In addition to the murder of Henry Pole, brother of Cardinal Pole, Henry VIII also executed his mother, Margaret (Plantagenet) Pole when she was nearly 70 years of age. Several other close relatives and associates were also executed.
And then there was the other brother of Cardinal Pole, Sir Geoffrey Pole, who married Constance Pakenham. It is clear from the above information that any further descent by bearers of the Pole name had to be through Geoffrey. First, let us deal with the fate of Geoffrey himself; then we will deal with his descendants.
Geoffrey was arrested and put in the Tower in August 1538. He was held for a long time during which "evidence" was extracted from him under torture against others of his family and friends. Eventually he was pardoned in 1549 or 1540 and survived. Nevertheless, members of his family continued to suffer under Tudor and Stuart monarchs who succeeded King Henry VIII - to the point where information about them slowly dissipated.
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Now let us examine that further descent from Sir Geoffrey Pole, the only possible forefathers of those Poles in America claiming descent from Margaret (Plantagenet) Pole.
Geoffrey and Constance (Pakenham) Pole had six daughters. Information about their descendants varies, but of course none of those descendants carried the Pole name forward. The variation of information is curious, though, because these people were descendants of the Plantagenet kings. Without that persecution, much more information would undoubtedly have been maintained. The daughters were as follows:
Catherine Pole, who died young.
A second Catherine Pole, who married Sir Anthony Fortescue. Information is known about their descendants for only two generations - then nothing.
Elizabeth Pole, who married William Neville. Nothing is known of their descendants.
Mary Pole, who married William Cufford. Information is known about their descendants for only three generations - then nothing.
Margaret Pole, who married Walter Windsor. Information is known about their descendants for only two generations.
Ann Pole, who married a man with the surname of Hildersham. Nothing is known of their descendants.
I will post this - and then continue with information on the sons of Sir Geoffrey Pole in the next episode.
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