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Re: Martin Donato Bello - Marianne Duchesne
Posted by: Harrison LaTour (ID *****8771) Date: September 13, 2007 at 09:13:22
In Reply to: Martin Donato Bello - Marianne Duchesne by LEE CROCKETT of 287

Marianne Duchesne, born abt. 1759 was the daughter of Nanette (St. Laurent) Castillon and Louis Duchesne.

Nanette (St. Laurent) Castillon, b. 1743-1744 was a slave of Pierre François Durocher dit Castillon and his son Simon Louis Durocher dit Castillion.

Pierre François Durocher dit Castillon married Catherine Joseph Guichard, but father at least one child with his slave Jeanne (Jeanneton) Castillon.

Jeanne (Jeanneton) Castillon was the slave mother of Nanette (St. Laurent) Castillon. I am not sure if Pierre François Durocher dit Castillon fathered Nanette (St. Laurent) Castillon, but he did father her sister Mariana (Maria) Castillon.

Mariana (Maria) Castillon was born abt. 1757, a mulatress slave. She was the daughter of Jeanne (Jeanneton), and the white slave master Pierre François Durocher dit Castillon, who also was the master of Jeanne (Jeanneton).

Mariana (Maria) Castillon gave birth to a son, Augusto. The father of Augusto is unknown to me, but slave emancipation records mention Augusto.

Pierre François Durocher dit Castillon was born 1701 and died Dec. 8, 1778, in New Orleans. He married Catherine Joseph Guichard who was born 1715 and died Aug. 20, 1768. The gave birth to several children, one of them being, Simon Louis Durocher dit Castillion.

Upon the death of Pierre François Durocher dit Castillon, who was the white slave master father of Mariana (Maria) Castillon.

Dec 8 Pierre François Durocher dit Castillon dies. Succession papers lists Jeanne; her son and daughter-in-law; Maria; and Marianne with her infant son Auguste Piernas.

In 1778, Mariana (Maria) Castillon and her son Augusto was sold to Simon Louis Durocher dit Castillion, the son of Pierre François Durocher dit Castillon, and also her brother. The two had the same father, but different mothers.

Document Date: 12/8/1778
Document Number: 1
Inventory Date: 12/8/1778
Date of Sale: 12/8/1778
Depository: Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans.
Locationb>: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).
Language of this record: Spanish
Deceased: Pedro Durocher d Castillon
Estate: 03-S-041-010-1778
Buyer: Simon Durocher *Half-Brother of Mariana Maria
Name: Mariana Maria *Half-Sister of Simon Durocher
Name Type: Could be African or European
Gender: female
Race: mulatto
Age: 19
Birthplace: Louisiana Creole
sold or inventoried in a group
Members of Group: mother and son
Currency Type: piastre = 1 p
Inventory Value: 500
Common Price: 500
Currency Type: piastre = 1 p
Value of Sale: 500
Sale Common Price: 500
Member of a family group
Family: Mariana-m,Augusto-s
Children: 1
Males: 1
Number of children under 5 years old: 1

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Document Date: 12/8/1778
Document Number: 1
Inventory Date: 12/8/1778
Date of Sale: 12/8/1778
Depository: Louisiana Historical Center, New Orleans.
Location: Orleans (including Chapitoulas).
Language of this record: Spanish
Deceased: Pedro Durocher d Castillon
Estate: 03-S-041-010-1778
Buyer: Simon Durocher *Half-Uncle of Augusto
Name: Augusto *Son of Mariana (Maria)
Name Type: Partilly coded, overwhelmingly European
Gender: male
Race: missing
Age Category: nursing
Birthplace: Louisiana Creole
sold or inventoried in a group
Members of Group: mother and son
Currency Type: piastre = 1 p
Inventory Value: 500
Common Price: 500
Member of a family group
Family: Mariana-m,Augusto-s
Slave's mother is listed in the document
Mother's Age: 19
Mother's Race: mulatto
This slave inventoried with his or her mother.
Birthplace of Mother: Louisiana Creole
Comments: Augusto does not seem to appear on the est sale

1779 Apr 7 Simon Louis Durocher dit Castillion, heir of Pierre François Durocher dit Castillon, sells a slave Juana( Maria) a mulatresse of 20yrs to Rev. Grumeau.

Opelousas' third pastor, Father Louis Marie Grumeau, a French Dominican, arrived from Santo Domingo in 1779 to regain his health, and remained in Louisiana. He petitioned then Governor Galvez for naturalization as a Spanish subject and for permission to exercise his sacred duty. Galvez answered that as Grumeau was a "learned religious, a tireless worker in his zeal for souls," which he had manifested in the short time he had been in the colony, he approved the petition. (This is an excellent example of Spain's liberal policy in attracting new settlers.) The priest was immediately sent to Opelousas where he remained for four years, dying there in 1783. Grumeau is the first priest about whom facts are known in relation to his life at the post. According to his succession papers, he was thoroughly versed in business procedure and upon his death was owed substantial sums of money; he was also indebted to some of the inhabitants. He owned Negroes, but before his death gave at least one--the son of one of his female slaves--his freedom because "he was so pleased with (the mother's) faithful service." He left written instructions that upon his death another slave was to be freed, perhaps the boy's mother.

Occasionally, Grumeau traveled to New Orleans, and on one occasion preached a Lenten service there.

There are some indications of a feud between Grumeau and the commandant of the post, but by the last years of Grumeou's term of service all quarrels had been settled. In 1782, De Clouet, the commandant, wrote the governor that he had nothing to complain about regarding this priest.12

Upon the death of Grumeau in 1783, Opelousas was left without a pastor, but the post was under the general supervision of the pastor at Attakapas, Father Gefrotin. During this period without a resident spiritual leader the Opelousas Catholics could have complained as did their neighbors a decade later: "It can be said of the inhabitants of Attakapas as was said of the Israelites of old, captive in Babylon: '. . . the children ask for break, and no one breaketh it for them.' " In the absence of priests, marriages and baptisms could wait, but the dead had to be buried and probably more than once burials were performed without the benefit of the last sacraments.13

1780 Oct 15 Grumeau liberates a mulatress slave.

Document Date: 10/25/1780
Document Number: 118
Depository: Louisiana State Archives, Baton Rouge
Location: St. Landry (Opelousas Post). [Calcasieu 1840, Cameron 1870, Acadia 1886, Evangeline 1908, Allen 1910, Jefferson Davis 1912, Beaureguard 1912]
Master: Cure (Parish Priest) Grumeau
Master's Gender: 2
Name: Marie
Gender: female
Race: mulatto
Age Category: adult
Birthplace: Louisiana Creole
Freed: by living master Relationship of freer to the freed: probably father The manumission did not involve cash payment. Slave was freed. This slave's white father was probably involved in the manumission process.
Reasons: for good services and fidelity no prices at all
Family: La Rouille-f,Marie-m, Louis Nicolas-s This slave's family relationships were indicated.
Comments: Louis Nicolas is natural son of La Rouille, a free man of color; see other records under these names.


Harrison Thomas LaTour
LaTour Genealogical Collection






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