I was interested in your message of April 17th 07 re Charles S Tooley.I agree with your view of the "englishness" of the surname, but the authorities here (UK) consider that the name is a corruption of the old Scandinavian personal name "Toli".There are still many Tooleys in the East of England which was colonised by the Vikings around 800 AD. I have doubts about what you say about the use of the chevron as a mark of bastardy - I have never heard of this. Stephen Friar's "Heraldry for the local historian and genealogist" says that the bendlet sinister (a thin bar across the shield rising from left to right)was replaced in the 18th century by the bordure wavy (a wavy line round the edge of the shield), except for the royal family who used a baton sinister ( a short rising bar across the middle of the shield ). In any case, I think King Olaf's period was far too early for such sophisticated heraldry! Tooley Street in London is considered to have derived its name from its St. Olave's ( Olaf's) Church.
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