Here are the information I have concerning the Landroche family from Lachine.
The first ancestor known is André Rapin dit (a.k.a) Scayanis.
Born c. 1681 (parents unknown), he was the adopted son of André Rapin dit Lamusette (died 1694) married to Clémence Jarry in Montreal in 1669.
Rapin dit Lamusette was a surgeon which by XVIIth century standards was closer to a barber than a “m.d.”; he and his wife were among the first families to settle in Lachine, on the south-west part of the island of Montreal.
C. 1715, their adopted son became known under the nickname of Scayanis or Skianis (dozen of various spellings) which according to several genealogists could indicate a native origib. If so, he could have been one of a few “panis” or “Pawnees” children sold as captives that were brought in New France by explorers and furtraders in the early 1680’s. Backing up this hypothesis is the fact that Clemence Jarry (Rapin’s wife) had four brothers, three of which involved in fur trading.
In the early 1700’s, the number of “panis” had increased to a point that it became synonymous with “slave” and in 1709, an edict of the intendant Raudot confirmed their status as slaves (slavery in Canada, was abolished a century or so later).
However, the status of those who had come earlier was closer to those of indentured servants. By the time they reached 20 they were free to do as they pleased. In 1699, following the death of André Rapin, his estate was divided up and the young “Andre” who lived with them received a young ox and a heifer in consideration for the services rendered to the family. On April 18 1706, in Lachine, he married Anne GOURDON (b.1678-;d. c. 1715). She was the daughter of Jean Gourdon and Michelle Perrin, half-sister of Clémence Jarry) - on the the marriage record, he is identified as “Andre Rapin”, adopted son of Andre Rapin and Clemence Jarry.
Their children were baptised under the name Rapin though later on, aftr 1715, they were more and more often known as Skianis. The first three had no issue.
1. André RAPIN SKIANIS and Anne GOURDON dit Lachasse.
2. Antoine SKIANIS (b.30 Aug. 1706-Lachine;d.19 June 1725-Montréal)
2. Jeanne SKIANIS (b.20 Sept. 1708-Lachine;d.9 Oct. 1738)
2. Suzanne SKIANIS (b.20 oct 1710-Lachine;d.22 July 1731)
2. André SKIANIS (LANDROCHE) (b.1712;d.23 July 1788-Lachine)
The Lachine parish records are missing for the years 1711 to 1716, so we hane no record for the birth of André. Like his father, he was either called Rapin or Scayanis but, as he grew older he became also known as “Landroche” which is likely a family pet name for “l’André”. Both were occasionnaly involved in fur trading.
It is during one such fur trading trip, in 1744, that André Landroche married Anne Domithilde (Nanette) PARENT (d.9 DÉC 1768) in Michillimackinac; she was the daughter of Pierre Francois Parent from Quebec and Marie-Anne Chaboillez. After the birth of their first daughter, they moved back to Lachine and settled on the family farm which had formerly belonged to Jean Gourdob.
André and Anne Parent had the following children.
3. Marie-Anne LANDROCHE (b.28 Sep. 1745-Michillimackinac)
SPOUSE: Pierre SAINT-YVES (m.10 Jan. 1774)
3. Geneviève Amable LANDROCHE
SPOUSE: Antoine CLÉMENCEAU (m.26 Oct. 1767)
SPOUSE: Mathurin (Jean-Baptiste) Brault ( b. 3 May 1726-Pointe-Claire;m.20 Jan 1772)
3. André LANDROCHE (b. 1747;d.7 May 1748-Lachine)
3. André LANDROCHE (b.1 Feb. 1752-Lachine;d.15 Aug.?-Detroit)
SPOUSE: Madeleine CASSE (b.1759-Detroit;m.2 Feb. 1778;d.22 March 1804-Detroit)
Some of their descendents in Detroit took the name Landros
3. Marguerite Amable LANDROCHE (b.9 juin 1753-Lachine;d.27 March 1756-Lachine)
3. Pierre LANDROCHE (b.21 jan 1755-Lachine)
SPOUSE: Marguerite Félicité Baugis (b.16 oct 1752-Lachine;m.19 fév 1776)
(no known male issue)
3. Marie Antoine LANDROCHE (b.10 sep 1756-Lachine)
3. Catherine LANDROCHE (b.1756)
SPOUSE: Pierre François MACHABÉE (m.28 Oct 1776)
3. Antoine Gabriel LANDROCHE (b.14 June 1759-Lachine)
3. Marguerite LANDROCHE (b.5 Sep 1759-Lachine)
3. Anonyme LANDROCHE (b.24 Sep 1761-Lachine;d.24 Sep 1761-Lachine)
3. Marguerite LANDROCHE (b.1764-Lachine;d.20 Nov 1765-Lachine)
As far as I know, Andre and Madeleine Casse were the only one whose children carried the name Landroche/Landros; some of their descendants were still in Detroit in the 1850’s.
Hope this is usefull.
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