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Bastardy Bonds of Elizabeth Lawson - Stokes Co. NC & Hawkins TN
Posted by: John Young (ID *****4869) Date: November 02, 2011 at 10:48:00
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John Riggs & Cynthia Lawson of Surry County, NC.....

A Documented Narrative......
Elizabeth Lawson was born circa 1780 and lived in Stokes County, North Carolina until 1821 when she moved to District #4,Hawkins County, Tennessee [15] [16]. District #4 became part of Hancock, Tennessee in 1841 as did part of neighboring Claiborne Co., Tennessee; where we find Elizabeth in the 1850 Hancock, TN Census.
Elizabeth Lawson’s parents are believed to be John “Goober Pea” Lawson and Sarah Bryant, and her siblings older brother Drewry Lawson (b.c. 1756) [5], sister Jerusha Hooker (b.c. 1761) and brothers John Lawson, and Moses Lawson [21] [11]. Her father John died in at the home of William & Jerusha Hooker on March 19, 1813 in Stokes County, North Carolina [2}. This family appears to have been a mixture of both European and perhaps “Saura” Native American. Drewry was said to be dark and was considered Native American [3]. His sister Jerusha married William Hooker, also said to be of Indian Blood [4]. Drewry served as a substitute for William Hooker in the Revolutionary War [5]. After the War, Drewry moved into Claiborne Co. TN(annex to Hancock 1841). It is said that Drewry (b.c. 1756-1847) had a half brother who was full blooded Cherokee, but not documented.

Documents reveal Elizabeth gave birth to four bastard children while living in Stokes County: Synthia born circa 1795, David born circa 1803, another child with David Hall born in 1818, and a daughter Arriney in 1820 fathered with Joseph Cloud Jr.. Bastardy bonds and court records are available from the Department of Cultural Resources in Raleigh, North Carolina [7].

Synthia (Cynthia) married John Riggs from Surry County, North Carolina on January 21, 1826 [8]. We believe she cared for her younger sister and brother David after 1821 when their mother Elizabeth and youngest sister Arriney relocated to Hawkins County, Tennessee [9].
In the U.S. Biographies Project, Martha Cross Sargent recounts Cynthia Lawson had two uncle Bryant’s that served in the Revolutionary War [10]. War records show Thomas [11] and John Bryant, both brothers of Sarah “Bryant” Lawson of Stokes Co., served in that war [11]. Synthia and John Riggs move to Hawkins, Tennessee, Dist.#13 where Synthia dies and John marries second wife Mary [12].

David, we believe was fathered by David Hooker in Stokes County about 1803. David Hooker (b.c. 1777)was the son of William Hooker and Jerusha Lawson [22]. The Y chromosome is passed down from father to son unchanged over many generations, therefore males from David’s specific line all share a common ancestor. David’s male YDNA lineage profile is an Exact genetic match to the Hooker Clan of North Carolina and Virginia (Haplogroup Q1a3*[13]. David marries Sarah Larrance about 1828, their children are William, Joseph, James, John, Phebe and Ann. Many of the Larrance clan appear in the 1850 Boone Co., VA Census [20].
1836 Hawkins County Tennessee - David is living in District #4 as shown on the 1836 Tax List[18]. Only white males over 21 paid this tax, female heads-of-households, like Elizabeth, were exempt and therefore did not appear on this Tax List. That same year David’s son James was born in Hawkins Co. TN [19]. To confirm that specific location in Hawkins County, we find living next to Elizabeth Lawson the family of James Levestry who paid his tax in District #4; we find James Levestry also in the 1840 Hawkins Co. Census - still living next to Elizabeth and her daughter and grand children. For this reason, we believe David and wife Sarah are living with his mother Elizabeth; their stay is short, David and Sarah move to Logan/Boone County, Virginia sometime around 1838 [20].

Third Bastard Child - No other record of Elizabeth’s third child with David Hall has been found [7]. A possible lead comes from Gayle Ellison from who states Cynthia had a sister Ursula who married Levi Barber, a son John born 22 Nov 1839 in Clinton County,Kentucky; age wise, this would make Ursula about 21, making her a good candidate. Census records show David Hall remained in Stokes Co., NC with his wife and children.

Arriney’s biological father Joseph Cloud Jr. was a son from a wealthy family; Joseph Cloud Sr. owned and operated a river ferry on the Clinch in Claiborne Co., TN with a number of slaves. Joseph Jr. was married to Jane Carpenter and lived in Stokes County until 1821 when he relocated his family to Claiborne, TN, where his father and Jane’s family lived. We believe Joseph’s move to Claiborne was the major reason for Elizabeth moving there with his child Arriney. Joseph Jr. dies in 1823 [14], however, Elizabeth’s older brother Drewry is living nearby and surely supports her [15]. Arriney has two sons fathered by Gibson, believed to be a Cherokee Indian; their sons William is born 1834 and Josiah in 1837 [16]. Their father Gibson disappears from the family before 1840; perhaps he was one of the Indians taken during the Cherokee removal during the year of 1838 [17].
(Reference numbers available upon request...

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