Here is my attempt to translate Claude Dulac’s message. If anyone finds translation errors please advise me because I am weak in this area, yet I felt that my attempt may be usefull to some. Thanks and Enjoy, Janet
The ex-prime minister Maurice Duplessis really descended from an Indian.
Extract from the journal “La Presse”, 30 December 1989.
From other sources, all indications that Maurice Duplessis descended from an Indian Mascoutin (a tribe of Native Americans that lived along the Mississippi), wrote Vachon in another text. The genealogy of the founder of the Union national was addressed by the historian Raymond Douville, Trifluvien aka Duplessis.
He ( Raymond-Douville Trifluvien-dit-Duplessis) was the son of Nérée Duplissis and of Marie Genest, grandson of Joseph Duplessis and Marie-Louise Lefebvre-Descô and great grandson of Joseph Duplessis husband of Rosalie Caron. The last one was the son of Isidore Duplessis and of Marie-Emilie Rouette (Vivelamour-dit-Rouet), and grandson of Jean-Baptiste, dit Duplessis) and Françoise Vacher(dit-Lacerte).
These last ones were married in 1740 and their contract of marriage mentioned the error that Jean-Baptiste was born of an unknown father and mother and that his age was unknown. It seems that he did not have a proper name for himself, hence he was called “dit Duplessis”. (dit = aka)
We have discovered somewhere else that a young Mascoutin Indian slave, three years old, was baptized at Détroit, on 10 June 1714, he was the property of Louis Gastineau dit Duplessis, who had served as Godfather and who had named him Jean-Baptiste.
We have also discovered that, much later, Jean-Baptiste dit Duplessis choused, to be Godfather of his first son Jean-Baptiste Gastineau, son of Louis Gastineau dit Duplessis.
It is almost certain that the ancestor of Maurice Duplessis, husband of Françoise Vacher, and slave of Louis Gastineau dit Duplessis is one and the same Indian man. Indian by blood or Half-Breed? That is another question, writes M. Nadeau, who adds that the two Gastineau that he questions have both had illegitimate children with Indian women.
Jean-Baptiste may be of this number. However, consider the status of slavery on a young Mascoutin at the time of his baptism, I am inclined to believe, on my part, that he was Indian of father and mother, added the author.
The author added that M. Douville discussed with “the big boss” of this genealogy and that he exhibits pride in having an Indian among his ancestors.
M.Nadeau, who is a former conservator of the Archives National of Québec and who was the director general of the Press for the University of Laval, was also one of the greats responsible for the Biographical Dictionary of Canada.
He explains that the title of his book, “Ramas”, was borrowed from certain Reports of the Jèsuites of New-France, thus the last chapter was entitled “A collection of diverse matters”. (I believe “Ramas” translates to a “Collection”).
p.s. This text published in the Press was extracted from a volume of André Vachon, entitled “Ramas”. And André Vachon was inspired by a text by Raymond Douville, published in the “Cahiers des Dix”, 1974, vol. 39, p. 85-117.
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