Posted By:Pamela
Email:
Subject:Re: Cattanach Family in Ontario Vital record
Post Date:August 18, 2000 at 11:14:37
Message URL:http://genforum.genealogy.com/cattanach/messages/24.html
Forum:Cattanach Family Genealogy Forum
Forum URL:http://genforum.genealogy.com/cattanach/

Ontario Birth Indexes (1869-1902)
Ontario Birth Registrations (1869-1902)
Ontario Birth Registration (1903-present)
Ontario Marriage Indexes (1869-1917)
Ontario Marriage Registrations (1869-1917)
Ontario Marriage Registrations (1918 - present)
Ontario Death Indexes (1869-1927)
Ontario Death Registrations (1869-1927)
Ontario Death Registrations (1928-present)
County and District Marriage Registers (early 1800s - 1869)
1871 Canadian Census Index
Other Canadian Census Indexes
Canadian Census Records, 1842, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881,
1891, 1901
Other Census Records
Ontario Cemetery Records
Church Records
Land Records
Ontario Genealogical Society
Archives of Ontario
National Archives of Canada
Ontario's Public Libraries
Local Histories
Obituaries & Newspapers



Ontario Birth, Marriage and Death Records

Government registration of births, marriages and deaths started in
Ontario on July 1, 1869. As of that date all births, marriages and
deaths in the province were supposed to be registered with the
government. However, the law was slow to be enforced so many early
events were not registered. The records of birth, marriages and deaths
from 1869 to 1902, 1917 and 1927 respectively are considered
public information and have been deposited with the Archives of
Ontario and are available to the general public for research.
Registrations after 1902, 1917 and 1927 are in the hands of the
Registrar General of the Province and are considered to be
confidential. They are, therefore, only available to the individual
involved or to their direct ancestor if the person is deceased. Each
year an additional year of records is released from the government so
in 2000 the 1903 births, 1918 marriages and 1928 deaths will be
released.

The earlier births, marriages and deaths have been indexed and
microfilmed at the archives, with the assistance of the Family History
Library of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and are
available through the Archives of Ontario in Toronto or through
interlibrary loan, Family History Centers around the world and some
Public Libraries. The birth indexes will identify the name of the person,
the date and location of birth and a reference number related to the
entry. The marriage indexes will identify one of the parties involved, the
date and location of marriage and a reference number. The death
indexes will identify the deceased, the location and date of the death
and a reference number.

To obtain a list of the microfilm numbers of the above indexes from the
Archives of Ontario click here.

The actual registrations of birth, marriage and death have also been
microfilmed and are available through the Archives of Ontario in
Toronto or through interlibrary loan, Family History Centers and some
Public Libraries. The registration of birth will identify the name of the
person, the date of birth, the location of birth, the names of parents,
the name of the informant (usually a parent), and other data such as
residence and religion. The registration of marriage will identify the
bride and groom, the date and place of marriage, generally the name of
each parent, the age and place of birth of the bride and groom (the
place may be very general such as "Canada or England") and other
data such as residence and religion. The registration of death will
identify the deceased by name, residence, date and place of death,
name of informant (may be the doctor), and other data such as
religion, age, place of birth. The registrations are in numerical order so
the reference number obtained in the index becomes critical to finding
the registration. The references can be in geographic clusters so the
microfilm that you are viewing can cover other events in the region in
the same year. The microfilm numbers that apply can for the actual
registrations are not available on line but can be determined at the
Archives of Ontario, Family History Centers or libraries that have
access to the microfilms.

For birth registrations after 1902, you should contact the Registrar
General of Ontario at 1-800-461-2156 (within Ontario) or
1-416-325-8305 (outside Ontario) for current prices and procedures.
Their mailing address is Office of the Registrar General, Box 4600.
Thunder Bay, ON P7B 6L8

County and District Marriage Records

Prior to provincial registration of marriages, the various counties of
Ontario, maintained a registry of marriages that were enacted in their
area. Generally this started in 1858 and continuing until 1869 when the
provincial government took this responsibility. Prior to 1858 the
province was divided into Districts and most Districts maintain
marriage records or compiled the records of some denominations.
These records have been microfilmed and are available for research
through the Ontario Archives in Toronto or interlibrary loan, Family
History Centers and Public Libraries in the province. Most of the
records have been indexed and are available through genealogy
suppliers and the branches of the Ontario Genealogical Society.



Census Indexes

Census records in Canada are federal and are the jurisdiction of the
Government of Canada. The government, however, has not been
involved in the creation of any indexes. This initiative has been taken
generally by the Ontario Genealogical Society and its branches. The
only census indexed on a provincial level is the 1871 census. It is a
great aid to genealogical research but it is limited because it is a heads
of household and strays index only and does not include all the
occupants of the household. The 1871 census index is available in
printed format as well as being available online through various sources
including the Archives of Canada .

To connect to the online search of the 1871
census at the National Archives of Canada
click here.

The index may help you find your ancestors but you must check the
Census Return itself to get the full detail on the person and his/her
family. Other census have been indexed by the various branches of the
Ontario Genealogical Society and are available in printed format.

Census Records

Canadian census returns were conducted roughly every ten years from
1842 to present. The census returns of 1842, 1851, 1861, 1871,
1881, 1891 and 1901 have been released to the public for viewing.
The National Archives of Canada has microfilmed these census and
makes them available to the public through the National Archives of
Canada in Ottawa or interlibrary loan, Family History Centers, Public
Libraries and other repositories. The census are generally enumerated
in Ontario by county, township and city. The 1842 census is a heads
of household census while the others list all the occupants of the house.
The microfilm numbers can be obtained at the locations that holds the
microfilm.

Some earlier census of a provincial or county nature are available as
well. However, they tend to be heads of household only. Listings of
these censuses are available in published format or through the Family
History Library Catalog of the Family History Centers.



Ontario Cemetery Records

The major source of cemetery records are the various branches of the
Ontario Genealogical Society (OGS). For decades volunteers of these
branches have been visiting and transcribing cemeteries within their
counties and cities. Many of these cemetery transcriptions have been
published and are available for sale through the OGS branches. In
many cases the branches have permitted the microfilming of these
records by the Family History Library and copies of the transcriptions
are available through the Family History Centers.

If you do not know the county of burial of your ancestors, there are
two ways of getting assistance. The Ontario Death Indexes cover
deaths from 1869-1927 in the province and can be used to identify the
place of death.

A group of volunteers have been compiling an index of Ontario
Cemeteries from cemetery transcriptions and todate have indexed over
2 million tombstones. By searching the database of the Ontario
Cemetery Finding Aid (OCFA) you will obtain a listing of the
cemetery in which your ancestor may be buried and then you can refer
to the published listing of the OGS branches or other sources to get
the details of the tombstone.

Church Records

Church records in Ontario are not as readily available as they are in
other areas of the world. In other areas of the world the practice has
been to microfilm the church records and make copies of the
microfilmed copies available for research. Only a few church records
are available in this manner. However, many church records are still in
the hands of the local church of the archives of various denominations.
The researcher will have varied results from obtaining records from
these sources. It is always best to see if the records are available from
the local church, the Family History Center or the branch of the
Ontario Genealogical Society in the area. Failing that approach,
contact one of the various archives listed below:

Anglican Church of Canada

Diocese of Algoma, 530 Queen St. E. Box 637, Sault Ste.
Marie, ON P6A 5N7
Diocese of Huron, Huron Church House, Box 308, London,
ON N6A 4W3
Diocese of Keewatin, Box 118, Kenora, ON P9N 3X1
Diocese of Moosenee, Box 841, Schumaker, ON P0N 1G0
Diocese of Niagara, 67 Victoria Avenue S., Hamilton, ON
L8N 2S8
Diocese of Ontario, 90 Johnson Street, Kingston, ON K7L
1X7
Diocese of Ottawa, 71 Bronson Ave, Ottawa, ON K1R 6G6
Diocese of Toronto, 135 Adelaide Street E., Toronto, ON
M5C 1L8

Canadian Baptist Archives, McMaster Divinity College, McMaster
University, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1

Canadian Jewish Congress, Ontario Region Archives, 4600 Bathurst,
Willowdale, ON M2R 3V2

Canadian Society of Friends (Quakers), 60 Lowther Ave., Toronto,
ON M5R 1C7

Lutheran Church in America, Eastern Canada Synod, Archives,
Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON N2L 3C5

Mennonite Archives of Ontario, Conrad Grebel College, University of
Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1

Presbyterian Church in Canada Archives, Knox College, 59 St.
George St., Toronto, ON M5S 2E6

Roman Catholic Church

Archdiocese of Kingston, Archives, 279 Johnson Street,
Kingston, ON K7L 4X8
Archdiocese of Ottawa, Archives, 256 King Edward Avenue,
Ottawa, ON K1N 7M1
Archdiocese of Toronto, Archives, 355 Church Street,
Toronto, ON M5B 1Z8

United Church of Canada Archives, Victoria University, 73 Queen's
Park Crescent East, Toronto, ON M5S 1K7



Land Records

Records of the original grants of land and of subsequent transactions
have been maintained from the original settlement of Ontario in the late
18th century. Older records of settlement, petitions for land, etc. are
deposited in the Archives of Ontario or the Public Archives of
Canada. These records have been microfilmed and are available to the
researcher. More current information would be obtained from the
various county land offices.

Ontario Genealogical Society

The major genealogical society in Ontario is the Ontario Genealogical
Society with branches in most of the counties and cities of Ontario.
The work of this society and its branches has been outstanding and it is
recommended that researchers with interests in Ontario genealogy
consider joining the society and the branches in the counties of their
interest. They have contributed heavily to the creation of census
indexes, cemetery listings, local history publications and how to books.
You will want to refer to the society for details on their holdings at their
library in North York, their various branches and publications
available.

Click here to contact the Ontario Genealogical Society Webpage.

Archives of Ontario

The Archives of Ontario maintain a number of collections that can
assist the genealogist. Their records generally cover those areas of
responsibility of a provincial government. Some of these areas are;

Early Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths
County Marriage Registers
Land Transactions
Newspapers of Ontario

To contact the Archives of Ontario click here


National Archives of Canada

The National Archives of Canada have considerable holdings of
material that relates to the federal government’s area of jurisdiction. Of
particular interest are:

The Census Records of Canada
Military Records
Immigration and Naturalization Records

To contact the National Archives of Canada
click here

Ontario's Public Libraries

One of the major resources for genealogical research assistance in
Ontario is the local public libraries of the area of your ancestors. These
facilities have made it a practice to gather information of value to the
genealogist. Many times they will have copies of local newspapers,
cemetery listings, local histories, census indexes and information on
contact that may be of value. Libraries are generally willing to steer
you in the right direction and may be able to do limited research on
your behalf.. If you need assistance in locating a public library in the
area of your interest, you may obtain a listing of all the libraries in
Ontario from this site: List of Ontario Public Libraries

Local Histories

A source of local history and genealogy can come from local histories
written and published in the area of your ancestors. Most of these
would be available through the local libraries of the area or through the
branches of the Ontario Genealogical Society.

Obituaries and Newspapers

A major source of information for the genealogist is the obituary found
in the local newspapers. Some obituaries are very sketchy while others
are quite complete. Some newspapers have fully indexed obituaries
while others have none. Many newspapers may show both a notice of
death and an obituary so the researcher is advised to check for both.
The Ontario Archives has a considerable collection of over 500
Ontario newspapers on microfilm. Many of these records can be
borrowed through interlibrary loan. Otherwise, the local newspapers
of Ontario should be consulted through the local libraries of the area or
the newspaper offices themselves. Many researchers have had success
with letters to the editor of local newspapers requesting information
from local family members or individuals with knowledge of the family.
You may obtain the name and addresses of local newspapers through
the listing of Newspapers provided.