Into Free Poland Via Germany
This small booklet written by Martha Chickering, published by the Young Womens Christian Association in 1920 reports on a group of Grey Samaritans , Polish American women who were part of an aid mission to War-torn Poland just after WW I. Chickering lists the names of the leaders but not the 'girls'. Leaders:Miss Lois Downs of the YWCA international Institute in Pittsburgh, Mrs. Thyrza Barton Dean and Mrs. Josefa Kudlicka, a Polish American had been sent ahead. Both Herbert Hoover and Madame Paderewski.
"The Polish Gray Samatarians are the outcome of an idea suggested by Madame Laura G. de Turczynowicz"
300 girls applied and were trained in Cleveland, Trenton, Rochester, Milwaukee, Detroit, St Louis and Pittsburgh. 75 graduated the training course.
"This unit of 20 girls sailed July 11, 1919 in charge of YWCA Secretaries Miss Chickering, Miss Frances West, Miss Emily Graves and Miss Stephanie Kozlowska(RN, Medical Director)"
"A second group of 10 girls will sail on Dec 11 in charge of Miss Amy Tapping and Miss Augusta Mettel, a registered nurse." After some months in Paris the group left by train (in boxcars) across Germany. They had difficulty crossing into Poland but eventually made it to Warsaw.
This booklet was amoung my great aunt Dell's papers. Lemma Dell Moutrey married Frank Baierski, a Real Estate Broker in Los Angeles, CA. He was born in Poland in 1863, was naturalized in about 1873. When the Paderewski's came to Los Angeles, the Baierski's were among the people who welcomed them.
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