The Lineage of Captain John Dachsteder & Lieutenant Frederick Dachsteder
After much examination and re-examination of the evidence, the lineage proposed by Doris Dockstader Rooney in The Dockstader Family (TDF) remains the best fit.
1. Georg DACHSTÄDTER (b. 1679) m. Anna Elizabeth
2. Hendrick Georg DACHSTEDER (b. 1714) m. Anna Catherine VAN ANTWERP
3. Hendrick DACHSTEDER (b. 1741) m. Maria Magdalena WEBER
Children of the latter pair being:
1. George Adam DACHSTEDER (1759-1793)
2. Johannes (John) DACHSTEDER (1760-1801)
3. Frederick DACHSTEDER (1761-1781)
4. Joseph DACHSTEDER (1763-1763)
5. Catharine DACHSTEDER (1765-1836)
6. Hendrick DACHSTEDER (1767 - still living on June 27, 1803)
7. Joseph DACHSTEDER (1772-1842)
The two major Loyalist branches of the Dockstader family appear to have been those of Hendrick (b. 1741, son of Hendrick) and George Adam (b. 1736, son of George Adam). Hendrick's family relocated to Ontario after the war, whereas George Adam's family relocated to Montreal. George Adam also had a son named John (b. 1761), who married Cecilia LEROY, and both John Dachsteders appear to have had their properties confiscated by colonial authorities back in Caughnawaga. Hendrick's family also appears to have had close Iroquois ties there for reasons as yet unknown – in addition to John's speaking the languages and John and Frederick's joining the Indian Department, younger brother Joseph is noted for having served as a valuable Indian interpreter at councils for many years (Historical Atlas of Lincoln and Welland, 1876). There does not appear to be any direct evidence of Iroquois ancestry, however.
JOHN & FREDERICK: TIMELINE
1) December 4, 1760: Johannes Dachsteder born to Hendrick and Magdalena Dachsteder, baptised at the Stone Arabia Reformed Church, sponsors Johannes and Elizabeth Glaser. (TDF Vol. I, p. 97)
2) 1761: Frederick born. (TDF Vol. I, p. 99; date assumed; next known child of Hendrick and Magdalena, Catherine, born September 18, 1765)
3) June 19, 1776 or May 11, 1777 [ ? ]: John Dachsteder endicted along with others, aged either 15 years, 6 months, 15 days or else 16 years, 5 months, 7 days. The original endictment (offline source unknown) reads:
"In Committee Tyron County June 19th 1776: The following persons refusing to sign the Association ordered by this Committee viz.--- Donald Cameron, Barnabas Cain, Jacob Merckell, Henry Merckell Jr., Dederick Loucks, Godfrey Syphert, Hendrick Dillenbach, Christian Dillenbach Jr., and John Dochsteder. They are judged inimical to the Liberties of America and dangerous to remain in the Country and are ordered together with John Jarris and John Meyers to be sent down to Albany to be disposed of as General Schuyler shall direct. Ordered that Capt. W. Keen send an officer with a party of Men to guard the above named persons to Albany. By Order of the Committee John Frey Chairman, In Committee met at Stonearaby May 11th, 1777, Jacob Snell Chairman, John Eisenlord Esq. Secry., Palatine."
4) Frederick joins the Indian Department in 1776 for a period and later joins Butler's Rangers. (Memorial of John Docksteder for Frederick Docksteder, December 7, 1781, Fort Niagara)
5) "John Dockstader came within the line in 1777 and was at that time an officer in the Indian Department ... till 1783." (TDF Vol. I, p. 97)
6) November 12, 1777: Letter from Daniel Claus to John Johnson indicates that Lieutenant Dockstedder is being sent to Cayuga where he has influence.
"Extracts from a Letter received Yesterday from Danl. CLAUS Esqr. late a Captain in the 60th Regimt. (& Appointed to Command a band of Indians the last Campaign) to Col. JOHNSON, dated Montreal 12th Novr. 1777. [ ... ]
"The Council of Onondaga have resolved to fall upon the Mohock Canowaroghereoneidas, & the Mohock River. --
"Joseph [Brant] who since you sent him among the Six Nations has acted the part of the most faithfull Servant, is now among them with his Sister, doing his utmost, & will bring about great things with these people as time will shew, in Spight of ****, whom he has found out & Complained of.
"I have given him farther directions how to act & a Credit on a person at Niagara and I have sent Capt. Jno. JOHNSTON to Seneca to Sayenquezaghta &c the great Chief, who has behaved well since your Appointment of him in that Quarter, also Lieutenant DOCKSTEDDER who has influence I sent to Cayuga. [ ... ]"
(University of Michigan, William L. Clements Library, Sir Henry Clinton Papers, Volume 26, item 32.)
7) February 19, 1781: Frederick promoted from rank of Sergeant in Butler's Rangers to 2nd Lieutenant. (Great Britain, Public Record Office, War Office, Class 28, Vol IV, p. 15)
8) July 9, 1781: John leads the raid on Currytown, aged 20 years, 8 months, 5 days (Benson J. Lossing's Pictorial Book of the Revolution, 1850, Vol I, Ch. XIII)
9) October 19, 1781: Frederick dies at Otsego Lake (Cruikshank's The Story of Butler’s Rangers and the Settlement of Niagara, 1893).
10) February 27, 1801: Captain John Dachsteder dies at Grand River, now aged 40 years, 2 months, 23 days. (Niagara Herald)
Frederick had one daughter, Catherine, born January 9, 1781.
In an inventory of the Indian Department taken on December 1, 1783, John Dachsteder was listed as 32 [ = 22 ? ] and single (TDF Vol I, p. 97). By the time John wrote his will, however, he had at least a wife named Sarah (Sally), three sons – Joseph of Indian Castle NY, Adam of Buffalo Creek NY, and John Jr of the Grand River – and a daughter Warri (Mary). A daughter Catherine (a.k.a. Caroline) Burnham and her husband John inherited a portion of the lands originally granted to John Dachsteder by Joseph Brant, but the bulk of John's property was "sold" to Benjamin Canby, who used a loophole in the agreement in order to never actually pay for it.
As for John's purported marriage to Joseph Brant's sister, "Christina or Sarah Kwangeraghkwa Brant (b. 1741)", I've since realized that the name "Kwangeraghkwa" is just the back end of Joseph Brant's father's name, Tehonwaghkwangeraghkwa. For some reason the name has been hyphenated of late, as "Tehonwagh-Kwangeraghkwa" (perhaps in copying it from a book?), and someone has taken the two parts to be separate names. Consequently there remains no real evidence of John having married Joseph Brant's sister. This likely never occurred, as it would certainly have been worth noting in reference to John that he was or had been a brother-in-law to Joseph Brant, and no such reference is found in documentation from the period.
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