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James Gold 1790-1851 Westmeath Ireland
Posted by: Kilbillaghan Date: December 28, 2001 at 07:07:10
  of 621

James married Mary Malowny (Maloney) pre Nov. 1828 in the Ballynahown area. The locals talk about him being involved in the tithes war with Hickey and Micky Flynn (a cousin of the Hunt’s) and ending up in the Mullingar assizes. He was reputely turned over to the authorities by his landlord Richard Mathews. Micky Flynn was hung at Tarbrett Hill in view of his mothers house, a widow woman.

One of our noble patriots, Mike Flynn, it is his name
He died a valiant hero, his friends he did not stain.
They took him from his father's house and left him all alone.
They brought him to the barracks, and from that unto Athlone.
They marched him down through Moate town. These tyrants to obey
Nine long months in Mullingar gaol in grief he had to stay.
They marched him out before Guss Trout; Goold swore he knew him well
Mike Flynn prepared for heaven, and Goold prepared for hell.
'Twas in the Grand fury room those private boys they lay;
And in the dock at twelve o'clock my life they swore away.
When I received my sentence upon that woeful day—
(Friday, fifteenth of March, I was) to be executed on the
hill of Knockanea.
Bad luck attend you, Mathews, and damned that you may be,
Before, that I was taken, you swore my life away.
Down to the lowest regions, that there you may be led
With serpents to attend you, for the offer you have made.
Now fill your glasses to the brim and let the toast go round—
Farewell unto Kilgarvin and the boys of Ballinahown!
Farewell unto Kilgarvin and the boys of Ballymachugh
And to my poor, tender mother—good Lord! whatever will she do ?

Source: Mike Flynn—a poem by Kieran Rigney of Newbridge, Ballynahown, in Moran MS 'Athlone,'in NLI.

Richard Mathews was the millers landlord. The family name became Golden after 1900 and was Goulden before that with a possibility that it was Gould before 1850.

The reader may be get confused with all the Goldens being found in the Ballynahown parish. They are no doubt all related but there must have been a lot of emigration from the area after 1830 as many of them disappeared thereafter. Here is a list of all the known Goldens who married 1836 or before in the Ballynahown area.
Patrick Golden married Mary Clooneeen,         pre Oct. 1826
James Golden married Mary Malowny (Maloney)         pre Noc. 1828
Michael Golden married Ann Rigny        pre June 1829
Michael Golden married Mary Duffy         pre Dec. 1837
Michael Golden married Eleanor Flynn        1836
Peter Golden married Honoria Casey        1833
John Golden married Judith Digan        1836
Edward Golden married Bridget Flattery        1836
Bridget Golden married Patrick Flattery        1833
Mary Golden married James Herbert        pre.Dec. 1827

All of these would be uncles and aunts of our James Golden born c. 1824-5 for which there is no available baptism record due to a 13 month gap in the parish register. The register does not go back far enough to reveal how all of the above are related. I would guess that James, Patrick, Michael, John and Edward are all brothers and their sisters are Bridget and Mary. I say this because it is a very small area situated south of Athlone and west & south west of Moate and its unlikely they came from anywhere else but Ballyard alias Bellair. The three Michael Goldens are a bit of a mystery. One of them is a brother of James no doubt but how they other two fit in cannot be determined from the available records. It appears that James Golden and Mary Maloney are the parents of this James Golden born c.1824-5. Who the father is of all of the above can only be guessed at because the Tithe Applotments was not completed for this area. There is 3 pages in the Tithes but no tenants names only the landlords name. A search of the Ballynahown & Lemanaghan Parish register Pos. 4235. The GRO search:
Anne Golden aged 60 Athlone PLU 30th June 1905 3/3
Ellen Golden aged 80 Athlone PLU 31st Dec. 1904 3/1
Mary Golden aged 46 Athlone PLU 30th Sept. 1904 3/12
Mary Golden aged 25 Athlone PLU 31st Dec. 1903 3/3
Bridget Golden aged 70 Abbeyleix PLU 30th Sept. 1908 3/209
Kate Golden aged 86 of BIRR PLU 31st March 1907 3/300
Catherine Golden aged 60 Athlone PLU 30th June 1909 3/1
Anne Golden was a widow of an army pensioner and Draper, aged 60, Joseph Golden son present at death Main street, Athlone. 8th June 1905. Bridget Golden, a widow, aged 7- widow of a labourer, Patrick Golden son present at death 9th Sept. 1908 of Rathdowney. Catherine Golden married aged 60 wife of a labourer of Irishtown. Died in Athlone Workhouse Hospital. 12th April 1909. I also located many other items in this register to do with the family of Golden.

1. Peter Golden married Honoria Casey 22nd Sept. 1833, witness: Daniel and John Casey.
2. Edward Golden married Bridget Flattery 11th Jan. 1836, witness: James Golden and John Golden
3. Michael Golden married Eleanora Flynne 7th May 1836, witness: John Golden and Catherine Feery.
4. John Golden married Judith Digan 2nd Feb.1836, witness: James Pillion and Patrick Conran.
5. Thomas "Goulden" baptised 1st (?) May 1863 the son of Thomas "Goulden" and Catherine Dunne with sponsors John Clonan and Elizabeth "Burns"(?)
6. Mary Daly baptised 25th August 1872 the daughter of Peter Daly and Bridget Golden with sponsors Hugh Shearan and Eleanora Golden
7. Patrick Flattery married Bridget Golden 18th April 1833 witness: James Golden (This couple were stated in the register to be related in the 4th degree. I do not fully understand what the priests mean by this .I can only guess that they are 4th cousins ?).
8. James Golden ("Goolden") was a witness at the wedding of James Gilligan to Rosa McGarth on 3rd March 1835.
9. Patrick Golden was a witness at the wedding Patrick Devery to Mary Larkin on 11th August 1840.

I had another look at Kilcleagh Pos. 9358. This shows: Thomas Golden baptised 12th June 1830 the son of Michael Golden and Frances Grady with sponsors Thomas Bryan and Margaret Grady. I also had another look at NLI Pos. 4235. Ballynahown: John Golden baptised 18th October 1836 the son of Edward Golden and Bridget Flattery with sponsors Timothy McLoghlin and Mary "Cunningham"? Margaret Golden bapt.13th April 1833 the daughter of Michael Golden and Anne Rigney sp: Patrick Sweeny and Mary Golden. Location: Bellair, i.e Ballyard (they are definitely from Bellair as that location is listed after their names).

James Golden born c.1824/25 of Newbridge would seem to be the son of James Golden and Mary "Malowny". James Golden senior of Newbridge died 1841. The name Malowny also occurs as Mullowny so I am not sure if it is Mulloney or Maloney. Mary and Bridget Golden the sponsors should by tradition be the sisters of James Golden. If they are his sisters you have to consider that Patrick may be the father of James born c.1824/25 but it seems it will be impossible to decide. Mary and Bridget Golden seem to be daughters of Patrick Golden in any case. John Golden who was at Bellair in 1854 and was gone by 1900 would seem to have been a brother of James born c.1824/25 and both would seem to be sons of James Golden and Mary "Malowny". In NLI Pos. 4235 Lemanaghan & Ballynahown the following deaths are listed:
       OBITS
       Margarita Goulden de Ballycumber 6th Nov. 1859
       Margarita Golden de Bellair 7th Feb. 1863
       Peter Golden de Bellair 20th Dec. 1876
       Maria Goulden de Bellair 18th July 1841

In NLI Pos. 4235 Lemanaghan & Ballynahown BAPTISMS:
Patrick Golden and his wife Mary Clooneen
Their children:
1. Bridget Golden baptised 11th June 1827 with sponsors James Golden and Margaret Golden
2. Elizabeth Golden baptised 24th May 1829 with sponsors Martin and Bridget Clooneen
3. Mary Golden baptised 7th July 1831 with sponsors Patrick Mooney and Bridget Clooneen

James Golden and his wife Mary "Malowny" (Maloney)
Their children:
1. Catherine Golden baptised 13th July 1829 with sponsors Eugene (Owen) McLoughlin and Mary Reily (though could be Reidy?)
2. John Golden baptised 27th March 1831 with sponsors John Curtin and Mary Reily

Michael Golden and his wife Ann Rigny
Their daughter:
1. Bridget Golden baptised 12th March 1830 with sponsors James Daly and Anne Claffy

Michael Golden and his wife Mary Duffy
Their son:
1. Peter Golden baptised 17th (?) Sept. 1838 with sponsors Stephen Quinn and Margaret Deehan

James Harbert (i.e Herbert) and his wife Mary Golden
Their son:
1. John Harbert baptised 20th Sept. 1828 with sponsors Patrick Connelly and Bridget Golden

Bellair (Ballyard) and Ballycumber are in north Co. Offaly not far from the Co. Westmeath border. In Pos. 4235 Ballynahown & Lemanaghan RC parish register:
Peter Golden married Honoria Casey 22nd Sept. 1833, witnessed by Daniel and John Casey.
Edward Golden married Bridget Flattery 11th Jan. 1836, witnessed by James Golden and John Golden
Michael Golden married Eleanora Flynne 7th May 1836, witnessed by John Golden and Catherine Feery.
John Golden married Judith DIGAN 2nd Feb.1836, witnessed by James Pillion and Patrick Conran.
Thomas "Goulden" baptised 1st (?) May 1863 the son of Thomas "Goulden" and Catherine Dunne with sponsors John Clonan and Elizabeth "Burns"(?)
Mary Daly baptised 25th August 1872 the daughter of Peter DALY and Bridget Golden with sponsors Hugh Shearan and Eleanora Golden
Patrick Flattery married Bridget Golden 18th April 1833, witnessed by James Golden. This couple are stated in the register to be related in the 4th degree. I do not fully understand what the priests mean by this. I can only guess that they are 4th cousins?
James Golden ("Goolden") was a witness at the wedding of James Gilligan to Rosa McGarth on 3rd March 1835.
Patrick Golden was a witness at the wedding Patrick Devery to Mary Larkin on 11th August 1840.

Unfortunately the early registers for the above areas were compiled by three different people and for some reason a gap of about 13 months occurred between Dec. 1824 and Feb. 1826. I believe that our James Golden and possibly Edward Golden were born/baptised within this lost period where no records were kept. Bridget Golden and Mary Golden who went sponsor in 1853 and 1858 were probably cousins of James Golden born c.1824/25.They would appear to be daughters of Patrick Golden. But Mary and Bridget Golden could be sisters of James Golden if he was a son of Patrick Golden and not son of James Golden. The only evidence pointing to James Golden born c.1824/25 being a son of a James Golden is the death of James Golden senior at the mill in Newbridge in 1841! I do not think there is any evidence for a Thomas Golden in Boyle, Roscommon being the father of our James Golden.

I suspect that James, Patrick and Michael Golden were all brothers who came from the area around what is Bellair (Ballyard), not far from the town of Moate. They would all have been born pre. 1802. I am not sure who the other Michael Golden was who was married to Anne Duffy. There is a possibility of a 2nd marriage by the Michael Golden who had been married to Ann Rigny but there is no proof for that. There are no locations associated with the Golden records in this register but as three of them who died were associated with Bellair (Ballyard) I would presume this is where all the Goldens in the south Westmeath and north Offaly area originate from.

There is a gap in the marriage records during the famine from late August 1845 to October 15th 1854 in the Ballynahown register. For this reason I think the marriage record for James Golden and Margaret Hunt is also missing. The only reference I could find to Golden of any interest in this register was amongst lists titled " Registrum Sepullurarum de Kilcleagh". I cannot understand the latinised title or references and I doubt this title is spelt properly. These names have pounds, shillings and pence sums opposite their names but once again I cannot understand what the sums allude to. Are they Obits (but if they are it does not say).

The James Golden named is obviously ours and as you can see he was at Newbridge previous to 1855. If these are obits then it would appear that our James Golden born c.1824/25 is the son of another James Golden born pre 1802 (died 1851?). Its not impossible that Thomas GOLDEN (died 1841?) is the father of Michael, Patrick and James all born pre.1802 but there is no proof.
"Jacobi Golden De Newbridge £4.8.6"
Dated 18th Sept. 1851
"Thomas Golden De Rascknashinogue"
Dated 9th Sept. 1841

Unfortunately no Tithe Applotments exist for the Parish of Lemanaghan, Co.Offaly. Griffiths Valuation dated c.1854 shows that there was a John Golden at Bellair alias Ballyard, who was renting a house, office and land amounting to 17 acres 2 rod 25 perch from a Thomas Homan Mullock. This John Golden seems to be the son of James Golden born in 1831. The only other Golden left in the area in 1854 was a Michael Golden living at Bridge street/Water Lane in the village of Clara. It looks like a lot of emigration by Goldens may have taken place around the early 1850s from the Lemanaghan parish area, which is why it looked like James Golden appeared to be alone in the Ballynahown area c. 1850s.

Lemanaghan or KILNEGARENAGH, a parish, in the barony of GARRYCASTLE, KING's county, and province of LEINSTER, 4 miles (S.W.) from Clara; containing, with the villages of Ballycumber, Bellair, and Grogan (which are separately described), 5785 inhabitants, of which number, 290 are in the village of Lemanaghan. This place, which is also called Melain, is situated on the river Brosna, and appears to have derived its name from St. Manchan, probably the founder of the monastery, of which he died abbot in 661. The establishment continued to flourish till 1205, after which it became a parish church; and there are still some remains of the building surrounded by a large tract of bog. The parish comprises 18,600 statute acres, of which 200 are woodland, 6740 arable, 4000 pasture, and 7750 of bog; the system of agriculture is very backward, little improvement having been made within the last two centuries; limestone abounds, and is quarried for agricultural and other purposes. The principal seats are Bellair, the residence of T. Homan Mulock, Esq.; Prospect, of C. Holmes, Esq.; Moorock, of G.A. Holmes, Esq.; the Doon, of R. J. Enright Mooney, Esq.; Castle Armstrong, of Col. Armstrong; Ballycumber House, of Capt. Armstrong; Twickenham, of Mrs. Armstrong; and Hollybrook, of J. Henderson, Esq. Fairs are held at Ballycumber on Dec. 1st and May 2nd, for horned cattle, sheep, and pigs, but they are very indifferently attended; and petty sessions are held alternately at Bellair and Doon on Fridays. The living is a rectory and vicarage, in the diocese of Meath, formerly held by faculty with the rectory and vicarage of Tessauran, but now separately, and in the patronage of the Bishop. The tithes amount to £415.7.8.; the glebe-house is a neat small residence occupied by the curate, and the glebe comprises 70 acres. The church, a neat plain edifice, situated at Liss, was built in 1830, at the expense of the parish, and an organ was erected in it at the cost of T. H. Mulock, Esq. In the R.C. divisions the parish is in the diocese of Ardagh, and forms part of the union or district of Ballinahone. The chapel is a very humble building; on the altar is an ancient shrine, supposed to contain the bones of St. Manachan. About 140 children are taught in four public schools, of which one for 40 girls is supported by Mrs. Mulock, at Bellair; and there are also seven private schools, in which are about 340 children. A dispensary is supported solely at the expense of Dr. Molloy, who has also invested £500 in a loan fund, which is supported solely by him. There are some remains of the ancient castle of Lemanaghan, and at Doon are the remains of the ancient castle of the O'Mooneys, now in the possession of R. J. E. Mooney, Esq., a lineal descendant of that family, whose residence is on the estate. Of the castle, which was a spacious structure on a rock, only one tower is remaining; it is thickly overspread with ivy and forms a picturesque object.

In the NLI Pos. 4235 Ballynahown & Lemanaghan RC parish register:
       OBITS:
       Bridget Malowney de Kilnagarna died 5 or 6th Jan. 1879.

BALLYCUMBER, a hamlet, in the parish of Lemanaghan, barony of GARRYCASTLE, KING's county and province of LEINSTER, 3 miles (W.S.W.) from Clara: the population is returned with the parish. This is a neat village, comprising 13 houses, pleasantly situated on the river Brosna, over which there is a good stone bridge, and on the road from Clara to Ferbane: it has a penny post from Clara. Ballycumber House is the handsome residence of J. Warnford Armstrong, Esq.; and about two miles distant is Castle Armstrong. Fairs for black cattle, sheep, and pigs are held on May 2nd and Dec 1st.


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