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Extracts from Jaycox Book
Posted by: Thomas A. Murray Date: March 15, 2001 at 12:43:53
  of 207

Library of Congress reference: 54. 90-168020: Jacox, Marilyn E. The Jacox and Burlingame families of central and northern New York / Pittsburgh, Pa. : M.E. Jacox, 1959?] 25 leaves ; 29 cm. LC CALL NUMBER: CS71.J186 1959
What I have is four scanned pages of a work, which appears to have been the photocopy or scan of a typescript (as the font is typical for a typewriter, and the paragraphs are not justified.) The first page, which is the title page, exhibits a different font in style and size; and this suggests possibly the creation of offset printing. Pages 1 to 3 of this work deals with the Jacox family, and the work, as a whole is called:

The Jacox and Burlingame Families
Central and Northern New York


Various rumors have had it that the Jacox family originated in Norman, France in the part of France near Switzerland, in Holland, and in England. The claim that they came from Holland is probably explained by their intermarriage with Dutch settlers in and near Poughkeepsie, New York. More difficult to discount are the theories of French origin. Probably the family, if French, came from Normandy. In any event, the family was well established in England by 1600.

Bardsley, in his Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames, refers to a Richard Jancock, mentioned in 1397 in the Calendar of Wills in the Court of Husting. He theorizes that the name means “son of John”. The suffix - cock has been used for “the son of”. From Jack-cock, the name could have become Jacock and, eventually, Jacox. Similarly, Wilcox could be traced to mean “son of William”.

Another theory has been advanced by S. Baring-Gould in his book Family Names and Their Story. He claims that the suffix - cox has derived from the French “le cocq”, meaning “the cook”. The name could have become Jacock and, eventually, Jacox. The given name James could also have been abbreviated. Baring-Gould believed that Hancock derived from “John the Cook”, while Jacox came from “James the Cook”.

Correspondence between the late Charles West Jacocks of Bronwood, Georgia, and a publisher of a British genealogical periodical refers to the probable arrival of this family about 1558, having departed from Calais. However, Baring-Gould’s information may place the family in England several centuries before this. We do not know.

In England, the family seems to have lived in Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, the home of William Shakespeare. There are about twenty references to the family in the registers of Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-on-Avon. These same Registers contain entries of the marriages of Shakespears’s two daughters and of the burial of his widow. Between 1604 and 1634, one Francis Jecockes (name spelled differently in each entry - ranging from Gickockes to Jekcoc) had baptized their five sons, Richard, Francis, Thomas, Hugh and William, and buried four children, including Simon and Hugh. The Francis Jacockes who later appeared in the country may have been the son who was baptized there on January 4, 1618. More likely, it was the elder Francis who came to this country with his sons William and Thomas. Although we have records of William and Thomas in this country, Francis Jacockes seems not to have raised a family in America. There are still families in England, most of whom favor the spelling Jeacocks.

There are probably at least twenty ways of spelling the name, including Jeacockes, Jacox, Jacocks, Jecocke, Jaycocks, Jacockes and Jaycox. Even in our branch of the family, some spelled the name Jaycox - notably the family of Stephen N. Jaycox, Jr. The families living around Poughkeepsie favor the spelling Jaycox, while the branch of the family settled in the Carolinas prefers Jacocks. In the early days, when relatively few people could write, changes in spelling were almost as frequent as the recording of the name on various documents. (Even today, many of us can testify to difficulties in getting others to spell our name properly).


Among the early settlers of Stratford, Conn., established in 1639, was one Francis Jecockes (also spelled Jecoxe). Apparently he appeared there in 1646 and obtained lot number 38a. Nothing more is known of him there; he seems not to have stayed in Stratford very long.

The next reference to the family appears in the town records of Hempstead, Long Island. These refer to the disposal of land by one Francis Jacocks to his son-in-law, Thomas Champion, 20 Feb. 1672/3. The following reconstruction of the early family in America has been made using material from the Champion genealogy in the January 1945 issue of American Genealogist, together with miscellaneous notes, especially excerpts from other portions of the records of Hempstead, Long Island. Much of this outline can be questioned. However, it represents the best reconstruction now possible. many, many other notes on the family have been collected in the course of compiling this history. Since these do not seem to fit into the picture at this time, they are not given here. However, they are on file for those who may be interested in helping to fit more pieces into our family puzzle.

Records of Hempstead, Long Island, indicate that probably Francis Jacocks arrived there with his sons Thomas and William and with his daughter Frances. A claim that Frances married Thomas Champion has been disputed. Francis Jacocks died after 16 Jan 1672.

A.       Thomas Jacocks may have been the one baptized in Stratford-on-Avon 20 Mar. 1619. He died at Passayunk (later Philadelphia County, Pa.) before 11 Sept. 1677, leaving his widow Ruth. Their children were:

1.       Thomas Jacocks, Jr. His first marriage was to Mary _____. He held land in Passayunk with his father, but sold this land 11 Sept., 1677 and moved away. He is believed to have moved to North Carolina, where he married Ann Huffton. They had one son, Jonathan. Thomas Jacocks, Jr., is believed to have died at Little River, North Carolina, in 1692. The family of Jonathan Jacocks of North Carolina has been very completely traced by the late Charles West Jacocks of Bronwood, Georgia, and by his brother, Dr. William P. Jacocks of Chapel Hill, North Carolina, and the complete record is available to those interested.

2.       Joshua Jacocks also owned land in Passayunk with his father and brother. However, he returned to Hempstead before 27 July 1678, where he arranged through his attorney to dispose of these lands. A son Thomas moved to Cape May, New Jersey by the early 1700’s, but resettled near Fairfield, Conn., shortly thereafter. Records of his family in Fairfield cover parts of several generations. A William Jacocks who appears in the Fairfield records about the same time as Thomas Jacocks may have been another son of Joshua Jacocks. William of Fairfield had three daughters.

3.       Francis Jacocks leaves no further records. It is thought that he may have moved to Virginia.

4.       William Jacocks, born in 1656, also owned lands in Pennsylvania (1681). 16July 1689 he had a grant of land surveyed in Cape May County, New Jersey. This he sold 13 May 1699. In 1708 he appeared before a group of Pennsylvania property commissioners who questioned his right to an old land grant there, since he had been living on Stimpson’s Island, near the mouth of the Morris River in New Jersey, for so many years. He was a wheelwright. His death must have occurred not long after 1708, as his wife, Sara, had remarried by 1714/15. Their children were:

Ruth Jacocks, married Jonathan Swain, later of Cape Fear, North Carolina.

Mary Jacocks, married Ebenezer Swain, Jonathan’s brother.

Joshua Jacocks, left no further records.

James Jacocks, died a bachelor 21 July 1732. A copy of his will is in our records. He was a mariner.

5.       Ruth Jacocks left no further records.

B.       William Jacocks may have been baptized in Stratford-on-Avon 12 Aug. 1627. He died in Hempstead before 14 Dec. 1694, when his son David referred in a deed to his father, deceased. William and Joshua Jacocks (his elder brother Thomas’ son, probably) were among the original landowners in Hempstead. The Hempstead Town Records refer to places called Jacocks’ Neck and Jacocks’ Swamp. William’s children were:

1.       David Jacocks, who 14 Dec. 1694 deeded 25 acres of woodland given him by his father to one Edward Hare. Earlier (1 Jan. 1693/4) he had deeded another parcel of land given him by his deceased father.

2.       Jonathan Jacocks, for whom a guardian had been chosen after his father William, late of Hempstead, had died.

3.       Benjamin, also a minor when his father died.

4.       Grace.

5.       Sarah.

6.       Joseph Jeacocks, listed with David, William, Franses, Beniamen, Hannah and Grace) in the 1698 Hempstead Census. Probably he was a son of this William, since the offspring of William son of Thomas, then living in Hempstead also, did not include a son Joseph.

Now the record becomes spotty. Next mention of the family occurs in the history of the Hudson Valley, near Poughkeepsie, New York. There, in 1737, appeared one Benjamin Jacockes, who paid Fishkill taxes between 1737 and 1740 and who married Jannetje Jones 1 July 1741. Also, Joseph Jacockes was in South Precinct, Dutchess County, (now part of Putnam County) before 1744. This Benjamin and Joseph may well have been the children of William Jacocks, mentioned in the 1698 Hempstead Census. The name Benjamin Jacock(e)s was prominent in Dutchess County records until the late 1700’s; presumably Benjamin had a son who also bore that name. There is some evidence that Joseph had sons named Isaiah and David.

The Revolutionary War Muster Roll of the Dutchess County Militia, 6 June 1778, lists Francis, Thomas, Thomas F., Benyani, and Thomas W. Jacocks. The United States Census of 1790 lists twelve Jeacocks households in Dutchess County, plus four in nearby Rockland County.

The Dutch Reformed Church in Poughkeepsie has records of many marriages in which one party was a Jaycocks. Several of these marriages were to partners of Dutch descent.


With this background, we take up the lineage of Stephen N. Jacox, Sr., (born 5 Jan, 1819, died 9Dec. 1896), the father of all of our part of the Jacox family. his wife was Permelia Carpenter, whose lineage follows.

Jacob Carpenter, a native of England, immigrated to Washington County, Rhode Island, during the French and Indian Wars. His children were:



. . . and here the available pages end.


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