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The History of the Early Settlement of Norton County, Kansas by ***F. M. Lockard
Posted by: jc (ID *****5058) Date: May 26, 2004 at 20:13:45
In Reply to: Miscellaneous Lockard Biographies/Records~Coshocton OH~mid 1800's by jc of 589

The History of the Early Settlement of Norton County, Kansas by F. M. Lockard

There are photographs of these family members!!!!

*****Francis Marion Lockard was born in Coshocton county, Ohio, September 15, 1855, came to Kansas in June 1874, taught a three months' term of school at Neighborville the same year and taught a second term at same place in 1875. He was engaged for some time in carrying the mail and was afterward engaged in the stock business for some time. He was elected state senator in 1888 and served one term; was a candidate for congress in 1892 but failed to receive the nomination.

He was married to Rose A. Walter September 14, 1884. She was born in Iowa November 14, 1865, died at Norton July 15, 1893.

They had four children, all boys; *****Claude Wesley born March 23, 1886; Clarence Arthur born October 12, 1887; Ray Walter born August 20, 1889; Francis Dawes born April 13, 1893.

******James Harvey Lockard was born April 19, 1858 in Coshocton county, Ohio; attended the common school and took one term of three months at Hopedale normal school at Hopedale, Ohio; taught one term of school in Ohio in 1877; came to Kansas in the spring of 1878 and has been in the live stock and land business ever since. Was married to Alice Marsh in Dec., 1888; has two children both girls, Leone and Velma. He was a member of the city council in 1886 and census enumerator for this district in 1890

******Robert Allen Lockard was born in Coshocton County, Ohio June 23, 1859. He came to Kansas and settled in Norton February 14, 1879; has since been engaged in the live stock and real estate business. He was married May 7, 1893 to Gertrude L. Shaffer; she came here from Iowa with her parents in 1879, she was born September 17, 1872; they have one child a boy named Arla Lee, born at Seward, Nebraska, in 1894.
The foregoing history of Norton county, people and incidents, was begun to employ a few idle hours on my hands, and published from week to week in THE NORTON CHAMPION without having been first outlined in chronological order. Much of the information received was under question for accuracy, and the settlement of historical questions was made after careful inquiry of present people whose memory was liable to be most accurate. From this standpoint I have stated as facts some things still disputed; however, when a question of importance was under consideration it was the safest thing to publish both sides as was done. To many of the Old Settlers I am under great obligations for their help and interest in this work, and especially to J. H. Simmons, Henry Oliver and Sol Marsh.

The publication in book form was an afterthought, the first object being to print a few pamphlets for private circulation, and on being asked by numerous friends to extend the work, it was decided to admit many biographies not properly classed as old settlers.

With this apology for the manifest irregularities, I dedicate the book to the public trusting that they will look upon the difficult labors connected with the work in as charitable and uncritical a light as the performance warrants.

It is my order now to submit the following personal biography:

My maternal ancestors immigrated from southern England in 1760 and settled in Frederic county, Virginia. My mother's grandfather was born there in 1761. He became a slave owner, but later had conscientious scruples against chattel slavery and in 1810 he attempted to liberate his slaves. but the laws of Virginia compelled persons liberating their slaves to file a bond with the county making themselves financially responsible for the conduct of the persons they had made free even to the payment of their private debts for a certain number of years. This was a very difficult bond to give, and he like many others failed to give one that was acceptable, so he disposed of his slaves to a good master and in 1813, accompanied by a brother, emigrated to Coshocton county, Ohio, which was then an unbroken wilderness. On November 6, 1802, his son, Wesley, my grandfather, was born in Virginia. He was eleven years old when he came to Ohio with his parents. About the same time my great grandfather's four brothers emit grated from Virginia to Kentucky. Several members of their familys (sic) have since distinguished themselves as lawyers, judges and congressmen, one of them, a cousin of my grandfather represented the Louisville, Kentucky, district in congress for several years.

On February 25, 1838, while a member of congress he shot and killed Mr. Cilly, a congressman from Maine, in a duel. This duel, which is known in history as the Graves and Cilly duel created great excitement at the time. Public sentiment against dueling had gradually grown in the north since 1804 when the famous duel between Burr and Hamilton had been fought, culminating in a fresh outbreak in public opinion in the Graves-Cilly duel. Public meetings were held and dueling denounced. The press and pulpit took it up and dueling as a mode of settling petty offenses between public men was practically done away with in the northern states. This duel was fought on the old Marlborough road to Baltimore, two miles out from Washington, with rifles at 80 yards. Cilly was killed the third shot. Mrs. Thomas H. Benton was a member of this family and her daughter, Jessie Benton Fremont, was a second cousin of my grandfather.

Wesley Graves, was married to Nancy Wright in 1822 in Coshocton county Ohio. Twelve children were born to them, ten of them grew to manhood and womanhood, six sons and four daughters; four of his sons were in the war, the other two were in California at thee time. His two youngest sons, John Wesley and Albert live in this county.

My mother, Mary Jane Graves, his sixth child, was born July 21, 1832.

My pateral (sic) ancestors immigrated from county Dougal [Donegal ?], Ireland in the year 1800 and settled in Jefferson county, Ohio. My grandfather Andrew J. Lockard, was born in Jefferson county, Ohio, December 9, 1803. He was married there to Mary Carson, June 17, 1828. She was born in Ireland and moved to the United States in 1820. They settled in Coshocton couny (sic), Ohio, in 1836. Eight children were born to them, six of them grew to manhood and womanhood, three sons and three daughters. My father, Robert F. Lockard, their fourth child, was born January 14, 1834.

Robert F. Lockard and Mary Jane Graves were married October 29, 1854.

Five children were born to them; the writer, their eldest, was born September 15, 1855. A biography of the others appears on page 150 of this book. My father was a farmer and by hard work succeeded in buying a small farm in Coshocton county, Ohio, which he traded for an unimproved farm in Stark county, Indiana, in 1860, and he began making arrangements to move to his Indiana land the following year. The war of the rebellion having in the meantime broken out he decided to go to the war. He enlisted in company G, 80th Ohio volunteers and remained with his regiment until stricken with typhoid fever when he was sent to the hospital at St. Louis where he died December 12, 1866, and was buried in the soldier's cemetery in the city. My father's youngest brother, Alexander Lockard, was a member of company E, 7th Illinois cavalry. He was shot by guerillas and killed at Birds Point, Missouri, January 10, 1862. In 1866 my mother moved to the Indiana farm and remained there four years, but on account of failing health she returned to Ohio and was taken care of by her father, brother and sisters until she died, December 15, 1871.

The writer remained there with relatives until April, 1873, then went to Mahaska county, Iowa, to live with an uncle and in June, 1874, came to Norton county, Kansas, and has lived here continuously ever since.

I taught the Neighborville school (now Calvert) in the winters of 1874 and 1875 and worked on a farm and herded cattle the intervening summers. In 1876 I began carrying United States mail, which I contiued (sic) until 1880, then in company with William Simpson went into the stock business. I spent most of the summer of 1880 on the plains catching wild horses. We succeeded in capturing and taming about fifty head. A description of the mode of catching them would be too long for this article. We made a trip to the Gunnison country in Colorado in 1881 and spent that summer railroad building and prospecting. In February, 1882, Simpson and myself formed a partnership with Ernest Broquet and went to the Indian Territory and purchased ponies of the Indians. In 1883 we continued the pony business in southern Kansas and the Indian Territory. In the spring of 1884 in partnership with G. H. Griffin we went to Old Mexico and purchased 1,000 head of ponies which we imported into Kansas. We traveled extensively over three states of Old Mexico on horse back, but made our purchases at the city of Agualeguas in the state of Nuevo Leon. In September of that year I was married. (See page 150) I then engaged in the real estate business in Norton, which I continued until 1890. I then went into the mercantile business which I continued until May, 1893, when on account of the financial depression and unfortunate speculation I was compelled to make an assignment.

I have taken a lively interest in politics ever since I became a voter; was a candidate for sheriff in 1883, but failed to receive the nomination. I was nominated and elected to the state senate in 1888 and served four years. I was a candidate for congress in 1890 and received the hearty support of Norton, Decatur, Rawlins, Cheyenne, Sherman and Thomas counties, but failed to get the nomination. I have served as chairman of the republican county central committee for several terms and have at different times been a member of the state and congressional committees. I was married to Mrs. Mary Isabelle Stainbrook, of Wyoming, April 16, 1894.


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