I found this article per chance and found it very interesting and post worthy considering Nicola Marschall presented an important part toward our Nation's Civil War history. I was surprised very little was found besides other mentions of him other then what I found under a "Google" search which include several of his illustrious paintings during that era. Catherine
The Laurel Ledger Newspaper, Laurel, MS--Dec 16, 1905--Nicola Marchall
STORY OF DESIGNS
Confederate Flag and Uniform Designed by One Man.
In a well known business building in Louisville, Ky., is a time stained room rich in its memories and traditions of the old South.
It is the art studio of Nicola Marschall, portrait painter and designer of the uniform and flag of the Confederate States. From his Prussian home, where he was trained to the painter's art, he came to America at one of the most picturesque periods of this country's history, the gold fever days of '49.
The story of how Mr. Marschall came to design the uniform and flag of the Confederacy is best told in his own words:
"I came to this country." He said, "when I was 18 year's of age. I landed in New Orleans and made my way to Mobile where lived a relative. I met him on the eve of his departure to California.
"My kinsman tried to persuade me to join his mining party and go to California. but I was then as for away from home as I cared to be, and declined. I became acquainted with one of the teachers in a female seminary at Marion, Ala. I became a teacher there and taught painting, violin, piano, guitar and the French and German languages.
"My studies in Europe of drawing and painting now served me well. I came over here on an old sailing vessel, and well do I remember to this day how I had to draw the picture of every member of the crew, from captain to humblest sailor. I had been in this country one year when my brother arrived here from Prussia.
"In 1857 I returned to Prussia and remained two years, continuing my studies of art. It was while passing through Verona, which then belonged to Austria, that I saw the uniform which years late was to furnish me the design for the Confederate uniform.
"In Verona one day the notes of martial music came to me. A party of sharp shooters belonging to the Austrian army were passing.
"'What splendid soldiers; what noble uniforms,' was my comment as I saw them. They were dressed in a striking uniform of gray with green trimmings. The green denoted their branch of the army--sharpshooters and their rank was indicated by marks on the collars of their coats, bars of lieutenant and captains, stare for higher officers.
"Mrs. Napoleon Locket, a beautiful woman of an old Virginia family and the wife of a planter, lived at Marion. Her eldest son married the daughter of Governor Moore and one of her younger sons married one of the younger daughters of Governor Moore.
"Soon came the first notes of war. Mrs. Locket was as loyal a daughter as the South had. She came to me one day and said: 'Mr. Marschall, we have seceded and the Confederate Government wants a flag. Will you make us a design? It must not be too unlike the United States flag, but different enough to be distinguished at a distance.'
MADE THREE DESIGNS
"I took pencil and paper and made three different designs. The fist was of two red stripes and one of white, within blue field bearing in the upper left hand corner seven white stars, indicating the number of States that had then seceded. The second design had the field of stars at the extreme left of the white stripe instead of the top red stripe. The third design had the two full red stripes at top and bottom, the white stripe in the meddle, with the blue field and white stars in the center."
The first design made by Mr. Marschall was adopted by the Confederate Government. This flag--the stars and bars--was raised on the staff above the capitol at Montgomery, Ala., on March 4, 1861, by Miss J. C. Tyler, of Virginia, granddaughter of John Tyler.
Continuing his narrative, Mr. Marschall said:
"Mrs. Lockett thanked me for the designs, and started to go. Then she came back adding Mr. Marschall can't you suggest one?
"The though occurred to me of the gray uniforms I had seen worn by the Austrian sharpshooters. I made several rough sketches, indicating the grey color, and also the colors on the collars to denote the branch of the service--buff for officers, yellow for cavalry, blue for the infantry, red for artillery, etc.
"It did not occur to me then that I had done anything worthy of note. I simply made the sketches at the request of Mrs. Locket. I knew no more about them from then until I found that the uniform and one of the flags had been adopted by the Confederacy."
When war was declared Mr. Marschall enlisted as a private, going with the command to garrison the forts at the mouth of Mobile Bay. he served his time and then returned to Marion on a furlough. While at home on the advice of a friend he employed a substitute for a year and three months. The came the call for more volunteers, and again Mr. Marschall enlisted, this time in the Second Alabama Regiment of Engineers. he served with Colonel Locket, a son of Mrs. Locket, under Polk just preceding the fall at Vicksburg. Mr Marschall served then in the Confederate Army until the curtain fell at Appomattox.
Mr. Marschall numbered among his friends Major Jabez Currie, one of Alabama's wealthiest planters and an uncle of Dr. J. L. M. Currie. It was at the suggestion of Major Currie, who had friends in Kentucky, that Mr. Marschall came to Louisville to live. He returned to his art after the war, and many treasured portraits in the homes of the South today are the product of his brush.
one and the same
American Civil War Soldiers
Nicola Marschall, Confederacy; served: AL; Company Moore's, 4th Militia Infantry Regiment Alabama
New York Passenger List
Nicola Marschall b. abt 1829 age 60
arrived: NY, America 5 Oct 1889
departure: Hamburg, Germany and Le Havre, France
ships name: Wieland
1880 Jun 04: Louisville Dist 121, Jefferson Co., KY pg014, household 491-107-114 head
MARSCHALL, Nicola age 50, w/m, Portrait Painter b. Prussia-Prussia-Prussia
MARSCHALL, Mattie E. age 35, wife, keeping house, b. GA VA VA
MARSCHALL, Net? age 13, son, at school b. AL Prussia GA
MARSCHALL, Kate age 11, daughter b. AL Prussia GA
MARSCHALL, Mamie age 8, daughter b. AL Prussia GA
1910 Apr 23: Louisville Ward 7 Dist 130, Jefferson Co., KY pg012, household 1126-92-105, head
??CURD?, M. Owsley? age 41, w/m b. KY KY KY, Gold Mining Co.
??CURD?, Mamie age 37, wife, marriage: 13 yrs, child: 1-1, b. AL Germ GA
MARSCHALL, Nicola age 81, father in law b. Germ Germ Germ, immigrate: 1848, Artist-Painter
MARSCHALL, Mattie age 65, mother in law, marriage: 45 yrs; childrn: 3-3 b. GA VA VA
ENGISH, Richard C. age 42, brother in law, KY KY KY, Retail-Druggist
ENGLISH, Kate age 40, sister in law, marriage: 16 yrs; children: 5-1 b. AL Germ GA
LOGAN, Lizzie age 32, mulatto lodger b. KY KY KY, steamtress-private family
KY Death Records
Nicola MARSCHALL age 87 w/m b. 16 Mar 1829 Germany-d. 24 Feb 1917 Jefferson Co., KY
father: Emanuel Marschall b. Germany; mother: Margaret Mohr b. Germany
Nicola's son: Ewell Marschall age 83 b. 16 Apr 1867 Marion, AL-d. 11 Aug 1950 Jefferson Co., KY
father: Nicola Marschall; mother: Mattie Marshall
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