The 1st. Sutherland Fencible Regiment was formed in 1759, with William, Earl of Sutherland, as it's Colonel; the Honorable Hugh Mackay of Bighouse, son of the 3rd. Lord Reay, as it's Lieut. Colonel. The unit was disbanded in 1763.
The 2nd. Sutherland Fencible Regiment was raised in 1779, with William Wemyss, nephew of William, Earl of Sutherland, as Colonel, and Nicholas Sutherland, Lieut. Colonel. The regiment was 1000 men strong. Like the 1st. regiment, the 2nd. regiment was also assigned barracks duty in Scotland. They had two companies from Caithness, but most were rasied in Sutherland. They were disbanded in 1783.
The 3rd. Sutherland Fencibles was raised in 1793, with the same William Wemyss of Wemyss as their Colonel, and the Hon. james Stewart, son of the Earl of Moray, as their Lieut. Colonel. They were stationed in Edinburgh, then onto Ireland, They saw little action in Ireland, and returned to Scotland and disbanded there in 1798.
Col. Wemyss later headed the 93rd. Sutherland Highlanders, formed in 1800, and now known as the 2nd. Battalion, Princess Louise's ARGYLL and SUTHERLAND HIGHLANDERS.
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