A LUZADDER FAMILY HISTORY
EARLY FAMILY HISTORY
The ancestors of the Luzadder family in America once lived in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain & Portugal) where the original family name was Lousada.¹ One member was a advisor to King Charles III of Spain. The members of this family were Sephardic Jews (the 1971 best-selling book, THE GRANDEES, #(Stephen Birmingham, THE GRANDEES (New York, Harper & Row, 1971) gives an excellent view of the Sephardim, particularly in America). During the Spanish Inquisition the family likely had three choices: (1) become practicing Catholics, (2) be burned at the stake or suffer some other deadly fate, (3) escape to another country. The Jews who joined the Catholic church were called ³conversos². Many of these ³conversos² remained secret Jews and were called ³marranos² - literally ³pigs² in Spanish. It is quite likely that Jacob De Louzada, the immigrant ancestor of our Luzadders, was such a secret Jew. Probably different alternatives were chosen by various members of the family. Some went to Portugal, like Jacob and others likely to other places, such as France, Holland, and England. One aristocratic member went to Jamaica where he was a very successful merchant, his success earning him a coat of arms which is very similar to the Duc de Losada of Spain. (This information was contained in a 28 Jan 1972 letter to James L. Luzadder, Gaston, IN from Robert W. Luzadder, Assistant Wire Editor of the News-Sentinel, Ft. Wayne, IN.)
Jacob was probably born in Spain , fled to Portugal and then to England, along with his wife Rachel. Rachel and Jacob were married before coming to England without benefit of Jewish Rites, so were remarried in 1698 in the Spanish & Portugal Synagogue in London. Rachel died in 1708 and in 1710 Jacob and his two young sons emigrated to New York City, where Jacob became a wealthy chocolate merchant.
In 1728 Jacob Louzada contributed f4 towards the erection of the new synagogue in New York City. In the same year the community , needing more cemetery land , purchased ³two Lotts of Land leying near the Cripple bush or swamp.² Jacob Lousada contributed to the purchase of this land with a contribution of fourteen shillings.
Tombstone of the venerable and honorable Jacob Louzada (may his rest be in glory) who went in peace to his eternal home on 15 of the month of Sivan in the year 5489 (June 12, 1729). May his soul be bound up in the bond of life Tomb of the blissful, the venerable, and honored Jacob Louzada who departed from this life to enjoy eternal glory and perfect rest on the first day of the week which was the 15 of Sivan in the year 5489. May his blessed soul enjoy glory.
THE LOUZADA CHILDREN:
1. Aaron b 17 May 1695 Parish of St. James, London, England. m c 1740 Blume Michaels.
Bloeme Michael¹s father, Moses Michael was born in Harzfeld, Germany and died in Curacao, Tebet 25, 5500 (25 Jan 1740), aged 63 yrs. and 4 months. Bloeme was a sister of Elkalah Myers Cohen, Jochebed who married Judah Mears, Rachel who married Samuel Myers, and Rebecca who married Judah Hays.
Aaron had two children when he married Bloeme Michael. The name of his first wife has not been learned. Aaron was a wealthy merchant and shopkeeper in New York City and later in Bound Brook, NJ. During the second quarter of the 1700¹s, he was one to the wealthiest contributors to the New York Jewish community. His recorded contributions are large, beginning with the f 4.0.0 given by him in 1728 toward building the new synagogue. In 1747, when the community instituted a new scheme of taxation, he was assessed on a par with Daniel Gomez and Nathan Levy at the generous sum of f11.13.4; only the f 14 assessments of Jacob Franks and of Mordecai Gomez exceeded it. Similarly three years later in 1750, his seat in the synagogue was assessed at the maximum figure of f 4 on a par with those of members of the Gomez family and Jacob Franks.
In the second quarter of the eighteenth century, Aaron and his brother Moses of Somerset County, NJ appear as joint contributors to Jewish communal purposes in New York and as litigants in Middlesex County, NJ.
In his Will, dated 7 Dec. 1764, twenty days before his death, Aaron Louzada of Bridgewater, Somerset County, New Jersey, ³being of old age² left to his wife Blume f 200 and the use of his real and personal estate to bring up his children. He directed that his children were to be put to trades. One of these children was Kitty Abrahams. To Benjamin and Abigel, children of his brother Moses, he bequeathed f 50 each. The inventory set the value of his estate at f 468.10.8. (From New Jersey Archives - First Series Vol. XXXIII - Abstracts of Wills Vol. IV 1761-1770.)
He died at Bound Brook, NJ on Friday, 27 Dec. 1764. The next days, excluding the Sabbath, were consumed in bringing his body to New York where he was buried in the Chatham Square burial grounds on Monday, Dec. 20. After ninety-one years, on 29 Nov. 1855, his body was moved to the Twenty-first Street burials grounds to make way for the southern extension of the Bowery.
His widow described his home as follows
THE KNOWN LOUZADA CHILDREN:
This Aaron changed his surname from Louzada to Luzadder. He served as a Sergeant in the Revolutionary War, first during 1776-77 in a New Jersey Regiment and later in 1778-1783 in a Pennsylvania Regiment. He fought in the battles of Long Island, Princeton, Brandywine, and Germantown. Evidence of his war service was obtained from the Archives and History Bureau, New Jersey State Library, Trenton, NJ and also from the Revolutionary War Section, Pension Claim R 6539. According to these records, ³this soldier moved from Green Co. PA to Mononghalia Co., VA.²
Judging by the birthplaces of his children, Aaron moved from Pennsylvania VA after 1791 and before 1794 when Moses, the eleventh child, was born in Virginia.
THE LUZADDER CHILDREN:
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