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I need help with my Peter Allen Zacharys that died in the Civil War
Posted by: Little Bobby Cat (ID *****1615) Date: August 02, 2012 at 07:29:22
  of 498

Which Peter Zachary?

I always confuse the two Peter Allen Zachary One was born May 22, 1822 and was the son of James and Mary (Allen) Zachary, the other was born Abt. 1839 and was the son of James Allen and Casander (Brock) Zachary. Both Peter Allen Zachary’s died in the Civil War on Jan 01, 1863 Russell County, KY or at least that is what everyone keeps telling me.

Peter Allen Zachary born May 22, 1822 Overton County, TN, married Kesiah Huddleston Jan 12, 1843 Fentress County TN. The marriage date is one that was sent to me as in Pickett County, TN but there wasn’t a Pickett County TN until 1879, so I changed it to Fentress County, TN as that is where they were living at that time.
They are listed on the 1850 Census Fentress County TN in house hold # 78 and family # 78 living next to his parents James and Mary (Allen) Zachary who are in House hold # 77
1850 Census Fentress County, TN enumerated Aug. 26, 1850.
# 78 #78
Peter Zachery age 28 M Occupation Farmer Value of Real Estate Owned 600 born in TN
Kesiah age 28 F born in TN can not read or write (Kesiah Huddleston)
Mary age 5 F born in TN (Mary Ann Zachary)
Jas age 4 M born in TN (James Knox Polk Zachary)
Leonard age age 2 M       born in TN               (Leonard Zachary)
Wiley age 1 M born TN                      (Wiley Captain Zachary)

In a statement after the trial was over, Champ Ferguesson had to following to say concering the killing of Huddleston and the Zachary brothers: “I did not kill Elm. I was along, however. I think Abe Hindreth shot him. I know that Elm shot at me and the ball grazed my my clothes. I killed Peter Zachary after one of the most desperate struggles that I ever had in my life. We fell to the floor, and he keep shooting, while I knocked the pistol aside. I finally got out my knife and stabed him a few times, killing him. There were several in the house at the time, and we had ordered them to surrender. Allen Zachary was killed by one of the boys.”

At the trail Sarah Dowdy, daughter of Captian Dowdy in part of her testimony said, ”I was in my father’s house on New Year’s Night in Russell County, Kentucky. Peter Zachary, Allen Zachary, Greenberry Murphy and Archie Davidson were present.” She then describes the struggle.

In cross examination in part he said “The two Zachary boys came armed because they belonged to the First KY Regiment.” In another part of her statement, refering to Peter and Allen Zachary, she said “ They were on the way to join their regiment, and had stopped at our house to spend the night..” She also stated “If Ferguson asked Peter to surrender, I never hear it.” Sarah and her Mother were in the same room as Peter and Allen Zachary, when the fight started.
                                                 
The killings that took place at Cpt, Dowdy’s and that of Elam Huddleston occurred on what was know as Morgan’s “Christmas Raid” into KY, killing Elam Huddleston on Christmas day 1862 and the Zachary brothers (as referenced in most accounts of what happened) on Jan 01, 1863. Even though Champ Ferguson had his own band of guerillas he was know to have been with Morgan on this occasion, but broke off to go and kill the above men.

So we know that two brothers Peter and Allen Zachary were in the First Kentucky Regiment. Were at Captian Dowdy’s house on Jan 1, 1863 and were killed by Champ Ferguson and his men that night. But which Peter and which Allen was it?

In my records and on Census records I do not find a listing for and Allen Zachary at all. So Allen must have been his middle name, but he was known locally as Allen Zachary, and not his by his first name.       

I have seen post thatt snuggest that it was the cousins Peter Allen Zachary, that shared the same name. But there was not a cousin at that time by the name of Peter Allen Zachary.

Peter Allen born 1822 had a nephew that was named after him, he was the son of his brother James Allen Zachary. I suspect that because James Allen Zachary was the son of James Zachary, he was called Allen Zachary. Because his father who was still alive until Champ Ferguson and his men killed him in June 1, 1862, the same day he killed young Fount Zachary, son of Peter Allen Zachary. As testified by Esther Ann (Zachary) Jackson at Champ Ferguson’s trial.

She also stated that Fayette Allen was the first to fire at James Zachary then John Smith and all the others as ordered by Champ Ferguson to do so.

In William Thrasher's testimony:
On the morning on which old Mr. Tabor was killed, while we were taking breakfast, Ferguson sat down by me and asked me what old man Zachery's sons said about their father being killed. I told him they said they intended to kill the fellow who did it. He wanted to know who they thought did it, and I told him, 'Fayette Allen'. He said they need not blame Allen with it, that he was the man that killed him and was responsible for it.
While I was a prisoner, Ferguson asked me if I didn't think he ought to kill me. I told him I thought it would be hard to kill an unarmed man. Ferguson said no, it wouldn't and asked me if I didn't think it would bring the War to a close sooner if he killed all he took. I told him I didn't know.
Ferguson took all the money my brother and I had with us, also some blankets and things we had drawn from the Government. We both belonged to the 18th Kentucky Calvary. During the excitement after Huddleston's attack, I jumped off my horse and ran and got away.
Elam Huddleston and I belonged to the 12th Kentucky Calvary and to the same company when we went into service. Later on, Huddleston went off from the regiment and made up a company of his own.

Latter at his trial Champ Ferguson stated that Lafayette Allen killed James Zachary.

This would explain why John “Jack” Zachary killed Lafayette Allen at Hale’s Mill, as he believed that he had killed his father. I found the following article at Borderlands Web site about the incident.

Hale's Mill
After John Jackie Zachary hid in the bluff overlooking the road and killed Lafayette Allen, a C.S.A. Soldier, the Confederate guerillas burned the mill. After the mill was burned, J.D. Hale moved his family to Clinton and Adair Counties in Kentucky, bur returned to Tennessee after the war. The above text was based on History of Pickett County, Tennessee 1973. The Hale
family owned the place until about 1900, when they sold it to J.M. Flowers. It was then known as the Asberry Farm.

I found a James Zachary listed on the 1820, 1830, 1840 and 1850. I cannot find James or his wife in 1860 but I can’t find a of people as I can’t find census that I can get to on line for those counties. This has lead a lot of people to list his death date as after or about 1850, which I believe is wrong as I do find James Zachary on 1862 tax record that listed:
James A. Zachary        225 acres
Peter A. Zachary        150 acres
James Zachary        300 acres
John Zachary              150 acres
James B. Zachary        50 acres       

It was said that James Zachary was hiding out, from Champ Ferguson and his gang as he had made threats against his life after The Monroe Compromise (see info below). I did find his wife Mary (Allen) Zachary listed in the 1870 Census Fentress County, TN in the house hold of her grandson, Wylie Cap. Zachary.

Found a references to James Zachary being in Columbia Adair County prior to the battle of Mill Springs in Jan 22, 1862 and was not at home when Champ Ferguson had threatened to kill him, which he did soon after arranging the “peace compromise”. along with Elijah Kogier.

With the tax record and the other info listed above this means that the James Zachary born about 1782 was still alive. I find his wife in the 1870 and 1880 Census for Fentress County living in the household of her grandson Wiley C. Zachary. Believe she died sometime after the 1880 Census Fentress County TN.

Found at The Borderlands
http://www.theborderlands.org/home.htm

Civil War Stories
The Monroe Compromise
In the late winter, early spring of 1862, the Union and confederate factions of the Upper Cumberland attempted to reach a peaceful compromise in order to prevent the raids into the counties of Overton and Fentress in Tennessee and Clinton County in Kentucky. Murder, theft, and arson had become very commonplace during the absence of so many regular soldiers to the war. At this site of the peace conference, held at Monroe in Overton County, the Northern side was generally the men of Fentress and Clinton Counties. Those counties were represented by: “Tinker” Dave Beaty, James M. Beaty, Claiborn Beaty, Mr. Zachary, Issac Wood, Mr. Koger, and Elijah Koger. The men who represented the Southern Cause and mainly from Overton County were: Winburn W. Goodpasture, Landon Armstrong, William Winton, and Jesse Robert. Champ Ferguson represented the southern interests of Clinton County, Kentucky.
Although the parties agreed not to raid into adjoin counties, the so-called “Monroe Compromise” was dead from the start. Within hours Ferguson and his men would kill four Overton County men on his way back to Clinton County. Also, Confederate Captain J. W. McHenry would raid into Clinton County as a result of poor communications between the peace conference officials and the soldiers in the field. Champ Ferguson did not forget the faces of those men at the conference. He would later be charged with the murder or attempted murder of many of those very men. At least one of these men would testify against Ferguson at his war crimes tribunal held in Nashville in 1865.”

This dose not state which Mr. Zachary it is, but he must have been older as they listed him as Mr. Zachary, the only other reason is that they did not know his name.

The killings that took place at Cpt, Dowdy’s and that of Elam Huddleston occurred on what was know as Morgan’s “Christmas Raid” into KY, killing Elam Huddleston on Christmas day 1862 and the Zachary brothers (as referenced in most accounts of what happened) on Jan 01, 1863.

Other reasons to believe that James Zachary born 1782 died Jun 1,1862 and Allen Zachary was James’s son James Allen Zachary are listed below.

James Allen Zachary was born Oct 21, 1813 Overton County TN
Champ Ferguson was born Nov. 29, 1821 Clinton County, KY

A difference of only 8 years, in his reference to “old man Zachary” I do not think that he was referring to James Allen Zachary. As the age difference between the two men was not that much. So this is one key suggestion that leads me to believe that he was referring to their father James Zachary born about 1782 VA.
Using the term “boys” is also a suggestion that they were close to Champ Ferguson’s age or younger. I guess it is a old fashioned way of speaking when referring to the sons of someone not that they were boys, as I have heard this comment apply to even old men, from my Grandmother who was born in Pickett County TN.

So I believe that James Zachary born Abt. 1782 VA and died Jun 01, 1862 Fentress County, TN.

Fount Zachary born Nov 05, 1843 Fentress County, TN and died Jun 01, 1862 Fentress County, TN.

James Allen Zachary born Oct 21, 1813 Overton County, TN and died Jan. 1, 1863 Russell County, KY.

Peter Allen Zachary born May 22, 1822 Overton County, TN and died Jan. 1, 1863 Russell County, KY.

As for Peter Allen Zachary born Abt. 1839 Fentress County, TN son of James Allen Zachary, I am still not sure where he died or when. He joined the Civil War and was killed during the war somewhere.

I do not believe that Emeline Chatman was the second wife of Peter Allen Zachary born May 22, 1822 Overton County, TN. But was instead the wife of Peter Allen Zachary born Abt. 1839 Fentress County, TN, for the following reasons:

She is listed on what few Census records that I can find of her as being born Bet. 1839 - 1840 KY one time and TN the next. Making her at least 17 years younger than Peter Allen Zachary born 1822. This was not unusual for the woman to be much younger than her husband.
In the 1870's she is listed in the census for Clinton County, KY with her children:
1870 Census Clinton County, KY dated June 24, 1870
House # 15, Family # 15
Zachary, Emeline age 30, F, W, Keeping House, Value of Real Estate 400, Value of Personal Estate 267, born KY
Olive age 16, F, W, at home, born TN, attended school within the year can read cannot write.
Priscilla age 10, F, W, at home, born TN
Letcher age 8, F, W, at home, born TN
Lewis age 5, M, W, at home, born TN
Polly Huddleston age 24, works in house, born TN, can not read, can not write,
Pleasant Huddleston age 2, M, W, at home, born TN
(This one I transcribed from photo copy)       

Lewis Zachary born abt 1865 would have been born long after the death of Peter Zachary born May 22, 1822 and died Jan 01, 1863. So this Peter Zacahry could not have been his father.       

Peter Allen Zachary born 1822, his children are not listed with her. So where are they?                            
                                          
Peter Allen Zachary’s youngest daughter Keziah Elizabeth Zachary would have only been about 10 years old when her father died, and only about 16-17 in 1870's. She is found in the 1870's living with her aunt, her father’s sister, Esther (Zachary) Huddleston in the house hold of Ester’s son Ambrose J. Huddleston, in Bradfordsville, KY. In the 1880's Mercer County KY census Keziah E. (Zachary) listed as Kissie Jones is married to Sam H. Jones and her Aunt Esther (Zachary) Huddleston is living with them. I think that after the death of her mother, or after or when her father went off to war Esther took in Kesiah and raised her. The other children were probably with their grandmother or other family members in the 1860's. In the 1900 Census Mercer County, KY she is listed as Mother-in-law, probable and honorey

Leonard Zachary died Abt. 1849 Fentress County, TN
       
Fount Zachary was murdered by Champ Ferguson on Jun 01, 1862 Fentress County, TN.

In 1870 Census we find Wylie C. Zachary in Fentress County, TN with his two sons as his first wife, Sarah Louisa J. Dowdy, had recently died probable with birth of son John S. Zachary also living there are his grandmother Mary (Allen) Zachary, his sisters Mary Ann Zachary and Easter E. Zachary.
                                          
1870 Census Fentress County, TN dated June 18, 1870
house # 29 Family # 29
Wiley Zackery age 21, M , W, Farmer, Value of Real Estate 400, Value of Personal Estate 175, born TN
Peter Zackery age 2, M, W, at home, born TN
John S Zackery age 3/12, M, W, at home, born TN born March
Mary Zackery aage 74, F, W, Keeping house, born Pennsylvania, mark in section for father of foreign birth
Mary A. Zackery age 25, F, W, at home, born TN
Easter Zackery age 19, F, W, at home, born TN
(This one I transcribed from photo copy)       

In the 1880 Census Fentress County TN we find Emeline Zachary listed as now being born in TN:
1880 Census Fentress County TN
Name: Emeline Zachary
Residence: District 11, Fentress, Tennessee
Birthdate: 1840
Birthplace: Tennessee, United States
Relationship to Head: Self
Spouse's Name:
Spouse's Birthplace:
Father's Name:
Father's Birthplace: Tennessee, United States
Mother's Name:
Mother's Birthplace: Virginia, United States
Race or Color (Expanded): White
Ethnicity (Standardized): American
Gender: Female
Martial Status: Widowed
Age (Expanded): 40 years
Occupation: Farming
NARA Film Number: T9-1254
Page: 560
Page Character: B
Entry Number: 726
Film number: 1255254
Household Gender Age Birthplace
SELF Emeline Zachary F 40 Tennessee, United States
SON Lewis Zachary M 16 Tennessee, United States
Source Citation
United States Census, 1880, index       

Lewis Zachary’s age of 16 would still make him born long after Peter Allen Zachary’s death of 1863. So this Peter could not be his father. I found a death record for Louis Francis Zachary that lists his father as Peter Zachary born TN mother not listed. Not sure why she is not listed. So that doesn’t tell us which Peter Zachary. But with a birth date of 22 Jan 1865 he would have been born 3 years after Peter Allen Zachary death of 1863, so this Peter Allen Zachary was not his father. Lewis F. Zachary was a doctor and is listed on the census records as such.

Death Record
Name me: Louis Francis Zachry
Event: Death
Event Date: 01 Dec 1933
Event Place: Livingston, Overton, Tennessee
Gender: Male
Marital Status: Married
Race or Color: White
Age: 68
Estimated Birth Year:
Birth Date: 22 Jan 1865
Birthplace: Tennessee
Spouse: Lorena Copeland (also listed as Laura on Census records)
Father: Peter Zachry
Father's Birthplace: Tennessee
Mother:
Mother's Birthplace:
Occupation: Doctor
Street Address:
Residence:
Cemetery: Good Hope
Burial Place:
Burial Date: 03 Dec 1933
Informant:
Additional Relatives:
Digital Folder Number: 4184150
Image Number: 1729
Film Number: 1876807
Volume/Page/Certificate Number: cn 26718        
(I did not transcribe his one)                     

From the death record and the birth date listed we know that the father of Lewis Zachary would have to still be alive in 1864.                      

This one is important! 1880 Census Fentress County, TN, Mary Ann Zachary is listed in the house hold of Priscilla Zachary Walker as her cousin, not as her sister or half sister, if Emeline Chatman married Peter Allen Zachary born 1838 then Priscilla and Mary Ann would have been cousins.       
1880 Census Fentress County, TN
Name: Mary Ann Zachary
Residence: District 11, Fentress, Tennessee
Birthdate: 1845
Birthplace: Tennessee, United States
Relationship to Head: Cousin
Spouse's Name:
Spouse's Birthplace:
Father's Name:
Father's Birthplace: Tennessee, United States
Mother's Name:
Mother's Birthplace: Tennessee, United States
Race or Color (Expanded): White
Ethnicity (Standardized): American
Gender: Female
Martial Status: Single
Age (Expanded): 35 years
Occupation: Works In House
NARA Film Number: T9-1254
Page: 560
Page Character: B
Entry Number: 753
Film number: 1255254
Household Gender Age Birthplace
SELF Jackson Walker M 28 Tennessee, United States
WIFE Priscilla Walker F 18 Tennessee, United States
Charles Zachary M 2 Tennessee, United States
Mary Ann Zachary F 35 Tennessee, United States
Source Citation
United States Census, 1880, index
(I did not transcribe this one)

At the Pickett County, TN Genealogy site
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~tnpicket/pick.htm
there is a link to a list of the 1890 Pickett Civil War Veterans Census, this is not a photo copy, but the info may have been taken from that.
At the top of the page it states:
Here is a listing of all Union Civil War veterans and their wives that was in the 1890 Census for Pickett, Fentress, & Clay Counties. It lists name, rank, company, town they lived in, any ailments, and county.
It lists:
Zachary, Emeline (Peter) Pri Byrdstown Pickett
No other info is given on which Peter Zachary or his service record or when he died.

A photo Copy of this 1990 schedule for Pickett County, TN dated June 1990 page 2 lists:
Home Number 149 and Family number 151
Zachary, Emeline widow of
Zachary, Peter Rank Private
No other info is given on which Peter Zachary or his service record or when he died.

So with all the info I have provided I am still not sure which Peter Zachary was married to but I do not think it was Peter Allen Zachary born 1822.

If any one out there knows which one it was please let me know or if they have any info that is different than what I found please let me know.
You can contact me here or at littlebobbycat@yahoo.com as I really need help in sorting out my Zacharys.


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