Hello Foster/Garnett cousins;
My mother’s maiden name was Garnett and I have written a 100 plus page story of her genealogy over the past twenty years. There have been a number of unanswered questions in the Foster/Garnett lines that I have been trying to bring closure including the following. The main connecting item that helped me connect Sussan Garnett and Richard Foster of the ‘Safety’ was found in the book - Warner, Charles Willard Hoskins. Hoskins of Virginia and related families: Hundley, Ware, Roy, Garnett, Waring, Bird, Buckner, Dunbar, Trible, Booker, Aylett, Carter, Upshaw. Tappahannock, VA: unknown, 1971, page 16 – found on Ancestry.com
Also I would be happy the share all my research on the Garnett and Foster families. My Garnett line is: John, Thomas, Anthony, John, Richard, Robert, Hugh, Robert, Lucille and Bryce J. Vernon.
Sussan Garnett and the Foster family?
It has been accepted for years by many Foster researchers that the immigrant of the southern Fosters was a Richard Foster, son of Sir Robert Foster and Miss Isham of England, who sailed from London on the ship Safety in 1635, arriving in Virginia in the fall and he first married Ann and then Sussan Garnett, daughter of Thomas of the ‘Muster’.
Research has conclusively shown the above-mentioned Richard Foster (1619-1681), son of Dorcas (maiden name unknown) Foster/Hoskins was transported by his step-father Bartholomew Hoskins, ‘Ancient Planter’ on the ship ‘Safety’ in 1635. Bartholomew had married Richard's mother, Mrs. Dorcas Foster (ca 1601-ca 1670), widow with children, earlier in England. Dorcas Foster/Hoskins’ first husband has not been identified.
There were a number of Richard Fosters in Virginia within the time frame that a Foster/Garnett marriage could take place - two of the Richards were literate, signed their name on official documents and were related by marriage; two made their mark and one would assume they were illiterate and two other Richards we don’t know if they were literate or not. From 1637 to 1663 four and possibly five of the Richard’s lived in Lower Norfolk County, Virginia across the James River from Elizabeth City – presently the Independent City of Hampton.
One of the Richard’s served as a member of the House of Burgess from Lower Norfolk County between 1653 and 1658. This Richard Foster (bef. 1616-1682) is generally identified as the attorney that married in 1648 Dorcas Hoskins, daughter of Bartholomew and Dorcas Foster/Hoskins and half-sister of Richard Foster (1619-1681). Both of these Richard Fosters are considered literate. Richard Foster the attorney and his wife Dorcas (Hoskins) Foster of Lower Norfolk County moved with Dorcas’ brother, Bartholomew Hoskins, Jr. to Albemarle County, North Carolina (present day Currituck County) - just across the state line adjacent to Lower Norfolk County. They were in North Carolina by 24 March 1662/63. Bartholomew, Jr. and Dorcas’ father Bartholomew Sr. had died within a few years prior to this move.
Thomas Wallis (Wallace), a practitioner of Physicke, received 700 acres in James Cittyee County, 28 July 1638 (Nugent, page 94) for transporting 14 individuals including a third Richard Foster – I don’t know if this Richard is literate or not or connected with any of the other Richards. There was a forth Richard Foster (Deed Book B, Lower Norfolk County, VA, p. 51) at an inquest concerning the death of Jacob Bradshaw on 11 April 1647. This Richard was illiterate and signed his name with a mark “W”. A fifth Richard Foster sold on 25 March 1653/54 50 acres on Bennett’s Creek in Lower Norfolk County, Virginia (Virginia Colonial Abstracts; Lower Norfolk County 1641 - 1654, pp. 466). He signed with an “X”. He could have been the same illiterate Richard Foster number four - however, his mark was "X" and not "W". Either Richard four or five probably married Ann Jackson – see 15 April 1641 entry, Lower Norfolk County Minutes Book 1637-1648, page 98.
And finally on 1 April 1655 one of the above mentioned Richard Foster or a new sixth Richard received a land patent of 200 acres on head of the Southard Creek in Severne (Severn), in Mockjack (Mobjack) Bay, Abingdon Parish, Gloucester County, Virginia for the transport of four persons: Ellen Foster, Mary Foster, Sarah David and Robert Bynam. (Nugent, page 306)
My March/April 2009 research only identifies one of the above Richards that could of had contact with Sussan Garnett in Elizabeth Cittye at a period of their lives where they could have courted and married – this Richard Fosters (1619-1681) was the stepson of Bartholomew Hoskins and the Richard most Foster and Garnett genealogist assume married Sussan – see justification below.
Bartholomew Hoskins, Sr. - Time Line
Bartholomew (1600-1662) came to Virginia in 1614 or 15 before the departure of Sir Thomas Dale, the governor, and appears to have lived first in Jamestown. He would be about fifteen years old with some family member paying his transportation to Virginia and that he came with someone who was responsible for his well being on the trip and his early life in Jamestown. He was listed as a resident of Elizabeth Cittye when the ‘muster’ was taken 16 February 1623/24. On 3 November 1624 he receives a patent of 100 acres in the Buck Roe area along the Southampton River (now called Hampton River) in the Corporation of Elizabeth Cittye as ‘an ancient planter’ – due for his personal adventure and granted to him by Sir Francis Wyatt. The phrase ‘due for his personal adventure’ means that Bartholomew Hoskins or his family paid his way to Virginia.
NOTE: The term "'Ancient planter'" is applied to anyone who migrated to the Plantation of Virginia, before 1616, and paid their passage – later applied to ‘indentured servants’ that had completed their terms, survived the Jamestown massacre of 1622 and the next three years. Ancient Planter’s received the first land grants in Virginia.
Buck Roe appears to have been at this date the name of a section of Elizabeth City, which contained a number of different plantations probably on the neck of land bordered by the following bodies of water: Southampton River on the west, Hampton Roads south and Mill Creek east. Later, as was frequently the case, the name became confined to a single plantation.
In 1620, the London Company sent Frenchmen to Buck Roe to teach the colonists grape and silkworm culture. By 1637, however, the area had joined the rest of the colony as tobacco fields. Bartholomew had probably settled on this property soon after he reached the age of twenty-one – ca 1621. The above patent was to legitimatize his property under the King’s new feudal system.
On 22 March 1622 Chief Opechancanough of the Pamunkey tribe, successor of Chief Powhatan, father of Pocahantas, organized a sudden attack that left 347 Virginia settlers, more that one-third of the whites, dead. There were approximately 1240 settlers in Virginia at the beginning of March 1622 and after the attack the population dropped to about 900. In December 1622 the ship Abigail docked with smallpox infected passengers and the population over the next few years dropped to 500.
A 1623/4 list sometimes identified as a ‘muster’ of the colony's habitants that survived the 1622 Indian attack and where they lived was taken but did not include details about the relations among the settlers or their ages. This ‘muster’ was taken 16 February 1623/24 in Elizabeth Cittie where both Thomas Garnett and Bartholomew Hoskins are identified.
In June 1624, King James the 1st assumed responsibility for the colony of Virginia and after he dissolved the Virginia Company of London he ordered Virginia's leaders to make a record of the colony's inhabitants and their provisions. This second census-known as the ‘1624/25 Muster’ was the first comprehensive account of households in British North America. In addition, it is the only extant census for seventeenth-century Virginia. The ‘1624/25 Muster’ for Elizabeth Cittye taken 7 February 1624/25 is a house-to-house survey that contains information about the location of households in Virginia, the individuals in each household and the ties that connected the colony's early residents to one another. The census-takers also made note of each household's provisions, buildings, boats, arms and ammunition, and livestock. Both Thomas Garnett and Thomas Bouldinge are found in this census but Bartholomew Hoskins is missing. I assume that he was in England at the time of this census.
Bartholomew married widow Dorcas Foster at St. Dunstan's Church, Stepney, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, England. I assume that his new wife Dorcas and her two known children – Richard and Ann accompanied Bartholomew to Elizabeth Cittye soon after this marriage. Many Foster researchers give this marriage date as 3 July 1628 (see information below) although there is similar date of 3 July 1624 at the same church.
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The following note is from Ben Foster’s research found at:
I received a preliminary research report from a U.K. based genealogy firm (Achievements of Canterbury) tasked with finding documentary proof relating to the patriarch Richard Foster, his mother Dorcas, and his father. While the report provides some helpful insights, there are certainly more questions to be answered. In any event, I wanted to share a few of their findings with you.
Here are a few points to ponder.
* A review of the parish registers of St. Dunstan's provides to following entry:
3rd July 1628, St. Dunstan, Stepney, Bartholomew HOSKINS of St. Mary, Bothaw, London, gent, and Dorcas FOSTER of London, widow, L.F.O. married.
NOTE: The year is 1628, and not 1624 as often cited. Bartholomew is also identified as a ‘gentlemen’, which carried a very specific meaning, and gives us insight into his social standing as well as that of Dorcas.
NOTE: L.F.O. – likely means ‘London Faculty Office’, suggesting that Bartholomew and Dorcas had married by license granted by the Faculty Office. The Faculty Office granted licensers to couples from different areas of the country who wished to marry in a parish other than their own.
Unfortunately, the actual marriage license and associated documents are held at the Archbishop of Canterbury's London residence, Lambeth Palace, and are not indexed. The firm has proposed to search the archives for the license during a second research round, and this could provide additional information on the first husband of Dorcas.
The researchers were unable to find any reference to a marriage between a Robert Foster and a Dorcas Isham; nor were they able to find a suitable will from this time period for Richard Foster's father. This does not mean they do not exist, but that more research is needed. I would really like to know where the information regarding the proposed marriage between a (Sir) Robert Foster and a Dorcas Isham originated, as this could help focus the search. In other words, where is the source document (not an un-sourced GEDCOM report).
* The researchers found some interesting confirmations regarding the Isham family, but no specific mention of a Dorcas in any of the visitations.
* Several additional research avenues were identified including Isham wills, and a specific birth date/location for one of Richard's proposed brothers, Robert, given as May 14, 1615 at Lowdham, Nottinghamshire.
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Bartholomew. Sr.’s life is summed up in the book: Warner, Charles Willard Hoskins. Hoskins of Virginia and related families: Hundley, Ware, Roy, Garnett, Waring, Bird, Buckner, Dunbar, Trible, Booker, Aylett, Carter, Upshaw. Tappahannock, VA: unknown, 1971, page 16 – found on Ancestry.com:
“… In 1655 he acquired his last patent, 300 acres by assignment. By this time he had acquired over 4,000 acres of land and had become a man of prominence in the community. He was among the vestrymen for the Parish of Lynnhaven (Anglican), a member of the County Court and the representative for Lower Norfolk County in the House of Burgesses, 1649-1656. In concluding this sketch on the life of Bartholomew Hoskins several things are well to point out. He was a man of great bravery, a man of adventure, who faced many times a treacherous ocean and the dangers of a new and strange land. The evidence shows that he was very strong physically and mentally. He was a man familiar with the sea, with sailors and merchants. Bartholomew Hoskins was one of the very earliest of the colonial merchants.”
NOTE: The boundaries of the Parish of Lynnhaven were first defined by the Assembly at Jamestown in 1642 and can be found in Hening's ‘Statutes at Large’. This called for: ‘the parish of Linhaven to begin at the first creek shooting out of the Chesopiak Bay called Little Creek, including all branches of the said creek and thense extending to the head of the eastern branch of the Elizabeth River to a creek on the northward side of the said branch called Broad Creek.’ These boundary lines were later used when Princess Anne County was formed out of Lower Norfolk in 1691 and became the County of Virginia Beach City on 1 January 1963.
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Bartholomew and Dorcas had four and possibly five children:
1.) Bartholomew Hoskins, Jr. (ca 1629-????) – of whom little is known. He was a mariner moved to North Carolina with is sister Dorcas Hoskins and her husband Richard Foster in 1662 soon after his father’s death. In 1667 Bartholomew Hoskins of Princess Anne Parish, Essex County, Virginia, but now resident of Currituck County, North Carolina sold a slave to ‘John Carraway, Sr., husband of step-sister Anne (Foster) Williamson/Carraway’.
2.) Dorcas Hoskins (ca 1630-1680) and her husband Richard Foster moved to North Carolina in 1662 soon after her father’s death. This Richard Foster (bef. 1616-1682) is generally identified as the attorney and married Dorcas in 1648. He served as a member of the House of Burgess from Lower Norfolk County between 1653 and 1658. Richard and Dorcas traveled to England in the early 1650’s returning prior to a grant that Richard received of 250 acres in Lynhaven Parish, Lower Norfolk County 26 November 1653. The ‘headrights’ included himself, Dorcas Sr., Dorcas Jr. and two other individuals. This patent was renewed 18 March 1662. (Nugent, pages 249 & 473)
NOTE: Forty-six parcels of land were renewed at the land office in Jamestown on this date including the property owned by his half brother-in-law Richard Foster with 200 acres in Abington Parish, Gloucester County. My guess about the volume of renewals on this date probably has something to due with the first session of the House of Burgess for this year or a change in the law.
3.) John Hoskins (ca 1631-1680) continued his father’s mercantile trade in Lower Norfolk County, Bristol, England and expanded into other parts of Virginia;
4.) Richard Hoskins (ca 1632-ca 1680) was a mariner, associated with his brother John Hoskins in Northumberland, County in 1666 and 1667 and attended to John’s mercantile business in Bristol, England.
5.) Sarah Hoskins (1636-1672) married Thomas Meador. Bartholomew Hoskins, Sr. and Thomas Meador, Sr. were neighbors and probably close friends with property near each other in both Lower Norfolk and Essex Counties. (Nugent, pages 467 & 478) Thomas Meador, Sr. transported John Hoskins at least once from England probably on behalf of Bartholomew, Sr. Both their sons – Thomas Meador, Jr. and John Hoskins were close friends their adult lives naming their sons – Bartholomew Meador and Thomas Hoskins. There is no documentation that Bartholomew and Dorcas had a daughter Sarah or that she married Thomas Meador, Jr. but it is accepted as fact by both Meador and Hoskins’ genealogists.
NOTE: The birth and death dated for Bartholomew’s children are all approximations.
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The following is Bartholomew, Senior’s first patent:
Bartholomew Hoskins, of Buck Roe, in the Corp. of Eliz. Cittye, an Antient Planter whoe came into this Country before the departure of Sir Thomas Dale, (as his first dividend) ‘100 acs. due him as his personal adventure – said land being on backe river, abutting northward on said river, and westward upon a creek that divides said land from that of Peter Arundel, gent. Granted by Wyatt, 3 Nov. 1624, p. 45. (Nugent, page 7)
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A second patent for Peter Arundell further identifies this properties location: ‘Upon the back river, abutting N. upon same, S. upon the maine land tending towards the head of Southampton Riv., & E. upon a Cr. parting it from land of Bartholomew Hoskins’. (Nugent, page 6 & 7)
NOTE: The present Hampton River was named by Lord De La Warr (Delaware) in 1610 ‘Southampton River’ for Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, an early friend of Shakespeare. Henry Wriothesley’s wife was Elizabeth Vernon, daughter of John Vernon of Hodnet and Elizabeth Devereaux.
We now have Thomas Garnett and Bartholomew Hoskins living in the ‘Corporation of Elizabeth Cittye’ at the time of the ‘muster’ – 16 February 1623/24 both along the ‘Southampton River’ – Thomas on the north side and Bartholomew the south. Bartholomew had married in London in July 1628 and probably returned to Virginia soon after his marriage with his new wife and her children. He had received a patent along the Southampton (now Hampton) River, Elizabeth Cittye in November 1624. My contention is that Thomas Garnett and Bartholomew Hoskins knew each other from before the time of the ‘muster’ probably through the nearness of their patents and Bartholomew’s mercantile ventures. In 1634 Bartholomew Hoskins was living in Elizabeth Cittye with his family and was styled as ‘Barth. Hoskins, Gent.’
NOTE: Bartholomew is first mentioned in Lower Norfolk County when he purchased a 300 acre parcel a few weeks before Christmas 1637 through a court entry of 4 March 1638/39. I add this reference because as of 1634 Elizabeth City covered both sides of the James River so this reference regarding Bartholomew could pertain to the north or south sections of Elizabeth City – see below.
In 1635 Bartholomew Hoskins and his stepson Richard Foster returned from England to Virginia on the ‘Safety’ along with a total of 144 passengers:
10 Aug 1635 Theis vnder-written names are to be transported to Virginea, imbarqued in the ‘Safety’, John Graunt, Master (Hotten’s Lists, pages 121-123): Barthol: Hoskyns 34, Richard Faster 16
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NOTE: The ship ‘Safety’ sailed from the port of London and may have stopped in Bristol to load cargo and passengers and was possibly owned or operated by Bartholomew.
Many Foster/Garnett genealogists indicate that this was Richard Foster’s initial ‘date of entry’ to Virginia. I believe that Richard, his sister Ann and mother Dorcas all came to Virginia soon after Dorcas Foster married Bartholomew Hoskins in London in July 1628.
NOTE: New Norfolk County was formed in 1636 from the southern part of Elizabeth City County across the James River. New Norfolk County was abolished in 1637 and divided into Upper and Lower Norfolk Counties. In 1646 Upper Norfolk County was renamed Nansemond County with Suffolk the county seat … Lower Norfolk County was made up of the present Chesapeake City and Virginia Beach City Independent Cities.
Dorcas (Foster) Hoskins was in London, England in 1641 attending to legal business for her husband, the merchant/planter - that year she presented a petition to the House of Lords ‘on behalf of her said husband now in Virginia - that all proceedings in a suite commenced by John Carter and Joane his wife against the said Bartholomew Hoskins may be stayed.’(Hoskins of Virginia and Related Families, Warner, p. 16). Bartholomew often with family members traveled from Virginia to England and back - he maintained a home in each location.
Bartholomew Hoskins has accounts on record identifying him as a merchant, planter and ship owner with one record referring to him as Capt. Bartholomew Hoskins (This reference to Capt. may refer to his son Bartholomew). His dominant interest was the mercantile trade and shipping that persisted longer than his interest in land speculation and planter. I assume that he first entered the mercantile business in Elizabeth City about 1625.
There is a reference in the book ‘Hoskins of Virginia and Related Families' regarding Bartholomew, Sr.’s son John’s mercantile businesses located – (1) where the Yeocomico River/Creek meets the Potomac River in Westmoreland County, (2) in Lower Norfolk County along the eastern branch of the Elizabeth River and (3) Bristol, England. John Hoskins did not purchase the Yeocomico River property until after Bartholomew’s death. The land along the Yeocomico River was only forty acres and appears to have been acquired as a site for John’s expanded mercantile business and developed into one of the first mercantile centers on the Potomac River.
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The following are some of the patents Bartholomew, Senior received over the next few years:
In a Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Court deposition dated 4 March 1638/39 – ‘Whereas Bartholomew Hoskins planter bought of Henry Hawkins, Robert Taylor and William Rainsheir a patent for 300 acres of land but the said patent being taken up (in) William Rainsheirs name: It is therefore ordered that they the said three parties shall at the next Quarter Court held at James City, renew the aforesaid patent in all three names and assign it to the aforesaid Bartholomew Hoskins. (Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Court Records: Book ‘A’ 1637-1646, page 17)
In a Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Court deposition dated 2 March 1639/40 of Robert Bodie, Richard Foster and Robert Harwood et sequiter. ‘Richard ffoster sayeth that his father Bartholomew Hoskins did buy 200 acres of land or Henry Hawkins and Robert Taylor for one cowe with calfe and two yearlings about five weeks before Christmas was two years and that he gave sixpence in earnest of the said bargain to the said Henry Hawkins. (Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Court Records: Book ‘A’ 1637-1646, page 23)
NOTE: The above two entries probably identify the first piece of property that Bartholomew purchased around Christmas 1637 in Lower Norfolk County. In Robert Bodie’s deposition he places the land along the ‘Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River’. In Richard’s deposition he identifies Bartholomew as his father – in reality step-father. Also the 4 March entry identifies Bartholomew as a ‘planter’ and not ‘merchant’.
Sometime before 1642 Bartholomew owned 450 acres in Upper Norfolk County, which he acquired as the administrator of the estate of John Bridges, deceased. (Lower Norfolk County, Virginia Court Records: Book ‘B’ 1646-1651/2, pages 119 & 120)
800 acs. upon the Northward side of the Ewd. branch of Eliz. River, Jan. 1, 1645, page 157. Near Hoskins Cr. Trans. of 16 pers: Richard Hoskins, Osmond Boardman, Joane Curtis, Barbara Douse, Alice Curtis, Tho. Cakebread, Mary Richardson, Edward Spicer, Edmond ____, Sands Nicholls, Roger Gilbert, Sr., Roger Gilbert, Junr. Robert Body, Robert Harwood, Wm. Knowles, Masld Fisher. (Nugent, pages 178 & 179)
1350 acs., lyeing on the Swd. Side of Rappahanock Riv., first Jan. 1648, p. 172. Trans. of 27 pers: Mr. Barth. Hoskins, 5 times, … , Richard Foster, 2 times, … Renewed 12 Aug. 1651. (Nugent, page 182)
NOTE: Bartholomew Hoskin’s 1350 acre patent included the land that would become present day Tappahannock, county seat of Essex County. Hoskin’s Creek enters the Rappahannock River at this point. I assumed that Bartholomew used this land to grow tobacco with easy access to the Rappahannock River for transport to England.
NOTE: Essex County - A Short History (http://www.essex-virginia.org/ex_hist.htm ) … ‘In 1645 Bartholomew Hoskins patented the Tappahannock site, in 1682 a local man, Jacob Hobbs established a trading post in the vicinity of present day Tappahannock, which became known (after 1692), at various times as Hobbs His Hole, Hobb's Hole, the short-lived New Plymouth, and the Indian name Tappahannock. The port town was to become a center of commerce during the 17th and 18th centuries establishing a crossroads.’ At one time Jacob Hobbs was the overseer of Bartholomew’s 1350 acre plantation.
400 acs. Low. Norf. Co., 6 Mar. 1648, p. 172. Lyeing on Nwd. side of the Broad Cr., being a br. of the Ewd. br. of Elizabeth River. Sd. land granted to Henry Watson, 10 June 1639 & by the relict of sd. Watson assigned to Richard Foster, & by him assigned to Richard Day & Richard Woodman (or Woolman), & 200 acs. the residue due sd. Woolman for trans. of 4 pers: (& the whole 400 acs. purchased of Day & Woolman by sd. Hoskins.)(Nugent, page 182)
400 acs. Low. Norf. Co., 29 Apr. 1653, p. 253. In Broad Cr., a branch of the Eastern Br. of Eliz. Riv., & adj. his own land. (Incomplete) Trans of 8 pers: … (Nugent, page 287)
800 acs. Low. Norf. Co., on Nwd. Side of broad Cr., 1 Dec. 1654, p. 302. 400 acs. on sd. Cr., being an Ewd. branch of Eliz. Riv. The residue on the miles end of sd. Tract. The first 400 acs. granted to sd. Hoskins 6 Mar. 1648, & the latter 400 acs. 29 Apr. 1653. (Nugent, page 298)
NOTE: This 800 acre patent ‘Renewed’ the two above 400 acres patents.
Bartholomew Hoskins of Elizabeth River, planter, in the county of Lower Norfolk to John Greene of London, merchant, 600 acres on the S. side of Rappahannock, part of 1350 acres patented by the sd. Hoskins. The patent issued by "Sir Wm. Berkeley Kt. & Governor then of this colony of Virginia." Dated 13th Oct. 1655. Signed Barth Hoskins the seale. Wit: Jo Smith, Richard Richardson. "Countryman Thrush I shall intreat you to acknowledge this bill of sale which I have made to Mr. Greene for his Land at Rappanhannock in Court in my behalfe and this is my note shall be your sufficient warrant therein and that it be according to your mind so Just. Your lo Friend Barth Hoskins From Eliz River this 21st December 1655". Ack. 15th April 1656. Rec. 12 Jun 1656. (Lancaster County, Record Book No. 2, 1637-1640, page 105
NOTE: Bartholomew is identified again as ‘planter’ in this ‘bill of sale’.
NOTE: The John Green mentioned in the above ‘bill of sale’ had received an earlier patent originally granted to John Gillett, 4 February 1653, assigned to John Green, 6 October 1654 for 200 acres located in Rappahannock (now Essex) County identified as ‘S. side Rappa. Riv. & S.W. side of Gillson (now Mount Landing) Cr., this from land of Bartholomew Hoskins.’ (Nugent, page 442)
NOTE: Another patent to Major Andrew Gilson clarifies the location of the above patents - ‘516 acs & 300 acs. of marsh ground adj. same, beg. at mouth of Gilsons (now Mount Landing) Cr., running by trees of Bartho. Hoskins & bounding on land of John Green. 4 Aug 1664 …’ (Nugent, page 441)
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Before we leave the issuance of patents related to Bartholomew Hoskins two more need to be identified. Thomas Meader, Sr. aquired 320 acres in Rappahannock (now Essex) County on the south side of Hoskins Creek, 2 June 1663. (Nugent, page 467) The description continues ‘ … Nigh a path that goeth over the main runn of sd. Cr. unto the plantation of John Gillett …’. The second patent is to Thomas Meader, Orphan, 450 acres, Lancaster (first Rappahannock then Essex) County, 9 April 1664. (Nugent, page 478) The assumption is that Thomas Sr. purchased both these patents but died sometime between the two dates and Thomas Jr. was not 21 years old by the second patent date. Both Hoskins and Meander genealogists believe that Sarah Hoskins (1637-1672), daughter of Bartholomew married Thomas Meader, Jr. although there is no documentation for this marriage or that Sarah was Bartholomew’s daughter.
NOTE: On the Rootswebs ‘Hoskins-L Archives’ website Sarah (Hoskins) Meador is discussed and the above two patents location supposedly have been identified as ‘ … The area best fitting the requirements (description of the patent) lies (just downstream) at what is known today as “Cheatwood Millpond”. … By plotting the two grants, it can be seen that they lay side by side on the south side of Hoskins Creek, with the 450 acre grant upstream of the 320 acre grant, and that they share a common boundary.’
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Two of Bartholomew’s above patents tell an interesting story. The 1350 acre patent of 1648 indicate that part of the ‘headrights’ were for five trips that Bartholomew took returning from England – these would be trips between his first trip before 1616 and 1648. On the same patent there is reference to Richard Foster – 2 times. These two trips I believe are in-regard to Bartholomew’s ‘step-son’ - the initial trip after his mother married Bartholomew in 1628 and the 1635 return from England on the ‘Safety’. NOTE: The 1350 patent is dated 1 January 1648 and the same Richard Foster returned from a trip to England later in the same year – I believe that this was not one of the ‘headrights’ taken by Bartholomew. There is one reference for his son Richard Hoskins in the 1645 patent. In ‘Hoskins of Virginia and Related Families’ there is a reference of Bartholomew’s neighbors receiving ‘headrights’ for transportation of Bartholomew’s children and was noted that this happened often.
The first reference to property in Lower Norfolk County along the eastern branch of the Elizabeth River was in 1637. I would assume that about the time of this patents Bartholomew moved to Lower Norfolk County and started a second mercantile business. He would be about 37 years old, Dorcas 36, step-son Richard Foster about 18 years old, stepdaughter Ann about 15 years old, and Bartholomew and Dorcas’ children: Bartholomew, Jr. about 10 years old, John 9, Dorcas 8, Richard 6 and Sarah a ‘newborn’. Bartholomew was born in 1600 in London, Middlesex, England and died before 1663 in Lower Norfolk County, Virginia. In the William and Mary College Quarterly Historical Magazine, Vol. 25, No. 1. (Jul., 1916), pp. 36-40, in a paper titled ‘Ages of Lower Norfolk County People’ Charles F. McIntosh wrote that Bartholomew was 60 years old in 1660. A patent dated 3 February 1663 he is referred to as: ‘Bartho. Hoskins late of Eliz. River in the county of Lower Norfolk in Virginia, dec’d.’. (Hawkins of Virginia and Related Families, page 17, Footnote 25 – 3D163, 1663-68, Essex County.)
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Up to this point the only connection between the Garnett and Foster families to give us any hint as to how Sussan Garnett met her future Foster husband would be the Richard Foster (1619-1681) who was the stepson of Bartholomew Hoskins, who over this period of time I believe both were living in Elizabeth Cittye.
Both Bartholomew Hoskins and Thomas Garnett were ‘Antient Planters’ and by the ‘Muster’s’ inventory Thomas owned a ‘house and boat’ would imply that he had also received a 100 acre patent in Elizabeth City prior to 1624 although I have found no reference for this patent – see pages 23-32 for the story of Thomas Garnett of the ‘Muster’.
Starting with the assumption that Sussan Garnett married any time after she was 16 years old, this would put the year about 1638 or after would make the stepson of Bartholomew as a likely candidate – in fact the only candidate that I can identify from all Fosters in Virginia at the time.
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