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GREENOUGH, GRENOWES, GRENOWS, et. al.
Posted by: David H. Myaard Date: December 31, 1998 at 22:48:29
  of 367

I figured I'd share below info with the bbs in hopes it may give someone some additional ideas on where to look for clues regarding this surname. My maternal grandmother was a Grinwis, a line we traced back to Ouddorp, Neth. where they were an important family in the town. For a long time we figured the line stopped there until we learned that it was an Englishman who immigrated to Ouddorp in the early 1620's to represent his families business interest there. He was John Grenows (Grenowes, or in one variant Greenwich). He was originally from near Chetton in Shropshire County, England where his family had been in the wool trade for generations. His grandfather was Humphrey (see below). The Grenows name was translated or turned into Grinwis once he became established in Ouddorp. The above information was obtained from others and to them I give an enormous amount of credit on a remarkable job. Earlier this year, I had the opportunity to stop in London at the Society of Genealogists for a day of research. Below are my notes. I hope that tabs and returns survive the cut and paste into email.

Results of research on the Grenows Surname at The Society of
Genealogists in London, England by David H. Myaard on 21 November
1998

The most significant piece of information found centers around Humphrey Grenows, who, according to T. Schelhaas (a well known Dutch genealogist), died 01 May 1580 and was the grandfather of John Grenows, the man who immigrated to the Netherlands and was the origin of the Grinwis name in Ouddorp. The Society of Genealogists (SOG) holds a Muster Roll from 1538/9 of South East Shropshire
transcribed by C. F. R. Potter (SH/GEN/704S9, D; XII - 1991) which contains the following introduction:

“MUSTER ROLL FOR SHROPSHIRE

TIME OF HENRY 8

INTRODUCTION

This muster roll is to be found in the Exchequer papers in the Public Record Office (E101/549/19) and broadly covers the south-east part of Shropshire, the Hundreds of Stottesdon and Brimstree.
Some places are missing e.g. part of Alveley, Cleobury Mortimer, Highley, Neen Savage, that is, the extreme south of this general area.

The rolls are written on paper, apparently by the Constables, in their own hands, and consist of 37 manuscripts on sheets of varying size. The Idsall (Shifnal) return makes it clear that the age range of men "mustered" was sixteen and sixty.

The date of the Muster is possibly 1538/9, since there exists a Muster Roll for a complementary and adjacent area of Shropshire, viz. the Hundreds of Bradford and Munslow. This Muster Roll has been firmly dated to this time and has been linked to the Royal Commission established on March 1st 30 Henry 8. The Muster Roll was published in the Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological & Natural History Society, 3rd. series, Volume 8, 1908, page 245ff.

In this transcription names preceded by an asterisk have, in the originals an "a" in front of the name. This has been interpreted as "able man." Sometimes "able man" is written in full before or
after the name.”

Under a section entitled "NUMERICAL TOTALS BY PLACE" the following notation is made:

"Where it is obvious, the number of "able" men is given in brackets. The final number for each place is the number of men chosen from the muster to serve."

The list of place names includes the following two entries:

CHETTON 9 (4) 1
CHETTON - EUDON 14 (4) 1

The names of men appearing for the muster are then individually listed. The section for Eudon is listed as "Yewden" and contains the names of the 14 men reporting, including:

Humfray GRENOWS a byl

(Knowing what I do of our stalwart but adventurous ancestors, it is not at all surprising my 10th great-grandfather was found to be an able man in the eyes of the local Constable.)

The next piece of information was found in the Society’s Whitmore Collection and was carried on microfilm reel 518. This was a brief family tree of three "Greenowes" brothers, Richard, Francis, and John. The original information was hand-written, and, once copied to microfilm, was even
more difficult to read at times. My best translations of the information is as follows:

-----------

RICHARD GREENOWES OF ST. ANTHOLIN: CIT & DRAPER; FREE 1618*: MR 25
SEPT 1620**; INFO PCC

MARRIED

ELIZABETH DAU OF ROBERT ANGALL OF LONDON, AND COUSIN-GERMAN TO
JOYCE; MAR 30 MAR 1619 BUR 28 JULY 1623

CHILDREN: RICHARD BRD 1620
ROBERT BAP. 07 NOV 1622

*David Myaard note: Might be 1610
**David Myaard note: Might be 1628
---------

FRANCIS GREENOWES OF SADIONIS BACKCHURCH; CIT. & DRAPER; FREE 30 MAR
1604

MARRIED

JOYCE DAU OF WILLIAM ANGALL OF LONDON; SERGEANT OF THE ACADEMY,
MAR 6 DEC 1608

CHILDREN: ELIZ BRD 1612
ROBERT GREENOWES BAP. 30 JUNE 1613, APPR 20 FEB 1629 TO
SAMUEL VASSALL (CIT. & DRAPER)
JOHN
MARGARET
WILLIAM
----------

JOHN GREENOWES

---------

I find it interesting there is no information regarding the marriage of John Greenowes, let alone his children. Could it be the reason for this is because this John Greenowes is the same John that moved to Netherlands in the 1620s to manage his uncle’s business interests in Ouddorp? The Richard Greenowes in the above family tree was married in 1619; the John that moved to Ouddorp was married in 1629. This clearly makes them similar in age, and therefore born of the same generation. The fact the Greenowes above are not listed as being from Shropshire was of some concern to me until matched up with another piece of the Grenowes puzzle I found at the library.

This last piece was a copy of Richard Grenowes’ will dated 1633 (the difference in spelling on the surname is of little regard). There is no doubt the will is from the same Richard in the above family tree due to the number corresponding pieces of information found in the will and the family
tree. The will begins as follows "Richard Grenowes of London Draper..." This corresponds to the reference to Draper in the family tree. My wife Birgit believes Draper refers to the profession of Richard (and Francis for that matter). It does not take too much imagination to get from a
family involved in the wool trade in Shropshire for many generations to the idea that some family members became involved in the drapery trade. Additionally, in the will, Richard refers to his brothers Francis and John, and to his father-in-law Robert Angall, all who are players in the above family tree.

What ties Richard, Francis, and John Greenowes back to Shropshire is a reference is the will as follows:

"...to poor of our church of St. Antholins 5 pounds & same to poor of Chetton parish in
Shropshire..."

Could it be Richard, Francis, and John were born in Chetton Parish, raised in the countryside of Shropshire and trained in the family business, and then moved to London and Ouddorp to represent the business in the big city and abroad?

Once last observation on Richard Grenowes’ will is that they must have been a wealthy family. The will includes references to the following goods or money to be distributed to various entities:
two rings and 3 pounds, 5 pounds, 5 pounds, 5 pounds, 2 pounds, 20 pounds, 15 pounds, 5 pounds, 100 pounds, 40 poor towns for men, 5 pounds, 60 pounds, the 5 pounds each to two churches noted above, 2,000 pounds, 1,200 pounds, 1,000 pounds, 40 pounds, 200 pounds, 200 pounds, 100 pounds, 100 pounds. A notation is made at the end of the will that Richard Greenowes was buried on 25 September 1623.

Hope above is of assistance, if not of general interest, to those researching this surname.

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