I suspect that my problems with Oscar Darter's book do not affect your particular line, since I am concerned specifically with the Pulaski Co., KY Tarters. But, here goes.
It is appears to me that Oscar Darter has misinterpreted the data which he presents in his own appendix by leaping to the conclusion that John Tarter Sr. of Pulaski Co., KY is the son of Jacob Darter, Jr. My difficulties with that conclusion follow:
The records clearly demonstrate the existance of two different John Tarters - one in Wythe Co., VA and one in Pulaski Co., KY.
1. A series of Wythe Co., VA birth and baptism records link Jacob Darter & a John Tarter between 1807 and 1818. The 1818 record is the birth of John's daughter Catherina, recorded in the parish book. But, John Tarter of Pulaski Co. is said to have arrived in there in 1788, and was definitely there by 1806 based on the land records.
2. There is a John Tarter listed in the 1810C in BOTH Pulaski Co., KY and Wythe Co., VA. These cannot be the same individual.
John Tarter's first child would have to have been born when John was himself was only two years old if Oscar Darter's theory is correct.
3. Jacob Darter is said to have married ca 1781. John Tarter of Pulaski, Co. is said to have arrived in KY in 1788 as an adult. But he would, at best, have been 7-years-old. In fact, the dates of birth of John Tarter's known children force his marriage date to no later than 1779.
The source of the confusion seems to be have been caused by having merged two Jacob Tarters - one who married someone named Catherine and the Pulaski Co. Jacob Tarter, who married 1. Martha "Polly" Weddle 2. Mariah Warner and 3. Mary Ann "Polly" Cooper. These ARE NOT the same individual. If your book is numbered the same as mine, look at page 54-55 and 207.
More believable to me is the prevailing theory that Balzer Darter is John Tarter's father. While there are no date-related problems with this theory there is one hitch. Balzer's names a number of his living children in his will, and John is not among them. The only excuse one can make for this is that the others still lived in Virginia, while John had moved to the wilds of Kentucky. Elmerlee Tarter Oakley, in her book "The Kentucky Tarters", suggests that there may have been a number of older sons, based on the repeated statement in Balzer's will "my three youngest sons".
It has been a long time since I worked on the Darter book and I'm a bit rusty. Let me know if any of this fails to make sense.
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