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Wow! There's a plethora of James Deals in Montgomery County, NY around the time your ancestor lived, though no hint yet of any parents in the area. Lamentably, most of these James Deals are probably not yours, for example the one who served as a private in the 32d NY Volunteer Infantry regiment from 10JAN1861 to 9JUN1863 -- your James would have been an old timer amongst the ranks, but it is conceivable. The 1860 Fed census shows a James W. Deal, b. abt. 1807, in the household of John Kilman in Amsterdam, Mont., NY, but the other Deal names in that household (a rooming house, perchance) do not match those for your James Deal in the 1850 census. A "James" Deal (the handwriting looks like "Jane") is listed as a pauper or indigent person in an asylum, or in a private house at public expense, in 1880 in Amsterdam, but no age is given. The person is not able bodied due to "dyspepsia," which when I was a kid meant indigestion, so maybe I am reading the handwriting incorrectly. All these examples appear when searching "James Deal, NY, abt 1803" on Ancestry.com, so maybe you've already seen them. I made an initial foray because I myself have many Diehls/Deels/Deals/Deihls/ and Deales in my tree, almost all from PA or VA, however. Good luck! (Too bad your ancestor's given name wasn't Polyander or Lucretius or Thorvald ... something more distinctive than James).