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Marilyn Jacox' book
Posted by: Thomas A. Murray Date: August 17, 2001 at 19:14:31
In Reply to: Re: Extracts from Jaycox Book by Barbara Jacox Shoemaker of 207

Hi Barbara,
The section of the book provides a very good beginning to learning about the early Jaycocks. There are several people attempting to resolve some of the mysteries involved. One question was whether it was Francis, Sr. in Stratford, CT, or Francis, Jr. It seems most likely that it was, in fact, Francis, Jr. The baptismal record for their son, John,gives his wife's name as Grace, and the Grace in the 1698 census may well be his widow.
My own interest stems from the marriage of Catern Jaycocks, their daughter, to Robert Ashman. Well, Catern appears to be what she was called, and her great granddaughter was also Catern, but she was baptized in Bishopton, just outside Stratford-upon-Avon, as Katheren in 1613. Robert and Catern's daughter, Hannah Ashman, married Thomas Flewelling, probably about 1663 as just after that time, Robert, Thomas and Robert's brother-in-law, Thomas Jaycocks, with others went to what is now Philadelphia. Two of Robert's daughters married there and remained, as did Thomas and Ruth Jaycocks, but Robert Ashman, his son, John Ashman, and Thomas Flewelling returned to Long Island, probably about 1671, to live in Jamaica.
Thomas and Hannah ashman seem to have had only one child, also Thomas Flewelling who married Hannah Smith, daughter of William and Hannah (Scudder) Smith. They lived in Hempstead, and all of the Flewellings, Flewwellings, Fluellings, Flewwellins, Flewellins and Fluellings in northern North America are their descendants.
There are still mysteries; for example Francis Jacox of Poughkeepsie. He appears to be the same Francis who was with David Jaycocks in Hempstead in 1698, and to be his son, but there is no real evidence as the 1698 census of Hempstead did not give ages.
There have been other problems. It is known that Robert Ashman and Thomas Jaycocks were brothers-in-law, and some have assumed that this meant that Ruth was Ruth Ashman, Robert's sister. It seems, however, that Robert arrived in the New World alone, and that Katheren, daughter of Francis, and Catern, wife of Robert, are one and the same.
It must have been a lot of work to put together that book, and I felt that what was written on the early family was important enough that everyone should see it, hence my posting the transcription.
Francis Jaycocks was what is known to Shakespearean historians as a recusant. These were people in Stratford-upon-Avon who were in trouble for not attending church. Included amongst these were William Shakespeare's father, John, and a William Flewellyn or Llewellyn. I suspect that Thomas Flewelling may have known the Jaycocks before coming to Hempstead, and marrying Francis' granddaughter.
I suspect the Jaycocks to be somewhat of an unusual family. The hints I have seen suggest that they are capable of a certain panache, combined with a determination that can sometimes be stubborness.
Another feature is that Thomas Jaycocks was one of the first responsible for minding the town's combined cattle herd. Hempstead quickly became important as a source of beef for New York City, and it is thought that the American concept of cattle raising in large herds. During the Revolution, some young fellows, some of whom were descended from the Jaycocks, Ashmans, Smiths and Flewellings, used to rustle cattle up the Hudson River a bit, and the locals referred to them as cowboys. Not too many decades later, when Texans and Mexicans were stealing each others cattle, someone remembered the term, and 'cowboy' became a familiar word. So, Thomas Jaycocks was probably America's first cowboy.
I am particularly interested in the first few generations, Francis, his children and grandchildren, and what available evidence there is. I feel that if the first three generations were sorted out that Francis' many descendants could form a clear picture of the family. The first few pages of the book provide a nice starting place.

Thomas


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