" The Dunkelberger's to America"
The Dunckelnberg's arrived in Philadelpha,Pa. on August 28,1728 on the Ship Mortonhouse,John Coultas ,Master .The Ship first sailed from Rotterdam Holland to Deal,Sussex England ,and left Deal on June 15,1728. When it arrived in Philadelpha it had 205 passingers among them the Dunckelnberg family.The roster listed the names of four Dunkelberger men over 18 years. Females and children were not listed.The father, Clement (47 years) signed his own name while Sons Clemens,Peiter and Frederick (Tonkleberg) signed by an X. The English Customs officers spelled the name incorrectly as shown in the arrival records.. About 80 Palatines ,out of about 205,were called in to declare their intentions to settle and live peaceably in the Province. These declarations were entered into the minutes of the Provincial Council on Sept.21,1728. After the Dunkelberger's landed they proceded to the "Hinterland" to what is now known as Berks County,locating between present day Hamburg and Virginville,Penna.
WESTWARD FROM BERKS COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA
The land north of the Mahanoy mountain was opened for setilement following the Proprietories Treaty of 1769 with the Six Nation Indians. Fort Augusta at Shamokin, now Sunbury, had been a military and trading post during the French and Indian War. The Tulpehocken path, surveyed in 1769, extending from Philadelphia to Womelsdorf and Rehrsburg to Shamokin was used as a road about 1785. This would have been the most convenient course of travel to get to the "Mahanoy"(as the early settlers called the valley aIong the Mahanoy creek. The brothers John,Frederick, Philip and Christopher, probably visited the area before filing their applications.They were familar with the course of the Tulpehocken path as it passed through Rehrsburg,Bethel,Pine Grove,Ravine, over the Broad Mountain into Hegins,Sacramento , crossing two fords on the Pine Creek to Spread Eagle (Klingerstown), across Mahantonga Creek to "Jacob's Well, located on the west branch of Snow Creek in Hoofland Gap. Here the trail divided, the surveyed road continued to Urban, through the Urban Gap in the Hoofland Mountain via Herndon, to the north of the Mahanoy Creek at the Susquehanna River where it terminated. Later a road was laid out from Sunbury to this terminus on the Mahanoy Creek. The Moravians, Indians and others, used the alternate path beginning at "Jacob's Well" in winter, which course was due north, over the Mahanoy', Trevorton and Little mountains to Augustaville and then Shamokin (Sunbury).
In 1782, it is interesting to note, that a road was laid out, from Sunbury over the Little mountain to the Mahanoy Creek at the Mahanoy Narrows (Dornsife) to the Tulpehocken path (north of Mandata, from thence to the Mahantonga
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