Am getting in on this conversation a little late. I live in Decatur, Illinois which is about 90 some miles west of West Union, Parke County, Indiana. I have visited Linebarger Chapel often and was there just a few weeks ago. My family and I attended services there on Mother's Day two years ago and went to dinner with several of the Linebarger descendants who are still living in the area and attending services at the church. I have a copy of A FAMILY OF FIVE REPUBLICS by Paul Myron Linebarger and Walter Franklin Lineberger. Is this booklet the same as the "Five Flags" book that has been referred to in this forum or is there a second publication. I have a great deal of information on Elizabeth Lavina Linebarger, daughter of John and Mary Hoote Linebarger. She was born in 1802 in Lincoln County, NC where she was married to Nathan Duncan. Elizabeth Lavina and Nathan migrated to Parke County in the early 1820's along with John Linebarger and several other families from Lincoln County. In the early 1830's Nathan and Elizabeth Lavina Linebarger Duncan migrated to Macoupin County, Illinois and raised their family there.
I believe that Mary Hoote's father was Michael Hoote and that her mother was "Uly" Linebarger. Michael Hoote migrated to Lincoln County, NC from Northampton County, Pennsylvania. He died in Lincoln County, leaving a Will naming his daughters who were all unmarried at the time of his death (1791 I believe off the top of my head). I also believe that the John Linebarger that migrated to Parke County, Indiana was also born in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. His father was also named John. This family migrated to Lincoln County, NC for Northampton County, Pa. about the same time that Michael Hoote and his family arrived. I have a copy of a Lincoln County land deed stating that John Linebarger "of Pennsylvania" purchased a tract of land in Lincoln County in the early 1790's.
I hope this theory doesn't upset anyone too much as it is contrary to most Linebarger researchers thinking.