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Henry P. Pinkham - Mexican War soldier from Dover, NH
Posted by: Joy Shivar (ID *****1364) Date: April 09, 2005 at 10:08:18
  of 747

I am a document trader and collector and am in possession of an original authentic muster roll of Captain Theodore F. Rowe, company B of the Ninth Regiment of Infantry, U.S. commanded by Colonel Truman B. Ransom. The dates of the muster roll/pay document are from April 30, 1847 to 8, 31, 1847. There are more than 70 privates and officers listed on the roll with information as to when and where they enlisted and other notes.

One of the soldiers is Henry P. Pinkham, a private who enlisted 4/21/1847 at Dover, New Hampshire.

Other notes on the muster roll indicate that the company is at a "Garrison near Mexico" and other notes read as follows:

"The books and papers belonging to the Company were retained by Capt. Theodore F. Rowe at Pueblo August 9, 1847. Lance Sergeant George McGregor is reckoned in the Recapitulation with the privates. Stoppages are not complete on account of the detention of Books and papers by the Captain."

Discipline, instruction, military appearance & accoutrements were rated as good. Arms and Clothing were rated as bad.

Additional research reveals that the Ninth United States Infantry Regiment is one of the oldest active units in the army. The original authority permitting organization was an act of 16 July 1798 when the creation of twelve new regiments was authorized by congress. Tension had arisen between the United States and France and the creation of these additional units was deemed essential to the safety and preservation of the union.

The regiment itself came into physical existence in January 1799, in Maryland, and was composed primarily of Maryland volunteers. The Regiment's first commander is recorded as having been Lieutenant colonel Josiah Carvile Hall. In early June 1800, the Ninth Infantry was disbanded.

The Fighting Ninth was called upon to engage in the War of 1812 and was organized for the second time in March 1812, under the command of Colonel Simon Learned. The main body of the Regiment was composed of New England volunteers. In December of that year it joined the Army of the North at Burlington, Vermont and participated in engagements in York, Fort George, Sacketts Harbor, Chrystler's Field, Fort Erie and the Chippewa River. upon termination of the hostilities, all units of the army with the numerical designation of nine and above were disbanded. The Ninth Infantry was disbanded on 13 March, 1815.

By April 1847, the Mexican War had stretched existing forces to the breaking point. At that time, 32 years after it had disbanded, the Ninth Infantry began its third organization. Volunteers from Rhode Island and Massachusetts formed the nucleus of the unit. Upon arrival in Mexico, having been immediately dispatched to the center of the conflict, the Ninth was active in the battles of Padiema, Churubusco, the Valley of Mexico and the bloody battle of Chapultepec. During the battle of Chapultepec, the Regimental Commander, Colonel Truman Ransom, was killed while leading an assault upon the Citadel. During the short time remaining before the end of the war, the Regiment marched to the outskirts of Mexico city. The Ninth Infantry was disbanded for the last time in 1848.

Below is a complete list of all of the names on the muster roll, rank and enlistment place(if noted):

Theodore F. Rowe, Captain
Charles J. Sprague, Captain
Levi Woodhouse, Captain
Charles Simmons, Captain
Henry B. Stone, 1st Lieutenant, Danbury Ct.
Charles A. Moore, Jr., 2nd Lieutenant, Gardner, Maine
Richard G. Freeman, 3rd Lieutenant, Boston, Mass.
George McGregor, Private, Providence, RI
Daniel R.P. Gilbert, Private, Hartford, CT.
Wm. A. McKinney, Private, Boston, MA
Wm. B. Clapp, Private
Silas Hunt, Musician, Augusta, ME
John G. Bone, Private, Portsmouth, NH
Frances Bryant, Private, Manchester, NH
George M. Bliss, Private, Hartfort, CT
John Cotton, Private, Dover, NH
Samuel W. Carrier, Private, New Haven, CT
Andrew Cassidy, Private, Waterbury, CT
Henry T.? Carswell, Private, Concord, NH
Leonard Crooker, Private, Augusta, MD
Alonso Crosby, Private, Saco, MD
william Crosier, Private, Eastport, ME
Luther Crutiss, Private, Bangor, MD
James Davis, Private, Concord, NH
William Farrer, Private, Boston, MA
Terrance Flannagan, Private, Boston, MA
John Fagan, Private, Manchester, NH
Charles Fox, Private, Concord, NH
James Gilchrist, Private, Boston, MA
Frederick Greeley, Private, New Haven, CT
Joseph B.? Hale, Private, New Haven, CT
Charles A. Hitchcock, Private, New Haven, CT
William P. Howell, Private, Hartford, CT
John Harris, Private, Hartford, CT.
Royal Hunt, Private, Augusta, ME
David Hogan, Private, Boston A
John W. Johnson, Private, Eastport, ME
Nathaniel Johnson, Private, Newprot, RI
William Layton, Private, Eastport, ME
James H. Lawrence, Private, Concord, NH
Joshua N. Marshall Private, Lancaster, NH
Carlton Morrill, Jr., Private, Boston, MA
Hiram Olmstead, Private, Danbury, CT
Henry P. Pinkham, Private, Dover, NH
James Price, Private, Concord, NH
Wm. H. Pratt, Private, Hartford, CT.
Luther A. Pratt, Private, Hartford, CT.
Wolcott P. Pratt, Private, Hartford, CT
Thomas M. Perkins, Private, Hartford, CT
George W. Pearl, Private, Portland, ME
Sumner Putnam, Private, Newport, RI
Harrison D. Pressy, Privagte, Saco, ME
Owen Perry, Private, Bangor, ME
Alonso Rankins, Private, Augusta, ME
Sylvester Ray, Private, Augusta, ME
John N. Shaw, Private, Manchester, NH
Lewis D. Sanborn, Private, Boston, MA
Charles H. Smith, Private, Sanbury, CT
Samuel P. Toles, Private, Dover, NH
Henry Thormer, Private, Boston, MA
Daniel O. Townsend, Private, Boston, MA
Jessie Traver, Private, Boston, MA
Wm. A. Thurston, Private, Boston, MA
Emery Whiting, Private, Gardner, ME
James P. Weeks, Private, Goodwin, ME
Charles Walker, Private, Boston, Ma
Samuel W. Woodbury, Private, Boston, MA
Owen Wood, Private, Boston, MA
William McMurphy, 4th Sargeant, Concord, NH
James Aikins, Private, New Haven, CT
Henry A. Hackett, Private
Andrew Dunlap, Private, Augusta, ME
Henry Marston, Private, Augusta, ME
Merrier Savage, Private, Bangor, ME
Dennison Stanley, Private, Haverhill, NH

I am glad to offer pictures of this document. I would appreciate any additional information about any of these soldiers that can be obtained. Please e-mail me directly at

Joy Shivar
JustaJoy Historical Treasures
Cornelius, NC

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