This is a rather involved posting, designed for the serious Province researchers and/or descendants of these families...I will gladly respond to direct emails, but ask that follow-ups also be posted to this forum so that we may all enjoy a new thread and any new info on these lines...thanks.
BARNARD^1 & PROVENCE
PROLOGUE: These are partial lines, and are presented to stimulate critical analysis of these possible relationships. I have gleaned much information from fellow researchers, augmented with analysis of census records, my personal records pertaining to my ancestors Thomas Provence/Mary Stokes, and a lot of “gut” feeling based on 20 years of researching experience.
(Proven by Documentary or Circumstantial Evidence)
1793...Thomas Province was born in NC (1850 Madison Co Al and 1860 Titus Co TX census)
1810 July 19^2...included on a document entitled “Taxable Property in Madison County Mississippi Territory”:
NOTE: these Tax Lists included land owners and other males over 16, as the lists were also used to form and muster militia companies
1811...included on a document entitled “1811 Tax List Madison County Mississippi Territory”:
1812...included on a document entitled “1812 Tax List Madison County Mississippi Territory”:
Brazillah Barnett 160 acres
John Province 160 acres
Thomas Province ---
1812...Thomas Province and John Provence are listed as Privates in the 7th Regiment (Perkins’ Battalion) of Mississippi Militia. (Extracted from Rolls of Mississippi Commands in the War of 1812). NOTE: These men were from what was soon to become Madison Co Alabama. NOTE: At age ~42, it is doubtful that the Private John Province with Thomas (age ~19) was his father, but rather a younger brother who was probably 14-15 years old...if you could shoulder a rifle one’s age didn’t matter.
1814 January 29.... Thomas Province married Mary Stokes in Madison Co Al (Madison Co Al Marriage Licenses, Vol 1, pg 127). Mary was born ca 1794 in Ga, and died by 1863 prob. Titus Co TX (see 1860 Titus census). NOTE: Mary was a “full-blooded” Cherokee Indian (per family history hand-written ca 1910 by Mary S Bryan. Mary was a dau of Thursy Bell Barnett who md Isaac Asbury Bryant 3 Nov 1883 Blount Co AL (see family tree below).
Children of Thomas and Mary Stokes Province:
1. Sebourn Province b 5 Dec 1814 Madison Co Al md Mary Mrnard 8 Jan 1838 in Madison Co. Mary was b 25 Mar 1814(names and dates per bible of their dau Theresa Jane Provence Jenkins)
2. Susannah Love b 30 June 1822 Maysville Madison Co Al d 1908 md Brasilla Barnett 17 Nov 1845 Madison Co Al – one of their children was Thursy b 1862
NOTE: Thursy’s dau Mary Bryan, in her 1910 family history,lists her grandmother’s full maiden name as “Susannah Love Provence”
3. Margaret b 29 Mar 1826 Madison Co Al. md William M. Hamilton (per Madison Co Al Marriage Licenses, Vol. A-4, pg 380 “William Hambleton” and “Margaret Provence” license issued 28 November 1850). Margaret d 25 July 1919 in Bell Co TX and was the ancestor of this compiler.
4. James A. b 1830 Illinois (POB Illinois on both 1850 Madison and 1860 Titus census)
5. Madison b 1832 Al (no records of him found after 1850 census)
6. Thomas M. b 18 August 1833 Al d 18 December 1895 Wise Co TX
7. Frazier V. b 1839 Al d 12 March 1887 Wise Co TX
NOTE: Thomas (57), Mary (56), Margaret (24), James (20), Thomas (17), Madison (15),and Frazier (11) are listed in Madison Co Al Division 34 census on 14 Nov 1850
1815 December 26...”Barzalia Barnard”, assignee of Henry Landers, is granted Madison Co Al land in Section 1, Township 2, Range 1W by the Huntsville Land Office. NOTE: Obviously this is the same individual being recorded as “Barnard” on this land record and “Barnett” on the earlier Tax Lists.
1816 January 4...John Province, assignee of David Maxwell, is granted Madison Co Al land in Section 21, Township 3, Range 2E by the Huntsville Land Office. NOTE: These land records show that John Province and his brother-in-law Brazillai Barnard were receiving grants within a few days of each other.
NOTE: Their appearance in Alabama at the same time suggests that they, and Brazillai’s elderly parents Timothy/Love, came together to this area. It also suggests they had all lived in proximity to one another before moving as a family group to Miss Territory/Alabama.
1811-1819... John Province listed as a Juror on pages 121 and 227 of Madison County Alabama Minute Book 1811-1819.
NOTE: Some researchers claim that Thomas Province who married Mary was a son of William and Rachael Cooper Province. However, the extant records of Madison Co MT/Alabama for years 1810 through 1819 refer only to one land owner named Province living in this area – John. Since Thomas is documented in Madison Co by January 1814 when he marries Mary, and a John Province is the only other male Province in Madison Co, this strongly suggests that John Province (who married Love Barnard) was Thomas’ father. More supportive circumstantial evidence of this is the fact that Thomas’ daughter was named Love.
1830...Thomas Province is listed in Franklin Co Illinois census (1M <5, 1M 5-10, 1M 15-20; 1M 30-40; 1F <5, 2F 5-10, 1F 30-40). NOTES: 1) Black Hawk War: Thomas Province listed as 1st Corporal in “Capt. William J Stephenson’s Company of Franklin Co, Illinois mounted volunteers, called into the service of the United States by the Governor of the state of Illinois, by his order of the 15th day of May 1832, from its enrollment to the 7th day of August 1832, when mustered out of the service (at Dixon Ferry). Enrolled for 90 days”. Records show that when Thomas was mustered out, he owed $6.50 to the camp sutler for merchandise bought while in service. 2) Sebourn b 1814 was the male age 15-20 in Thomas’ household.
Some of the following statements lack proof and documentation, and in some cases we may never find that “smoking gun” to unequivocally prove the relationship. However sufficient data does exist to make some informed judgments. I encourage all Province/Provence descendants or researchers to share opinion or documentation that will help prove or refute any of these entries (conjecture italicized).
1. Timothy Barnard^3 was born ca 1738 in Nantucket; he married Love Swain 8 Feb 1759; Love Swain was born 16 October 1739. Per Nantucket, MA manuscript records, their children were Barzillai (b 1764), Job, Gilbert, Uriah (b August 1761), George and Love (b ca 1774). Family traditions state that all children but Job, who remained in NC, removed to Alabama by the early 1800s. A William Barnard, one of Timothy’s grandsons, also wrote that “my grandfather Barnard, not many years before his death, moved to Alabama, and died there...My grandmother lived many years after his death...she was over 100 years”.
2. Love Barnard, daughter of Timothy, was born ca 1774 and married John Provence ca 1793 in Tennessee. She died in Cherokee Co TX^4. John Provence was born ca 1770 and died before 1850 in Alabama.
NOTE: The 1830 Madison Co Alabama census listed John Provence household #11 as 1M 60-70, 1M 90-100; 1F 15-20, 1F 50-60, 1F 80-90...I believe this to be John (age 60) and Love Barnard Provence (age 56), and her parents Timothy
(~ age 92) and Love Swain Barnard (~age 90). The 15-20 year old female is possibly a relative or a house servant, and there was one male slave age 10-24.
3. Thomas Provence^5, son of John Province, was born 1793 in N. Carolina^6. Thomas married Mary Stokes 29 Jan 1814 in Madison Co AL. In 1830 the Franklin Co Ill census listed Thomas’ household as 1M <5 (James A),1M 5-10 (name unk), 1M 15-20 (Sebourn); 1F <5 (Margaret), 2F 5-10 (Susannah Love, and name unk), 1F 30-40 (Mary).
NOTE: Thomas was listed as a 1st Corporal in May-August 1832 in Capt. Wm. J Stephenson’s Franklin Co Mounted Volunteers during the Black Hawk War.
3. Sarah “Sally” Provence, dau of John Province, born ca 1794. She married Thomas V Province 17 September 1820 in Madison Co AL. Many researchers think she was the daughter of William and Rachael Cooper Province. I believe she was a dau of John and Love Province, and that Thomas V. was a son of William and Rachael. In 1840, this Thomas V. and Sarah had a female age 60-70 living in their household – and she wasn’t with them in 1830. I believe this older female was Love Barnard Province wife of John who had died between 1830 and 1840. Love’s father and mother Timothy and Love Swain Barnard (who were living in the John Province household in 1830) had also died before 1840. If Love had moved in with Thomas V and Sarah, it would help prove Sarah to be her daughter. Thomas V wouldn’t have
been Love’s son, for Thomas who married Mary Stokes is documented in Madison Co with Love and John Province in 1814. NOTE: In 1830 Thomas V Province lived next to Daniel S Province (families’ #19 and #20 page 117 of the Madison Co AL census). In 1830 Campbell Co Tn James H Province, age 20-30, lived near Sampson Province. By 1840 this James H Province, 30-40, had moved between Thomas V and Daniel S
Province and all are enumerated as families #19, #22, and #24 on page 131 of the Madison Co Al. Since James H was a known son of William and Rachel Province, and he settled next to Thomas V when he moved to Madison Co, this is suggestive of a sibling relationship.
3. John Province^7, son of John Province, was born ca 1796-7. Enumerated in the 1830 Franklin Co Illinois census with 1M 15-20, 1M 30-40; 1F <5, 3F 5-10, 1F 20-30. This may be the John Province who married Ann Layman on 3 Sep 1819 in Madison Co Al, but at this time I have no basis to assert this.
3. Anna Province, dau of John Province, was born ca 1801 in Tennessee (per 1860 Tishomingo Co Miss Census). She married William Millican on 27 November 1817 in Madison Co Al. Anna Province Millican’s son John P Millican, b 1821, married Matilda Tipton in 1840, and they are living next neighbor to Barnett/Barnard Province in the 1840 Madison Co Al census (page 150, families #17 and #18). Anna and William are also listed on the same page 150, family #31, living nearby. NOTE: “Barnard Province”(53)and Elizabeth (55) and their family, John P Millican (38) and Matilda
(38) and family, and “William Milican” (64) and Ann (59) and their family are all living in Tishomingo Co Miss on the 1860 census. That Anna’s and Barnard’s families move together to Mississippi substantiates beyond reasonable doubt that they were siblings.
3. Barnard Province^8, son of John Province, was born in 1807 in Tennessee and married Elizabeth ?; In 1830 Barnett, Elizabeth and two daughters, one under age 5 and the other age 5-10, are listed as living next door to John Provence in household #12 on the 1830 Madison census. (see below note).
?. Albert Province^9. It is possible that Albert, born ca 1812-13 in Alabama,was a son of John and Love Province. He seems to be the male age 15-20 in the John Province household in 1830 Franklin Co Illinois, as an Albert Province was listed as a Private in May-August 1832 in Capt Obadiah West’s Franklin Co Mounted Volunteers during the Black Hawk War. If he were a younger brother of Thomas and John of Franklin Ill, his appearance in John’s household is understandable. But if he were a son of John of Franklin Co, his age 15-20 in 1830 indicates he couldn’t be a product of John Province marriage to Ann Layman in 1819 - meaning that if this was John and Ann in 1830 Franklin, John fathered Albert from a previous marriage.
2. Barzillai Barnard, son of Timothy, is listed living near Thomas Province on the 1830 Franklin Co Illinois census with 3M <5, 1M 5-10, 1M 10-15, 1M 60-70; 1F 5-10, 1F
20-30. A Barzilla/Brazilla Barnard/Barnett (born 6 Oct 1824 in Alabama) married Thomas and Mary Stokes’ daughter Susannah Love Province on 17 Nov 1845 in Madison Co Al. I believe it is likely that this younger Barzilla was a descendant of Barzillai Sr. and Timothy Barnard Sr. The younger Barzilla did seem to have a tie to Illinois, as
he and wife Susannah moved from Alabama through Texas on to Brown Co Illinois in 1862. I also believe it possible that Mary Barnard (born 25 March 1814 in Tennessee)who married Thomas and Mary Stokes’ son Sebourn^10 in 1838 in Madison Co AL, was of this Barzillai’s line.
NOTE to Provence researchers...another near neighbor of Barzillai and Thomas Province in 1830 Franklin Co Ill was Michael Rawlings (60-70) with 1M 10-15 and 1M 15-20 and several females. A Michael Rawlings was listed as a 2nd
Corporal, and Ezekiel Rawlings was listed as a Private, in the same unit that Thomas Province served in 1832 Franklin Co. An earlier Thomas Province^11,whose will was probated in 1773 in Frederick Co Va., left to a daughter Hannah
Province who married David Rankin. Hannah’s daughter Mary Rankin married a Nathan Rawlings. Nathan^12 and Asahel Rawlings^13 were in Greene Co TN by 1785.
2. Uriah Barnard, son of Timothy, is listed on the 1830 Wayne Co Indiana census with 1M <5, 1M 5-10, 1M 20-30, 1M 60-70; 1F 30-40, 1F 60-70. Uriah had married Elizabeth Macy 21 February 1782 in Center, Guilford Co NC and a Uriah Bernard” was later listed on the 1810 Surry Co NC census. He died in Wayne Co in 1844. Uriah’s next neighbor in Wayne Co in 1830 was Elihu Swain – who was the son of Nathaniel Swain (see footnote #2 below) and was related to Uriah’s mother Love Swain Barnard. The Elihu Swain household contained 1M 20-30, 1M 70-80, and 1F 60-70. NOTE: Wayne Co Indiana by 1830 had attracted a very large population of
ADDENDUM: William Province (born ca 1772 in PA) who married Rachel Cooper in Jefferson Co Tn was probably a brother to John Province who married Love Barnard. Members of both families lived in close proximity during the years 1830-1870 in Madison and Jackson Counties.
I believe the following were children of William and Rachel:
1. Thomas V Province b ca 1795 who married Sarah Province, John’s daughter
2. Elizabeth Province who married John M Kerr (Carr) on 14 May 1818 in Madison Co and who named one of their daughters Rachel (another one of John & Elizabeth’s daughters Sarah Jane Kerr/Carr married Albert Province 16 Feb 1853 in Jackson Co Al. Albert was possibly the son of John and Love, or the John Province of 1830 Franklin Co Illinois
3. James H Province who married Tempy Taylor 1827 in Madison Co Al, returned to Campbell Co Tn for the 1830 census, then moved back to Madison Co and dwelled between Thomas V and Daniel S on the 1840 census...he named a daughter Rachel
4. Daniel S Province who married Sarah Cast 19 May 1826 in Madison Co Al
5. Rachel Province who was born ca 1813 and did not marry
6. Sampson Province (age 30-40) on the 1830 Campbell Co Tn census next to James H
For many reasons referenced above I believe that Thomas who married Mary was the son of John and Love. Additional circumstantial proof for this involves naming patterns. The name John is found repeatedly in Thomas’ descendants’ lines, but William in only a few instances; and as previously stated the name Susannah Love given to one of Thomas’ daughters is significant. Also the names Rachael and Sampson are not found in Thomas’ line, but are found extensively in William and Rachael Cooper Province’s line.
I feel that William (md Rachel) and John (md Love) Provence are descended from the Province families found in late 1700s in the Greene/Hawkins/Jefferson county area of eastern Tennessee. In 1799 in Hawkins County Tennessee, a petition was signed by citizens that lived on the North West side of Clinch Mountain. Among the names were Thomas Provence Sr, Thomas Provence Jr, John Provence, John Provence, and William Provence^14. A significant name also found on this petition was ”Barsilev Banet^15”. The progenitor of all these Provence men seems to be a Thomas Provence who was born ca 1750 in Washington Co Pa, the same county where the aforementioned Rankin and Rawlings families lived ca 1775-1785 and whose descendants also moved to Greene Co TN area by 1785. Likewise, this area of east Tennessee is in the proximity of Guilford Co NC, where the Swain and Barnard families from Nantucket moved ca 1775 before heading further west.
I feel it is possible that some of Barzillai’s children either stayed or moved back to the Madison/Jackson/Marshall county Alabama area by the 1820s^16. This is based partly on the fact that Thomas Provence and Mary Stokes, who were married in Madison Co Al and remained there until at least 1826 per POB of their children, moved to Illinois by census-time of 1830 and remained in Illinois until after the Black Hawk War of 1832, then moved back to Madison Co Al and stayed until ca 1859. Albert Province, born 1813 in Alabama, who was in his father John’s household in 1830 Franklin Co Ill, remained in Illinois several years with a first family, and then also returned to the Madison/Jackson Alabama area, married again in 1853, and remained.
^1 The names Barnard and Barnett were used interchangeably in this family. They may have pronounced their name as “Barnart” or some phonetic variance of Barnard that sometimes sounded like Barnett, and hence the dual usage/spelling through the years.
^2 The 31 Jan 1809 Madison Co Miss Territory census did not list any Province/Provence family. Since most early pioneers moved in early fall so that the new homestead could be cleared and fenced for planting of spring crops, it is likely that the Province and Barnard families arrived in Madison Co in Oct-Nov 1809, and were included in the census count the following July.
^3 “In 1780 two thirds of the inhabitants of Nantucket were Quakers...among their leaders the Coffins, Starbucks, Folgers, Barnards...Some of these became leaders in the Carolina migration, which became particularly large 1771-1775...We find among these immigrants...Francis and Timothy Barnard...Nathaniel Swain” (Our Quaker Friends of Ye Olden Time, by J P Pleasant Bell).
^4 She is listed in the Texas Mortality Schedule of 1850, but with whom would she have travelled to Texas?
^5 Thomas Province was listed as Private in the 7th Regiment (Perkins Battalion) of Mississippi Militia, War of 1812. This unit was formed from what would become Madison Co AL.
^6 The Northeastern part of Tennessee was variously known as the Territory South of the River Ohio, the Western Territory or the Southwestern Territory of North Carolina, and the State of Franklin, before Tennessee attained statehood in 1796.
^7 John Province was listed as Private in the 7th Regiment (Perkins Battalion) of Mississippi Militia, War of 1812. This unit was formed from what would become Madison Co AL.
^8 Although listed as “Barnett Province” on the 1830 Madison census, a land certificate issued by the Huntsville Land Office for 163.84 acres on 15 March 1831 records his name as “Barnard Provence” (see Bureau of Land Mgmt site and search Alabama records).
^9 Albert Province is found on the Jackson Co Ill census of 1840, 1M 20-30, 1M <5, 1F 15-20, 1F 20-30.
^10 Sebourn and Mary named a son Reuben, and the name Reuben is found extensively in the Swain family line.
^11 This Thomas also left to a grandson John Cooper...could he possibly be kin to Rachael Cooper?
^12 Indenture 10 August 1796 Daniel Henderson of “Jefferson Co Tn” of the one part and John Coffman Greene Co Tn...of the other...WIT: Nathan Rawlings. (Greene Co Tn Deed Book 1, pg 461).
^13 Asahel of Greene/Washington TN had sons named Ezekiel and Michael
^14 I know of no documentary proof, but Thomas Sr b ca 1750 is posited to be the son of John William Province and first wife Elizabeth Thompson. By most accounts Thomas Sr of Hawkins Co was deceased by ca 1801. Thomas Jr md Rhoda Greene, remained in Hawkins Co (see 1811 Hawkins Tax List) and died in Claiborne Co Tn in 1845. It appears that one of the John Province petitioners, and petitioner William Province, moved from the east Tennessee area by 1810, which coincides with the arrival of John Province in Madison Co Al by 1810.
^15 It is proven by Madison Co AL records that Timothy Barnard’s son Barzillai did move to Alabama by 1810 with his brother-in-law John Province. If indeed that was Barzillai Barnett/Barnard (of Alabama) who signed the 1799 petition in Hawkins Co Tn, that would indicate that one of the John Provence signers was brother-in-law John Province, father of Thomas of Alabama.
^16 Records show Timothy Barnard married Elizabeth Daniel 9 June 1820 in Madison Co Al. John W Barnard married Millie Fry and the 1850 Marshall Co Al census lists John W (37) and Millie – among their children a son Timothy and daughter Lovie. I believe these men were probably sons of Barzillai Barnard Sr. who left Madison Co for Illinois sometime in the 1820s.
Prepared by Richard L McCutchen Nov 2008
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