The Sussex Record Society website has, within the section on Sussex Books, the subsections of extracts of Wills and Inquisitions:
Will of THOMAS WEST, knt, Lord La Warr, taken from Vol.104, Nos.73 and 74: Sussex Inquisitions, p.236, Item 1073. This is the will of Thomas West, 4th Baron West of Oakhanger/9th Baron de la Warr. He died on 25th September, 1554. His will was drawn up a month before on 6th September 1554.
Coheirs: Issue of Lady Dorothy Owen, sister of Thomas West:
1. Joan, late Duchess of Northumberland, aged 50 daughter and heir of Eleanor, sister of T.W. and wife of Edward Guildford .
2. Mary, aged 38, wife of John Warnett
3. Anne, aged 36, wife of James Gage.
4. Thomas Dering, aged 24, son and heir of Elizabeth, wife of Nicholas Dering, another daughter of said Lady Dorothy Owen, sister of T.W.
The extracts then list:
1. Laste wyfe
2. Sister West, late wife of Sir Owen West, knt.
3. Sister: Barbara West
4. Niece: Mary Warnett
5. NIECE: MARY, WIFE OF RICHARD LEWKNOR
6. Niece: Mary West, daughter of brother, Sir Owen West,
7. Niece: Mary West, daughter of brother, Leonard West
8. Thomas W, son of brother, Leonard West
9. William W, son of brother, Leonard West.
10. And John West, son of brother, Leonard West .
11. William West, son and heir of brother, George West
12. Brother-n-law John Guldeford, knt
13. Cosyn Edward Gage, esq.
14. Nephie (sic) James Gage,
15. Nephie Thos.Guldeford
16. Cosen Sir Edward Walgrave
17. Nephew Thomas, son of brother George West.
1509 In his will of 1509, Roger of Tangmere, father of Edmund, below, bequeathed “to Sir Thomas West, knight, a booke bounden and luymned with gold wit certeyn prayers in the same, two rolles of certeyn prayers with a crucifix of nedyll work that was the Cardynall Mortons. Item I bequeath to my Lady Weste a boke wit certeyn prayers in the same limned wit golden letters unbounden and a newe rolls of the vij Psalmes and the Leteny wit other prayers moo.”
In 2009 I downloaded from a website headed “National Church Institutions /database of Manuscripts and Archives”, Lambeth Palace Library, MSS 545, details on a Book of Hours. I am unable now to find this. The custodial history was given as “Belonged to the Lewkenors of Sussex. Possibly the ‘oon prymer limned with gold...” etc. as above. If so, why would Roger of Tangmere have bequeathed this to Sir Thomas and Lady West? John Morton, 1410-1500, had been Archbishop of Canterbury. He was the brother of William Morton, who was the father of Thomas Morton of Lechlade, ob 1516. Thomas was the father of Sir Robert Morton of Lechlade, Cirencester, ob. 1514, buried in Croydon church and who married Jane Warham. Thomas and Jane Warham’s daughter, Elizabeth Morton, married Thomas West, Baron La Warr, c.1481-1554, the son of Lord La Warr 1457-1525 (the Sir Thomas West to whom Roger Lewkenor of Tangmere bequeathed the primer) and his wife, Lady West, formerly Eleanor Copley. Was the bequest in celebration of this marriage: a primer that belonged to the bride’s grand-father’s brother to be given her by her parents-in-law?
I suspect that the Lambeth Book of Hours is not Cardinal Morton’s. I suspect that the Lambeth Palace Book of Hours was one given by Sir Roger Lewkenor (d 1478) to his youngest son, Roger of Tangmere. This would fit with Lambeth Palace’s date of “late 14th century to 15th century”. Roger of Tangmere’s children’s dates of birth – or more likely- baptism are recorded on a page, where, written, “in a larger hand: ‘pro Rogero lewkeno(r) filio meo’”.
The first dated record in the Lewkenor primer is on f.iii: Obits: Obitus d(ne) marie lewkenore quondam vx’ Rogeri lewkenore de Tratton’ militis in festo S.Christine v. et m. viz. xxiiijo die Julii a.d.m(mo) cccc(mo) lxxiijo et ao regni regis Edwardi iiij(ti).
Here we have a Mary who died (if I am correct) in 1473. Sir Roger died in 1478 and his burial is also recorded: “Of Roger Lewkenore, militis d(ni) de Tratton’ 23 July S.Apollinaris day 1478, 18 Edw. IV” .
The next recorded date is the death of Reginald, Roger of Tratton’s brother, in 1492.
Then there is “Of Anne L. Nuper ux.Rogeri L. De Tangmere 28 Nov 1582” (sic; is should read 1482). Is this the marriage of Roger Lewkenor of Tangmere to Anne? Why so long before the births of the children? Was it a marriage contract? Why is she recorded as “Anne L.”? Was her surname Lewkenor?
The next dates are the births are those of Roger of Tangemere’s children: Iohanna in 1490; Clemens in 1494; Roger in 1495; Edward/Edmund in 1497; Dorothy in 1498; Thomas in 1499 (dying in 1500); Elizabeth in 1501.
Then follows the birth or baptism of Thomas “fil. Et heres Edmundi L. B at Tangmere”. The complete dates of the baptisms of this family appear to be at the top of this page: Elizabeth in 1538; Thomas “fil. Et heres Edmundi ap.Tangmer” in 1539; Anna in 1540; Richard in 1541; George in 1542 and Edmund in 1543.)
It is below all this that is written “in a larger hand: ‘pro Rogero lewkeno(r) filio meo’.”
I suggest that this primer was a gift from Sir Roger (d.1478) to his youngest son, Roger of Tangmere (will 1509) and that Roger of Tangmere presented it to his surviving son, Edmond, in which he recorded the births of his children. Surely, this cannot be the primer that was bequeathed to Sir Thomas and Lady West and therefore passed out of the hands of this family. The bequests were:
1. A book bound and luymned with gold wit certeyn prayers in the same (gold). (Not necessarily Cardinal Morton’s).
2. Two rolles of certeyn prayers (belonging to Cardinal Morton ?).
3. A crucifix of nedyll work that was the Cardynall Mortons.
4. A book. Certeyn prayers in the same limned wit golden letters unbounden.
5. A new roll of the vij Psalmes and the Leteny wit other prayers moo.”
1520 Mention of Rev.John Lewknor, parson of Broadwater, son of Nicholas (6th son, brother of Roger who m Eleanor Camoys) of Kingston Bowsey and Preston. John Lewknor was a son of Nicholas Lewkenor and Elizabeth Radmylde, brother of the first Edward Lewkenor of Kingston Bowsey, ancestor of the Suffolk family. John was a priest at the West/La Warr’s church at Broadwater, near Worthing.)
1520-1 John Lewkenor, preste” ( as an overseer of a will).
At approximately the same time the Lewkenor carpet of arms was woven, which shows a Lewkenor impaling La Warr. (i.e. La Warr quartering Cantilupe, not showing West in the quarterings but this may not be important, the barons’ senior title was that of Lords La Warr).
1525 8th Lord La Warr buried at Broadwater (Sir Thomas West to whom Roger Lewkenor of Tangmere bequested the books of prayers, etc,.)
1526 Edmund Lewkenor called servant and kinsman in will of 8th Lord La Warr (not yet seen by me).
1527 “My said father (Edward Lewkenor) ... and for defaulte of suche issue to thuse of myn uncle John Lewkenor, clerk, parson of Brodewater” ... Edward Lewkenor of Kingston Bewsey. (Sussex Record Society).
1550-1 Richard Lewkenor made settlement of so-called manor of Buckingham.
1550-1 Manor of Buckingham was quit-claimed to Thomas West, Lord La Warr and others against Richard Lewkenor, gent.
1556 Edward Lewkenor died in the Tower of London, convicted of treason. William West (his cousin) and Sir Henry Dudley involved.
1554 Will of Thomas West, 9th Lord La Warr. Mentions niece Mary, wife of Richard Lewkenor. Lord La Warr to be buried at Broadwater.
1559 Dunstan Sawyer of the paryshe of Buksted in Sussex, clerk” refers to money owed him by Mr.Rychard Lewknor (?as a private chaplain. Sussex Record Society’s comment.)
1570 Richard Lewkenor buried at Old Shoreham.
1570 Will of Richard Lewkenor, Old Shoreham, A 76, 1570, Calendar of Administrations in the Consistory court of the Bishop of Chichester 1555-1800, Calendar of Wills and Administrations in the Peculiar court of the Archbishop of Canterbury 1520-1670. (Not yet seen by me).
1571 Mary Lewknor had the second highest tax-assessment in Old Shoreham (VCH, Sussex).
1571 Will of Thomas Lewkenor of Alvechurch, in which he names Thomas Copley of Bredon as one of his overseers. (Copley, again.)
1580 Will of Nicholas Lewkenor of Hadzor, in which he calls Dorothy Coploi his cousin and Thomas Coploi, named as executor, his “brother”. (A fellow lawyer?)
But who was Richard? Was he Richard Lewkenor of Buxtead who married Jane Forster in 1522 (a first marriage?)and was the brother of Thomas Lewkenor of Alvechurch. Did he marry Mary a grand-daughter of the 8th Lord La Warr before 1526.
Who was Mary? If it is her marriage that is depicted on the Lewkenor carpet of arms, then she was a grand-daughter of the 8th Lord La Warr, carrying the West surname. She is not Mary, the grand-daughter who married John Warnett; she is not Mary West, still unmarried, the daughter of Sir Owen West; she is not Mary, still unmarried the daughter of Leonard West. She was a Mary West whose father was not named by her grandfather. She must have been legitimate in order for the impalement of the arms on the carpet – if it is the carpet arms that shows her marriage.
Whoever she was, she was not an heraldic heiress, so we do not see Delaware in the arms of the West Dean or Denham families. There is certainly a link, probably a marriage, between the Lewkenor and La Warr families but the carpet and the bequest DO NOT show where this association might be.
I wonder whether the Mortons and the Copleys might offer more clues.
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