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Re: Teter Keter Jeter Genealogy Mix up Variants
Posted by: Ace Maupin (ID *****4165) Date: November 21, 2008 at 20:29:45
In Reply to: Re: Teter Family in Pendleton County WV by John Maestri of 985

In regards to Ireland there are 2 credibility problems and deciphering problems. The first problem is the credibility of Joseph Doddridge. He said Samuel Teater was engaged at Braddocks defeat. If thats the case he could of only been a Irish Concscipt or a Black Guard from Scotland. The person named Valintine Tettler from Ballangryne Limerick shows to have had a brother and another relative named George Tettler. Valintine came to America as a Brittish Soldier 1756. I note he has a record in the St Vincent Land Association Pa Militia also 1756. Also on that list is Conrad Micheal a militia commander in Rowan co Nc. 1760.. New research though, shows George Teater signed his pay over to Burr Harrison and was recruited by Thomas Bullit in Bealls Company. They were from Virginia which demonstrates George Teater was in their debt back in Virginia. Then George Teater was born in Virginia, the most probable son of George Jeter who came to Orange Co with James Pickett from Caroline Co. George Jeter also was known as George Teator. His brother lived in the old 96th SC William Jeter, also changed his name to William Teter. His sons military records all show they called themselves Tetor during the time spent as prisoners of the Brittish in Florida. This George Jeter was a 2nd generation Huguenot. There were 2 John Jeters that came on the 4th Huguenot ship from England, one from Orkney islands in Scotland ,the other from Wales. The one who settled on Mattapony Creek Caroline co was the father of George Jeter Teator of Frederick and Orange Co. It is strange coincedence that a George Teter and Paul Smeltzer were living in Ireland same village early 1750s then a George Teter and Paul Smeltzer end up together in a South Irish Colony called Crab Creek Augusta Virginia

This a excerpt from Sue Draper who has obtained to the microfilm on George Teater and Samuel Teater payroll records in the French Indian war.

posted on the teeter board. I have not gotten permission to digitize these photocopies, but from Maryland Archives MS 375, the accounts for the payment of soldiers from the French and Indian War, p. 28:

Geo. Teater authorized someone (name unclear) to collect his pay for service in the companies of Captain Alex. Beall 0cto. 9, 1757 to Dec. 30, 1758 and of Col. Dagworthy Dec. 31, 1758 to April 26, 1759. There were no debits listed against his pay, and the date of settlement is July 11, 1762.

Samuel Teater's account has credits for service in the companies of Captain Jos. Beall 0cto. 9, 1757 to Dec. 30, 1758 and of Col. Dagworthy Dec. 31, 1758 to April 26, 1759, and by Col. Dagworthy for work on Fort Cumberland. Debits: to Charges (unspecified), to Captain Joshua Beall (a salary advance?), and to hospital. The date of settlement is March 8, 1763. No intermediary was mentioned, so Samuel may have been in the area and collected the balance himself.. Sue Draper later identifies the person George Teater assigned is pay to as the 4th person on the list. Ensign Burr Harrison. History shows Burr Harrison was the Nephew of Thomas Bullit who was related to the Bealls. Thomas Bulliit secured a rank in Bealls co as Ensign for his nephew Burr Harrison. Thomas Bullit also received a bounty for recruiting ten men from VA and NC. George Teater assigned his pay to Burr Harrison whom would be acting on his uncles Behalf collecting George Teaters pay. Both Burr Harrison and Thomas Bullit were from Virginia. This means that either George Teater was a blood relative or he was in debt to more than likey Thomas Bullit since Burr Harrison was still a young man . Thomas Bullit does have a record of being in the Frederick Co court 1760, just shortly after George Teater left the MD forces and went into the Virginia Regiment.. There are no records of George Teater being blood or in law related to Thomas Bullit or the Harrisons. The most logical conclusion is he or his family were in debt to Thomas Bullit back in Virginia. Which would of made him a Virginian by birth. It shoud be noted he did sign in the same day as Capt Richard Pearis and about 7 or 8 men from Augusta frederick co Va. It should be realized that many of Daniel Boones family were living in Frederick Co the same time as George Jeter Teator the Frosts Morgans Bryants Griffiths. Perhaps George Jeter was married to one of those women unknown. On the other hand most of all Daniel Boones people and half of the Jersey Settlement used Frederick Co as launching pad into Bladen and Anson NC before Rowan Co was Created.

The evidence is that Burr Harrison was in Augusta Virginia 1754. That would mean George Teater ,NO 1 was a blood relative of burr harrison or Thomas Bullit. There seems to show no evidence or record of that. no 2 George Teater or his father was in debt prior to Burr Harrison or Thomas Bulit before George Teater and Burr Harrison joined Alexander Bealls Co. George Teater and his father would then be from the area also known to the Parris family.. JETER

The name Jeter is found in Suffolk, Co., Eng., records in 1561, 1577, 1612. The work "Jeter" is a French word meaning to throw. The Jeters were French Huguenots who took refuge in England and lived there many years before coming to America.

According to a memorandum left by William Oscar Jeter of Kentucky, John Jeter came from England in the early 1700's and settled near Port Royal, Caroline Co., Va. He was twice married and had eleven children by each marriage. His wives' names are not known. John Jeter's children:

1. George Jeter, moved to Orange, Co., Va.------------------------------ Also known as George Teter George Teator.
2. Henry Jeter, lived in Caroline Co., Va.
3. Thomas Jeter, moved to Amelia Co., Va., about 1760 and died there 1765
4. William Jeter, moved to SC and died there about 1797
5. Ambrose Jeter, moved to Amelia Co., Va.

Other children of John Jeter moved to Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky and NC.

Note very carefully there was a Dieter from Wuttenburg who lived in the Germanna Colony. This family is often coined the Teter Hinkle clan. at another area was George Jeter the son of John Jeter who dwelled on the Mattapony creek area of Caroline Co Va. His son George Jeter came to Orange Co with persons such as James Pickett Walter Vaughn. We are only concentrating on George Jeter who was also known as George Teter and George Teator. George Jeter patented 200 acres in Orange County on 10 Jan 1735/6 on the south side of the Robinson River and in the little Fork of the same, in a Poison Field (Virginia patent book 16, p. 475) This patent was adjacent to Roger Quarles and Michael Cooke This is the only land record for George Jeter. Two lawsuits, in 1740 and in 1743/44.

In the Orange County Will Book 1, p. 339, is a copy of the bond of Margaret Teater as administrix of the estae of George Teter, [Tater] dec'd. The bond is dated 20 Mar 1743/44 with George Utz and Michael Clore as sureties. She signed for herself as Maria Mariagreda Dieter. The valuation of the estate was 32 pounds and 10 shillings and included livestock, farming implements, guns, saddles and some books. The books and the signature of Margaret show that the family was educated above the average level. As proof of distinction of the two George Teeters, the [Opequon George Jeter] was in court in June of 1744 after Germanna George was deceased. These records decipher 2 different people one a German Immigrant. The other a native born Virginia 2nd generation ,George Jeter Teator

Note another record is that the Jeters were also stationed in Wales before coming to America. Early Jeter History

In a letter written to his nephew, Will, on January 11th, 1880, Thomas Horatio Jeter related bits of Jeter family history as told to him by his grandfather. Later, in a letter to his brother Mayo, Will Jeter recalled this history, " The origin of the name in America is traced to two brothers who came from Wales in the Colonial period, and settled on the James River near Richmond, Virginia. Our ... grandfather came from the descendants of the brother who remained in Virginia. The other brother removed from Virginia to South Carolina. I have met many of the name, at one place or another, but never talked or corresponded with anyone of them who could not trace the nativity of his ancestors to either Virginia or South Carolina." Records remaining from those times dispute only details of Thomas Horatio Jeter's account.

The Jeter name is found among those Huguenots that settled in the Mattapony River valley area of King William County after arriving in Virginia on the 20th of October, 1700. They were on the last of four ships from England paid for by King William to transport Huguenots to America; only this last ship lacks a record of its name and passenger list. Lacking as well are most all of the records of King William and Caroline counties of the period and therefore Jeter family history in the first part of 18th century Virginia must depend on early Essex County records and some surviving order books of Caroline County. (Caroline County was formed in 1727 from the Mattapony area of King William and Essex counties.)

Starting with these very early records most if not all of those with the Jeter surname in the United States can trace their ancestry back to the Huguenot John Jeter who arrived in Virginia in 1700, lived in what was then a part of Essex County, and purchased land within a few miles of Port Royal in 1722. His wife's name is unknown at this time, but he was married about 1705 and had several children, John, Jr. being the only one proven by record. John, Sr. died before April 9, 1736. A putative son, William Jeter, left Virginia for Edgefield, South Carolina after about 1741; John, Jr. remained in Virginia. Placenames such as St. Asaphs Parish of Essex (later part of Caroline County) are of Welsh origin.

The 1700 Huguenot Emigration

In 1700, four ships arrived within a few months of each other, coming from London: The Mary and Ann, the Peter and Anthony, the Nassau, and a fourth whose name and passenger list do not exist today (see below). Though many of these settlers went to Manakintowne, several went to Williamsburg (Contess, Marot, LaPrades, for example) and others settled on the Rappahannock River (Parson Latané and others). This site is primarily devoted to those who settled at Manakintowne.

The Huguenots on the Mattaponi River

Passengers on the fourth ship settled on the Mattaponi River. Here is an excerpt from an article by Cameron Allen taken from Genealogical Research by the American Society of Genealogists (1971, 2 volumes).

"The Mattapony group settled in what was then King William County, perhaps attracted by the fact that a Huguenot clergyman, James Boisseau had settled there a decade or so earlier. Later the Mattapony area was cut off as Caroline County. Here we know that another Huguenot clergyman, the Rev. Francis Fontaine, served in St. Margaret's parish, Caroline County,1721-1722. Unfortunately the county records of both King William and Caroline (save the Order Books of the latter) have been destroyed, as have the Church of England Parish Records. Among the Huguenots resident in this settlement were the families of Seay, Peay, Derieux, Desmaizeau, Dismukes (originally DesMeaux, it is said), Jeter, Mallin, LaFoe, Chenault, DeJarnette, Micou, Flippo, Duval, Vigon, Micalle Debusie, and DeShazo (DeChazeau). The Mattapony settlement seems never to have been as strong as Manakintown, and there was some tendency to gravitate from the first to the latter....Contact between the two must certainly have been maintained for decades. Families from both participated and were closely associated in the development of Amelia County." (II, 283)

The Orange Co Va Virginia 1734 to 1739 Tax List. this list shows that James Pickett constable had George Jeter in his area. James Pickett was from Caroline Co as a few more on this list as well as George Jeter Teter.

To establish the not only the Jeter migration but the Pickett family migration from Caroline Co n Mar. 27, 1755 William Jackson and Mary, his wife, of Orange Co. (for 5 shillings currency) conveyed to John Pickett, Jr., of St. Margaret's Parish, Caroline Co. 100 acres in Orange Co., adjoining Neals and Zachary (Deed Book 12, page 275)


James Pickett appears as a constable in Orange Co. [1739?] and Francis Pickett appears in that county at the same date William and Mary Quarterly (lst series), Vol 27, page 23. A List of Tithables in the precinct of James Pickett, Constable.

Thomas Rucker 3 Walter Vaughan 1 John Howard 1 John Rogers 3 Wm Crawford 2 Walter Lenord 3 Benja Coward 3 Thos Brown 2 Richd Maulden 3 John Shelton 1 Thos Morgan 2 Wm Loggins 1 Benja Thomson 1 Jonathan Gibson's Quarter 4 Major LeVaune [?] 3 Martin Trapp 1 Thos Jackson 6 John Bush [or Rush?] 2

Thoss Coleman 1 John Forrester 3 Fras Pickett 1 Wm. Williamson 1 Michael Gary 2 John Farrow 1 Isaac Tinsley 1 Moses Battley's Quarter 5 Henry Ware 3 Leonard Phillips 2 Wm Rucker 1 Patrick Walsh 3 Wm Pierce 2 John McDaniel 2 Peter Rucker 6 David Phillips 2 John Gath 3 John Zachary 2 Thos Stanton 1 Wm Phillips 5 Thos Zachary 1 Robert Morgan 1 David Zachary 2 Benja Cave 5 Ann Stogdill's Quarter 2 Blan Ballard's Quarter 2 Wm Offil 1 John Grymes Esqr Quarter 15 Jonas Archer 2 John Stone 1 Jas Stevens 1 Michael Holt 3

Page 24.

David Ford 1 Adam Carr [Garr] 3 Anthony Head 3 Wm Carpenter 4 John Haresnipe 1 Richs Yager 5 Geo Bruce 2 Thos Watts 4 Abraham Bledsoe 3 Edwd Watts 2 Abraham Bledsoe, Junr 1 Thos Edmondson 1 Thos Downer 1 Geo Thompson 1 Isaac Smith 1 John Phillips 3 Wm Terril's Quarter 2 Wm Henderson 3 Mark Stowers 1 Thos Coker 1 Saml Taliaferro 1 John Eddins 1 Guy Meek 1 Daywall Cristler 1

___ Adam Yager 1
143 Mathew Smith 2
Henry Crowder 1

Henry Downs Quarter 2 Christley Browel 1 Michael Pearson 1 John Hansborgow 1 Wm Stone 2 Michael Smith 3 Geo Simmons 2 Daywat Cristler 1 John Simpson 3 Michael Keiffer 1 Thos Jones 3 Geo. Moyers 2 Joshua Yarbrough 2 John Rowse 2 Mark Wormell 1 Thos Wayland 1 Richd Yarbrough 2 Mark Finks 2 Henry Sparks 1 Henry Haws 5

Richd Holcomb 3 John Blueford 2 Lau: Crees 2 John Wisdom 3 Cortney Browel 1 Wm Jackson 2 George Lun [Long?] 1 Wm Eddins 4 John Hoymen 1 John Scott's Quarter 3 John Carpenter 2 Elias Smith 1 Mathias Castler 1 James Barbour 8 Michael Cook 1 David Bruce 1 Henry Snider 1 Wm White 1 Robt Tenner [Tanner?] 2 Thos Bledso 1 Geo: Tenner [Tanner?] 1 Robt Cave 2 Lodowick Fisher 1 Wm Rice 1 Geor Jeter 1 Chas Blunt 1 Phillip Roote's Quarter 15 151 ___ Henry Moceoy [?] 1 143 In all 294 151 Anthony Strother's Quarter 5 _______ John Killy [Kelly?] 1

Page 25.

note Frederick Co Va was cut of Orange Co. in this year 1744 Its establised George Jeter had several cases in Orange Co Begining from here the Jeter Jeater family uses and is recorded as Tea ter Tee ter Te ter replacing the J with a T

List of Frederick County, Virginia Clerk Fees Belonging to James WOOD ANNO DOM. 1744

(1)

Tobacco Payments

George Paris-----------137 George Teator.-------------103.

George Jeter Teter is now participating in public affairs in the Tobacco trade which almost always requires Negro Slaves or Indentured Servants. George Paris =Pearis Parris Parish, was the father of Capt Richard Pearis Capt Robert Paris Major George Pearis.

Major George Pearis offspring

Eldest Sarah Pearis mother unknown Catawba or mixed family Chowan Indian the Hiter Hyder family. Wife of George Teater

Rhoda Parris named after his brother Richards wife Rhoda, married Hohimer. George Parris Jr mother, white Sarah Pepper. Capt Parris Kings Moutain fame, founder Pearisburg. Robert Parris . frontiersman scout of Boone Indian Spy usually found on records with George Teater and his family.

The wife of George Jeter Teator could be any one of the Irish Scotch Scotch Irish families on the Tax list list one of the these strong records with the Bruce family and Thopmsons Scotch Welsh or the Mccoys .

The microfilm records of George Teater in Alexander Bealls elite ranger company show George Teater assigned his pay to Ensign Burr Harrison.

Augusta Court Records Burr Harrison's bond as assistant surveyor, 22d November, 1754. it is noted Burr Harrison was in Augusta Va 3 years before he and George Teater both enlisted in Alexander Bealls Co . Chapter X111. FORUM RECORDS BY PEGGY.

Burr Harrison (1738-1822) of South Carolina. (Burr 4, Thomas 3, Burr 2, Burr 1)

One of the three great-grandchildren who shared the name of this immigrant, Burr Harrson was born Sept. 20, 1738, the third son of Col Thomas & Ann (Grayson Quareles Harrison (1)

While this Burr Harrison was still a small child, his family moved from Fairfax Co. to what is now Fauquier. (me: I assume the state is Virginia)? It was a large family with 4 sons, 3 daughters and three children of the mother's first marriage. The siblings ranged in age from about 12 years older than Burr to 11 years younger. Since the family was wealthy, there was undoubtedly a tutor living on the plantation to teach the boys & girls.

In 1756 service of God, King, and Country fighting the French & Indians must have appeared attractive to an 18-year-old Southerner whose father was the commander of the county militia. Just a year earlier, Braddock had been routed in his attempt to take Ft. Duquesne. The vanished army had included regiments from Virginia (commanded by Lt. Colonel George Washington and Maryland. Burr's cousin, Capt. Thomas Bullitt, was an officer of the VA. Regiment. The Bullitt plantation adjoined that of the Harrisons, but they also had land & connections in Maryland. So, Cousin Thomas may have had something to do with Burr obtaining a commission as ensign (3rd. LT.) in a company of the MD. Regiment raised by Alexander Beall. Capt. Beall was left at Ft. Frederick in April 1757 with 250 effectives when most of the Marylanders were brought back "east." The following November, a report made to the Md Assmbly included "Ensign Burr Harrison" among officers entrusted with money to use on recruiting service to pay to volunteers who would enlist. He was given 50 lbs, enugh for 10 recruits. The next Feb., Ensign Burr Harrison attended a party with a group of indians at Ft. Frederick. On that occasion Thomas Bullitt chaired & reported on the meeting. Ensign Harrison was listed as wounded in Sept. 1758 in the successful campaign to take Ft. Duquesne. Harrison appears to have remained on duty until 1762, for in July of that year he is recorded as appearing in the court of Anne Arundel Co, MD to make his oath on "the Holy Evangels of God Almighty" for an accounting of his administration of the estate of John Terrell.

I'm going to shorten this down, as it is very lengthly. Burr Harrison med 24 year old Elizabeth Dagron and they were married in 1766. Burr & Elizabeth Harrison intended to more to South Carolina after his father died because by Oct. 1775 he had sold his interest in land left jointly to him & William, but the R.V. War came & the Fauquier Court recommended to Gov. Patrick Henry that Burr Harrison serve as first LT. of the militia in the Co. in which Wm. Grigsby was Capt. in March 1778. Just how much active duty Burr saw is uncertain. He did not obtain a military grant in KY from Virginia. Burr Harrison & family finally arrived in South Carolina in 1784. Their new home was on 300 acres on Little Creek of Little River in Camden District bought from Richard Walker in May 1782. The new farm was about 5 miles West of Winnsboro, which later became the seat of Fairfield County. Most of the early settlers had begun in 1750 mainly by people coming from Pennsylvania, Maryland & Virginia. Burr was soon elected Justice of the Peace and in that capacity he took the oaths of several R.V. War veterans in their claims on the state for war service. Burr was also elected Coroner, an officer of the court who had more responsibilities than just investigating deaths. In 1786, he was one of three commissioners charged with marking out a road from "Mobley's Meeting House" to Winnsborough. (Mobley's Meeting House was a Baptist Church build abt 1760, about 4 miles from the Harrison's home, and appears to be the congretation to which the family belonged).

Burr & Elizabeth Harrison had the following children live to maturity:

Benjamin - (ca. 1768-1837) m. (1) Eliz. Hart (?) (2) Mary Grice (?) Mary m. Benjamin May Cathrine - m. Samuel Johnstone Jonathon (1775-1851) m. Sallie Tyler Elizabeth- did not marry, died young. Rebecca- m. Nathaniel Cockrell Susanna - m. William Head Sophia - d. 1824 m. 1797 Christopher Thompson Dorcas- d: 1866, m. (1) James Russell (2)Hartwell Macon Narcissa- m. James Ragsdale Ann - m. James McClelland Mordecai- m. Susan Alston.

Burr Harrison's Obit: "Died on the 18th Aug. 1822 in Chester District, SC in the 84th year of his age, Burr Harrison, Esq. He was a native of VA; but he had resided in this state for the last 38 years of his life. --- He served as Captain under Major Gen. DeLafayette in the R.V. Army. He was a tender parent, and humane master. He had 12 children, 84 grandchildren, and 60 great grandchildren. He embraced religion when about 30 years of age ---- His mind was much impaired for the last 13 years of his life, but to the joy of his children -- they had reason to believe his right mind was restored to him again a short time before his death and that he fell asleep in the arms of Jesus ".

Both Burr & Elizabeth were buried in a plot in Columbia, but a buyer of the property about the time of the Civil War tore down the fence and gravestones and built a house at the site. Their descendents are scattered over the United States by now, altho. concentrated in the tier of the southern states from South Carolina to Texas.

History of Frederick County, Maryland

By Thomas William

This is a Google Book Online. It shows the translated copy of names of those on Alexander Bealls Co dates of enlistment transfer discharge. it also shows the records of Capt Richard Pearis a uncle of George Teater wife . It also shows the service of Samuel Teater who later become a well known person in the Revolution as Capt Samuel Teater sometimes nicknamed Capt Samuel Gibson Teater. It shows the names of other men who lived in Augusta Frederick Co examples of James Mccoy Phillip Love John Nave William Thompson.--

Therefore George Teater Samuel Teater Burr Harrison Richard Pearis other men from Augusta Fredrick Co all enlisted in the MD forces same time Richard Pearis Capt of his own company George Teater going into Alexander Bealls Co with Bur Harrison and assigning his pay to Burr Harrison. Ensign Burr Harrison may have been a younger but his uncle Thomas Bullit was a very aggressive man. It is more likey that George Teater or his father owed money to Thomas Bullit and Bullit assigned his nephew to collect from George Teater.

In 1754 Burr Harrison was in Augusta Va. 1754 Thomas Bullit was here Officers Colonel George Washington Lieutenant Colonel George Muse + Elsod's intermarry-became enemy of Washington for leading his exposed men within the fort,without orders.

Major Robert Stobo- have a book on him-captive 1754 to Canada Captain Peter Hogg Captain Andrew Lewis Captain George Mercer Captain Jacob Van Braam Captain Thomas Waggoner built forts n+s of Moorefield,WV Lieutenant William Bronaugh Lieutenant John Mercer Lieutenant John Savage Lieutenant Adam Stephen Lieutenant James Towers Surgeon Ensign James Criak Dr Ensign William Peyrouney (wounded) Ensign Carolus Splittdolph Ensign Walter Stuart Cadet Thomas Bullet 1773-74 Ky Surveyor Cadet William Wright Non-commissioned officers Sergeant Thomas Buckner (wounded) Sergeant Thomas Carter Sergeant Robert Grymes Sergeant Thomas Hamilton (wounded) Sergeant Mark Hollis Sergeant Thomas Longdon Sergeant Richard Trotter Sergeant Robert Turnstall Sergeant James Tyrell Sergeant Edward Wagener Corporal John Allen Corporal Josias Baker JOUSHA? Corporal John Boyd Corporal Edward Evans Corporal Nathan Lewis Corporal Nicholas Major (absent) Corporal Hugh McCoy Corporal Nicholas Morgan Corporal John Smith Corporal Richard Smith Corporal James Thomas

1n 1756 the uncle of George Teaters wife, Capt Richard Pearis was here. The father of George Teaters wife George Parris was here.


Colonial Records of South Carolina, Series 2. Documents Relating to Indian Affairs, 1754 – 1765, pages 98 and 99 contain a letter from John Smith, William Preston and Richard Pearis to the "Catawbaws," written in 1756. The letter, in part, states:

"John Smith, William Preston and Richard Pearis to the Catawbaws and is given, Fort Frederick, Jan. 13th, 1756.
The Chain of Friendship between you and your Brothers of Virginia we hope will be kept clear and bright as long as the Sun and Moon endures."


and


"...for we intend to march in 20 Days with a Body of 300 Men against the Shawannes in which Expedition have great reason to hope for Success especially if attended by a Number of our Brothers the Catawbaws who are known to be a People of undoubted Valour and Integrity. The Indian Messenger Kerorostekee lived formerly in your Nation and since his Departure has killed two of his Enemies which we hope will be acceptable to you with George Paris the white Messenger.
From your Friends and Brothers,
Jno. Smith
Wm. Preston
Richd. Pearis"

Augusta Court records, John Nave father was here, also 2 future soldiers who serve with George Teater Lord Dunmores war are Mcspaddin and l Lt William Edminston a another Hero of Kings mountain. Page 237.--6th January, 1749-50. John Woodley's will--Son, Jacob, 5 shillings; son-in-law, Nicholas Seahaven. Executor, Nicholas Seahaven. Teste: Daniel Holdman, John Rudle, Hans Heinrich Neff. Proved, 22d May, 1750, by all witnesses, and executor qualifies.


Page 241,--6th April, 1749. Robert Edmiston's will--Wife (Jean?);

legatee, Jean Edmiston; daughter, Dorothy Edmiston; son, James; son, William. Executors, Thos. McSpaden, Wm. Edmiston. Teste: Jno. Edmiston, Samuel Buchanan. Proved, 22d May, 1750, by Buchanan, and Edmiston summoned.

Frederick Co Court. Here is the uncle of George Teater wife Sarah, Richard Pearis with his elder brother George Pearis.

Accounts, 1753 – Clerk of Court (M-Z)—Box 4

Account


Goods/Services


DatE George Pearis Clerk's fees 1753 (6 x 19 ½) Richard Pearis Clerk's fee 1753 (4 ½ x 19 ½)

Frederick Court. At the time George Teater transferred with Samuel Teater out from Alexander Bealls Co and Samuel from Joshua Bealls Co into Dagworthys Co. Thomas Bullit filed a action in the Frederick Co Court. Accounts, 1759 – Clerk of Court—Box 4

Account


Goods/Services


Date


Size (cm) Thomas Blakemore Clerk's fee 1759 (3 ¾ x 15 ½) Thomas Bullitt Clerk's fees 1759 (6 ½ x 15) The following information comes from "Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia" by Bishop Meade, vol. 2, pages 213 -215.

"Burr Harrison, of Chappawamsic, born in England, son of Cuthbert Harrison, baptized in the parish of St. Margaret's, Westminister, 28th December, 1637. His son Thomas born in 1665; grandson Burr born May 21, 1699; great-grandson Thomas born 3d of March, 1723; his sister Jane the 9th of December, 1726: his sister Seth the 30th of November, 1729." (Bishop Meade further states that the parish record of St. Margaret's was certified by Richard Gibson.)

Bishop Meade found the above genealogy written on a loose leaf that had been taken from the old Overwharton vestry book and placed in the Dettington vestry book. He speculates (with certainity) that the genealogy was written by a Rev. Thomas Harrison.

This Rev. Thomas Harrison was (possibly) the great-grandson born on March 3, 1723. However, he may also have been a great-great-grandson. Bishop Meade mentions that there was a Thomas Harrison belonging to Broad Run Church in Dettington parish long before the Rev. Harrison appears in the parish.

The Rev. Thomas helped found the Harrison clan by fathering nine (9) sons plus several daughters. Bishop Meade also mentions "There was doubtless an intermarriage between the Powells of Louden County and the Harrisons of Prince William County, from which the names Cuthbert and Burr are so often found in these families.

Frederick Co Va court. It appears about the time George Jeter the son of John Jeter arrived in Orange co from Caroline Co with James Pickett a Cuthbert harrison was already in the same area. This was also the period that George Jeter went through several lawsiuts. This Cuthbert Harraison may also had something to do with a debt incorred by George Teater or his father which ended up in the hands of Burr Harrison and Thomas Bullit.

Payments Made by James Wood Sr., 1745-1749—Box 2

Name


Goods/Services


Date

Cuthbert Harrison Bed and furniture 1745 (6 x 22 ½)

James Bruce Receipt 1746 (9 ½ x 12).

NOTE this James Bruce 2 years later will recive a Deed from a Jacob Teder in Surry Va. During the year 1744 there was a Jacob Teter mentioned on the Federick co road orders. Other records show Jacob was Teder and Jacob Jeter.

18 july 1749 Surry deed book 5 page 431 Jacob Teder to James Bruce. Jacob was here in Frederick co 1744 he then is shown transferring land in Surry Va to James Bruce.

According to the research of Dee Thompson a Bladen NC Genealogist. Edgecombe County in 1752. Jacob and Samuel Tedder as court clerks in Edgecombe County in 1753.

Page 295 - Jacob Jeter - 92 ac - on the waters of the Middle Fork of Holstein - Preemption Warrant granted James McFarland and by him assigned to Jeter - corner McFarland - on the south side of the creek on the side of a ridge - March 23, 1785...Warrant dated June 4, 1782 #1757 certified on November 1, 1785 19 Jan 1803 between Abraham Childress and Jacob Teaters, Sr. of Washington Co . . . 300 ac . . . upon the waters of Copper Creek . . . Beginning near a path . . . line of John Simmons . . . line of Timothy Pennington . . . corner to William GILLAM . . . Signed: Abraham Childers. Witness: Timothy Pennington Deed Book 3, page 428

Page 277 - John Porterfield...150 ac...on a fork of Bakers Creek, waters of the Middle Fork of Holston River...Commissioners Certificate...granted to George Tetor...Beginning corner to Hugh Johnsons land...corner to Crose Keetons land...February 13, 1785 - George Tetor...150 ac...on a branch of the Middle Fork of Holston...60 ac. surveyed on January 16, 1774, includes improvements, actual settlement made in 1770...August 30, 1781 - Assigned to Daniel Riley on October 9, 1783. Signed: George Tetor. Witness: Aaron Lewis - Assigned to John Porterfield on March 9, 1785. Signed: Daniel Riley. Witness: Aaron Lewis.

It appears that Jacob Jeter began in Frederick Co 1744 the time of George Jeter. Moving with the Bruce family into Surry Co Va for a few years then down to Edgecombe NC with a man named Samuel Tedder. About the time George Teater sold out his land in Washington Co 1783 1785 and was settling in Kentucky for good Jacob Jeter came into the exact same spot the Middle Fork of the Holston where George Teater had just left. it appears Jacob Jeter at the end of his life settled on the name Teater.

Pennslyvania Provinicial Records. Capt Richard Pearis.May 3 1759 Capt Evan Shelby May 4 1759 Ensign Evan Shelby may 5 1759. After a time the in the MD Regiment officers and men moved to the PA forces. Evan Shelby was listed as Lt in Alexander Bealls Co with Burr Harrison as Ensign.Evan Shelby the Nephew of Evan Shelby became Ensign so both Evans make a higher rank in the PA forces than the Maryland forces. The William Thompson who enlisted with George Teater married Capt Evan Shelbys sister and had a hand in arranging his move from MD to Fincastle Va. Evan Shelby the Jr went to Bedford PA the same area where Samuel Teaer settled for awhile. It should be noted that certain names in the Teater family originate in the Shelby family Charity Susannah Polk and Shelby.they were favorite names in George Teater and Samuel Teaters naming patterns for children and gradchildren. As Evan Shelby the Sr settled in George Teaters area Fincaslte. Evan Shelby the Jr settled in Samuel Teaters area of Bedford. They all served together in the Elite Maryland light ranger forces for several years in Maryland with Capt Richard Pearis.

Kegley's Virginia Frontier

By F. B. Kegley

This book has more of George Teaters war record in the French Indian war. It has records on some of the family Richard Pearis associates Nataneil Gist and more. This book accounts for George Teaters times 1760 1761 in the Virginia Regiment. Listed as Sgt in Capt Nathaniel Gists Co. Nathaniel Gist was a trading partner in the Cherokee nations with Richard Pearis. this book shows the pay records of Richard Pearis also in the Virginia regiment as war leader of the Cherokee company. it has payroll records of Nathaniel Gist.

Mar 4 1770, Botetourt Co Deed Book 1, p. 88. George Teater and Sarah his wife to Howard Heavin. 10 pounds, 85 acres on Crab Creek, a branch of the New River;

Page 81.--12th February, 1768. Frederick Starn (Stern) to George Teetar,
[pound sign]10, 85 acres by patent 22nd August, 1753, on Crab Creek, a
branch of New River. Teste: W. Ingles, William Davis, John Taylor, John
and Wm. Buchanan. Sent to George Teeter by his order, April, 1769."

By these 2 land records it shows that from 1768 to 1770 a 2 year period George Teater lived on the south Irish colony called Crab Creek. he sold this property as the deed indiactes with wife Sarah to Howard Heavin. The Heavins are noted family of the Peppers. Sarah Pepper was the white wife of George Pearis.

page 157 M-275: Jacob Vertrees of Frederick Co. 150 A. on Opeckon in said Co. Surv. Mr. Thomas Rutherford. Adj. Moses Keywood, Capt. Richad Pearis, Mr. Beal, John Newland. 19 May 1764

Volume I

AUGUSTA COUNTY COURT RECORDS.

ORDER BOOK No. IX.

JUNE 22, 1764.


(40) George Pearis, returned no inhabitant.
(43) Daniel McCoy, an orphan, to be bound to John McNeill, gent. Jane and Edward Thompson qualified admrs. of Thos.

Thompson. At the time Richard Pearis was still involved in land in the Northern Neck George Pearis had left Virginia and moved to Rowan Co NC. George Teaters son Samuel said he was born Botetourt 1763. This shows that after George Teater was discharged from Gists company he would of been living at George Pearis place. George Pearis son Robert Pearis also said he was born in Botetourt 1750. These men were very old when they swore those statements out, But they remebered the area they were born as Botetourt where George Pearis lived at those times.

Dr Harrisons notes Montgomery Co Page 147, Oaths were taken in December of 1777 by: John Adams, James Davis, William Calhoun, William and Robert Love (Robert Loe came to Buncombe and William Love went to East Tennessee). Oaths taken in September of 1777 included: Josiah Fugate, Frederick Oates, and several Simpsons. From page 149, oaths in 1777 were also taken by: Col. James Robertson; James Moore; Thomas Ingles; James Evans; George Parks; and George Paris.

George Pearis Sr had been in North Carolin since 1764 his son George Pearis Jr Has many notes back in Virginia especailly Fincaslte Montgomery Co during the Revolution. ALEXANDER MARTIN, ESQ. Purchased from GEORGE PEARIS ROWAN COUNTY, N.C. DEED BOOK 7, Page 111 14 September 1768

This Indenture made the fourteenth day of September in the year of our Lord 1768 Between George Pearis of the County of Rowan and province of North Carolina (Planter) of the one part and Alexander Martin, Esq. of the County & province afsd. Of the other part. Witnesseth that for & in consideration of the sum of Twenty pounds proclamation money to the sd. George Pearis in hand paid by the sd. Alexander Martin, Esq. at & before the sealing & Delivery of these presents (the Receipt & payment whereof is hereby acknowledged) Hath Granted, Bargained, Sold, Aliened, Enfeoffed, Conveyed & Confirmed, and by these presents Doth Grant, Bargain, sell, Alien, Enfeoff, Convey & Confirm unto the sd. Alexander Martin, Esqr., his Heirs & Assigns forever All that Messuage or Tenement to wit) The South West side or half of one Lott of Land in the Township of Salisbury in the County of Rowan & province afsd. Containing seventy two square poles, known & distinguished in the plan of the sd. Town by the Name of Number Seven in the South Square, reference thereto being had in the plan of the sd. Town and the sd. Half Lott is to run 6 poles along the Main Street and Twelve poles back with the appurtenances situate lying & being as afsd. with their & every of their Rights, Members & appurtenances whatsoever and the Reversion and Reversions, Remainder & Remainders of and singular the sd. Lands, Tenements, Hereditaments & premises hereby granted or intended to be granted and of every part and parcel thereof and all Rents Issues Services & profits to them or any of them or any part or parcel of them or any of them incident belonging or appertaining: And also all & every the Estate & Estates, Rights, Titles, Claims Interest & Demands whatsoever of him the sd. George Pearis into or out of the sd. Lands Tenements Hereditaments & premises whatsoever hereby granted or mentioned to be granted or any of them or any part or parcel thereof to have & to hold the sd. lands, tenements, Hereditaments & premises hereby granted with the appurtenances to the said Alexander Martin, Esqr. his Heirs & Assigns to the only proper use & behoof of the sd. Alexander Martin, Esqr, his Heirs & Assigns forever. And the sd. George Pearis for him, his Heirs, Executors & Admrs. Doth hereby promise, Covenant & agree that he the sd. George Pearis, his Heirs, Execrs & Admrs. Shall & will at all times warrant & forever defend the sd. premises to the sd. Alexander Martin, Esqr. Heirs & Assigns against all Lawful Claims & demands whatsoever whereby the above mentioned premises might or may be affected or Incumbered contrary to the true intent and meaning of these presents. In Witness whereof the said George Pearis has hereunto set his hand and seal the day and year first above written. George Pearis {seal} Signed, Sealed & delivered

in the presence of }

Edward Hunter Geo: Magoune

North Carolina May Term 1769 Rowan County} This is to certify that the within Deed was entered in open court and recorded in the Clerk�s office according to Law� Let it be Registered�.. Test. John Frohock, C.

This Barbados will gives a indication that the Parris Martin Thompson Smith familes were already a stong famiy unit before coming to the shores of mainland America Barbados Records, Wills and Administrations, Vol. 3, 1700--, compiled by Joanne Mcree Sanders GEN 929.3 729981 Sand Vol. 3

p. 314. Smith, Sarah, widow. St. Georges Parish, 10 Aug 1718 (sic in original), RB6/35, p. 310 My dau. Ann Thorne widow, my gr dau Christian Thompson and gr dau Elizabeth Bird the dau. of Christian Thompson; gr daus Ann Smith, Sarah Smith, Frances Smith at 16, and Elizabeth Lewis widow, the daus of son John Smith; gr dau Sarah Smith dau. of William Smith dec'd; gr dau Margaret Camil at 18 the dau of James Camil; gr chn Edward Paris, Sarah Parris, Margaret Paris, John Paris at 18, Thomas Paris at 18, Mary Paris, and Alexander Paris at 18 chn of son Alexander Paris and dau. Elizabeth Paris his wf; money due me from the son of John smith; my gr dau Elizabeth Martin at 16 or marriage the dau of John Martin and gr dau Elizabeth Martin his wf; gr dau Jane Greenidge; son John Smith and Susanna Smith his wf; son in law Alexander Paris - xtr. Signed Sarah X Smith. Wit: Frances Grant, John Martin, William Smith, Alex: X Smith. Proved 27 Jan 1714 (sic in original) Wm. Sharp, Recorded 27 Jan 1714.

This article by Governor David Campbell implies states that George Teaters ethnic background is Scotch Irish , a memeber of the Scotch Irish community as one of the first settlers of Washington Co. A Presbyterian member of the Sbbing Springs Conregation 'Historical Sketches of the Campbell, Pilcher and Kindred Families" by Margaret C. Pilcher. Marshall & Bruce Co. Nashville 1911", pp. 96-100 The original of the note was apparently a letter in the newspaper "The Virginian", but no date is given, and the author seems to have signed himself simply as "A Subscriber" with an underlying note identifying him as "Governor David Campbell" and a prebyterian

5 Jan. 1773 The Cummings Petition, Location of the Homes of the Signers Call to Reverend Cummings A call from the united congregations of Ebbing and Sinking Springs, on Holston's River, Fincastle County, to be presented to the Rev. Charles Cummings, minister of the Gospel, at the Rev'd Presbytery, of Hanover, when sitting at the Tinkling Spring: Worthey and Dear Sir: We being in very destitute circumstances for want of the ordinances of Christ's house statedly administered amongst us under distressing spiritual languishment, and multitudes perishing in our sins for want of the bread of life broken among us; our Sabbaths too much profaned, or at least wasted in melancholy silence at home; our hearts and hands discouraged; our spirits broken with our mournful condition, so that human language cannot sufficiently paint


George Teator--------- other Signers

Pension Revolution Howrd Co Mo Samuel Teeter. His oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the provisions made by the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832. States that he was born in the month of February 1763 in Botetourt County

Will of George Pearis Virginia Dated: November 15, 1749 Proven: September 14, 1752

In the name of God, amen. I George Pearis Senior of the county & parish of Frederick in the colony of Virginia, being through the abundant mercy and goodness of God, though weak in the body, yet of a sound & perfect memory & understanding, do constitute this my last will and testament and desire it may be received by all as such revoking & disavowing all other will or wills, testimony or testaments heretofore by me made or declared either by word of mouth or by writing and this only to be taken for my last will & testament & no other.

Imprimis, I most humbly bequeath my soul to God my maker, expecting his most gracious acceptance of it through the all sufficient merits & meditations of my most compassionate Redeemer Jesus Christ who gave himself to be the atonement for my sins and is able to save to the uttermost those who come to God by him, seeing he ever livith to make intercession for them & who I trust will not reject his God-fearing penitent sinner when I come to him for mercy. In this hope & confidence I render up my soul in death, humbly beseeching the most blessed and glorious & only one God most holy, most merciful and gracious for the time of my dissolution and then to receive me to himself unto that peace and rest and in incomparable felicity, which he has reserved for all that love and fear him. Amen. Blessed be God.

Imprimis, I give my body to the earth from whence it was formed and order it to be buried at the Presbyterian meeting house in the country aforesaid Then I give and bequeath to my Daughter Christian Neally [Neeley] one English Crown by reason I gave her a child's part already. Item. I give and bequeath to my eldest son George Pearis one English Crown


Sum together with the interest shall be paid to my grandson George Pearis's oldest son called George [born 1746] at the age of twenty-one years . But if in the case said grandson should not live 'til the age of twenty-one years

And lastly, I do nominate and appoint my dear and loving wife Sarah to be executrix and my son Robert to be executor of this my last will and testament together with the assistance of Col's James Wood and Lewis Neally to join with them in the administration and to see this my last will and testament in every article performed and perfected to the full intent and meaning thereof. In witness whereas I have herewith set my hand and seal this fifteenth day of November in the year of our Lord 1749.

George Pearis Sealed, signed and published in the presence of us John Sherer Hugh Lyle Richard Pearis



ROBERT PARIS VIRGINIA S 31,287

Shelby County, Kentucky. December 1, 1833, age 83. States that he was a resident of Montgomery County, Virginia when he entered the service as a private volunteer soldier in September 1774, as well as he remembers, and was attached to the company of Captain Campbell; that he rendezvoused with his company at the house of Captain Campbell in Montgomery County, - - -says that in March 1775 again entered the service as a volunteer for 3 months in a company of Captain Thompson, that he still resided in the said County of Montgomery: that he rendezvoused with the company to New River. Says that on July 24, 1775, he entered upon an expedition to Kentucky under Daniel Boone: that there were only ten effective men in company and they left the said County of Montgomery on the said day and marched through the country and finally landed at Boonesboro on the Kentucky River at which place there was at that time a small fort, that he continued at said place guarding it except when absent on scouting and spying parties, which was frequently the case for about the period of four months and then returned to his home in Montgomery County, Virginia. States that early in the spring of the year 1776, he thinks in March or April of that year the Indians again became very troublesome upon the frontier comprising the section of country where he lived - - his residence still being in Montgomery County, Virginia,

returned home to Montgomery

County, Virginia where he still resided. States that early in the spring of the year 1780 he moved from Montgomery County, VA. to Green County, N.C. which now composes part of the State of Tennessee: - - -Said he was born in Botetourt County, Virginia October 3, 1750, he remained in Green County, N.C. until 1793 when called into the service from the early part of the year 1780 until the conclusion of the war in 1793, I moved from that county and state to Madison County, Kentucky, now Gerrard County, Kentucky and about ten years afterwards moved to where I now live, in Shelby County, KY. - - I recollect that Col Shelby was with us upon the tour against the British and Tories and upon that tour the battle of King's Mountain was fought. - - Robert received his pension, $80.00, 4 January 1834 at age 84)

The above excerpts the call to Rev Cummings by the Scotch Irish community shows George Teater participated in this Church. The will of George Eearis the Elder establishs the Pearis Parris family were Presbyterians. Establishs hs son George Pearis and grandson George Pearis of Montgomery Co Va. Pension of Robert Pearis establishs George Pearis was his brother. Establishs Robert Pearis served in both companies of Sgt George Teater in Capt James Thompsons Co and William Campbells Co Lord Dunmores war. Establish that both Robert Parris and Samuel Teeter remembered their birth place as Botetourt That would be where George Pearis lived when married to Sarah Pepper.. Establish that George Pearis the elder died near to the time George Jeter Teator stoped showing records both in Frederick co va

Deed Book E, on pg. 45, 25 December 1786, George Paris of RCNC to Freeman Jones of same. 100 acres on the south fork of Brights Creek of Green River. Granted 29 July 1779 to George Parris. Wit. Isham Raves, John Jones, Robert Parris. #660. This shows that Robert Pearis was still a good a son and traveled vast distance to Rutherford NC to assist his father in land transactions.

St JOHNS, OGEECHEE, NEWPORT, DARIEN, ST. PHILIPS. George land grants

1788 to 1794. Geo Parris,

ENGLISH CROWN GRANTS GEORGIA. St JOHNS, LIBERTY, St DAVID, St PHILIP.

1765 Geo Teter. In 1764 after the birth of Samuel Teater. George Pearis removed to Rowan Co NC. George Teater did not buy his property in the South Irish Colony Crab Creek tract until 1768. It appears he reieved a land Grant in Georgia perhaps for service of many years in the French Indian War. He may also have went to Georgia on behalf of his former commander Nathaniel Gist or Richard Pearis who both had Cherokee trading business to the far south. A will of George Pearis has not yet been obtained. Perhaps George Teater left this land later to his father in law George Pearis. there are certain variables that can be further studied.

I would deeply recommend this book on line. Lord Dunmore's Little War of 1774

By Warren Skidmore, Donna Kaminsky

It shows Sgt George Teater records in Capt James Thompsons Co with his 2 brother In laws Pvt Rober Parris and Pvt George Parris. It shows his 2nd transfer over to Capt William Campbells Co. Shows the platoon of Lt William Edminston and his Sgt George Teater. Some very famous characters such as John Finley who took Daniel Boone into Kentucky others on other company such as Vincent Hobbs the man who killed Benge. It shows some of George Teaters other family like John Totten Charles Gonzalva

Capt James Thompson Co Sgt George Teater Pvt Robert Paris Pvt George Paris. Capt William Campbells Co. Fincastle Militia. 1774 Roll 144 Lieutenant William Edmiston [kegley pg 35]Washington Co Person. Sergeant George Tearter [Teater] Privates. William Miller William Ferris Joseph Foreman Johnathon Wood Joseph Davis James Craig James Glen John Mccormick Joseph Snodgrass John Buchannan Robert Carson George Clerk John Mckenny Wiliam Wilmouth Richard Byrd Christopher Cooper William Ferril William Thompson John Thompson John Duncan James McCarty. END 1ST FRAME.

2ND FRAME

ROLL 146 William Edmiston Lieutenant. Washington Co [kegley 337] Sergeant George Teetor Privates John Lowry Robert Lowry Alexander Moore Patrick McCutcheon John Finley James McCutcheon Barnabus Anderson John Sax James Berry George Smith Jonas Smith Mathew Kincannon Benjamin Burks Charles Carter John Mckenny Abraham Fielder Robert Edmunstone William Edmunstone Ezekial Kelly Robert Culbertson. END FRAME

ROLL 147 ENSIGN HENRY PATTON. Montgmery Co Person. [kegley pg 38] Sgt Mcgee Sgt Thomas Carter Privates Abraham Fielder Richard Hines Joseph Blackmore Edward Blackmore William Carr William Leason Thomas Patton Vincent Hobbs William Boydstone Isreal Harmon Adam Wygall Lawrance Waggoner John Smith Micheal Humph [John Totten] Comfort Bluster Thomas Cecil Jermiah Whitten Thomas Shannon Thomas Pickens.

CAPT James Robertson Montgomery Co Person. LT Henry Thompson Sergeant Owen ODaniel Sgt Johnathon Davis Privates Edmund Runnal Abraham Miller Micheal Lairick Charles Lucas Phllip Marten Militan Atkins George Fry James Crow Solomon Davis William Davis Bryan Mcdonald John Ramey John Stalver Fredrick Odaniel Robert Creavet [Howard Heaven] [Geroge Paris] Mitchell Clay Ezekial Clay John Howe Daniel Clay David Clay Joshua Ingles. James Allison William Ray John Draper Abraham Miller.

NOTE Charles Conzalve noted Debtor one Mare.

SOLDIERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION FROM SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA


From Annals of Southwest Virginia 1769-1800 by Lewis Preston Summers

Abingdon 1929, pp. 1379-1414, 1419-1425.


Adapted by C. Leon Harris


In the first part of Summers=s compilation, the right-hand column lists the service performed, whether Continental, county militia, or as volunteer at the Battle of King=s Mountain SC. See my notes at the end on county formation and specific events and battles. All else between here and those notes is as faithful to Summers=s book as I have been able to make it. C. L. H.


APPENDIX I REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS

The following list of Revolutionary Soldiers from Southwest Virginia has been compiled from sources believed to be absolutely reliable, and it is confidently believed that, while this list of soldiers is by no means complete or that it contains more than a small part of the men who participated in the war that won for us our independence and liberties, still that in every instance it will be found reliable.

This list was obtained from the following sources:

(1) The Court records of Botetourt, Fincastle, Montgomery and Washington Counties;

(2) The History of Southwest Virginia by Summers, Lewis Battle of Point Pleasant, Dunmore's War, by Thwaites; List of Revolutionary Soldiers, published by the Virginia State Library and compiled by H. J. Eckenrode; and from fifteen bound books of letters received from descendants of soldiers by the author during the past twenty-five years.


REVOLUTIONARY SOLDIERS SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA

Teater, George Washington County

Teater, Samuel Washington County


Thompson, James Capt. Battle L. I. Flats Washington County

Thompson, John Montgomery County

Thompson, William Washington County

Thompson, James Recruited by Lieut. Matthew Rhea

Trigg, Stephen Montgomery County

Todd, John Colonel, Kentucky Botetourt County


Topp, Roger Lieut. Washington County

Teeter, George.

SUMMERS LIST shows George Teater Sr and 2 sons George Teater Jr and elder brother Samuel. 1778 list Shows George Teater as Ensign and some people remark he fought at Kings Mountain. George Teater Sr was way to old to have been a Ensign. This way rank in SW Va for young boys. Samuel Teaters pension stated he and his father removed to Kentucky 1779. George Teater Sr military notes show he was a officer at Clarks station in between 1779 and 1784. Therefore he was not Ensign George Teater of Washington Co implied at the battle of Kings Mountain that was his son George Teater Jr., George Teaters property notes shows he made a trip back to Washington Co to sell his property to John Porterfield.. Note the same family George teater fought with in the French Indian war, Lord Dunmores war are still listed the Thompsons. William Thompson being the brother in law of Evan Shelby whom both William Thompson and George Teater served with in Alexander Bealls Co French Indian War.

ABSTRACT

to the

GEORGE ROGERS CLARK PAPERS

Microfilm Roll #12

————————

The Illinois Regiment

————————

Based on the Microfilmed

George Rogers Clark Papers

At the Virginia State Library and Archives

These records document George Teater Sr was a Officer at Clarks Station kentucky during the time period of the Battle at King maountain

Thefore it was his son George Teater Jr who was Ensign Georg Teater.

Virginia Land Office Grants, Book I, page 318 - 13 Jan 1784 - Bellesfelt, Peter, Grantee. 260 acres in a bend of Dicks River and on the west side of said river adjoining land of [George Teator ]and William Gains in Lincoln County (Kentucky).


Minutes of a meeting of the Freeholders in Tryon County.

NORTH CAROLINA Tryon County. } Pursuant to Notice. At a meeting of the Freeholders of the County of Tryon at the Court House of said County on the Twenty Sixth Day of July one thousand seven hundred and seventy five; in order to elect a Committee for said County, The Following persons were chosen to wit: For Captain Beatey's Company -- Thomas Beatey, David Jenkins, Jas. Johnston, Jacob Forney. Captain Carpenter's Company -- Thomas Espey, Valentine Mauney, Nicholas Friday. Captain Coburn's Company -- James Coburn, Robert Alexander. Captain Harden's Company -- Joseph Harden, Benj. Harden, Davis Whitesides. Captain Hambright's Company -- Frederick Hambright, James Logan. Captain Hampton's Company -- Andrew Hampton, John Morris, George Russell. Captain Barber's Company -- Charles McLean, John Robinson, John Barber. Captain Magnes' Company -- William Graham, James McAfee, Perrigreen Magnes. [Captain Paris' Company -- [George Paris,] Ambrose Mills. Captain Aaron Moore's Company -- John Walker, John Beeman, George Black. Captain Baird's Company -- Andrew Neel, James Baird, Wm Patterson. Captain MKinney's Company -- John MeKinney, Jonas Bedford. Captain Kuykendall's Company -- Abraham Kuykendall, Wm Thomason, Robert McMinn...

George Teaters father inlaw served as Capt in North Carolins during the revolution and is mentioned as being Major Paris. this Spot is shown on the map to be 4 miles from clarks Station. It appears in this time that George Teater left the saftey of the Blockhouse and set a cabin near to William Gains. George Teater also is shown in this period to have traveled back to Washington Co to sell his land and most likey collect his family.

11. Harrisons, Dr Harrison notes on George Paris

for 200a on s. side of Rocky Creek adj Shoemaker milsaps, Thomas Milsaps. Orig grant to Thomas Milsaps 5 Feb 1790. Humphrey Roberts 13 Nov 1793 . ... I believe Milsaps a family of Abbott's Creek Baptist and moved to SC with a group and connected to some of my kin, but I am not sure why Betty Jo Hulse is interested in them (see later).

George Parris, the famous Indian Trader with Indian wife and descendants in Buncombe and in GA).

Rhoda Parris Hohimer George Pearis/Parris


Descendants of Henry Hohimer

1 [8] Henry Hohimer b: Abt. 1758 d: 1824 .. +Rhoda Parris b: Abt. 1758 d: Abt. 1798 m: Abt. 1778 ........ 2 George Hohimer b: 1780 d: August 1859 ............ +Easter Totten b: 1781 d: Abt. 1862 m: May 16, 1803.

The Jesse Pepper letter confirmed Robert Pearis and George Pearis where the children of George Pearis and Sarah Pepper, Peppers ferry famiy. The Hiter Hyder Chowan Indian clan, claimed George Pearis had married a woman from thier clan. Sarah Pearis and Rhoda Pearis came thru the Catawba wife Chowan wife or Cherokee wife, Rhoda seems to be named after Richead Pearis wife Rhoda from Frederick Co Va..

A old loose Teeter family letter. To P Teeter Nov 30 1878 Dear uncle I resived your letter. I didnt think you would get my letter or I would hav rote you more to you, I will tell you what I wanted of Granmaws name .Tha is a old woman down hear that says she knowed Granmaw back in Tenasse and she says Grnmaws people was Cherokee. and says she will prove a rite for us in the nation if we want it. Uncle I wish you was down hear I would show you some of the Cherokee Indians tha air as White as i am. Some of them blue eyed and has read heads..

1792 Madison Kentucky Tax list. Robert Parris George Teater Sr George Teater Jr William Teater Samuel Teater. Shelby Co. KY Tax List - 1797 - List 4 Robert Parris Robert Teater..

Robert Teater the son of George Teater and Sarah Pearis named after Robert Parris removed from Madison Ky to Shebly Kentucky with his uncle Robert Parris..

George Jeter Teter Came to Orange Va from Caroline Co Va with the Picketts and other Caroline area personel. He was the son of John Jeter who came from the Brittish Isles on the 4th Huguenot ship. By 1744 he was involved in the Tobacco Plantation in Frederick Co about the time George Pearis the elder arrived in Frederick Co. George Jeter appears to have used Teator on his records, He appears to have died around 1745. that would of made Samuel and George Teater very young teenagers based on thier births 1735 1736. they may have tended to thier own welfare or have lived with relatives until the French Indian War when they both enlisted with Burr Harrison Capt Richard Pearis and more men from Augusta and Frederick Co. It appears George Teater was in debt to Thomas Bullit or Burr Harrison. Sometime while spending 2 years in camp with Capt Richard Pearis and maybe crossing his brother George Pearis he met and marrried Sarah Pearis before 1762 at which time he was the Sgt for Nathaniel Gists light ranger co. Since George Teaters notes in a historical concept by the history of Ft Wayne Indiana and Gov Campbell he was confired as Scotch Irish. He sometimes confused with several German familes Dieter Teter ect who lived at the same time in Virginia. George Teater was very close to the Thompsons Edminstons , whom may have been his mothers family.

William Jeter married Margaret Vaughan, daughter of Cornelius and Elizabeth Vaughan of Spotsylvania County, Virginia. William and Margaret Jeter lived in Amelia County, Virginia, for a time, and it probably was there that their daughter, Parthenia, married Craddock Vaughan No evidence suggests that Craddock Vaughan was a relative of Margaret Vaughan Jeter. So far as is known, Cornelius Vaughan, Margaret's father, was from the King and Queen County/Spotsylvania County area of Virginia, while Craddock Vaughan'S roots probably were in Prince George County and Amelia County, and there does not seem to have been any connection between the King and Queen County VAUGHANS and the Prince George County VAUGHANS.

Before migrating to Edgefield Dist, South Carolina, William and Margaret Jeter lived in Lunenburg County, Virginia. , Moses Estes (purchased land of George Combs) & William Jeters of Lunenburg Co VA records).

In The Heritage of Union County [South Carolina] it is stated that William Jeter died in Edgefield in 1797 and that Margaret, his wife, died November 14, 1775. But if that is correct, did he, then, remarry to a second woman also named Margaret? For his wife, Margaret, is definitely named as a legatee in his will.

William Jeter is referred as a brother ot half brother of George Jeter Teator.. Lewis Craig Teater the son of George Teater Sr and his 2nd wife Esther Griffith, married Sally Poe. The Poe family records name George Teater as George William Teter and George Teaters 3rd son was named William

The Old "Ninety-Six" District of South Carolina was created (original) in 1769 and was abolished in 1798. (The 96th Dist. from 1785 to 1798 consisted of present day Union Co.)

It consisted of (present-day) Abbeville Co. (formed 1785)

Part of Abbeville Co. to Greenwood Co. (formed 1897)
Part of Abbeville Co. to McCormick Co. (formed 1916)

Edgefield Co. (formed 1785)

Part of Edgefield to Aiken Co. (formed 1871)
Part of Edgefield to Greenwood Co. (formed 1897)
Part of Edgefield to Saluda Co. (formed 1896)

Laurens Co. (formed 1785) Newberry Co. (formed 1785) Spartanburg Co. (formed 1785)

Part of Spartbg. Co. to Cherokee Co. (formed 1897)

Union Co. (formed 1798)

Part of Union. Co. to Cherokee Co. (formed 1897)

The following is a list of 2,154 "Residents" of this large Ninety-Six Dist.

William Teter no twn listed. Take note while living in South Carolina william Jeter changed his name to Teter

South Carolina Jury Lists for the Ninety-Six Judicial District - 1779

In 1778 and 1779, the Whig General Assembly of South Carolina passed legislation establishing new lists of jurors for each of the seven Judicial Districts that had previously been created by the South Carolina Royal Government in 1769. There were two lists established for each district, one for petit juries and one for grand juries. Legislation for six of the Judicial Districts, i. e., Charles Town, George Town, Cheraws, Camden, Beaufort and Orangeburg was passed in March 1778. The Legislation for Ninety-Six District was passed in February 1779.

Jurist no 159 william Teter. Note while paying taxs and serving on jury duty William Jeter changed his name to Teter

Edgefield Co., S.C. WB A:114) November 25, 1793 - March 1797. Will of William Jeter - Being aged and feeble of body but of perfect mind and memory...

I lend to my wife Margaret Jeter the whole of my estate both real and personal her life time or widowhood. I give unto Margaret one feather bed and furniture being the bed we now lie on with one bay mare, one cow and calf, and three sheep .

John William Jeter 400 acres of land, one negro man named Ned and one feather bed and furniture now in his possession.


I give to my son Joseph Jeter one negro girl named Edy.

I give to my son Cornelius Jeter one mulatto boy called Bason, one cow and calf now in his possession.

I give to my son James [Sic mg] Jeter two negroes named Jack and Hannah 100 acres of land on which he now lives on with a negro boy named Phill, the land and boy now in his possession.

I give to my son [?]Argacu Jeter one negro boy named Isaac, one stallion which he now has.

List of the Garrison of Fort McIntosh on St. Tilla (Santilla) River

Surrendered Prisoners of War

2/18/1777

South Carolina Rangers

Commander of the Fort: Captain Richard Winn

Lieutenant: William Caldwell

Oliver Towels

Sergeant: John Holles

Privates:

James Adams, Thomas Alexander, Phillip Anderson, William Brewers, Hector Chappel, George Corks (absent),

Daniel Duff, William Duff, William Duggers (absent), Richard Duggins (absent), Thomas Gore (wounded), Thomas Hallem,

James Ham, William Ham, William Harbison, Richard Holley, William Jones, Francis Kirkland,

Mark Love, James McClear, Randall McDonald, Timothy McKenny, Samuel McKinney, Peter McMaham,

John Millwin, John Montgomery, Christopher Mulhester (absent), Thomas Paris, Ansel Pruit, Reuben Rigedale,

William Rottenberry, Lewis Sanders, William Silcock, Joshua Sphires, John Steel, Cornelius Tetor

James Tetor, George Watts, John Watts

William Webster (wounded), Cater West (absent), John Winn,

Thomas Winningham (absent at Savannah), Samuel Wood, John Wooley,

Richard Wooley

Note that while on duty paying taxs serveing on Jurys and military service during the Revolution William Jeter Teter and sons Corneloius and James always spelled thier name Teter Tetor.

Pg 34 1759 Rowan Tax Jacob Teater 1 poll addition to the list Joseph Teater 4 poll

pg 16 June 2, 1759 Capt Conrod Michael's Jacob Teeder Scouting .16

pg 46 Feb 14, 1760 Capt Michael's Company George Teeder Scouting .16 Jacob Teeter who appears on the 1759 Rowan Tax List and on a militia list? I am wondering if these may be the progenitors of the Teeters in southern Cabarrus Co., some of whom move to Pope Co. AR in the 1830s. The last I've seen so far of George in Rowan is the 1782-83 Tax List, but there must surely be a land sale. A reference to George Teater's land appears in an entry and warrant made out for Valentine Leonard in 1762. Another neighbor is George Prager, and these properties are located near the McCulloh line in Rowan Co.

From Linn, Jo White: Rowan County, North Carolina Tax Lists 1757-1800, Annotated Transcriptions.

p. 16, 1759 Rowan County Militia Lists (cont.) On April 16, 1760 Captain Conrod Michael submitted his claim for expenses for men sent out scouting on four occasions in 1759. Two of these scouting parties included Jacob Teeder or Teeter (June 2 and July 3, 1759). They were out for 6 days each time, and were paid 2/8 per day, or 16 shillings per trip.

p. 34, 1759 Rowan County Tax List (cont.) Jacob Teater appears on the 1759 Tax List with a 1 after his name, which I take to mean his household only included one titheable--no other adult males or slaves.

p. 46, 1760 Rowan County Militia Lists (cont.) George Teeter was part of a scouting party from Capt Michael's company dated Feb. 14, 1760. Out 6 days, paid 16 shillings.

p. 64, 1766 List of Captains Rowan Regiment _________________Teeter listed as a captain.

The Jacob teater of Rowan Co true spelling and name was Jacob Felker from Germany and not related or known to the George Teater of Washington Co Va KY who married Sarah Pearis COLONIAL RECORDS: [From MS. Records in Office of Secretary of State] NORTH CAROLINA By His Excellency William Tryon Esq, His Majesty'd Captain General and Governor in Chief in and over the said Province --

A Proclamation. Whereas Herman Husband, James Hunter, Rednap Howell and William Butler are Outlawed and liable to be shot by any Person whatever, I do therefore, that they may be punished for the Traterous and Rebellious Crimes they have committed, issue this my Proclamation hereby offering a Reward of One Hundred Pounds and one thousand acres of Land to any Person or Persons who will take Dead or Alive and bring into mine or General Waddell's Camp either and each of the above named outlaws.

given under my Hand and the great Seal of the said Province at Bathabara this ninth day of June in the year of our Lord 1771. Signed Wm. Tryon By His excellency's command Js. Edwards, P. Sec.

A Proclamation. Whearas I am informed that many Persons who have been concerned in the late Rebellion are desirous of submitting themselves to Government, I do therefore give Notice that every Person who will come in either to mine or General Waddell's Camp, lay d their Arms, take the Oath of Allegiance and promise to pay all Taxes that are now due or may hereafter become due by them respectively and submit to the Laws of this Country shall have His Majestys most Gracious and Free Pardon for all Treasons, Insurrections and Rebellions done or committed on or before the Sixteenth of May last.

Provided they make their submission aforesaid on or before the Tenth of July next; the following Persons are however excepted from the Benefit of this Proclamation Viz, all the Outlaws, the Prisoners, all those concerned in blowing up General Waddel Ammunition in Mecklenburg County, and the under named Person, to wit, Samuel Jones, Joshua Teague, Samuel Waggoner, Simon Dunn Jr., Abraham Creson, Benjamin Merrill, James Wilkerson Sen., Edward Smith, John Bumpass, Joseph Boring, William Rankin, William Robeson, John Winkler, John Wilcox, JACOB FELKER and Thomas Person.

Given under my Hand and the Great Seal of the Province, this eleventh day of June A. Dom. 1771 (signed) Wm. Tryon. God save the King.

73. 25 March 1763. Salisbury District Superior Court Minutes

The King vs. Jacob FELKER. Larceny. Evidence: Samuel Nicholson, Phillip Williams, Enoch Williamson. Jury: Edward Hughes, Mannasa Lamb, James Carson, Mathew Woods, James/Opimer RUPERT, George RUPERT, George Reed, Henry McHenry, James Nelson/Wilson, John SCOTT, Daniel Hackett, Robert Russell, Junr. NOT GUILTY

This Jacob Felker had land next to Squire Boone (Daniel's father) and I believe his wife's name is "Mandlina"..... [Cited by Ramsey, Carolina Cradle, as one of the early German settlers in the forks of the Yadkin. Ramsey cites NC land grants VI, 106, and Rowan Deeds III, 76 and IV, 508. He was in Frederick Co. MD in 1749 (Frederick Co. court judgments 1748-50, pp. 317, 432 (1749). In 1756 he obtained a 656 acre tract in Rowan Co., NC, adjoining Squire Boone from Jacob Henkel (Rowan Deeds III, 76). This tract also adjoined Paul Prock/BROCK]


p. 163, 1778 & 1779 Guards at the Salisbury District Gaol (cont.) George Deeder, as a member of Capt. Peter Little's Company. Linn notes (p. 167) that this name also appears as Teeter, and that George Teater took the Oath of Allegiance on 6 August 1778 [Court Minutes, Book 4: 163]. Apparently many Germans were Tories or Tory sympathizers.

p. 201, 1782-1783 Rowan County Tax List of Capn Matthew Troy's Company George Teeter owes £30 land tax (which may or may not include a poll tax) and owns horses, mules and cattle. The lowest land tax on the page is £10 and the highest £795.

741 St. Mark

[List 83 A, B, C] St. Mark Captain: William Wilson From: Rotterdam By Way of: Cowes Arrival: Philadelphia, 26 Sep 1741

Name, Age


Place of Origin (Town, Province)


Source


Remarks (USA, Spelling Variations, Occupation, Relationships, etc.)

Jorg Tarrar Tarrar

Johann Conrad Michel Micheal.

Capt Conrad Micheal and George Tarrar Teater of Rowan Co came from Germany in 1741. they are not related or known to the George Teater of Washington Co Va and KY.

The person on the deed with Jacob Teater George Teeter Rowan Co is Valintine Leonard all 3 of them came from Germany about the same time. None of them are connected to the George Teater of Washington Co Va and KY.

25 Oct., 1746. Came to America on ship "Neptune", Captain Thomas Wilkinson, from Rotterdam. Arrived at the Port of Philadelphia, PA on October 25, 1746. Took the oath of allegiance and signed his name in German. Name translates as Valladin Leonhardt. Also written as Valentin Löhnhard.

1746. Lived in Philadelphia, PA from 1746 to 1749.

1749. From 1749 to 16 Nov., 1758 the area he lived in is unknown.

1753-1754. Leonhardt's Church in Davidson County, NC was established. This is a Reformed (German) Church now known by the name of Pilgrim, or Church of the Pilgrims.

He was a farmer. � 17 Apr., 1762. This is the date of his first deed.

27 Aug., 1762. This is the date of his second deed.

22 AUG., 1779. Rowan County Clerk of Court's Office, Salisbury, NC. The Will reads as follows: In the name of God, Amen. I Valentine Leonard, of the County of Rowan and Province of North Carolina, being in perfect health of body, and of perfect mind and memory, thanks be given unto God, calling to mind the mortality of my body, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament in manner following: I recommend my soul into the hand of Almighty God who gave it; and my body I recommend to the earth to be buried in decent Christian burial. At the discretion of my Executors, and as touching such worldy estate where with it has pleased God to bless me in this life I give, devise, and dispose of the same in the follwing manner and form- First I give and bequeath to Elizabeth, my dearly beloved wife, the Manor Plantation that I now live on, during her bearing the name of Leonard and in case she don't after her name she is to keep it to have full rule over it during her life time, and like I leave to my wife all my horses, cattle, and my personal estate wholly. Also, I leave to my sons Philip and Jacob the plantation after my wife's death. Likewise to my son Peter I leave and bequeath his equal part of four hundred and ninety acres between him and his brothers Valentine and Michael. Likewise to my beloved daughter Barbara Hege I leave fifty pounds of gold and silver to be raised out of my personal estate, likewise to my beloved daughter Elizabeth fifty pounds like money to be paid in the same form. Likewise to my daughter Catharine I leave fifty pounds like money to be raised as before. Likewise my desire is that after please God who when death of my beloved wife that the remainder of my estate that can be raised to be equally divided between all my children. And I do hereby appoint Jacob Hamm and Philip Sauer whom I likewise constitute make and ordain the sole Executors of my Last Will and Testament, and do hereby attenly? disallow and revoke all former Testaments, Wills, Legacies, and Executors satisfying and confirming this and no other to be my Last Will and Testament in witness when of I have hereby set my hand and seal this twenty second day of August in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy nine. S______ sealed pronounced________________________ Valentine Leonard and witnessed by the said as his Last Will and Testament in the presence of us -.

90 % of George Teaters in laws and allied families did at one time live in Surry NC Rowan Co NC Wilkes NC. The majority were Daniel Boone Squire Boone William Van Cleave Abigail Frost Zacharia Ray Mary Benge. It should be noted that part of them were known as the New Jersey settlers. It should also be noted that Frederick County Va was staging point for these migrations. Other alliances were made during the time of Lord Dunmores war when some of these families where in the same military units as George Teater. others left Rowan Co and settled in Washington co VA such as the Frosts the in laws of Squire Boone. The Griffiths relaties of Boones and the 2nd wife of George Teater and a son inlaw of George Teater. These familes had their own such as William Griffith and John Griffith in the washington co area. Some history of the Jersey Migration. Origins of the Jersey Settlement of Rowan County, North Carolina

First Families of Jersey Settlement By Ethel Stroupe 1996 (Reprinted by permission of the author from vol. 11, no. 1, February 1996, Rowan County Register, PO Box 1948, Salisbury, NC 28145))

New Jersey historians wrote of Hopewell and Carolina historians wrote of Jersey Settlement. Nobody wrote about how, when and why North Carolina's Jersey Settlement grew out of (and interacted with) its parent community, Hopewell, New Jersey, nor why so many of old Hopewell's solid citizens fled to North Carolina. To satisfy her curiosity, the author mined facts with the help of librarians, genealogical societies in both places, and other descendants. Eventually, a story emerged of the Settlement's origins: it was older than expected, and its first settlers were Hopewell citizens who migrated after being swindled by Proprietors and royal Governors, especially Dr. Daniel Coxe and his son Col. Daniel Coxe, two powerful and greedily villainous Proprietors, in "The Coxe Affair." What these Jersey men endured in Hopewell directly affected the Yadkin's Revolutionary generation, explaining why Jersey Settlement had reacted so violently against N.C.'s corrupt Gov. William Tryon's sticky-fingered royal officials, John Frohock, Rowan Court Clerk and Edmund Fanning, King's Attorney, whose thievery and injustices caused the 1771 Regulator War (considered by historians the first true battle of the American Revolution), and caused Charles Lord Cornwallis to call central North Carolina "a hornet's nest of rebellion."

The earliest families of Jersey Settlement came from Hopewell Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, where some had been members of Pennington's Presbyterian Church, and others were Quakers and Baptists who baptized their children in St. Mary's Episcopal church for practical, political reasons. The earliest families identified in Jersey Settlement c1745 were those of Jonathan Hunt, Thomas and Rebecca (Anderson) Smith, Robert Heaton, and John Titus. (Hunt and Titus were married to Smith's nieces.) Others from Hopewell, e.g., Cornelius Anderson, came in this first party or soon followed. They were founding this settlement so that they (and groups that followed) could recoup losses suffered when New Jersey's Supreme Court invalidated deeds to thousands of acres in Hopewell, land their fathers had purchased as wilderness. To understand this amazing story of invalidated land titles, one must "begin at the beginning" with the founding of West Jersey's Hopewell Township, followed by a slow build up to the surprising events that preceded this migration.

Hopewell's first inhabitants were Lenapes, an Algonquin tribe who welcomed Europeans because they needed protection from other Indians. Their Hopewell villages were Wissamonson (Woodbridge) and Minnepenasson (Stoutsburg). New Jersey's first Europeans were Swedes and Dutch from New York and Pennsylvania. In 1655 Peter Stuyvesant brought it under Dutch control with landowners called Proprietors, but the Dutch governed inhabitants. In March, 1664 England's King Charles II -- who did not own New Netherlands -- gave it to his brother, James, Duke of York, and sent a fleet that easily seized it. The Duke of York then gave half of New Jersey to George, Lord Carteret, including the right to govern inhabitants on lands held. Thereafter, any wealthy man could be a Proprietor and govern residents, a land power system predestined for abuse of power for personal gain and disputes over land ownership. The colony developed as a Proprietary System, like a corporation, and London speculators dealt in "percentages of Proprietary Shares." In 1664, the British seized New Jersey, but, to avoid the expense of Indian wars, decreed that land be purchased before settlement, buying West Jersey for wampum, trinkets, a few bolts of cloth and two kettles. The Lenapes lived among Europeans on Stony Brook from the 1680's to c1725, then moved west, declaring: "Not a drop of our blood have you shed in battle---not an acre of our land have you taken without our consent."

In 1673 Lord Berkeley sold his shares to John Fenwicke and Edward Byllynge who planned a Quaker Refuge like Pennsylvania. In July 1676 the "Province Line" divided East and West Jersey, giving control to the Quakers who owned five-eighths. William Penn drafted a constitution. In 1677 ships brought 230 Quakers from Yorkshire and London who founded a settlement at Burlington. In late summer 1677, the Flie-Boate Martha of Burlington, Yorkshire, sailed from Hull bringing 114 passengers, including two heads of families, Thomas Schooley and Thomas Hooten (a.k.a. Houghton), future residents of Hopewell. New arrival Tom Hooten wrote to his wife in Burlington, Yorkshire:

New Jersey, 29th 8th month, 1677 (29 Oct 1677) My dear, I am ... at the town called Burlington where our land is ... ordered to be a town for the ten Yorkshire and ten London Proprietors .... I am to be at Thomas Olive's house till I can provide better for myself I intend to build a house and get some corn into the ground ... and I know not how to write concerning they coming or not coming hither; the place I like very well, and I believe that we may live here very well ... thou may take thy opportunity of coming this summer. Thomas Hooton (From Samuel Smith, History of New Jersey, pp. 102-105)

On the "10th of the 8th month" (10 October 1678) the ship Shield, Daniel Towes, Captain, was the first to sail this far up the Delaware river. After mooring to a tree, passengers landed on the Jersey side, including George Parks [immigrant George Parks was perhaps brother to Hopewell's Quaker Roger Parke, and perhaps related the later George Parks who arrived c1760 in Jersey Settlement], Peter and John Fretwell, Thomas Revell and wife, Robert Schooley, wife and children, and Thomas Potts, wife and children. ["Burlington Baptist Church was constituted in 1689 with eleven members. Thomas Potts (Sr., a tanner, & lot wife Mary; 2nd wife Anne) and a few others had been Baptists in England, and others converted after their arrival in America. It appears that some may have been Quakers who were influenced to become Baptists." Norman Maring, The Baptists of New Jersey, Washington, D.C. (1944) edited by H. Clay Reed & George W. Miller, using notes from Burlington Court Minutes. 1722 Hopewell Tax List: Thomas Potts].

Thomas Revell, "Gentleman", a first Justice of the Peace, was appointed by a group of Proprietors as "Agent for the Honorable West Jersey Society in England" to survey and sell land and issue deeds. On September 8, 1680, he made his first entry in Liber A, Revels's Book of Surveys. Early Trenton was called "At the ffalls of Dellaware," early Hopewell "Above the ffalls of Dellaware." On June 4,1680 "John Hooten, Andrew Smith, Englishmen, (were among) ye ffreeholders & Inhabittants within ye Court at Burlington. " In November 1680, a Delaware river survey for John Hooten on NW side of Crosswick's Creek (near Trenton). On January 20, 1681, Revel surveyed for Peter Fretwell "above the ffals of Dellaware" (Hopewell), and 200 acres for Andrew Smith "at the ffalls (Trenton)." Burlington County was divided into "Tenths". 1682 officers: Thomas Revel, Provincial Clerk-Recorder; Daniel Leeds, Surveyor; Robert Schooley & John Pancoast, Constables, Yorkshire Tenth; Thomas Sharp, Constable, Third Tenth. In 1685 a large share-holder, Dr. Daniel Coxe , "Ciregeon (surgeon) of London and Doctor in phisick," entered the New Jersey action without leaving London. His political power was from being physician to the royal court, while his great wealth enabled him to buy extensive land shares. A ruthless, "bottom-line" speculator, Dr. Coxe aimed to maximize his power and profits by any conceivable method.

He began a series of acquisitions and manipulations, writing the Council of Proprietors: "It would be for your good --- to contrive any method thereby the government might legally ... be involved with the Proprietors." By 1685, as largest share-holder, he declared, "The government of West Jersey is legally in me as full as Pennsylvania is in Penn ... I therefore assume the title of Governor, and lay claim to the powers and authority therein annexed..." For several years he governed from London. The first white man in Hopewell was Jonathan Stout who in 1685 explored the wilderness from his parent's home in Middletown, lived several years at Wissamonson with the Indians, then returned home. On March 30, 1688, Adlord Bowle, agent for "Daniell Coxe, Esqr., Governor & Cheife Proprietor" of West Jersey, met with eleven Indian Chiefs who sold their rights to a huge tract of land that included Hopewell, Ewing and north Trenton for hatchets, knives, needles, tobacco, rum, beer, kettles, 30 guns, shot and lead. With land sales now legal, Dr. Coxe directed his agents to subdivide and sell to settlers. In May 1688 Andrew Smith, Sr., "yeoman," bought 200 acres, but not from Coxe's agents, from Cornelius Empson of Pa., "in what is called Hopewell," a tract later occupied by his son Thomas Smith (a pioneer of Jersey Settlement).

In 1688 the Council of Proprietors accepted the plan of Dr. Coxe, an Anglican, to disenfranchise the Quakers whose rights came from a deceased Proprietor: "All the deeds granted Edward Byllinge ... shall be adjudged and esteemed insufficient for the commission to grant warrants upon." The Council left land records in the hands of Thomas Revel. (At this point, Coxe and Revel were not at odds.) On December 4, 1689, Hopewell was surveyed for Dr. Daniel Coxe who bought it estimated as "28,000 acres of wilderness inhabited by wild beasts and Indians." Then, apparently temporarily short of cash, in 1691 he sold part of his holdings:

For a valuable consideration Dr. Daniel Coxe of London, Esquire, Governor and Cheife Proprietor of the Province of West Jersey transfers the right of government and some of his land holdings in the Colony--- (to a company of businessmen)... the West Jersey Society of England.

This first agreement excepted the Hopewell tract, but between 1692 and 1694 Coxe made a second agreement transferring it to the West Jersey Society -- which failed to execute a deed. The Society and Agent Revel continued selling land and developing the area. The West Jersey Society distributed fliers on the north-east seaboard advertising "Fertile Land for Sale Cheap," offering to residents in New England and in older New Jersey communities cheap land "lying above ye ffals of ye Delaware" (Hopewell) with inducements to buy farms by cash or mortgages. In 1690 Roger Parke, an English immigrant, lived in a Quaker settlement on Crosswick's Creek, but he traveled so often to Wissamonson to study medicine under old Indian squaws and medicine men that his path was called "Roger's Road." About 1700 he moved his family to Hopewell as its first white settlers. Surveys preceded settlement, and Hopewell's first farm was surveyed on February 27, 1696 by Revell for Thomas Tindall, but not occupied until c1706 by his son-in-law John Pullen [John Pullen (Poillion, Bullen), of Huguenot ancestry, first occupant of Tindall's 1696 farm: Hunter & Porter, Hopewell, A Historical Geography, p. 105].

Some of Roger Parke's Quaker neighbors from Crosswick's settled south of him in Hopewell. [Land records: 1686: Jonathan Eldridge; 1688: Dr. John Houghton of Gloucester, 1693: John Wilsford; 1694: Widow Mary Stanisland; 1695: John Bryerley, Capt. Moses Petit & Benjamin Clark. A 1696 survey showed that Parke's Stony Brook tract adjoined land owned by John Moore, George Hutchinson, Sam Bunting and Marmaduke Houseman. Surveys, 1696: Edward Hunt 200 acres in the Society's 30,000 acre tract; 1697: Andrew Smith for Thomas Smith, next to Roger Parke 1698: John Gilbert, weaver, James Melvin near Thomas Stevenson, Nathaniel Pope, Edward Burroughs and George Woolsey].

In 1697 Thomas Revell sold 1,050 acres (in the center of the township) to Johannes Opdyke, a Penny Town (Pennington) area soon settled by inter-related Presbyterian families from Newton (Elmhurst), Queens, Long Island. In January 1675/7 the will of Ralph Hunt, Sr. was proved at Newton. In 1698 his sons, Ralph, Jr., Samuel, daughter Ann and husband Theophilus Phillips, and daughter-in-law Johanna (widow of John Hunt) had deeds in Maidenhead (Lawrence), N.J., where they joined the Presbyterian Church. [John & Joanna (Wilson?) Hunt had a son John Hunt born c1690 at Newtown, L.I., who m. Feb 8, 1714 Margaret Moore in Newtown's Presby. Ch.; she was perhaps d/o Gersham. Moore, and descended from Presbyterian Rev. John Moore. John Hall, D.D., History of the Presbyterian Church of Trenton, N.J].

That same year, Jonathan, Samuel and Elnathan Davis were members of Burlington's Presbyterian Church. [On January 21, 1698/9, a deed from Jonathan Davis "husband man" was transferred to his brother Samuel Davis "weave', both of Maidenhead, 20 acres at the head of his preceding 100 acres north of town, adj. on the west by Elnathan Davis. New Jersey Records, Liber B, H:656].

The February 1699 Burlington County Court received a "Petition of some inhabitants above the ffalls for a new township to be called Hopewell, as also a new road and boundaries of Said town..." The Township's location was described c1770:

Hopewell is situated 40 miles S.W. of Philadelphia, bounded on the East by the Province line, West by the Delaware River, on the North by Amwell Twp., and on the South by Assunpink Creek, and included the Indian village of Wissamensen at the head of Stony Brook, some miles north of the falls of the Delaware. [Morgan Edwards, A.M., Baptist Minister; fellow of Rhode Island College 1770-1792, Materials Toward a History of the Baptists (first pub. 1790)]

About 1700/01, a fateful marriage occurred when John Parke married Thomas Smith's sister Sarah. (These two brothers-in-law, Smith and Parke, later acted together in open rebellion during "The Coxe Affair", fled together, and both families would be early pioneers of Jersey Settlement.) In 1701 Dr. Daniel Coxe, as physician to the Royal Household, learned that New York (and New Jersey) was about to become a Royal Colony --- and that the West Jersey Society had not registered his transfer of the Hopewell tract to them. Using this inside information, in 1702 Dr. Coxe gave Hopewell to his son: "Dr. Daniel Coxe of London Doctor in Phisiq" (conveyed his... tracts and proprietary rights to) "Daniel Coxe of London, Gentleman Son and heir apparent of the said Daniell Coxe Doctor in Phisiq."

Many new settlers came to Hopewell between 1686 and 1710. [Hopewell area land records: 1696: Richard Stockton, Thomas Hutchinson, Joseph Worth & Thomas Warne on Stony Brook. 1697: William Wood. 1699: Joshua Ely. 1700: John Hutchinson of Hutchinsons Manor sold land in Hopewell to Samuel Wright of Nottingham Twp., Burlington Co., lying between Matthew Grange, Caleb Wheatley & Henry Scott; Vincent ffountaine of Staten Island, N.Y., yeoman. 1701: Benjamin ffield, Joseph Sackett (yeoman, Newtown, L.I.) between Christopher Wetherill & Thos. Hutchinson, William Clark (near Thomas Lambert.) 1702: Richard Burt of Newtown, Long Island. 1703: John Fidler, William Hixon, George Willis, John Routlege of Abbington Twp., Philadelphia Co., Pa., Joshua Anderson & Robert Pearson].

Robert and Elizabeth Blackwell joined his friend Richard Titus from Newton, L.I., settling on adjoining farms near the junction of Stony Brook and Honey Brook. [Robert Blackwell, "of English origin, was the progenitor of this family. In 1676 he was a merchant in Elizabethton, New Jersey, who lived on Blackwell's Island in the East River where he died in 1717. His eldest son, Robert Blackwell, Jr., married Elizabeth Combes, d/o Francis Combes of Newtown, Long Island, and moved to Hopewell, N.J. Alice Blackwell Lewis, Hopewell Valley Heritage (Hopewell Museum, 1973), p-134].

In 1702 the political event that Dr. Coxe anticipated occurred: the Jersey Proprietors relinquished their rights of government to the Crown, Queen Amne was on the throne, Dr. Coxe was her private physician --- and the new Governor coming from London was the Queen's first cousin, Dr. Coxe's good friend, Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury -- accompanied to America by Dr. Coxe's son, Col. Daniel Coxe. Together they composed the Cornbury Ring, which quickly became infamous for abusing government authority for personal profit. Both the Ring and the Proprietors fought to control land sales because whoever did also controlled the government -- and had a handsome income. As governor, Lord Cornbury changed the political climate, being allied with the Coxes against the West Jersey Society over ownership of large tracts of land, one of which included Hopewell Township. In 1706, Lord Cornbury and his Council (the upper House of Legislature, of which Col. Daniel Coxe was a member) launched an attack on the proprietary faction, challenging their authority over the land system. They also alleged that the West Jersey Society lacked any title, that being Col. Coxe's position, taking advantage of the Society's failure to register his transfer (for a consideration) to them of the Hopewell tract c1692/3.

Like so many of the early British governors in the colonies, Lord Cornbury, of New York and New Jersey, was notorious for his greed and incompetence. But Cornbury had an added claim to fame. (Lord Cornbury's) great insanity was dressing himself as a woman. Lord Orford says that when Governor in America (Cornbury) opened the Assembly dressed in that fashion. When some of those about him remonstrated, his reply was, "You are very stupid not to see the propriety of it. In this place and particularly on this occasion, I represent a woman (Queen Anne) and ought in all respects to represent her as faithfully as I can." Mr. William says his father has told him that he had done business with him (Lord Cornbury) in woman's clothes. He used to sit at the open window so dressed, to the great amusement of the neighbors. He employed always the most fashionable milliner, shoemaker, stay maker, etc. Mr. Williams has seen a picture of him at Herbert Packington's in Worcester, in a gown, stays, tucker, long ruffles, cap, etc. He was a large man, wore a hoop and a headdress, and with a fan in his hand was seen frequently at night upon the ramparts…. [Richard Zachs, History Laid Bare, (Harper Collins, 1994), p 209].

This first cousin to Queen Anne, Governor of New York and New Jersey from 1702 to 1708, had his portrait painted wearing a ball gown and five o'clock shadow. (It now hangs in the New York Historical Society). [Newsweek magazine, issue of May 23, 1994; also Richard Zacks, History Laid Bare, citing Diaries of Sylvester Douglas, Lord Glenbervie, (Harper Collins, 1994) pp. 209-210].

With New York a Royal Colony, the Anglican church became (as in England) entwined with all aspects of the civil government, with authority over many aspects of daily life, e. g., the only legal marriages were performed by Anglican ministers, with children from marriages performed by other clergymen considered illegitimate. An Episcopal priest was sent to Burlington County to establish- "Hopewell Chappel Church" (St. Mary 's Episcopal, Ewing.) A year before the cornerstone was laid (March 25, 1703) some Hopewell residents who were Quakers and Baptists rushed down to Ewing to have their adult children baptized as Anglicans to protect their inheritance rights. Baptized February 28,1702 by Rev. Mr. John Talbot:

John and Roger Parke, ye children of Rogr. Parke.

Thomas, Andrew, Elizabeth, Mary and Hannah Smith, the children of Andrew Smith.

William Scholey (son) of Robt. Scholey. [Stillwell, Historical Miscellany, Vol. 1152-53, Register of St. Mary's Episcopal Parish, Ewing, N.J. Also baptized at St. Mary's in March 1714: Richard Allison].

By now, settlers had cleared land, built cabins and barns, widened paths, and established a ferry to connect with the Philadelphia road where many went to shop or to church so that the Jersey wilderness was becoming a productive, English style, rural community of isolated farms joined by lanes and a few wagon roads. In 1707 Col. Coxe acted to reclaim the Hopewell tract he had conveyed to the West Jersey Society by persuading the Cornbury Ring to make a new survey of the Hopewell tract in his name. Then, in 1708 the Coxes had a major setback: the Crown removed Lord Cornbury as Governor because of the turmoil caused by his obvious corruption. The new Governor supported the Proprietors, Col. Coxe was removed from Council and Assembly, and soon found the political climate so hostile that he returned to England. With him in disfavor, the West Jersey Society maintained its claim to the Hopewell tract without dispute. About 1708, the area around Penny Town received an influx of Presbyterians from Newton [1708 Deeds: Thomas Runyan; Richard Motfs 1,350 acre Penny Town tract war, subdivided and sold to Nathaniel Moore, John Mott, John Cornwall (Cornell) and Thomas Reed], including twenty-one year old Nathaniel Moore, recently married to Joanna Prudden (b. December 16, 1692), and Elnathan Baldwin who was married to Joanna's sister, Keziah Prudden [Daughters of Presbyterian Rev. John Prudden of Newark, a 1688 graduate of Harvard].

Within a two mile radius of the Moores settled others who were probably from Newton [others from Newton to Pennington c1708-10: John Muirheid, George Woolsey, John Welling, John Titus, Thomas Burroughs, William Cornell, John Carpenter, John Ketcham, Edward & Ralph Hunt, Robert Lanning, John Larison, Abraham Temple, and five brothers: Edward, Nathaniel, Joseph, Ralph & John Hart].

This great influx from Long Island led to the organization of a church, and in 1709 a call was sent to Philadelphia for a Presbyterian minister to serve "the people of Maidenhead and Hopewell." None being available, they continued to be served by the church in Philadelphia. In 1713 Hopewell Township was removed from old Burlington County, and became part of newly formed Hunterdon County. In 1714 John Reading and William Greene were first assessors. Deeds were issued c1709/10 for other parts of Hopewell Township. In its north area, Baptists and Quakers from Burlington had farms around Stoutsburg and Columbia (a village today called "Hopewell"). The Hunts were on Long Island on June 4,1714 when John, Sr. (b. c1658, son of Ralph of Newton) bought 500 acres in Hopewell, bounded E by Stony Brook, N by Samuel Davis, W by Capt. Hannel and S by Johannes Lawrenson. On March 7, 1715, John Hunt and wife Joanna of Newton, sold 100 acres in Newton. (Joanna Hunt, widow, joined Pennington Presbyterian Church August 31, 1733.) Johanna Hunt's son, John, Jr. (b. c1690 in Newton) married at Newton February 8, 1714 Margaret Moore, probably daughter of Gersham Moore. John and Margaret Hunt's son, Jonathan (October 17, 1717 - September 5, 1782) married c1737 Mary, daughter of Andrew and Sarah (Stout) Smith, Jr. (This is the same Jonathan Hunt who become a founder of Jersey Settlement, one of the most prominent men in the area, and a Colonel in the Rowan Militia). Thomas Reed of Hopewell was probably brother to John Reed (b. May 3, 1677, Long Island) who moved to New Jersey c1697.

[In the 1640's, several Reed brothers from England settled on farms at Newton, L.I. where they had large families. In 1656 Thomas Reed was in Middleburg, N.J. when he built a house for the Episcopal minister. Thomas Reed and John Reed lived in Hopewell Twp. between Marshalls Comer and Woodsville and were members of Penningtoes Presbyterian Church. John & Sarah (Smith) Reed are buried in the Hunt graveyard. (Ralph Ege, Pioneers of Old Hopewell, p. 66.). The Burlington and Ewing Reeds descend from William E. Reed (1689-1762), wife Elizabeth Smith. This progenitor of the Reeds of Ewing and Lawrence came c1700 from Long Island, and purchased a farm in west Lawrence. In 1706, while Ewing was still part of old Hopewell Twp., he built a substantial house on Ewingville Rd. & Spruce St. (now a museum), and is buried in Ewing churchyard. (Ibid Lewis, p. 283).

In 1709 four Houghton (Hooten) deeds: John Jr., Joseph, Richard & Thomas; also deeds for Joshua Ward, Samuel Allen, Robert Tindall, Robert Stockton and Joseph Hixson. (TheTindalls, Hixons and Houghtons settled in the NE (predominantly Baptist and Quaker) part of the township). Several prominent English families settled on Stony Brook c1719, making it likely they arrived together: the Houghtons, Robert Stockton, William Olden, Benjamin Clark and Joseph Worth. Genealogical Society of New Jersey, History ofHunterdon Co., N.J., p. 50.

A different (and apparently unrelated) Reed family moved from New Jersey to Jersey Settlement: Eldad, Medad, Moses and John Reed, sons of John and Hannah (Davis) Reed. [Bible records of Eldad Reed, Jr. b 1767 Jersey Settlement, grandson of John and Hannah (Davis) Reed whom he said "emigrated from New Jersey to Carolina about 1755."]

Hannah Davis (b. c1715) who named a son Eldad in 1738, was probably daughter of Eldad Davis. These Davis - Reeds were Baptists and perhaps related to the Jonathan Davis who in 1708 came to Burlington's Court seeking to be qualified as a Baptist preacher according to the Act of Toleration, asking permission to preach in a house, which was how the Hopewell Baptists met at this time. In 1722 Eldad Davis and Jonathan Davis were on the Hopewell Twp. Tax List. Hannah Davis married John Reed (born c1710) perhaps son of the John Reed who was a bachelor in 1699 when he bought a 200 acre farm on Burlington road from the estate of Hester Watts who was almost certainly kin to Rev. John Watts (wife Sarah Eaton) who served the Baptists in Pennepek, Pa. and Hopewell, N.J. until he died of smallpox in 1703. With marriages performed by Baptist and Quaker clergy still not legal whenever the government favored Royalists, parents with nonconformist tenets continued having their offspring baptized as Anglicans to insure their inheritance rights. William and Grace Merrell, Jr., (Baptists from Warwickshire) came to Northfield, Staten Island, then moved to Middletown, N.J., and c1710/11 came to Hopewell with three sons, Benjamin, Joseph and William III (who m. 1729 Penelope Stout). [December 2, 1716 a cattle ear mark " formerly William Merrell's" was registered to "James Hubbard of Middletown." Stillwell, II, cited by Wm. E. Merrell, PhD.; ibid Ege, p 204].

The Merrells bought farms near the Stouts in NE Hopewell's Baptist neighborhood. The era being Royalist, baptized May 11, 1712 at St. Mary's Episcopal: Margaret daughter of William Merrail); George son of John Park. [Stillwell, Historical Miscellany, Vol. 1152-53, Register of St. Mary's Episcopal Parish, Ewing] In 1715, Enoch Armitage, an immigrant from Kirkburton Parish, Lydgate, West Riding, Yorkshire, wrote home saying that he had "settled on Stoney Brook about sixe miles from, Princeton ... near a small town called Pennington." In 1715 Dr. Coxe and Thomas Revel both died. Thomas Revel's Book of Deeds passed to son and heir, Col. Daniel Coxe. The West Jersey Society assigned a new agent to make sales, collect mortgage payments, and keep land records. In 1719 Trenton Township was formed from old south Hopewell. By now, the political climate having swung far enough back to the Royalists for Col. Daniel Coxe to return from his self-imposed exile in England, a wealthy and powerfully connected man who built a mansion in Trenton. [Richard Hunter & Richard Porter, Hopewell: A Historical Geography, p. 28]. When a 1720's land boom increased profits, he tried to reclaim ownership of huge tracts, including Hopewell. In this period, both Coxe and the West Jersey Society sold land in the township.

In 1720 the Presbyterians built a stone school at Pennington. On December 29, 1720, Robert Heaton (who in old age pioneered to Swearing Creek) was a Hopewell tailor when he proved Andrew Heath's will. In 1721 the Township had enough freemen to begin its first Book of Records, listing Cornelius Anderson's mill on Jacob's Creek (his namesake kinsman was a Jersey Settlement pioneer). The 1722 Hopewell Tax List listed Robert Eaton as keeper of a general store near the "Old Quaker Church" on Stony Brook just west of Princeton. In 1722 a Hunterdon County Tax Roll was made for five Townships, including Hopewell, and nearby areas such as Ewing, Lawrence and Trenton. About 1723 the Presbyterians build a cedar-shingled meetinghouse near their school at Pennington crossroads. In 1725 Enoch Armitage, now a successful blacksmith, ruling elder and lay minister at Pennington's Presbyterian church, wrote home to Yorkshire:

The produce we raise is Wheat and Rhye, Oats, Indian Corn & Flax ... some Hemp ... Tobacco only for our own use. The land nigh the brook affords as good Meadow I think as ever I saw in England .... we can mow twice a year without tillage and have good crops ... there is a Mill built on the next Plantation, and we are going to build a Chapell about a mile off….

In 1731, calamity befell these honest and hard working settlers when "Col. Coxe and other heirs of the late Dr. Coxe" declared that most of Hopewell belonged to them, a claim without an honest basis, e.g., improper surveys or failure to pay -- but the West Jersey Society lacked a court record proving Dr. Coxe's transfer to them. His heir, Col. Coxe, had enough political clout to induce Hunterdon's Supreme Court to order High Sheriff Bennett Bard to serve perhaps a hundred or more Hopewell residents with Writs ordering them to "Pay" for their land a second time or "Quit." Those who failed to repurchase their own farms then received "Writs of Ejectment" which called them "Tenants" and "Tresspassers" on Coxe's land! On April 22, 1731, in an impressive show of unity, fifty of the earliest settlers of Hopewell entered into a written agreement and solemn compact to stand by each other and test the validity of Col. Coxe's claim. They hired an attorney, Mr. Kinsey, and filed a counter suit naming CoL Daniel Coxe as sole defendant. The Township had more people, but some were not affected, having purchased from Coxe. Others considered it useless to fight a man as powerful as Col. Coxe , so did not join in the law suit. The August 1732 term of the New Jersey Supreme Court issued Writs of Trespass & Ejectment against each settler who had not repurchased. The fifty men who sued were identified from their individual records [Virginia Everitt, Clerk of the Hunterdon County Court, Flemington, New Jersey, citing C.H. Records, Vol. H:46. Research of Gloria Padach]: The Coxe Trials, 1733, Fifty Men's Compact Bartholomew Anderson

Elnathan Baldwin

Robt. Blackwell

John Blair

Nehemiah Bonham

Wm. Cornell

William Crickfield

Thom. Curtis

Benjamin Drake

Thomas Evans

John Everitt

John Fidler

John Field

Jonathan Furmar

Daniel Gano

Francis Gano

John Hendrickson

Isaac Herrin

Tom Hinder

John Hixon

John Houghton

Jos. Houghton

Tom Houghton

John Hunt

Ralph Hunt Jacob Knowles

David Larue

James Melvin

Benjamin Merrell

John Merrill

Andrew Mershon

Nathaniel Moore

Henry Oxley

Andrew Parke

John Parke, Jr.

Joseph Parke

Roger Parke, Sr.

Roger Parke, Jr.

John Parks

Joseph Price

John Reed

Thomas Reed

Ralph Smith

Richard Smith

Thomas Smith

Jonathan Stout

Joseph Stout

Ephraim Titus

John Titus

George Woolsey

Hopewell was not the only tract affected. A group of citizens in Gloucester County hired a lawyer, Mr. Evans, and also filed a counter-suit. Unaffected communities were distressed that the Royal government abetted deed revocations, anxieties that encouraged later migrations from Hunterdon, Gloucester and Essex Counties. Still, the most violent reaction came in Hopewell where citizens actively resented the political maneuverings behind Col. Coxe's claims to ownership. After a long and tedious trail at Burlington by Judge Hooper and a panel of twelve Quaker jurors, the verdict was against the West Jersey Society and the Fifty Mens Compact. Mr. Kinsey then appealed to New Jersey's leading judicial officer, Chancellor William Cosby, who in December 1734 issued a judgment upholding the decision against the Society and Compact. Unfortunately, Mr. Cosby's ruling was based less on the legal strength of Col. Coxe's claim than on personal hatred of his arch-enemy, Lewis Morris, who after the death of Thomas Revel became primary Agent of the West Jersey Society. No higher appeal was possible because Col. Coxe was Justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court, a post he held till his death five years later. The settlers had three choices: pay, remove, or resist. Historian Ralph Ege (born in Hopewell in 1837) wrote about the great dilemma:

This verdict caused the most distressing state of affairs in this township that was ever experienced in any community. Some moved away immediately, but the majority stayed, at least initially, and assumed the financial burden. Cattle and personal possessions were sold, and a great struggle began which impoverished many families for years to come. Then came the great excitement incident to ejecting the settlers from the farms which they, or their fathers had purchased, and on which they had built dwellings, barns and fences. Their lands had cost them only fifty cents per acre, it is true, but they had purchased them in good faith and spent the best years of their lives in clearing them. Many had mortgaged them to pay for the expense of improvement consequently not being able to incur the additional expense, they were compelled to leave their homes and seek new homes elsewhere, risking for the second, and for some of them the third time, the perils of the wilderness.

Many, including most of the Parke family, refused to pay for the same lands twice and left the area in the early stages of a great out-migration, generally moving westward where new lands were being opened on the Virginia frontier. Some who were unable or unwilling to repurchase, stubbornly refused to vacate their homes -- and were charged rent as "Tenants" -- rent they could or would not pay, and rent defaults created still more debts. The various resistance efforts would fill the colony's court dockets for years to come. Two of the dispossessed, Thomas Smith and John Parke, were brothers-in-law and community leaders, aged 58 and 60, perhaps able to repurchase had they wished, but they (and others) were so angry they no longer wished to live where the government was so corrupt that its Assembly and Supreme Court had aided and abetted Col. Coxe in what they considered to be a monstrous land swindle against honest citizens whose families were the earliest settlers of the Township. Not only did Smith and Parke refuse to pay for their land a second time, they refused to vacate until forcibly evicted by Sheriff Bennett Bard -- who then rented their homesteads to two yeoman named O'Guillon and Collier. This so enraged Smith and Parke that in July 1735 they took their revenge, in the traditional manner of the citizens of Old England who over the centuries had developed ways to express contempt whenever there was no legal recourse: a dishonest official was "Hanged in Effigy," and a man whose actions the community considered despicable was "Tarred and Feathered."

Since the perpetrators of this "land grab," Col. Daniel Coxe, Judge Hooper, Sheriff Bard, Gov. William Cosby and lawyer Murray, were out of their victims reach, Thomas Smith and John Parke made a different plan -- but before taking action, sent their families to safety, probably across the river to Bucks County, Pa. In the dead of a July night, Smith and Parke and ten or more friends, slipped into the woods behind the homes where they had grown up, prepared a vat of melted tar and a barrel of chicken and turkey feathers, then broke into their former homes and took a "Tar and Feather" revenge on the interlopers who occupied them! These acts were considerably more than mere personal revenge: "Tar and Feathers" showed utter contempt for Coxe's dishonest officials. Tar was almost impossible to remove, so it publicly shamed the two who sought to gain from injustice, while burning their former homes and barns reduced profits to Col. Coxe. Their rebellion finished, Smith and Parke escaped across the Delaware, and their "ten or more friends" went back to their Hopewell homes, perhaps to toast the night's lively events in good English ale. Public sympathy was surely with these rebels because, in spite of great desperation in the community for money and common knowledge of the identities of the dozen or more perpetrators, nobody ever came forward to claim the large reward. These rebellious acts generated the expected response from the royal officials they had very deliberately insulted. At the August 1735 term of Hunterdon County's Superior Court, Mr. Murray, Attorney for the Coxe heirs, reported:

Several persons of Hopewell had, in a riotous and outrageous and violent manner, and by night assaulted ye persons who by virtue of his Majesties' writ, were by the Sheriff of Hunterdon County put into possession of the several houses and plantations of the persons named in the complaint.

A proclamation by WILLIAM COSBY, Captain General and Governour in Chief of the Provinces of New-Jersey, New York and Territories thereon Depending, in America….&c., was published in The American Weekly Mercury, Aug. 21- 28,1735:

Whereas I have received information upon Oath that one Duncan O'Guillon and one John Collier were, on the second day of July past, severally put into the Possession of Dwelling houses and Plantations lately in the Possession of John Parks and Thomas Smith, late of Hopewell in the County of Hunterdon, by Daniel Coxe, Esqr., who then had possession of the said dwelling Houses and Plantations, delivered unto him by Bennet Bard Esq., High Sheriff of the said Count of Huntington by Virtue of a Writ of Possession to the Sheriff, directed and issueing out of the Supream [sic] Court of this Province of New Jersey. And that in the night between the Thursday and Friday following, divers Persons unknown, to the number of Twelve or more, being all disguised, having their Faces besmear'd with Blacking and armed with Clubs and Sticks in their Hands Did in an Insolent, Violent and Riotous Manner break into and enter the respective Dwelling Houses and did Assault, Beat and Wound the said Duncan OGuillon and John Collier and other Persons then in the said several Dwelling Houses; and then did with Force & Arms violently move and turn out of possession, Cursing, Swearing and threatening in the most outrageous manner, that they would Kill and Murder the said Daniel Coxe, Esq. in Defiance of all Law and Government. To the End thereof that the said audacious Offenders may be brought to condign Punishment. I Have thought fit by and with the Advice of his Majesty's Council, to issue this Proclamation, hereby promising his Majesty's most Gracious Pardon, to any one of the said Offenders who shall discover one or more of their Accomplices so that he or they may be brought to condign Punishment. And as a further Encouragement to and all of the said Offenders any one who shall discover one or more of their Accomplices ... so that he or they may be brought to condign Punishment one who shall detect so unparallel'd and insolent an Outrage, I do hereby promise to Pay to the Discovered the Sum of Thirty Pounds Proclamation Money within one Month after any or either of the said Offenders shall by his Means by convicted of the said Offence. Given under my Hand and Seal at Arms, at Perth - Amboy, the Twenty Second day of August, in the Ninth Year of his Majesty's Reign. Annoque Domini, 1735. By his Excellency's Command, Lawr. Smyth, D. Secr. W. Cosby GOD SAVE THE KING

Smith and Parke did not wait for High Sheriff Bennet Bard to pursue nor for Governor Cosby to declare them outlaws. Before dawn, they had crossed the Delaware river, and were safely beyond the reach of New Jersey's royal officials. Two years after receiving eviction notices, some in Hopewell who had not paid for their land a second time nor paid "rent" on their own homes, fled to avoid being thrown into Debtor's Prison and having their personal property seized.

ESCAPED FOR DEBT: Thomas Palmer, William Hixon, James Tatham, Benjamin Merrill, John Palmer, Ralph Parke, Jr., James Gould, Joseph Parke, Albert Opdyke, Hezekiah Bonham, Thomas Mayberry. [Virginia Everitt, Clerk of the Hunterdon County Court, Flemington, New Jersey].

In 1738 Sheriff Bard was ordered to take George Woolsey into custody to insure his court appearance. In the next few years, some stayed in Hopewell, but others followed Smith and Parke west after selling their improvements to newcomers from Long Island and elsewhere for barely enough to make a new start. Between 1731 and 1760 about half of the families of Hopewell's "Fifty Men's Compact" moved where land was cheaper and the government more trustworthy. A popular destination was the upper Shenandoah Valley where the first settlement was started in 1730 when guide Morgan Bryan led a group of Quakers walking from Pennsylvania to the upper Potomac. He settled his own family on Opequon Creek, an area that in 1738 become Frederick County, Virginia. About 1732 another guide, Jost Hite, opened the first wagon road as far as Winchester, settling his group of Pennsylvania Germans on a different stretch of Opequon Creek. Comparison of records for early settlers in the upper Valley shows many with surnames identical to those in New Jersey's "Coxe Affair" including the two opportunistic yeoman, Duncan O'Quillon and John Collier, who after being beaten, tarred and feathered, realized they were not welcome in Hopewell. The greatest concentration of New Jersey migrants was along Back Creek (the next creek west of Opequon) in a small, mountain community where a peak was fortuitously named by its early settlers "Jersey Mountain." Since Thomas Smith (and probably his brother-in-law John Parke) had fled from Hopewell in 1735 without benefit of land sales, carrying only their personal possessions, it's unlikely either was able to buy land on arrival in the Shenandoah Valley.

Unfortunately, the same high elevation and steep slopes that made this mountain area a safe haven for refugees beyond the reach of royal law, also made farming difficult, beyond a mere subsistence level. After living several years in these beautiful mountains, many ambitious men began looking elsewhere. Furthermore, the upper Valley was no longer a safe haven. Indian raids and war threats necessitated the construction of frontier forts and the conscription of militia. Parke and Smith were now elderly, their kinsmen middle aged, and, in view of their New Jersey experiences, they were not interested in a new migration that made them "squatters," their reasons for another move being to find a peaceful area with fertile soil, moderate climate, good government and secure land titles. By May 1741, Bladen County issued deeds on the Great Peedee (Yadkin). It was no accident that the Hopewell group chose its north bank to found their "Jersey Settlement," an area described as: "Ten square miles of the best wheat land in the south, located in (modern) Davidson County, near Linwood. It was composed of many people from New Jersey who had sent an agent there to locate and enter the best land still open to settlement." [John Preston Arthur, A History of Watauga County, N. C., (1915) p.88].

A great attraction for these victims of political corruption was that in 1745 North Carolina was exceptionally well governed. Gov. Gabriel Johnston was an honest, capable Scottish physician and professor who on arrival found the colony in pitiable condition, and tried earnestly to better its welfare. "Under (Johnston's) prudent administration, the province increased in population, wealth and happiness."' [C. L. Hunter, Sketches of Western North Carolina, (1877), p. 7].

About 1745, the New Jersey group (perhaps a dozen or more families) left Back Creek in a wagon train bound for the Yadkin. Based on events after arrival, their leaders were probably Jonathan Hunt and Thomas Smith, but they were almost surely guided by the famous "Waggoneer" and explorer, Morgan Bryan who guided other groups to this general area, and in 1748 brought his own family from the Opequon to form Morgan's Settlement on the south bank of Deep Creek, four miles above the "Shallow Ford" of the Yadkin. [Robert W. Ramsey, Carolina Cradle, Settlement of the Northwest Carolina Frontier, 1747-1762; (U.N.C. Press, 1964; 4th printing 1987), p. 31].

So began the River Settlements, best reached from the north via an old Indian warpath, widened and renamed The Yading Path. About 1745/6 Thomas Smith received land on Swearing Creek, but his Bladen deed is missing (as are many others.). At age 71, on September 29, 1748, Smith was at Newburn with men from other western communities, petitioning the North Carolina Assembly to form Anson County, because they had to travel over a hundred miles to Bladen court house. The next day, September 30, 1748, he was appointed Justice of the Peace for Bladen, [William L. Saunders, editor, N. C. Colonial Records, Vol IV: 189, 889] --and under Colonial N.C. law, only landowners could be Justices of the Peace.

On November 5, 1748, a survey was made on Swearing Creek for Robert Heaton adjoining Thomas Smith; chain bearers: John Titus and Jonathan Hunt. These men are the first four landowners identified in Jersey Settlement. More than four men were needed in a frontier settlement, so it's likely others came in this first group, young men from Back Creek (not necessarily Hopewell) who were unable to buy land at first, but, being needed, lived with friends or kinsmen. Perhaps some did buy land on arrival, their Bladen deeds missing, like Smith's. John Titus, Jr. (1748 Swearing Creek chain bearer for Heaton), after losing his Hopewell land, joined his wife's uncle, Thomas Smith, on Back Creek before moving with him to the Yadkin. [John Titus, Jr. b. c1715 Hopewell, m. there c1740 Anna Smith (b. 28 Jan 1716) d/o Andrew & Sarah (Stout) Smith, Jr. In 1752, John & Sarah Titus were still in Jersey Settlement, but they returned to Hopewell where she d. 25 Aug 1777. However, other members of the Titus family later came to Jersey Settlement. (Research of Gloria Padach); Peggy Shomo Joyner, Northern Neck Warrants, 11:139]

On April 14, 1753, a 584 acre survey for Richard Lane," on "branches of Swaring Creek", adjoining McCullouch's Line, Thomas Smith and Robert Heaton. Wits: Jas. Carter, & Wm. Bishop. [Richard Lane was probably from the Hopewell family of Baptists descended from early immigrant Geisbert Laenen (Gilbert Lane) from north Belgium, then part of Netherlands. In 1719 Mathias Lane died leaving his property in Stoutsburg, Hopewell Twp., to his widow Anna. Obid, Lewis, p. 191; Margaret M. Hofmann, The Granville District of North Carolina 1748-1763, #4673].

Robert Heaton of Hopewell was on Back Creek till, the summer of 1748 when he came to Swearing Creek. "Thomas Potts probably lived on Potts Creek." [James S. Brawley, The Rowan Story. In addition, Thomas Potts was perhaps a descendant of English immigrant Thomas Potts who arrived at Burlington, N.J. in 1678 on the ship Shield with his wife Mary and children, a Baptist on arrival, a 1689 member of Burhngton Baptist Church. Ibid, Baptists of New Jersey. In 1722, Thomas Potts was on Hopewell's Tax List].

Thomas Evans was a very early settler at Rowan's Trading Ford. Robert Ramsey thought he might be Thomas Evans of Maryland [Robert Ramsey, Carolina Cradle, (U.N.C. Press, 4th printing, 1987), p. 110].. However, on July 4, 1738 at St. Mary's, Ewing, the marriage of Tho's Evans & Diana Cassel. In 1753, 348 persons signed a new petition, this one being to separate from Anson County, resulting in the formation of Rowan, of which Henry Reeves wrote:

At the time of the formation of Rowan County in 1753, two of the Yadkin settlers, Col. George Smith and Jonathan Hunt, were important enough that the Assembly would not approve the bill for the formation of Rowan County until the names of George Smith Col., and Jonathan Hunt, Capt. were re-inserted. Their names had been in the original bill for formation, but had been deleted and other names substituted by his Majesty’s Council. Early Jersey Church served Episcopalians, Baptists and Presbyterians, with later sermons, marriages and baptisms performed by visiting preachers, including Moravians, and catechism lessons by Lutheran Rev. David Henkel. [George Smith (1713-cl.799) s/o Andrew, Jr., brother-in-law to Jonathan Hunt; Smith Bible; Rep. James Whitaker (1779-1871) of Cherokee Co., N.C., My Memoirs, private publication].


Comparison of Settlements Hopewell, New Jersey Fifty Men's Pact 1734 Jersey Settlement Rowan Co., NC Anderson, Bartholomew Anderson, Cornelius (nephew) 1749 J. P., Anson Co. Baldwin, Elnathan Baldwin, John & Wm. 1753 Rowan deeds. Blair, John Blair, John, d. 1746 Mulberry Run, Frederick, Va leaving orphan John. Blair, John (Jr.) 1765 Rowan sale Drake, Benj. Drake, Benj. 1753 Rowan deed, stockmark. Evans, Thomas Evans, Thomas 1747 Rowan Trading Ford Everitt, John Everitt, John 1778 Rowan poll Gano, Daniel & Francis Gano, Rev. John (s/o Daniel), 1770 deed. Hendrickson, John Hendrickson, John 1786 Rowan witness Houghton, John Houghton, Henry 1753 Rowan deed Hunt, John Hunt, Jonathan s/o John, 1748 chain bearer Hunt, Ralph Hunt, Wm. & Thos. 1759 Rowan Tax List Mayberry, Thomas Mabery, Francis 1768 Rowan Tax List Mr. Mayberry, 1771 Regulator Merrill, Benjamin

Merrill, John Benjamin Merrill (son of Wm., Jr. nephew of older Benj. & John) 1771 Regulator Moore, Nathaniel Moore, Nathaniel 1778 Rowan Tax List Palmer, John Palmer, J. 1755 Rowan deed witness Palmer, Thos. Palmer, Francis 1753 Rowan deed. Parke, Andrew P----, John 1759 Rowan Tax List Parke, John Parke, George & Noah 1759 Rowan Tax Parke, Joseph Parke, Joseph s/o Hugh, 1781 Rowan will. Parke, Roger Smith, Ralph Smith, Ralph 1761 Rowan Smith, Richard Smith, Richard 1763 Rowan deed Smith, Thomas Smith, Thomas 1748 deed Stout, Joseph Stout, William b. ca 1790 Stout, Jonathan 1822 Rowan Titus, John Titus, John 1748 chain bearer.

Note: Identical names in two locations do not prove they are the same individuals. Thomas Evans of the Fifty Mens' Compact, may be same man as (or father of) Thomas Evans of Rowan's Trading Ford. ["14th of 4th month 1713, a baptism at Hopewell, Susanna, daughter Thowas Evans." Ibid, Register of First Presbyterian Church of Philadelphia which also served Hopewell].

John Parke (who fled Hopewell with Thomas Smith) is believed to be the John Park who died in the upper Valley, and perhaps father of George Parks who had deeds on Back Creek and Rowan. April 13, 1751, Thomas Sharp to George Parks 143 acres on Back Creek, Frederick Co., Va. Dec. 20, 1760, "George Park of Roann County, N.C." 143 acres on Back Creek to Thomas Sharp of Frederick Co. [Peggy Shomo Joyner, Northern Neck Warrants, 11:139].

Thomas Smith who rebelled so strongly in Hopewell that he became fugitive, died at his home on Swearing Creek. His widow, Rebecca, many years his junior, lived to see more wagon trains arrive, some with neighbors and kin from Hopewell, including the Baptist Stouts, Eatons and Merrells. She was there c1752 when a huge wagon train brought several hundred people, including most of the congregation of Scotch Plains Baptist Church from Essex County, New Jersey, and undoubtedly heard sermons in 1755 by that church's visiting minister, "Rev. (Benjamin) Miller-(who) spent several weeks at the Jersey Church for the colony was made up of many persons from his neighborhood.-"' [Rev. Morgan Edwards, Materials Towards a History of the Baptists, II:106].

In 1755, a wagon train arrived with Quakers from Pennsylvania, followed in the 1760's by many Germans from Pennsylvania and west Maryland. As a widow, Rebecca (Anderson) Smith, lived with a married daughter, dying at age 86, August 13, 1785, and was buried at Eaton's Baptist Church. The first pioneers kept in touch with New Jersey, e.g., death in Rowan was entered in a Hopewell Bible, and they invited others from Hopewell and Back Creek to join them in the beautiful valley of the Yadkin, an invitation many accepted. Some who had not sued in the Fifty Mens' Compact lost their land, and came to rebuild their fortunes. At least 22 of the 50 families who lost both lawsuit and land in the infamous "Coxe Affair " eventually moved to Jersey Settlement.

END NOTES

Morgan Edwards, A.M., Fellow Rhode Island College 1770-1792, (His private publication, 1790). Rev. Edwards extant diaries edited by Eve B. Weeks & Mary B. Warren, Materials Towards a History of the Baptists, (Heritage Papers, 1984).

Ralph Ege, Pioneers of Old Hopewell, (Hopewell Museum, 1908, rpt 1963).

Richard W. Hunter & Richard L. Porter, Hopewell. A Historical Geography, (N. J. Historical Commission, 1990).

Alice Blackwell Lewis, Hopewell Valley Heritage, (Hopewell Museum, 1973).

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Ms. Ethel Stroupe, a native of Asheville, N.C., is a Certified Social Worker, retired from administration, living in Laguna Niguel, California. She did her first genealogy at Biltmore College as a Biology 101 assignment on genetics taught by her cousin, Professor William E. Merrill, then studied history at the U.'s of Rome, Florence, Ohio State, Pitt, and Cal. Berkeley. Her Jersey Settlement families are Childers, Davis, Fouts, Garren, Harper, Rent, Reed and Whitaker.

She gratefully acknowledges the help of Gloria Padach, especially for sharing documents from the New Jersey Archives and Hunterdon courthouse, and advises all who want to know more about Hopewell families buy the excellent books by Ralph Ege and Alice Blackwell Lewis which are crammed with family and historical information, and are available most reasonably by writing to Hopewell Museum, Beverly A. Weide, Curator, 28 East Broad Street, Hopewell, N.J. 08525.

History of the Jersey Settlement (From History of Wautauga County. Chapter VIII)

First Light on the Jersey Settlement.-From a sketch of the Greene Family of Watauga, by the late Rev. G. W. Greene, Baptist missionary to China, we learn that "about the middle of the eighteenth century a colony moved from New Jersey and settled in Rowan County, North Carolina. This "Jersey Settlement" is now a part of Davidson County, and lies near the Yadkin River, opposite Salisbury . . . H. E. McCullough, of England, had secured grants to large tracts in North Carolina, tract No. 9 containing 12500 acres, including much of the land of the Jersey Settlement. Jeremiah Greene bought 541 acres of this tract. This land is described as lying "on the waters of Atkin or Pee Dee," on Pott's Creek. This creek passes near the village of Linwood, within a mile of the Jersey church, and empties into the Yadkin, not far away. This land was bought in 1762. Some years later, when this tract of land was divided between his two sons, Richard and Isaac, the new deeds were not registered, but the names of the new owners were written on the margin of the page where the old deed was registered. The Yadkin becomes the Pee Dee in South Carolina. In his "Rhymes of Southern Rivers" M. V. Moore says that Yadkin is not an Indian name, but a corruption of Atkin or Adkin. If Atkin's initials were P. D., then P. D. Atkin might very easily have become P. D. Yatkin, just as "don't you know" becomes "doncher know." Henry Eustace McCullough was doubtless the "H. E. McCullough, of England," referred to by Mr. Greene, was the agent of the province of North Carolina in December and was commended for good conduct (Col. Rec., Vol. IX, P. 206), and he surrendered land in Mecklenberg, claimed by John Campbell, Esq., of England, without authority as Campbell claimed, although there was a direction in the minutes of the council journals that the attorney-general directing McCulloh was to surrender it." (Id. P. 790.) It seems that land in large tracts had been granted to certain persons of influence on condition that they be settled within certain dates, for G. A. Selwyn, of England, appointed H. E. McCulloh to surrender any part of three tracts of 100000 acres each, which had been granted to him upon the above conditions. (Id. Vol. VI, pp. go6-7.) This was in November, 1763, only a year after Jeremiah Greene bought his 541 acres from H. E. McCullough. This would seem to account for the reference by Bishop Spangenberg to the 400 families from the North which had just arrived in 1752, and for the fact that most of the land east of Rowan County had been already taken up at that time. (Id. Vol. IV, p. 1312.)

Meager Facts Concerning-This settlement consisted of about ten square miles of the best wheat land in the South, and was located in Davidson County, near Linwood. It was composed of many people from New Jersey who had sent an agent there to locate and enter the best land still open to settlement. According to Rev. C. B. Williams in his "History of the Baptists in North Carolina" (p. 16), "The exact year in which the Jersey Settlement was made on the Yadkin is not known. It is probable that this settlement left New Jersey and arrived on the Yadkin between 1747 and 1755. Benjamin Miller preached there as early as 1755, and the facts indicate that there were already Baptists on the Yadkin when Benjamin Miller visited the settlement. The Philadelphia Association has in its records of 1755 the following reference: "Appointed that one minister from the Jerseys and one from Pennsylvania visit North Carolina." But Miller appears to have gone to the "Jersey Settlement still earlier than 1755 - - - (p.17). Another preacher who visited the Jersey Settlement was John Gano. He had been converted just before this time, and was directed by Benjamin Miller, pastor of Scotch Plains Church, New Jersey, to take the New Testament as his guide on baptism. He became a Baptist, and, learning of Carolina from Miller, decided to visit the Jersey Settlement on his way to South Carolina. This he seems to have done in 1756. During his stay at the settlement he tells us in his autobiography that "a Baptist Church was constituted and additions made to it." He left the colony early in the year 1759, and so the church must have been organized between 1756 and 1758. There is a tradition that while there Gano, married a Bryan or a Morgan, one of the antecedents of the Bryan family of Boone.

In rowan co there was one Teater named Joseph Teater who appears to be unconnected to Jacob Felker or George Tarrar Teeter

Joseph jeter is also mentioned as brother of William Jeter Teter and the old George Jeter Teator of Frederick Co. In 1760 Joseph Teater had 3 poles on the Rowan Co Tax list.. The Luneneburg Va tax lists show the following. 1776 Samuel Jeter Francis Cooper -- another family with many notes with the Teaters. 1775. William Jeter Thomas Jeter, 1774 Joseph Jeter Killes Jeter Joseph Jeter Samuel Jeter. 1773 William Jeter Constable Ezekelus Jeter Samuel Jeter.

A excerpt from the Earliest Ray by family genalogist Robert Evans.

In Jan 1816, Zachariah served as one of three appraisers for the estate of Elijah Evans. One of the others was William McQueery. The executors were Pleasant Alverson and Paris Teator. Elijah lived on a farm at the north end of Poor Ridge. He appeared in Surry/Stokes County shortly after Zachariah and was one of the sixty families that came to Kentucky in 1793. I suspect Elijah’s wife Rebekah was a Ray, but have no absolute proof. Frequent marriage between the Ray, Evans, Teator, Alligree, and McQueery families suggests that they were part of some kind of identifiable social or cultural group. Evidence suggest that they were all of mixed Native American, dark skinned European, and white European blood. Some of those, including some relatives of this group, were given the name of Melungeon. However I would not go so far as saying the Garrard County group were Melungeon, since the Melungeon’s apparently had their own language, consisting of a mixture of Native American, English, and Portuguese vocabularies. Neither is there any evidence of African blood in the Garrard group. Mainstream Mulungeon’s apparently accepted freed blacks into their society and intermarried with them. One part of this observation is almost all had a great grandparent that came on one of the 4 Huguenot ships. The Rays were Maupins and Hearns then there were the Harris family Agee Salle Giles Allegree Another trait of this clanish social group was being prone to violence and feuding. This group was all involved in most biggest dark and deadly feud in America the fight at Tobacco Barn. More blood spilled in 30 minuetes than the years of feuds between the Hatfields and Mcoys. It was Evans Hill feud of Garard tentucy. This group though always called themselves Scotch Irish

A few of the Parris Teaters

Parris m. Teater jr 15 june 1820 Garrard KY D,29 Dec 1879 father Parris Teater mother Rebecca Totton.

Parris Teater 1843 d. unknown ky father Nelson Teater mother Permelia Wheeler

Parris Teater 11 may 1841 Garrard ky, died cival war father Clayburne Clark Teater mother Ellenor Davis

Parris Teater 30 march 1814 D.1899 ky father William Teater mother Nancy Ross

Parris Teater 1850 Saline MO 1800 parents unknown

Robert parris Teater 1836 d unknown tex father Stout Teater mother Minerva Edwards

William Parris Teater jr dates unknown ky father William Teater mother Nancy Ross

Samuel Parris Teater 22sept 1835 d,13 July 1915 ky father Russel Teater mother Susan Davis

Samuel Parris Teater jr 4 July 1885 d,1956 ky father Samuel Parris SR mother Permelia Daily

George Pearis Teater unknown . howard mo.est 1800 Father Samuel Teater mother Elizabeth Ray

It is noted in Huguenot history that another Jeter went to the Carolins this may be them using the K spelling


KEETERS IN ALBEMARLE COUNTY, NORTH CAROLINA

(DISCONTINUED IN 1751)


The entire Northeastern corner of North Carolina, which encompassed the present counties of Hertford, Bertie, Gates, Chowan, Perquimans, Pasquotank, Camden and Currituck was at one time Albemarle Precinct or County, North Carolina. Albemarle County was discontinued in 1751.

William W. Keator was the first Keator on record in the Albemarle area when he witnessed a bill of sale between Hugh Barloe and Henry Lyde in January 1692. William W. Keator also witnessed land concerns of Hugh Barlow 23, January 169 in Albemarle Precinct.

William Keeter witnessed land deeded to his father-in-law George Slade from John and Mary Hawkins about 1700 in Albemarle Precinct. In 1702, William Keator (1) witnessed a deed in Chowan Precinct and in 1703, he deeded land to his father-in-law George Slade in Chowan Precinct. In 1706, William Keator (1) bought 100 acres of land in Bertie Precinct. This William Keator married probably about 1693 to Martha Slade and they had at least two children: William Keator (2) and James Keator (2). William Keator (1) died about 1730 leaving his land to his wife Martha and his two sons William and James. Martha Slade Keator and her son William (2) died in 1734, leaving the land to her son James Keator, who sold it.

James Keeter (Keto) and his mother Martha Clark purchased land together in Bertie Precinct in 1715. This was recorded in the Albemarle County records. James Keator paid taxes on this land in 1721 (recorded in the Albemarle County records). This James (1) married Martha ____________ probably about 1720, and they had at least two children thought to be born around 1721-1730: William Keator (Keeter) (3) and James (3). James Keator (1) died about 1752 in Bertie County, North Carolina (Albemarle County was discontinued in 1751 and Bertie Precinct of Albemarle County became Bertie County). In 1763, James (3) sold the land he had inherited from his father James to Humphrey Nicholas. The transaction was witnessed by William Keator. William Keeter (Ketter) (3) bought land in 1752 in Bertie County, North Carolina and sold land in 1753 to Elwood Rayson and also sold land to Edward Keyser.

It is suspected by this author that the earliest Keeters to migrate to Rutherford County, North Carolina were descendants of this family (above).

Laurence Keator was given a tract of land in Perquimans Precinct, North Carolina in 1698. In 1716, he bought more land in Perquimans Precinct. About 1698, Laurence married Elizabeth ________________. They had at least three children: John, Ann, and William. Perquimans Precinct was a part of Albemarle County, North Carolina.

John Keator was living in Surry County, Virginia, and bought 600 acres in the Province of North Carolina, July 14, 1715. (Author's note--This no doubt have been in Albemarle County, North Carolina during this period of time and Albemarle County bordered Virginia.) Could this be the same John Keator who witnessed a deed between Arthur Kavanaugh and Thomas Whitside in Bertie Precinct in 1715?

John Keator of Bertie Precinct married Elizabeth Reid probably about 1728. They had at least five children: 1. John Keator, Jr., b. abt 1730, 2. William Keator, b. 1732, 3. Lemuel Keator, b. abt 1736, 4. Landy Keator, b. abt 1737, 5. Michael Keator, b. abt 1738.

Early Bertie County, North Carolina, Keeters

William W. Keator appears in Old Albemarle County, North Carolina records in 1692, when he witnessed a property concern of Hugh Barlow's.

James A. Keeter is listed in the Albemarle County, North Carolina, Tax List in 1721. William Keeter witnessed a deed in 1698 in Perquimans County, North Carolina.

Albemarle County was discontinued and became Currituck, Pasquotank, Tyrell, and Chowan Precincts. Chowan Precinct later became Bertie Precinct (County). Perquimans County was part of Old Albemarle County.

In 1700, in Albemarle Precinct, William Keeter witnessed a deed to his father-in-law, George Slade from John and Mary Hawkins. In 1702, in Chowan Precinct, he deeded land to his father-in-law, George Slade.

In 1706, William Keator bought 100 acres of land in Bertie County, North Carolina.

According to Robert Creekmore, Old Fort, North Carolina, the two known children of William and Martha Slade Keator were William and James Keator.

A John Keator appears on record in 1715, when he witnessed a deed in Bertie Precinct.

In 1734, James Keeter and his wife Martha sold land that he had inherited from his mother Martha Clark and his brother William Keeter (Keto) who were deceased. Their mother Martha Clark apparently acquired the land from John Hawkins in 1715, according to the "Bertie County, North Carolina Deed Books."

In 1753, William Keeter, a cooper, sold his land that he had inherited from his father James Keeter, and in 1763, James Keeter, a planter, sold land that he had inherited from his father James Keeter and it is witnessed by william Keeter. So, apparently, the two known sons of James and Martha Keeter were also named William and James Keeter.

No more mention of James Keeter is made in the Bertie County, North Carolina records


Parris Teater 1780 Bakers Creek Washington co Virginia





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