There is a persistent tradition among some Luzad[d]ers that Sarah Cole was a Cherokee or
Creek Indian. That is hihjly unlikely. She was born
in Maryland. The Cherokees and Creeks were southern
tribes, with their centers in Georgia and South Carolina -a ling way from Maryland. There were many Coles in
colonial Maryland, viz. place names, i. e., Cole's Creeks and Cole's Point. Some Coles were or German descent who took advantage of Queen Anne's Bounty, which gave relief to German Protestants. The name anglicised from Kohl. Others were English. Sarah may have been a daughter of Thomas Cole, the name
borne by one of her sons. Traditions of female
ancestors of Indian orgigin are almost impossible to
confirm. Colonial records do not record many inter-
racial names during the 18th cenyury. In fact, few
Indians of any tribe resided in any part of Maryland, except along the Potomac, and they were easterners, like the Pamunkeys - certainly not Cherokees. Claims
that they were Indians proncesses are ridiculous. The
Indians did not accord that kind of honor to chiefs'
daughters during the 18th century. John F. Luzader
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