I am looking for the parents of Jonathan Pinion/Pinnell who died 1832 in Hall Co. Georgia. This is a long post but I thought I would share my notes and hope someone might have a missing piece of information.
Working Paper on Jonathan Pinion/Pinnell
My ancestor, Elizabeth Pinion married James Stone 1821 in Jackson Co. Georgia. She was born in South Carolina and her birth in the census and mortality schedules varied from 1791-1798. She is thought to be the daughter of Jonathan Pinion who had a daughter of her age in his 1820 census.
David Lineberger tells me that they lived near Holly Springs, south of the present Tadmore School near the Hall and Jackson county line. They were enumerated in Hall Co. Georgia in 1820 and 1830 but Jonathan sold acreage in Jackson Co. Georgia in 1818.
Jackson Co. Georgia
1818 Jonathan Pinnell sold 200 acres on Walnut fork adj. Ruth & Jas Blackstock
1820 John Stone census (100101-20200)
1821 Elizabeth Pinion m. James Stone
Hall Co. GA - Capt Benjamin Wheetchery District
1818 Country formed from Jackson, Franklin and Cherokee lands
1820 Jonathan Pinnion (000001-42101) living near Richard Pinion & Blackstock families
1830 Jonathan Pinnell (1000000001-00122001)
Jonathan is listed in the 1800 Greenville District, South Carolina census. Greenville District is adjacent to Spartanburg District which is adjacent to Union District which is adjacent to the Fairfield District. All four of these Districts have Pinion/Pinnell residents in the late 1700’s and early 1800’s. Greenville also borders North Carolina. He has three females listed one of whom could be Elizabeth, age 2-9 from her census records. I don’t have access to Greenville deed abstracts so could not determine exactly when he settled here but it was probably soon after he sold his land in Spartanburg District in 1797. In 1805, Lewis & Rebeckah Pennell of Greenville District, South Carolina sold their land in Union District.
In 1810, he was living near a Turner Pinnell and listed in his household were 3 males and 7 females, one of whom could be Elizabeth who was age 12-19 at the time. In 1830, Turner’s named is spelled as Pinion. In fact, Pinion and Pinnell are used in records interchangeably. Elizabeth Pinion filed for letters of administration for Turner Pinion's estate on Dec 17, 1832 in Greenville District, South Carolina. Their six children are named in the distribution of his estate as Cynthia Turner, Rebecca Cooley, Nancy Chapman, Lewis Pinnell, Lucinda Pinnell and Elizabeth M. Pinnell.
Jacob & Rebecca (Pinion) Reese son of David Reese & Nancy Cooley who married May 1779 Pitts. Co., VA. David d c 1796, Greenville Dist., SC.
1800 Jonithan Pinnell 20110-33001-00
1810 J Pinnion 02101-22310-01
Turner Pinnell 00110-00200-00 b.1790-1795
1815 Received 8.50 of Peter Pinion in Mary Hinson estate settlement
1820 Burrell Pinwell 210101-10010 (p.86), Turner Pinion 100001-20010 (p.105, 2 slaves)
1820 Received of Turner Pinnell in James Reese estate
1830 Turner Pinion 001001-111101
Prior to 1800, he lived can be found in the Spartanburg District of South Carolina but does not appear on the 1790 census perhaps because he had just sold his land in Union District and is living with brother Peter. Peter is listed with 3 males age 16 and older plus 5 females. Other researchers list Peter’s children as listed below. Given himself, two daughters and his wife, it leaves 2 males and 2 females unaccounted for in his 1790 census.
Cassie Pinnell b: 16 FEB 1788
Nancy Margaret Pinnell b: 8 APR 1790
Asa Pinnell b: 12 DEC 1792
Hiram Pinnell b: 25 AUG 1794
Dorcas Pinnell b: 16 APR 1796
William Wiley Pinnell b: 30 JUL 1798
Lewis Pinnell b: 20 SEP 1801
Mary M Pinnell b: 20 SEP 1803
Jeremiah Pinnell b: 30 SEP 1805
Phoebe Jane Pinnell b: 14 JUL 1807
Wesley Pinnell b: 3 FEB 1810
Richard Pinnell b: 5 MAR 1812
It is unclear from the records I found so far when Peter came to Spartanburg District but he was there as early as 1790 when he shows up in the census and living in Union District by 1800. Jonathan & Peter lived in the southern part of the district between the Tyger and Enoree Rivers near the border to Union District.
1790 Peter Pinyon 3-0-5
1792 John & Ann Gibbs sold 100a on Rocky Creek & S of Tyger River adj Peter Pennell
1793 Peter Pinion overseer roads
1794 Peter Pinion, Petit Juror
1796 Edward & Milly Hooker sold 100a adj Jonathan Pennell between Tyger & Enoree Rivers
1797 Jonathan & Jemima Pinnell sold 150a S of Tyger River
1798 Solomon Pennell witnessed transfer by James & Margaret Linard to Stephen Linard on S side Tyger River
1799 Peter Penial appraise estate of Zebulon Bragg
1799 Peter Pennell witnessed sale by Samuel Casey to Thomas Todd between Enoree River & Tygar River
1810 Joel Pennion 00001-00000
1820 Wm Pinnion 100010-400100
Lewis Pinnell received a grant of 100a in Union District which was surveyed in January 1785 and Jonathan purchased 84 acres there 5 days later and another 150a in September. It appears that this was their entry into the county. Prior to 1785 all records were kept in Charleston so I need to check the deed records there for Pinion/Pinnell as well.
1785 Union District formed from the 96th district (had been part of larger Craven Co. til 1785)
1785 Lewis Pinnell grant 100a surveyed Jan 21st
Jonathan Pinnell purchased 84a in fork between Sugar Creek & Fairforest on Jan 26th
Jonathan Pennell purchased 150a in then Craven Co. on Sugar Creek waters of Fairforest adj Henry Harden on Sept 23rd
1786 Jonathan & Mima Pinnell sell 84a in fork between Sugar Creek & Fairforrest on Dec 4th
1787 Jonathan Pinnell witnessed John & Sarah Puttman sale on both sides of Sugar Creek adj Fairforrest
1787 Deed from William Lindsey to Jonathan Pennal witnessed by Peter Pennal
1787 Richard & Sarah Penell Exor’s of James Martin Deceased
1788 Will of Ambrose Yarborough names wife Mary, children Ann Pinnell, Jeremiah, Humphrey, John and Mary Yarborough. Peter Pinnell & Stephen Layton excetors. Jonathan Pinnell mentioned in conveyance of land.
1789 Peter Pinnials witnessed sale of John & Susanna Layton to Robert White
1790 Jonathan & Mima Pennell sell 150a Craven Co. on Sugar Creek waters of Fairforest adj. Harden’s land
1793 Lewis Pinion overseer of roads
1794 Tabitha Pennall, Bastardy, child of Robert Wallace
1796 Leonard Smith overseer of road in the room of Lewis Pennion
1799 Lewis Pennion, Grand Juror
1799 Burrell Pennell & Dysea Pennell witness sale 25a by Fielding Curtis to James Curtis
1800 Robert Wallace will to Polly Pinnell, only daughter of Tabitha Pinnell two negros
1800 Lewis Pinnil 01310-02110 (2 of 73 pages) b.1755-1774
Peter Pinnel 40110-02010 (7 of 73 pages)
Burrel Pinnel 01000-10000 (3 of 73 pages)
1801 Jacob Ortner to Elizabeth Palmer 100a N side Sugar Creek adj Lewis Pinion
1805 Lewis & Rebeckah Pennell of Greenville District SC sell 100a to William Wallace small branch of Sugar Creek called Hainsworth branch but formerly called Hammets branch granted to Lewis Pinnell and surveyed 21 Jan 1785
1807 William Littlefield to Wm Wallace 100a small creek Sugar Creek water of Fairforerest adj Lewis Pinnell
There were also Pannell’s listed in Fairfield District, South Carolina including a Jonathan which suggests these families might be related. Fairfield District is to the southeast of Union District.
Fairfield Co., SC Land Deed Book BB 1819-1821, p. 247: 11 Jan 1810 "William Pannell Jr. passes away intestate on January 11, 1810, Fairfield Co. SC and left a widow and eight children." Elizabeth Pannell granted Letter of Administration for William Pannell, decd. 27 Jul 1815. His wife Lucinda Dove and children are named by researchers as Mary, Thomas, William, Benjamin, Anderson, Jonathan, Simon and Luke.
1800 Andw Pannel 20010-10100
Wm Pannel Jr. 10110-00001
Wm Pannel 12101-20101
1810 p.611 Jonathan Pannell 02010-10100 (age 26-44)
Luke Pannell 32101-10101
Elizabeth Pannell 50100-01110
p.612 Anderson Pannell 31010-31010
The next question is where the Pinion/Pinnell’s were before coming to the Union District. One possibility is that they came from Franklin Co. North Carolina where researchers list a Lewis Pinion married to Rebecca Myrick d/o Francis & Mary (Turner) Myrick. What is intriguing about this is that Francis & Mary named a son Turner and there was a Turner Pinnell in the census with Jonathan in 1810 who is thought to be his son.
Francis Myrick bought land in Bertie County, North Carolina 23 September 1735, "Francis Myrick of Isle of Wight County, Virginia" bought 300 acres on the north side of the Morratok (now Roanoke) River. Referred to as Francis Jr. in 1739 and Francis Senior in 1740. Francis Myrick died in Bute County, North Carolina, in late 1776, or January 1777, as his will was probated in February, 1777. His wife was named Rebecca. Bute County, North Carolina was formed in 1764 from Granville and became Franklin & Warren in 1779. A Francis Myrick died 3 June 1790 in Franklin Co. NC. His wife’s name was Mary Turner.
There is a John Pinnell in Franklin Co. NC with wife named Aletheor who died before 1800. He he was born bef 1755 and died b.c. 1812. From WorldConnect one of his daughter’s was named Vashti b.c. 1775 NC. I would like to see the name Aletheor in the original script as it seems to be unique. Possibly an Indian name?
1786 John Pinnell Juror
1790 John Pinnell 3-3-4-0-3 (3 slaves)
1800 p.49 Louisburg, John Pinnell 01201-11001-02, Levy Pennell 00100-00001-01
The early North Carolina tax records show the same spelling variation between Pinion and Pinnell. Bute Co. NC was formed in 1764 from Granville and became Franklin & Warren counties in 1779. Early tax records indicate that John was possibly the son of Richard Pinion. If so and assuming he would be over 21 to appear on tax lists, he would have been born before 1734. However, Peter Pinnell was supposedly born on the Catawba River and it does not flow through Franklin Co. NC.
Early NC Tax Records
John S of Richard Pinion, NC, Granville County,, 1755
Joshua S of Rich. Pinion, NC, Granville County,, 1755
Richard Pinion, NC, Granville County,, 1755
John of Richard Pinion, NC, Granville County, Early Tax List, 1755
Joshua of Richd. Pinion, NC, Granville County, Early Tax List, 1755
Richard Pinion, NC, Granville County, Early Tax List, 1755
John Pinion, NC, Granville County, No Township Listed, 1755
Joshua Pinion, NC, Granville County, No Township Listed, 1755
Richard Pinion, NC, Granville County, No Township Listed, 1755
Richard Pinion, NC, Granville County, No Township Listed, 1755
John Pinnell, NC, Bute County,, 1771
Richard Pinnell, NC, Bute County,, 1771
Thomas Pinnell, NC, Bute County,, 1771
John Pinnell, NC, Bute County, Early Tax List, 1773
Richard Pinnell, NC, Bute County, Early Tax List, 1773
Thomas Pinnell, NC, Bute County, Early Tax List, 1773
Another possible origin could be the Abell Pinnell who was among the Swiss Protestant’s that settled Purrysburg SC. The Pinion/Pinnell name could have German origins. The “Black Dutch” comment that Joe Lineberger’s grandfather made could refer to one of eight different groups of people including German and part Native American. I have both in my ancestry and would not be surprised to find this line of German descent.
1738 Abell Pinnell arrived South Carolina [Gale Research. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006. Original data: Filby, P. William, ed.. Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s. Farmington Hills, MI, USA: Gale Research, 2006.]
1743 Abell Pinnell, resident of Purrysburgh, South Carolina colony [Jackson, Ron V., Accelerated Indexing Systems, comp.. South Carolina Census, 1790-1890 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999. Original data: Compiled and digitized by Mr. Jackson and AIS from microfilmed schedules of the U.S. Federal Decennial Census, territorial/state censuses, and/or census substitutes.]
“Next to the founding of the town of Beaufort in 1711, the most significant single event in the settling of the Beaufort District was the establishment of Purrysburg on the Savannah River in 1734. Not only was Purrysburg the largest immigration of Europeans directly to the Beaufort District, but it was also the origin of most of the French- and German-speaking families in the southeastern corner of South Carolina…Approximately two-thirds of the Purrysburg settlers were French speaking and one-fourth were German speaking…Over the next decade, many of the settlers sought better lives in Georgia, where the new town of Savannah (1733) and the Salzberger settlement at Ebenezer (1736) had recently been established. ” [Copyright ©1996, The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina, Rowland, Moore, and Rogers, USC Press 1996.]
Most online posting list Peter as the s/o William & Sarah (Bagley) Pennell of Culpepper Co. Virginia. One 1749 will record I found for a William Pannill listed wife Sarah, sons Samuel, William, David, John, Joseph and daughter Frances. Researchers list his wife’s name as Sarah Bailey. Regardless he died before Peter was born in 1755. Apparently, there was another William & Sarah in Culpepper and this William died 1784 on the Catawba River in York District, South Carolina. Need source for this William.
Born: 1700 Middlesex, [county], Virginia, USA
Died: 1774 Catawba River, [county], South Carolina, USA
Born: 1723 in Urbana, Middlesex, Virginia, USA
Katherine Pinnell F 1730 in Culpeper, [county], Virginia, USA
William Pannill M 20 Oct 1738 in [city], Orange, Virginia, USA
George Pinnell M 1743 in Culpeper, [county], Virginia, USA
Elizabeth Pinnell F 1745 in Culpeper, [county], Virginia, USA
Frances Pinnell F 1749 in Culpeper, [county], Virginia, USA
Mary Pinnell F 1753 in Culpeper, [county], Virginia, USA
Peter Pinnell M 20 May 1755 in Catawba, York, South Carolina, USA
Forum & Query Postings…
"Your Pinion posting intrigued me as my Grandfather Pinnell said that his Pinnell family once spelled their name as Pinion and that they were "Black Dutch". This can mean that Native American blood can be found in their background. His great-grandfather was Jonathan Pinion/Pinnell who is found in Union County, SC as early as 1784 and later on in Spartanburg Co. and finally on to Jackson County, GA, which his land was later cut into Hall County, GA. This Pinion/Pinnell family also included Peter and Lewis Pinion/Pinnell. Peter left SC about 1804 and moved to KY and then on to MO. I do not know what happened to Lewis. This family lived near the Blackstocks in SC who were known to be Indian traders before the Rev. War. This Blackstock family moved along with Jonathan Pinion/Pinnell to Hall County, GA. There is a group of Pinion/Pinnells that lived in one of the old counties cut out of Craven County, NC that were reported to be Indian traders. I believe that these two families were connected but have not found the proof yet." [Joe Lineberger, March 1, 1999, Pinion Forum]
"Jonathan and Jemima Pinion aka Pinnell are found in 1784 in Union County, SC. He had a brother named Lewis. Another brother is believed to be Peter Pinion/Pinnell who went to KY and then on to MO. Jemima Pinion/Pinnell was deceased in SC by 1800. Jonathan Pinion/Pinnell then married Rebecca who is believed to be a Jarrard. After marriage they move to Jackson County, GA close to Holly Springs. Their farm was cut into Hall County, GA when it was formed. Jonathan was deceased by 1830 when Rebecca Pinnell and James Jarrard were named Adm's. The estate was never settled as they were found in contempt for failing to produce evidence of settling the estate. Would like to correspond with any about this family." [Joe Lineberger, Nov 2, 1999, Pinion Forum]
“Am interested in corresponding with others that have knowledge of Jonathan Pinion/Pinnell, Peter Pinnell, and Lewis Pinion/Pinnell first found in Union County, SC in 1783. Jonathan was married twice (1) Jemima, surname unknown (2) Rebecca Jarrard. He was later found in Spartanburg and Greenville Counties in SC. After 1810, he moved to Jackson now Hall County, Georgia where he died intestate after 1830. Peter Pinnell married Nancy Yarbrough, daughter of Ambrose Yarbrough of Union County, SC. Peter left SC ca 1804 and moved to Kentucky and then to Crawford County, Missouri. Am not certain what happened to Lewis. I do know that his wife's name was Rebecka, her surname unknown. I think that he may have gone to Kentucky and then to Missouri with his brother, Peter. Peter and Lewis Pinion/Pinnell were documented Rev. War Soldiers. Jonathan was suspected to be one as he stated that he was in the 1827 Land Lottery of Georgia. There was a John Pinnell who served in the combined NC/SC Second Regiment in the SC records. I would like to know who the parents of these three men were. My grandfather Pinnell knew that the name was originally Pinion and he stated that the Pinions were of "Black Dutch" ancestry. I have substantiated that the names Pinion and Pinnell were used interchangeably by Jonathan and Lewis Pinion/Pinnell in the same legal document in South Carolina records. An unverified source states that Peter Pinnell was a son of William Pinnell and Sara BAGLY. The Rev. Pension of Peter Pinnell states that he was born on the Catawba River. This William Pinnell is presumed to be the William Pannel who was living between the Broad and the Catawba Rivers 1778-79. How are Jonathan Pinion/Pinnell, Peter Pinnell, and Lewis Pinion/Pinnell related to John Pinnion/Pinnell who was living in Bute County, North Carolina in 1771 and then by 1790 was in Franklin County? How are they related to Reuben and his brother Benjamin Pinion alias Pennel who were in Rev. service in Surry County, North Carolina and later found in Anson and Wilkes County?” [Joe Lineberrger, firstname.lastname@example.org ]
“My ggg grandfather was Jonathan Pinnell, who first shows up in Union County, SC, about 1783, with his wife, Jemima (surname unknown). My research associates and I have done extensive digging into the family line, but have found no concrete evidence of Jonathan's ancestry. We DO, however, have a lot of really interesting data. For example, we know (because I have been to the appropriate county court houses, and seen the records, That Jonathan's home was adjacent to or closeby that of the Peter Pinnell referenced in your files, as well as that of a Lewis Pinnell. I have copies of several documents (property transfers, wills, marriages, etc) which include the names of both Peter and Jonathan. I know with absolute certainty that the family, including at least Jonathan and Peter, and some of Jonathan's sons, frequently used the surname PINNION, or PINION, between approximately 175-1850. We have no idea why this was so, but it was. One clue is that Peter, whose participation in the American Revolution has been well recorded, first served in the loyalist forces of King George, first under the name of Peter Pinnell, and, six months later, as Peter PINION. This is pretty well documented. We have never found anything firmly documenting the relationship between Peter and Jonathan, or attesting to the ancestry of Jonathan, despite their proximity during the South Carolina years. Incidentally, we aren't totally convinced that Peter was actually the son of the William Pinnell from Culpepper, VA, although many family trees state that this is the case.” [Donald M. Pinnell email@example.com]
Peter PINNELL, who was also known as Peter PENYON, is found as such in the 1790 census for Spartanburgh County, SC. His parentage is unclear, to say the least. Royall E. PINNELL, in his "History of the PINNELL-ROYALL Families," states that Peter was the son of William PINNELL (or PANNELL) and Sarah Bagley, who migrated down from VA and NC. I have been unable to substantiate this after years of trying. My ggg grandfather was Jonathan PINNELL (or PINION, or PINNION), who we belive was Peter's brother. I have copies of many documents from SC showing a close family relationship, but, again, nothing definitive. Nancy Yarbrough, Peter's wife, was actually Ann Yarbrough, daughter of Ambrose Yarbrough, from, as I recall, Union County, SC. I have a copy of his will, in which he references both Jonathan and Peter, and, in fact, naming Peter as his executor. I'd be glad to share any information I have which may be helpful, and would like to stay in touch. [Pinnell Forum, 2004, Donald Pinnell]
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