THE KITCHEN FAMILY CREATED THE WORD TERM MELUNGEON. THE QUESTION IS WAS JAMES KITCHEN THE JAMES KITCHEN ASSOCIATED WITH GEORGE KITCHEN 1790 ROBESON CO OTHER FREE LUMBEE CROATAN MELUGEON?
A EXCERPT FROM THE GOWIN RSEARCH FOUNDATION
The minutes reveal that the congregation was composed of whites, Melungeons, free Negroes and slaves. During the next four years, 88 new members were added; 33 of these were persons bearing familiar Melungeon names: Gibson, Collins, More [Moore], Bolin, Bolling, Sexton, Osborne and Maner.
James Kitchen was a member before the minutes began; he first appears in them September 22, 1802. Also Susanna Stallard and others bearing Melungeon names were early members. On a torn partial list of members is James Kitchen and his wife, Sarah Kitchen.
The congregation made an effort to overcome the prejudice against dark-skinned people prevalent in that period, but reading between the lines, it was apparent that the whites were greatly relieved when the Melungeons began an exodus to Tennessee. According to the minutes, by 1807 most Melungeon families were gone; eight had received letters of dismission, and five others had been excommunicated for various unrepented sins.
The word "Melungins" was recorded in the minutes of the church dated September 26, 1813 and is the oldest written reference to them that I have found:
The original book is in the possession of Scott Boatright of Coeburn, Virginia. It was bound in homespun cloth. In August 1966, Emory L. Hamilton, Wise, Virginia copied the material and submitted it to the Archives of Southwest Virginia Historical Society at Clinch Valley College and to the Virginia State Library.
An index to the members of Stoney Creek Primitive Baptist Church was created by Teresa Martin Klaiber April 29, 1997 and made available on the Internet by Phillip Roberts. Individuals named include:
--,-- , George's two blacks
--,-- Negro man
--, --, Stellard's negro
--, Bec, David's [slave]
--, Becky, Sis.
--, Black [man]
--, Eve [possible slave]
--, Eve, black
--, Jenny, Sis.
--, John [possible slave]
--, John, black
--. Luke, Mima Cox's slave
--, Luke, Stallard's black
--, Rhoda, black
--, Rhoda, slave
--, Sam, black
Baler?, Mode [Moderator]
Cockrel, William Marshall
Cox, David Jr.
Cox, Rhoda [black]
Gibson, Thomas Jr.
Kitchen, James Sr.
Nolen, William Nolen
Ogden, Lidish [?]
Petey, Sis. [widow]
Sturgill see also Stergen
Wayland, Nevel Jr.
Wayland, Nevel Sr.
"'September 26, 1813. Church sat in love. Bro. Kilgore, Moderator. Then came forward Sis. Kitchen and complained to the Church against Susanna Stallard for saying she harbored them Melungins. Sis. Sook said she was hurt with her for believing her child and not believing her, and she won't talk to her to get satisfaction, and both is pigedish [pig-headedish] one against the other. Sis. Sook lays it down and the church forgives her.'"
Sis. Susanna Kitchen was provoked with Susanna "Sookie" Stallard for reporting that the Melungeons were visiting in her home. Sis. Susan "Sook" Kitchens joined the church September 26, 1812. Her child told Susanna Stallard the Melungeons had been staying there. The church forgave her upon her repentance, but the furor appeared to continue at the next meeting. Stoney Creek was happy to see the Melungeons remove to Tennessee, and some were chagrinned to have them return on visits to Virginia. Some did not request dismissions, but simply returned to Stoney Creek to worship upon occasions.
Lloyd D. "Lou" Minor arrived at a slightly different interpretation of the passage and wrote:
"Sarah Kitchens joined the church September 26, 1812, according to the minutes of the meeting of that date. In the entry for Sept. 26, 1813, Sister Sarah Kitchen, provoked with Susanna "Sister Sook" Stallard for accusing her of having Melungeons staying in her home, complained to the church accordingly. While denying having made such an accusation, Stallard apparently expressed her own innocence, saying that she was hurt with Sister Sarah for believing she could have said such a thing. She then implied that her child had been the culprit and not her. Stallard apparently would have had them believe that her child had rumored to Sister Kitchen that her mother believed Melungeons were being harbored in the Kitchen home. Sister Sook then let the matter rest, and the church forgave her for any part in contributing to the allegation. It is unclear whether there was really any reprimand for the alleged harboring of them Melungins, or whether the church felt that Sister Kitchen was in fact guilty of such activity."
WHERE THESE KITCHENS FROM ROBESON COUNTY?
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