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THE KITCHEN FAMILY CREATED THE MELUNGEONS
Posted by: jan lala (ID *****7442) Date: June 30, 2008 at 00:06:49
  of 2103


THE KITCHEN FAMILY CREATED THE WORD TERM MELUNGEON. THE QUESTION IS WAS JAMES KITCHEN THE JAMES KITCHEN ASSOCIATED WITH GEORGE KITCHEN 1790 ROBESON CO OTHER FREE LUMBEE CROATAN MELUGEON?
A EXCERPT FROM THE GOWIN RSEARCH FOUNDATION
The minutes reveal that the congregation was composed of whites, Melungeons, free Negroes and slaves. During the next four years, 88 new members were added; 33 of these were per­sons bearing familiar Melun­geon names: Gibson, Collins, More [Moore], Bolin, Bolling, Sexton, Osborne and Maner.

James Kitchen was a member before the minutes began; he first appears in them September 22, 1802. Also Susanna Stallard and others bearing Melungeon names were early members. On a torn partial list of members is James Kitchen and his wife, Sarah Kitchen.

The congregation made an effort to overcome the preju­dice against dark-skinned people prevalent in that pe­riod, but reading between the lines, it was apparent that the whites were greatly relieved when the Melun­geons began an exodus to Tennessee. According to the min­utes, by 1807 most Melungeon families were gone; eight had received letters of dismission, and five others had been excommunicated for various unre­pented sins.


The word "Melungins" was recorded in the minutes of the church dated September 26, 1813 and is the old­est written refer­ence to them that I have found:


The original book is in the possession of Scott Boatright of Coeburn, Virginia. It was bound in homespun cloth. In August 1966, Emory L. Hamilton, Wise, Virginia copied the material and submitted it to the Archives of Southwest Virginia Historical Society at Clinch Valley College and to the Virginia State Library.


An index to the members of Stoney Creek Primitive Baptist Church was created by Teresa Martin Klaiber April 29, 1997 and made available on the Internet by Phillip Roberts. Individuals named include:


--,-- , George's two blacks

--,-- Negro man

--, --, Stellard's negro

--, Bec, David's [slave]

--, Becky, Sis.

--, Betsey

--, Black [man]

--, Eve [possible slave]

--, Eve, black

--, Jenny, Sis.

--, John [possible slave]

--, John, black

--. Luke, Mima Cox's slave

--, Luke, Stallard's black

--, Rhoda, black

--, Rhoda, slave

--, Sam, black

--, Sinnah

--. Stanley

Abbel, T.R.

Alley, Thomas

Auston, Prescilla

Auston, Pressleigh

Baler?, Mode [Moderator]

Bama, James

Biggs, Bro.

Bolin,

Bolin, Jessee

Bolling, Bro.

Bolling, Jeremiah

Bradic, Bro.

Bradic, Elizabeth

Bradis, Bro.

Bradix, Bro.

Bradrick, --

Briant, David

Briant, Rachael

Brickey, Bro.

Brickey, Con

Brickey, James

Brickey, John

Brickey, Nancy

Brickey, Sis.

Brickey, William

Broadrice, William

Broobachs, William

Browdick, Bro.

Burton, Betsey

Bustar, David

Bustar, John

Bustar, Rebecca

Bustar, Sally

Bustard, John

Buster, Bro.

Buster, John

Carnelius, Mary

Carter, Agness

Carter, Elizabeth

Carter, Isabel

Carter, Joseph

Carter, Margaret

Carter. Presley

Carter, Pressley

Carter, Pressly

Carter, Sis.

Catchen, Sarah

Cock, Bro.

Cock, David

Cock, Henry

Cocks, Bro.

Cocks, David

Cocks, Matilda

Cocks, Rebecky

Cockerill, William

Cockrel, William Marshall

Cok, David

Collins, Bro.

Collins, Riley

Collins, Tiny

Collins, Valentine

Cornelius, Mary

Cox, Bro.

Cox, David

Cox, David Jr.

Cox, Henry

Cox, James

Cox, Jemina

Cox, Mima

Cox, Rebecca

Cox, Rhoda [black]

Culberson, Bro.

Culberson, Joseph

Culberston, James

Culberston, Mary

Culbertson, Bro.

Culbertson, James

Culbertson, Joseph

Dany, Bro.

Davis, Israel

Dolahide, Jemina

Dollarhide, Jeremiah

Dotson, Feby

Dotson, Mary

Dotson, Phebe

Dotson, Simon

Eddington, Margaret

Eddington, Sinthey

Ervin, Jean

Estep, Elizabeth

Estep, Joel

Estep, Shadrack

Esland, Thomas

Easterling, Thomas

Farmer, Lucy

Farmer, Lusey

Farmer, Nancy

Flannary, Bro.

Flannay, Bro.

Flannery, John

Flannery, Sarah

Flannery, Violate

France, Chloe

France, Cloe

Frances, Clarey

Frances, Cloe

Frances, William

Francis, Clarey

George, Bro.

George, William

Gibson, Annie

Gibson, Anny

Gibson, Bro.

Gibson, Charles

Gibson, David

Gibson, Delilah

Gibson, Deliley

Gibson, Fanny

Gibson, Francis

Gibson, George

Gibson, Henry

Gibson, James

Gibson, John

Gibson, Mary

Gibson, Nancy

Gibson, Rheuben

Gibson, Thomas

Gibson, Thomas Jr.

Gibson, Vina

Giles, Bro.

Gipson, Beter

Gipson, Charles

Gipson, David

Gipson, Elizabeth

Gipson, Fanny

Gipson, George

Gipson, John

Gipson, Mary

Gipson, Nancy

Gipson, Rachel

Gipson Rheubin

Gipson, Thomas

Guttery, John

Hall, Bro.

Hall, Mary

Hall, Rubin

Henry, Bro.

Hollan, William

Hollan[d], James

Hollan[d], William

Hollandworth, Nance

Horton, Margaret

Hutchens, Bro.

Jones, Mary

Kelley, Edward

Kildare, Bro.

Kilgore, Rabin

Kilgore, Robert

Kinsey, Bro.

Kitchen, Bro.

Kitchen, James

Kitchen, James Sr.

Kitchen, Jean

Kitchen, Sarah

Kitchen, Sis.

Kitchin, Bro.

Kitching, Bro.

Lacey, Bro.

Landers, Bro.

Landers, Elizabeth

Landers, Thomas

Large, Mary

Lea, Giles

Lea, Sarah

Leath, Henry

Leath, James

Leath, Margaret

Leathe, Bro.

McBride, John

McBride, Johanne

McBride, Susannah

McBride, William

McGuire, Jesse

McGuire, Mary

McKinney, Elizabeth

McKinney, James

McKinsey, Bro.

McKinsey, James

McKinsey, John

McKinsey, Patty

Mahan, Selah

Maner, William

Manes, William

Mann, Bro.

Mashal, David

Marshal, Thomas

Marshall, Thomas

Marshall, Mary

Marshall, Susannah

Marshel, David

Marshel, Thomas

Melungeons

Mirfey, Edly

Moore, Lucy

Moore, Spicey

More, Clary

More, Judith

More, Lerecy

More, Spicey

Mullet, Nas

Mullet, Nathan

Mullet, Sarah

Mullet, Sary

Murphy, Sis.

Nelson, Elinor

Nelson, Ellender

Neyland, Rebecky

Nolen, Bro.

Nolen, James

Nolen, Sis.

Nolen, William

Nolen, William Nolen

Nolin, Sis.

Nolin, William

Nuston, Pressleigh

Oakes, Bro.

Ogden, Lidish [?]

Osborn, Comfort

Osborn, Jemina

Osborn, Stephen

Owens, Bro.

Owens, Sis.

Owens, Thomas

Penalton, Sarah

Pendleton, Edmond

Pendleton, Sis.

Petey, Sis. [widow]

Philips, Sis.

Philips, Elender

Pressley, Bro.

Prickey, William

Quillen, Nancy

Rany, Samuel

Ray, Dicy

Relby, Bro.

Rhea, Disey

Rice, Sherad

Richey, Bro.

Riggs, Bro.

Riggs, Susanna

Rigs, Bro.

Ritchman, John

Ritchman, Nancy

Richmond, John

Richmond, Johnathan

Richmond, Nancy

Riggs, Bro.

Riggs, Hannah

Roberts, Catherine

Roberts, Cathy

Roberts, Mary

Roberts, Nancy

Roberts, Sis.

Roberts, William

Russell, Rebecky

Sexton,

Sexton, Bitha

Sexton, Bro.

Sexton, Elisha

Sexton, Sis.

Sexton, Tabitha

Sook, Sis.

Stacky, Bro.

Stacy, Bro.

Stacy, George

Stallard

Stallard, Susanna

Stanfield, James

Stanfield, Mary

Stanfiled, James

Stanley

Stanley, Jane

Stanley, Sis.

Starnes, Rhoda

Stellard's,

Stergen, Amy

Stergen, Bro.

Stergen, Mary

Stergen, Nimrod

Stergin, Bro.

Steward, Bro.

Steward. Jemina

Steward, William

Stuart, John

Sturgill see also Stergen

Sturgill, Bro.

Sturgill, Nimrod

Taylor, Bro.

Taylor, Martha

Taylor, Mary

Taylor, Nimrod

Taylor, Sarah

Tod, Jemina

Wallings, Bro.

Watson, Bro.

Watson, John

Watson, William

Wayland, Bro.

Wayland, Francis

Wayland, Frank

Wayland, James

Wayland, Kesiah

Wayland, Nancy

Wayland,Nevel

Wayland, Nevel Jr.

Wayland, Nevel Sr.

Wayland, Sis.

Wayland, Zodak

Wells, Bro.

Wells, Rebecca

Wells, Rebekey

Wells, William

Wells, Zachariah

Wilson, Bro.

Wilson, Jesse



"'September 26, 1813. Church sat in love. Bro. Kil­gore, Moderator. Then came forward Sis. Kitchen and com­plained to the Church against Susanna Stallard for say­ing she harbored them Melungins. Sis. Sook said she was hurt with her for believing her child and not be­lieving her, and she won't talk to her to get satisfaction, and both is pigedish [pig-headedish] one against the other. Sis. Sook lays it down and the church forgives her.'"



Sis. Susanna Kitchen was provoked with Susanna "Sookie" Stallard for reporting that the Melungeons were visiting in her home. Sis. Susan "Sook" Kitchens joined the church Septem­ber 26, 1812. Her child told Susanna Stallard the Melungeons had been staying there. The church forgave her upon her repen­tance, but the furor appeared to continue at the next meeting. Stoney Creek was happy to see the Melun­geons re­move to Ten­nessee, and some were chagrinned to have them return on visits to Virginia. Some did not re­quest dismissions, but simply re­turned to Stoney Creek to worship upon occasions.


Lloyd D. "Lou" Minor arrived at a slightly different interpretation of the passage and wrote:


"Sarah Kitchens joined the church September 26, 1812, according to the minutes of the meeting of that date. In the entry for Sept. 26, 1813, Sister Sarah Kitchen, provoked with Susanna "Sister Sook" Stallard for accusing her of having Melungeons staying in her home, complained to the church accordingly. While denying having made such an accusation, Stallard apparently expressed her own innocence, saying that she was hurt with Sister Sarah for believing she could have said such a thing. She then implied that her child had been the culprit and not her. Stallard apparently would have had them believe that her child had rumored to Sister Kitchen that her mother believed Melungeons were being harbored in the Kitchen home. Sister Sook then let the matter rest, and the church forgave her for any part in contributing to the allegation. It is unclear whether there was really any reprimand for the alleged harboring of them Melungins, or whether the church felt that Sister Kitchen was in fact guilty of such activity."

WHERE THESE KITCHENS FROM ROBESON COUNTY?
REGARDS





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