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GOUCHER > NS after French Deported, 1755
Posted by: Felix Unger Date: February 10, 2001 at 17:33:28
In Reply to: Re: A Canadian Link? by Diane Goucher Schulz of 263

Your reference to 'Évangeline' is not strictly true. This story comes from the poem of the same name by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow as written in the 1840's. There was not, as far as we know, a real Évangeline although the character in the poem is a composite of all the young French girls of that time.

The people who came to NS before the Rev War were still English subjects in the American Colonies.

In 1755 the English deported most of the 7,000 French Acadian people who had lived in 'Acadie' or New France since 1604, because they would not declare loyalty to the Crown. These people had been ignored and left to themselves for 150 years and did not want to be linked to either the French or English side. They were simple farmers who wanted to be left alone, but it was not to be.

The story of the Expulsion of the Acadians in 1755 is one of the most dramatic in the history of North America, but is often ignored by historians because it happened just 20 years before the American Revolution against England broke out. The Acadians were forgotten after that. Many of them eventually settled in westen Louisiana, where they were called "Cajuns" and their descendants still live there to this day. A number later returned to NS but were not allowed to return to their farm lands (now occupied by English-speaking settlers), so they took up fishing in the Digby and Yarmouth County areas of southern NS.

The Goucher and other English-speaking settlers started occupying the vacated lands in Nova Scotia after 1758. Most arrived in the 1760's and the facts are well documented.

When the English took over administration of "Acadie" from the French around 1748-1750, they gave it the old name "Nova Scotia" (Latin for "New Scotland") first granted to it in 1621, along with its own flag, by a Royal Charter from King James I. In 1759 they created 5 districts or counties: Annapolis, Cumberland, Halifax, Kings, and Lunenburg.

Annapolis included the current Digby County (created separately in 1837), Cumberland included what is now much of the current Province of New Brunswick, Halifax included a massive area all the way east and north of the city over to the modern Colchester, Pictou, Antigonish and Guysborough Counties, and also included all of Cape Breton (renamed from the French Ile Royale), Kings included Hants County, and Lunenburg later would be sub-divided into the counties of Queens (1762), Shelburne (1784), and Yarmouth (1836).

Annapolis, Kings and Hants County are where most of the GOUCHER people settled and still live.

You can find more info about Acadians and the English speakers who took over their land from:

Annapolis County NS, site of the oldest French settlement in North America (founded by Champlain in 1604) and the first British capital at Annapolis Royal 1710-1749 -
http://www.rootsweb.com/~nsannapo/ - all early French (and much English) history in NS started here.

Calnek, W. A. "History of the County of Annapolis", Belleville, ON: Mika Publishing Company, 1980 [originally published Toronto: William Briggs, 1897];

Hants County NS - http://www.rootsweb.com/~nshants/index.html - home to some of the earliest French settlements (1600's) east of Québec. WORLD's HIGHEST TIDES on Bay of Fundy (59 FEET high to low) are found here. Shire town Windsor founded 1758 by English settlers on site of former French settlements vacated after the Expulsion of 1755.

Hants Journal (newspaper) - (902) 798-8371, GERRISH ST, WINDSOR NS

Hants Co NS and Halifax Co NS Home Page by Paul Jewers has info re: cemetery links, surnames list, and links to other info sites. Try - http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Meadows/6191 - NOTE: sometimes there are problems with the -geocities- website.

Kings Co, NS - http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Acres/2946/ - site of earliest continuous French settlements around Grand Pré and St Charles des Mines (1620's), now called Minas Basin. Earthern dikes at Grand Pré built 1600's by hand are 5½ MILES (8.8 km) long (as long as Mount Everest is high), and still keep out the world's highest tides of the Bay of Fundy (ca 50 FEET high here). Best farm land in NS, centre of Annapolis Valley farming area, produces apples, tobacco, and wine grapes. Some of earliest English settlements started here after 1755. Home of Acadia University at Wolfville, NS.

NOTE: Kentville NS up until 1823 was called Cornwallis Township. Someone born in Cornwallis Township, or anywhere within 20 miles of present-day Kentville, may still have called it "Cornwallis" after 1823. Cornwallis was one of three Townships in Kings Co, NS. The Cornwallis Township Records are transcribed by Lorna Woodman Evans of the Family History Committee of the Kings County Historical Society. The Aylesford Township Records are another of the three townships.

A few miles from Kentville, Port Williams used to be called Horton or Horton Landing. Just next door, Mud Creek changed its name to Wolfville, the home of Acadia University. Not far away are other places like Canning, Kingsport, Hall's Harbour, and Blomidon Mountain, legendary home of Kluskap, the chief of the First Nations people known as Mi'kmaq (MEEG-maw).

Eaton, Arthur Wentworth Hamilton, "The History of Kings County, Nova Scotia"; Belleville, ON: Mika Studio, 1972 [originally published Salem, MA: The Salem Press Company, 1910]

- http://www.stillman.org/ns.htm - has good basic NS map

NOVA SCOTIA Genweb Site - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ -
| About the Project | Volunteers Needed | County GenWeb Sites | Nova Scotia Genealogical Resources | Online Databases | Vital Statistics | Special Interest | Nova Scotia Archives | Nova Scotia Churches | Obituaries | Information Sources | Genealogy and Historical Societies/Museums | Libraries | Newspapers | Geography and Maps | Telephone Directories and Postal Codes | Reference Books | Mailing Lists | Nova Scotia Genealogy Links | GenWeb Links | Queries | CanadaGenWeb Online | Archives | Lookups | E-Mail Contact | Announcements & Reunions |

- http://www.nsarm.ednet.ns.ca/ - Public Archives of Nova Scotia - Tel: (902) 424-6060 FAX: (902) 424-0628 - **NOTE: AS OF 2001, THEIR ACTUAL RECORDS WERE NOT YET AVAILABLE ON-LINE, so you must visit in person, employ researchers, or use "snail mail" if you live far away.

- http://nsgna.cdnet.ns.ca/index.html - or - http://www.chebucto.ns.ca/Recreation/GANS/index.htm - Genealogical Association of Nova Scotia (GANS) - Leland Harvie, newsletter editor - P.O. BOX 41, Halifax, N.S. Canada B3J 2T3 - 902-443-9107, Halifax - 1,500 members - the main "chebucto" menu was changed after April 1999 to - http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/ - with LINKS to many interesting sites.

"Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia" by Terrance Punch - ISBN 1-55109-235-2 - Terry is a professionally accredited Canadian genealogist who specializes in immigration from Ireland, Germany and Montbéliard (Huguenot Protestants French-Swiss border area). Terry also investigates the origins of surnames.

Kevin MacDonell @ - http://www.auracom.com/~wordsmith - wrote a detailed feature for the October 1999 issue of "Rural Delivery" magazine about Nova Scotia's new protective legislation for old graveyards and its implications for landowners. He also speaks to graveyard researchers in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Contact info for "Rural Delivery" is available on their website - http://www.countrymagazines.com - or toll-free 1-877-354-3764, or in Liverpool, NS at tel: 902-354-5411.

Three publications: "NOVA SCOTIA PLACE NAMES", Thomas Brown, 1922; "PLACE NAMES AND PLACES OF NOVA SCOTIA" and "PLACE NAMES IN NOVA SCOTIA", published by the Public Archives of NS. Sometimes in the short descriptions of the place name, they mention the original land grants.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormon) [CANADA] - Halifax Mission,
Family History Centre & Genealogical Library,
44 Cumberland Drive,
Dartmouth, NS       B2V 2C7
Tel: (902) 462-0628
**NOTE: The Mormons do not do a lot of verifying of the records they publish. Some people find they are about 50% accurate.
Main Office: Tel: (902) 468-2718, 202 Brownlow Avenue, Dartmouth, NS B3B 1T5


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