Washington County. Pennsylvania and
Virginia both recognized claims for farms up to 400 acres on these lands, and land was offered as a
reward for military service after the French and Native American War. Thousands of claims were filed.
The Buffalo Creek valley, similar to the rest of western Washington County, was devoid of
mountains. However, it was rugged, hilly, and uneven with deeply forested valleys and irregular uplands
that had the potential to be highly fertile and productive. Early settlers were faced with the challenge that
this wilderness presented, as well as the challenge facing the native peoples that had been pushed into the
area. The first records of settlers on Buffalo Creek were in 1770 and 1771. Mr. James Caldwell is
recorded as one of the earliest settlers.[ Most settlers were of English or Scotch-Irish decent,] with names
like McGurie, Carpenter, Williamson, Smith, Taylor, Wells, Carlson, and Doddridge. .
During the Revolutionary War (1775-1783), Washington County (known as part of Westmoreland
County until 1781), was one of the most exposed areas of frontier. The closest regular continental troops
were at Fort Pitt (Pittsburgh), Fort McIntosh (Beaver), Fort Henry (Wheeling, WV), or Holiday’s Cove
(present day Weirton, WV). The settlers were compelled to defend themselves from attacks by British-
allied Native Americans from across the Ohio River. Present day Washington County had approximately
40 frontier forts, making it one of the most heavily fortified counties in United States history. Most of
these consisted of a “blockhouse” or some kind of fortified house. Of these 40 forts, at least eight were
located in the Buffalo Creek watershed. These include Wolff, Stricker, Taylor, Williamson, Lamb, River,
Miller, and Doddridge forts. Teeter’s Fort in Independence Township and Reynold’s Fort in Cross Creek
Township were located near the watershed’s northern boundary.
Notify Administrator about this message?
|Home | Help | About Us | Site Index | Jobs | PRIVACY | Affiliate|
|© 2007 The Generations Network|