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New Info on Maryland Kellows - 1700's
Posted by: terry davis Date: October 23, 2001 at 11:23:45
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Hi all Kellows,

In the recent few weeks, I've had time to do some more serious Kellow digging and surprisingly, I've found some Kellows records that I haven't expected to find. It appears that far more exists out there than I had imagined. I thought I should take the time to put these records out there so maybe someone else can fill in some gaps or take clues and run another direction. I'm adding in a few other records passed on to me by another researcher, Dale Flores. I'll throw in a few guesses also so beware of the difference between those and the "real" records!

The earliest Kellow related thing I've seen is an immigration record in "Carolina" for John and Margaret "Kello" dated 1668-1684 from Dobson's "Directory of Scots Banished to the American Plantations, 1650-1775". I have no reason to believe I'm related to these folks. By the way, there is a well-known "Kello" family in Southampton County, VA in the late 1700's, but I don't see any obvious link to the "Kellows". The "Kello's" appear to have arrived in America in Virginia about 1740-ish.

The first good evidence of a continuous "family" of colonial "Kellows" is a Will in Maryland dated 1697 for John Kellow. I have not seen it and I don't know the county.

The 1733 Tax List for Charles County, Port Tobacco East Side, MD, along the Potomac River just below present-day Washington, DC includes a listing for Thomas "Killow". He is a taxable adult, meaning he would be at least born by about 1710 or earlier. Finding the John Kellow 1697 will might show who Thomas was.

The 1775-1778 Charles County, MD Tax List, Port Tobacco East 100 shows William Kellow, Thomas Kellow Sr., and Thomas Kellow Jr. I believe the Thomas Sr. could well be the Thomas of the 1733 record. (Could Thomas Jr. be the one who went to NC and William be a sibling who went to Washington Co., TN?) Also in Charles County is a 1782 marriage record for a Thomas Kellow and Ann Boswell. I have seen this record as "Boswell" in one place and as "Roswell" in another, but I now believe it to be Boswell. The Boswell family is pretty extensive in Port Tobacco. If any of you think you may be Boswell related you may want to check some recent messages I put up there. I've been looking for some clues to the Kellows from the Boswells.

If the young Thomas Kellow was the one marrying Ann Boswell in 1782 (no proof of that) and he was a young adult in the 1775-78 Tax List, then he might have been born about 1750's or before. This does match up with later census records as you will see. By the way, the Kellows seem to live very long lives, even in these colonial days. The Kellows apparently had really good genes - and great immune systems!

Elsewhere, an Andrew Kellow is living in Middle Tennessee by 1780 and was one of the earliest settlers of Nashville. He received a Grant from NC for 640 acres "west of the Harpeth River" as acknowledgement of his early settling and defense of the area from Indian attacks. One more record of him dated 1792 exists calling him Andrew "Killo". These are very early dates for TN settlement - he must have been one of the early settlers down the Great Wagon Road from VA/PA/MD into Upper Eastern TN (almost all Nashville settlers of this time came through this gap and settled around the Watauga River near present day Elizabethton, TN in Washington County before moving on to Nashville). The Carolina settlers who went into TN didn't start their moves until almost 1800. Andrew and his 640 acres may be a clue to why later Kellows settled in the same area about 1815. Maybe his Land Grant was passed on to Thomas (Jr.) and maybe Thomas (Jr.) was a sibling...? All traces of Andrew disappear after that so far - maybe we'll find something else as records are discovered and published.

Back to MD: The 1790 Charles County, MD census shows a Thomas Kellow with wife (is this Ann Boswell?) and family. I suppose Thomas Sr. has passed away by 1790 and William went elsewhere. (A William Kellow later received a Maryland Federal Bounty Land Grant of 100 acres on April 24, 1832 - warrant # 1934.) This is the last trace of Thomas in MD.

Thomas Kellow is in the Guilford NC 1800 census. His age matches with the MD Thomas. He has a wife (Ann Boswell?) and several children (one I believe to be Hezekiah Kellow).

A marriage record exists for a Thomas Kellow and a Sarah Ireland in 1807. Information from the Ireland family indicates that Sarah was actually the widow of Samuel Ireland (the Samuel name is used often afterwards in the Kellow family) who died in Orange Co, NC before 1805. The Ireland were from Maryland also. One of Samuel and Sarah Ireland's sons was Daniel Ireland born 1790's. Sarah's maiden name was actually Ross.

My great great great g-father Thomas H. Kellow was born in Orange NC in 1808. The 1810 Orange NC census shows Thomas Kellow and Sarah Ross Ireland and their family living near William Ireland. The age of Thomas is still consistent with the MD Thomas. According to the Irelands, Thomas Kellow and family moved the Kellow children and the Ireland stepchildren (including Daniel Ireland) to Nolensville, TN in Williamson County, close to Nashville about 1815. Another son of Thomas and Sarah can be identified as Arthur Kellow (who married a Neeley) born about 1812 in NC.

I have found no sign of the Kellows in 1820, but Daniel Ireland (age 26-45, b. 1775-1794) is in the 1820 Williamson TN census. There is a John "Kellough" and a James "Killough" in nearby Rutherford Co. in 1820 but I believe they are part of the well-known Killough clan and not necessarily related at all to the Kellows.

In 1830, in Williamson TN, Thomas "Killow" appears in the census. Thomas is 80-90 years old in 1830, indicating a birth date of 1740-50, which is still consistent with all census records between 1790-1830 and the Tax List in MD of 1775. His wife is also still alive at age 60-70, which matches with Sarah Ross Ireland. On the same page as Thomas is Hezekiah Killow born 1790-1800. Daniel Ireland (b. 1790-1800) is also in Williamson TN. A James "Kellough" is still in Rutherford Co.

Thomas Kellow's Will is listed in Williamson County Will Book 5 page 400 and is dated 1834, so he lived to be about 90. I have not seen the will or an abstract, so it may provide lots of clues to the TN Kellows. One of these days, I may get to see it - it may take a trip to Williamson County.

The 1840 TN is interesting and takes a bit of interpretation. Based on the 1830 and 1850 one though, I think it's fairly clear. The 1840 Williamson census includes Daniel Ireland (b. 1790-1800), Hezekiah "Kellough" or "Kellaugh" (b. 1790-1800), Arthur "Kellaugh" (b. 1810-1820), and Thomas "Kellough" (b. 1810-1820, although I believe this to be the 1808 Thomas). There is also a mystery man named Thomas H. "Kellon" close by (b. 1770-80). I need to check the actual census image there to see if there was a bad transcription, but this fellow doesn't really fit in too well. The 1840 census also shows the William Kellow in Washington County, TN.

From 1850 on, things are more detailed. Arthur and Thomas Kellow are in Williamson. Arthur died before 1860 and Thomas moved on to Gibson County in West TN. He was alive until at least 1887 as proved by a newspaper account in Dyersburg, TN, so he lived to be more than 80. His son, my great great, William T. Kellow, fought in the Civil War and survived Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Richmond, Atlanta, Spring Hill, Nashville, Missionary Ridge, and Greensboro, and was still alive in 1920 at age 82. A couple of his children lived to be 90.

Well, that's about all I got for now. I have more details on many of these people and I'd love to share records, information, etc. Please feel free to e-mail with anything! I'd love to know if anyone knows more on the descendants of Arthur or Hezekiah Kellow too.

Terry Davis

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