Washington and revealed information as to where militia troops were located. After he showed Gen. Tarleton where they were and other confidential information, he revealed to him that he was not Gen. Washington. He then took him prisoner, placed him in irons, and they burned his plantation, as I believe that they also burned the Cassels plantation in the same way. From then until the end of the war James Bradley was kept in irons and marched out each time that a militia was captured to watch him be hanged.
Please, analyze with me this information and let’s share our knowledge.
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