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NC Yearwood/Earwood Kinship Thesis
Posted by: Andrew Yearwood Date: June 27, 2001 at 21:11:32
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John and Katherine Yearwood gave birth to Robert Yearwood in 1752 in Albemarle Parish, Surry County, Virginia, and perhaps were in Halifax County, North Carolina by 1762 when a John (Y)Earwood witnessed the Will of Green Emry.xx In 1778, Yearwoods of similar Christian names appear in Western North Carolina tax records. Robert (Y)E(a)rwood appears in a land entry for Burke County, living on the former lands of John Fish, then owned by Colonel Hugh Brevard. One county over, in Rowan County, North Carolina, John and Martin (Y)Earwood reside in different Militia Districts.


By 1790, five (Y)Earwoods are listed in the North Carolina Census. John, Thomas, William and Mary Earwood are close neighbors in Lincoln County. Colonel Hugh Brevard's widow, Sarah, as well as John Fish and others of the Fish family are living in the same district of Lincoln County, NC. All are adults with children in the home. Benjamin Yarwood resides in Rowan County, North Carolina with a wife and no children. Robert, as discussed later, is in Washington County, Georgia in 1791, so it is assumed that he was already there in 1790 when the Census was taken. As such, there are three primary groups of Yearwoods in America by 1790:


1790 Census
Washington, GA
Robert Yearwood       

Lincoln County, NC
John Earwood
William Earwood
Thomas Earwood
Mary Earwood

Rowan County, NC
Benjamin Yarwood

The 1800 Census provides more precise insight into the generational differences between the Yearwoods and Earwoods who appear at the turn of the 19th century. Robert, in Pendleton, South Carolina, was born before 1755 in Virginia. Mary, presumed to be the widow of Martin Earwood listed above, is over 45 in 1800 living in Rutherford County, North Carolina. Thomas and William Earwood of Lincoln County, North Carolina were both born before 1755.

In the 1800 Census, the three primary groups of (Y)Earwoods in America continued to expand with the third generation:

1800 Census
Pendleton, SC
Robert       bef 1755
H. Andrew       1775 (son of Robert)

Lincoln County, NC
Thomas       bef 1755
William, Jr.       1755-1774 (son of Thomas)
William       abt 1754
Daniel       1755-1774 (son of William)
John       1762

Rutherford County, NC
Mary       bef 1755
Benjamin1755-1774 (son of Martin and Mary)
Edmond       1755-1774 (son of Martin and Mary)

The Earwoods of North Carolina are listed on the same pages of their respective counties in the Census for 1790 and 1800, suggesting close kinship ties. It is my presumption, although no proof exists, that John Yearwood, Sr. moved from Sussex County, Virginia to Halifax County, North Carolina by 1762, then to Rowan County, North Carolina by 1778 where he and other Yearwood landowners appear on the tax lists. Indeed, John, Jr. of Rutherford County, Tennessee, when applying for a Revolutionary War Pension, gave his birthdate as 1762 in Halifax County, North Carolina.

In view of the foregoing information John Yearwood, Sr. would in all likelihood have been born between 1720 and 1730. John, Sr. seems to appear in Halifax County, North Carolina by 1762, and interestingly ten years after his appearance in Surry County, Virginia. John, Sr.'s and Katherine's descendents, at least in the male lines, are proposed as follows:

1. Robert Yearwood       born 1752 in Surry Co., VA; lived in Burke Co., NC in 1778; migrated to Washington Co., GA by 1790; settled in Franklin Co., GA on Toccoa Creek by 1802; died about 1815; son Andrew only known child born 1775 died 1860 in Habersham County, GA

2. William (Y)Earwood       born about. 1754; fought in Revolutionary War; died about 1823 in Rutherford Co., TN; ancestor of Sweetwater Valley Yearwoods through his son William, Jr. born 1770s, who died in 1865

3. Thomas (Y)Earwood       born before 1755; married Catharine Summay,1779 in Rowan Co NC.; died 1806 in Lincoln Co, NC; son Thomas, Jr. in York County, SC by 1820 and Murray County, GA by 1850 age given as 80 years

4. Martin (Y)Earwood       born before 1757; lived in Rowan Co., NC in 1778; died before 1790; assumed husband of Mary Earwood in 1790 Lincoln County Census

5. John Yearwood       born 1762 in Halifax Co., NC; fought in Revolutionary War; died 1846/7 in Rutherford Co., TN; founded Old Yearwood Homestead near Murfreesboro, TN

Interested in any feedback from fellow researchers. Please test my logic here as I think there is a strong case for this proposed relationship, which will tie together most Yearwoods/Earwoods in the US.

Andrew Yearwood


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